Falémé River

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Falémé River
Falémé River
Map of the Senegal River drainage basin including Falémé
Physical characteristics
Atlantic Ocean

Falémé River at Kidira

Faleme River
Average monthly flow (m3/s) at the Kidira hydrometric station over the period 1904-1984 [1]

The Falémé River is a river in West Africa. The Falémé arises in northern Guinea and flows in a north-northeast direction to Mali, forming a short portion of the border between Guinea and Senegal. It turns north and then forms a portion of the border between Mali and Senegal, before joining the Sénégal River 50 km upstream of the town of Bakel in Senegal.



The Falémé River is around 650 km in length and drains a basin of 28,900 km2. Its source is in the northern part of the Fouta Djallon highlands at an altitude of 800 m. [2] Most of the rainfall on the highlands occurs between May and October as a result of the West African Monsoon. August is normally the wettest month. The flow of the river is highly seasonal with the maximum occurring during September and very little flow between December and June. The average annual discharge of the river over the period 1904-1984 was 6.59 km3. [1]


There are iron ore deposits in Senegal near the headwaters of this river. More recently there has been a gold rush around the village of Diabougou in Senegal and very near the Mali border. [3]

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Kayes is a city in western Mali on the Sénégal River with a population of 127,368 at the 2009 census. Kayes is the capital of the administrative region of the same name. The name "Kayes" comes from the Soninké word "karré", which describes a low humid place that floods in rainy season. The city is located 420 kilometres (260 mi) northwest of the capital Bamako.

Bafing River

The Bafing River is the upper course and largest tributary of the Senegal River which runs through Guinea and Mali and is about 350 miles (560 km) long.


Bambouk is a traditional name for the territory in eastern Senegal and western Mali, encompassing the Bambouk Mountains on its eastern edge, the valley of the Faleme River and the hilly country to the east of the river valley. It was a formally described district in French Sudan, but in 1895, the border between Sudan and Senegal was moved to the Faleme River, placing the western portion of the district within Senegal. The term is still used to designate the region, but there is no formal administrative area with that name.

The Karakoro River is a small seasonal tributary of the Sénégal River that forms part of the Mauritania-Mali border. The source of the river is northeast of Kiffa in Mauritania. The river flows south in the flat sahel region of southern Mauritania, crossing a number of shallow depressions, before joining the Sénégal River on the left bank a few kilometres downstream of the small Malian town of Ambidedi.

Bakoy River

The Bakoy or Bakoye River is a river in West Africa. It runs through Guinea and Mali and joins with the Bafing River to form the Sénégal River at Bafoulabé in the Kayes Region of western Mali. In Manding languages, Bakoye signifies 'white river', Bafing 'black river' and Baloué 'red river'.

List of Railway stations in Senegal include:

Diboli Town in Kayes Region, Mali

Diboli is a small town and principal settlement of the commune of Falémé in the Cercle of Kayes in the Kayes Region of south-western Mali. It is located just 0.6 km (0.37 mi) from the Mali–Senegal border. Its nearest big town is Kidira, across the border in Senegal.

Mali has one railroad, including 729 kilometers in Mali, which runs from the port of Koulikoro via Bamako to the border with Senegal and continues on to Dakar. The Bamako-Dakar line, which has been described as dilapidated, was owned by a joint company established by Mali and Senegal in 1995, with the eventual goal of privatization. In 2003 the two countries sold a 25-year concession to run the rail line to a Canadian company, which has pledged to upgrade equipment and infrastructure.

Félou Falls

The Félou Falls are located on the Sénégal River 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) upstream of Kayes in western Mali. The river tumbles 13 metres (43 ft) down an irregular series of rocky steps. The waterfalls mark the furthest point from the mouth of the river that can be reached by boat. In 2009 work started on the construction of the Félou Hydroelectric Plant, a 62.3 megawatts (83,500 hp) run-of-the-river hydroelectric plant at the falls replacing a small 600 kW plant dating from the 1920s.

Diabougou (Senegal) expanded village in Tambacounda Region, Senegal

Diabougou is a village in the Tambacounda Region of eastern Senegal, near the border with Mali. The village is north of the town of Kidira and its major transport links, and close to the Falémé River. The village has grown rapidly since 2006 due to the thousands of immigrant miners attracted by a local gold rush. Diabougou has the largest informal gold mining operation in Senegal.

Mauritania–Senegal border

The Mauritania–Senegal border is 742 km in length and runs from the Atlantic Ocean in the west along the Senegal River to the tripoint with Mali in the east.

Mali–Senegal border

The Mali–Senegal border is 489 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Mauritania in the north to the tripoint with Guinea in the south.

Guinea–Mali border

The Guinea–Mali border is 1,062 km in length and runs from the tripoint with Senegal in the north to the tripoint with Ivory Coast in the south.


  1. 1 2 Hydrographic data for Kidira, Sénégal 1930-1983, Unesco International Hydrological Programme, archived from the original on 29 January 2009, retrieved 24 May 2012.
  2. SENEGAL-HYCOS: Renforcement des capacités nationales et régionales d’observation, transmission et traitement de données pour contribuer au développement durable du bassin du Fleuve Sénégal (Document de projet préliminaire) (PDF) (in French), Système Mondial d’Observation du Cycle Hydrologique (WHYCOS), 2007, p. 4, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-28.
  3. "Senegal's rush for gold amid mining dangers (video)". BBC. 27 September 2011.

Coordinates: 14°45′49″N12°14′28″W / 14.7637°N 12.241°W / 14.7637; -12.241