Falémé River

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Falémé River
RIO FALEME.jpg
Falémé River
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Map of the Senegal River drainage basin including Falémé
Location
Countries
Physical characteristics
Mouth  
  location
Atlantic Ocean

Falémé River at Kidira

Faleme River
Average monthly flow (m3/s) at the Kidira hydrometric station over the period 1904-1984 [1]

The Falémé River is a river in West Africa. The Falémé arises in northern Guinea and flows in a north-northeast direction to Mali, forming a short portion of the border between Guinea and Senegal. It turns north and then forms a portion of the border between Mali and Senegal, before joining the Sénégal River 50 km upstream of the town of Bakel in Senegal.

Contents

Description

The Falémé River is around 650 km in length and drains a basin of 28,900 km2. Its source is in the northern part of the Fouta Djallon highlands at an altitude of 800 m. [2] Most of the rainfall on the highlands occurs between May and October as a result of the West African Monsoon. August is normally the wettest month. The flow of the river is highly seasonal with the maximum occurring during September and very little flow between December and June. The average annual discharge of the river over the period 1904-1984 was 6.59 km3. [1]

Mining

There are iron ore deposits in Senegal near the headwaters of this river. More recently there has been a gold rush around the village of Diabougou in Senegal and very near the Mali border. [3]

Related Research Articles

Geography of Guinea

Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.

Niger River Major river in West Africa

The Niger River is the principal river of West Africa, extending about 4,180 km (2,600 mi). Its drainage basin is 2,117,700 km2 (817,600 sq mi) in area. Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea near the Sierra Leone border. It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and then through Nigeria, discharging through a massive delta, known as the Niger Delta, into the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The Niger is the third-longest river in Africa, exceeded only by the Nile and the Congo River. Its main tributary is the Benue River.

Geography of Senegal

Senegal is a coastal West African nation located 14 degrees north of the equator and 14 degrees west of the Prime Meridian. The country's total area is 196,190 km2 of which 192,000 km2 is land and 4,190 km2 is water.

This article describes the system of transport in Senegal, both public and private. This system comprises roads, rail transport, water transport, and air transportation.

Senegal River River in West Africa

The Senegal River is a 1,086 km (675 mi) long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania. It has a drainage basin of 270,000 km2, a mean flow of 680 m3/s, and an annual discharge of 21.5 km3. Important tributaries are the Falémé River, Karakoro River, and the Gorgol River. The river divides into two branches once it passes Kaédi The left branch, called the Doué, runs parallel to the main river to the north. After 200 km the two branches rejoin a few kilometers downstream of Pondor.

Geography of Mali

Mali is a landlocked nation in West Africa, located southwest of Algeria, extending south-west from the southern Sahara Desert through the Sahel to the Sudanian savanna zone. Mali's size is 1,240,192 square kilometers.

The Senegambia is, in the narrow sense, a historical name for a geographical region in West Africa, which lies between the Senegal River in the north and the Gambia River in the south. However, there are also text sources which state that Senegambia is understood in a broader sense and equated with the term the Western region. This refers to the coastal areas between Senegal and Sierra Leone, where the inland border in the east was not further defined.

Kayes Commune and city in Mali

Kayes is a city in western Mali on the Sénégal River with a population of 127,368 at the 2009 census. Kayes is the capital of the administrative region of the same name. The name "Kayes" comes from the Soninké word "karré", which describes a low humid place that floods in rainy season. The city is located 420 kilometres (260 mi) northwest of the capital Bamako.

Bafing River

The Bafing River is the upper course and largest tributary of the Senegal River which runs through Guinea and Mali and is about 350 miles (560 km) long.

Bambouk

Bambouk is a traditional name for the territory in eastern Senegal and western Mali, encompassing the Bambouk Mountains on its eastern edge, the valley of the Faleme River and the hilly country to the east of the river valley. It was a formally described district in French Sudan, but in 1895, the border between Sudan and Senegal was moved to the Faleme River, placing the western portion of the district within Senegal. The term is still used to designate the region, but there is no formal administrative area with that name.

The Karakoro River is a small seasonal tributary of the Sénégal River that forms part of the Mauritania-Mali border. The source of the river is northeast of Kiffa in Mauritania. The river flows south in the flat sahel region of southern Mauritania, crossing a number of shallow depressions, before joining the Sénégal River on the left bank a few kilometres downstream of the small Malian town of Ambidedi.

Bakoy River

The Bakoy or Bakoye River is a river in West Africa. It runs through Guinea and Mali and joins with the Bafing River to form the Sénégal River at Bafoulabé in the Kayes Region of western Mali. In Manding languages, Bakoye signifies 'white river', Bafing 'black river' and Baloué 'red river'.

List of Railway stations in Senegal include:

Diboli Town in Kayes Region, Mali

Diboli is a small town and principal settlement of the commune of Falémé in the Cercle of Kayes in the Kayes Region of south-western Mali. It is located just 0.6 km (0.37 mi) from the Mali–Senegal border. Its nearest big town is Kidira, across the border in Senegal.

Mali has one railroad, including 729 kilometers in Mali, which runs from the port of Koulikoro via Bamako to the border with Senegal and continues on to Dakar. The Bamako-Dakar line, which has been described as dilapidated, was owned by a joint company established by Mali and Senegal in 1995, with the eventual goal of privatization. In 2003 the two countries sold a 25-year concession to run the rail line to a Canadian company, which has pledged to upgrade equipment and infrastructure.

Félou Falls

The Félou Falls are located on the Sénégal River 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) upstream of Kayes in western Mali. The river tumbles 13 metres (43 ft) down an irregular series of rocky steps. The waterfalls mark the furthest point from the mouth of the river that can be reached by boat. In 2009 work started on the construction of the Félou Hydroelectric Plant, a 62.3 megawatts (83,500 hp) run-of-the-river hydroelectric plant at the falls replacing a small 600 kW plant dating from the 1920s.

Diabougou (Senegal) expanded village in Tambacounda Region, Senegal

Diabougou is a village in the Tambacounda Region of eastern Senegal, near the border with Mali. The village is north of the town of Kidira and its major transport links, and close to the Falémé River. The village has grown rapidly since 2006 due to the thousands of immigrant miners attracted by a local gold rush. Diabougou has the largest informal gold mining operation in Senegal.

Mauritania–Senegal border

The Mauritania–Senegal border is 742 km in length and runs from the Atlantic Ocean in the west along the Senegal River to the tripoint with Mali in the east.

Mali–Senegal border

The Mali–Senegal border is 489 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Mauritania in the north to the tripoint with Guinea in the south.

Guinea–Mali border

The Guinea–Mali border is 1,062 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Senegal in the north to the tripoint with Ivory Coast in the south.

References

  1. 1 2 Hydrographic data for Kidira, Sénégal 1930-1983, Unesco International Hydrological Programme, archived from the original on 29 January 2009, retrieved 24 May 2012.
  2. SENEGAL-HYCOS: Renforcement des capacités nationales et régionales d’observation, transmission et traitement de données pour contribuer au développement durable du bassin du Fleuve Sénégal (Document de projet préliminaire) (PDF) (in French), Système Mondial d’Observation du Cycle Hydrologique (WHYCOS), 2007, p. 4, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-28.
  3. "Senegal's rush for gold amid mining dangers (video)". BBC. 27 September 2011.

Coordinates: 14°45′49″N12°14′28″W / 14.7637°N 12.241°W / 14.7637; -12.241