Fahri Korutürk

Last updated
Fahri Korutürk
6th President of Turkey
In office
6 April 1973 6 April 1980
Prime Minister Ferit Melen
Naim Talu
Bülent Ecevit
Sadi Irmak
Süleyman Demirel
Preceded by Cevdet Sunay
Succeeded by Kenan Evren
3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy
In office
12 September 1957 2 July 1960
Preceded by Sadık Altıncan
Succeeded by Zeki Özak
Personal details
Born3 August 1903
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died12 October 1987(1987-10-12) (aged 84)
Istanbul, Turkey
Resting place Turkish State Cemetery
NationalityTurkish
Political party Independent
Spouse(s)Emel Korutürk
Children3
Signature Fahri Koruturk imzasi.png

Fahri Sabit Korutürk (3 August 1903 – 12 October 1987) was a Turkish admiral who was the 6th president of Turkey from 1973 to 1980. Before his presidency, he served as the 3rd commander of the Turkish Naval Forces from 1957 to 1960. He was also the member of the Senate of the Republic from 1968 to 1973 and again in 1980.

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He was born in Istanbul, at Soğukçeşme Sokağı, a small street between Topkapı Palace and Hagia Sophia. He attended the navy cadet school in 1916, was graduated in 1923 and from the Naval Academy in 1933. Korutürk saw active service on cruisers and submarines and later travelled abroad as naval attaché in Rome, Berlin and Stockholm. In 1936, he participated in Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits as military advisor. He was made rear admiral in 1950 and commanded various units until he became admiral.

After his retirement in 1960 from the post of Commander of the Turkish Navy, Korutürk was appointed by the Head of State Cemal Gürsel as Turkish ambassador to the Soviet Union (1960-1964) and later to Spain (1964-1965).

In 1968, President Cevdet Sunay appointed him member of the senate. On 6 April 1973, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey elected him the 6th President of the Republic of Turkey. [1] During his term he presided over the 20 July 1974 Turkish Invasion of Cyprus after Archbishop Makarios III was ousted by the Greek officer-led Cypriot National Guard.

Korutürk served the constitutional term of seven years until 6 April 1980. Afterwards he became a senator until the coup d`etat in 1980. [2]

He married Emel Korutürk in 1944 and they had two sons and a daughter. [2] His surname, Korutürk, [3] was given to him by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Fahri Korutürk died in Moda, Istanbul. He was laid to rest in the Turkish State Cemetery in Ankara.

Works

See also

Notes

  1. Roger P. Nye (1977). "Civil-Military Confrontation in Turkey: The 1973 Presidential Election". International Journal of Middle East Studies, 8, pp 209-228. doi:10.1017/S0020743800026957.
  2. 1 2 "Fahri KORUTÜRK". Presidency of the Republic of Turkey.
  3. The verb korumak means "to protect", and refers to Atatürk's expectation of Korutürk to preserve his legacy.

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References

Military offices
Preceded by
Sadık Altıncan
Commander of the Turkish Navy
12 September 1957 – 2 July 1960
Succeeded by
Zeki Özak
Political offices
Preceded by
Cevdet Sunay
President of Turkey
6 April 1973 – 6 April 1980
Succeeded by
Kenan Evren