Fang Fang

Last updated
Fang Fang
Native name
BornWang Fang (汪芳)
(1955-05-11) May 11, 1955 (age 66)
Nanjing, China
Alma mater Wuhan University
Notable worksFeng Shui (万箭穿心)
Bare Burial (软埋)
Wuhan Diary
Notable awards Lu Xun Literary Prize
Years active1982–present
Chinese name

Fang Fang (Chinese :方方) is the pen name of Wang Fang (汪芳; born 11 May 1955), a Chinese writer, known for her literary depictions of the working poor. She won the Lu Xun Literary Prize in 2010. Born in Nanjing, she attended Wuhan University in 1978 to study Chinese. In 1975, she began to write poetry and in 1982, her first novel was published. Since then, she has written several novels, some of which have been honored by Chinese national-level literary prizes. [1] Fang garnered international attention for her Wuhan Diary, documenting the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in China, and has used her platform to call for an end to internet censorship in China. [2]


Wuhan Diary

During the 2020 Hubei lockdowns, Fang Fang used social media to share her Wuhan Diary(武汉日记), a daily account of life in the locked-down city of Wuhan. In addition to her own writing, Wuhan Diary utilized anonymous interviews with other people in the city. [3] The account drew international public attention. [4]

The English version of Wuhan Diary , translated by Michael Berry, was published as an e-book and audiobook by Harper Collins on May 15, 2020 and released in hardcover on November 24, 2020. [5]

Within China, Fang Fang has faced criticism, being labeled as a "traitor" by users on social media platforms such as Weibo. She has continued writing, however, some of her works have been blocked from publication due to her perceived criticism of the Chinese government. [6]


She was on the list of the BBC's 100 Women announced on 23 November 2020. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Doris Lessing British novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer, short story writer, and Nobel Laureate

Doris May Lessing was a British-Zimbabwean (Rhodesian) novelist. She was born to British parents in Iran, where she lived until 1925. Her family then moved to Southern Rhodesia, where she remained until moving in 1949 to London, England. Her novels include The Grass Is Singing (1950), the sequence of five novels collectively called Children of Violence (1952–1969), The Golden Notebook (1962), The Good Terrorist (1985), and five novels collectively known as Canopus in Argos: Archives (1979–1983).

Zadie Smith British novelist

Zadie Adeline Smith FRSL is an English novelist, essayist, and short-story writer. Her debut novel, White Teeth (2000), immediately became a best-seller and won a number of awards. She has been a tenured professor in the Creative Writing faculty of New York University since September 2010.

Barbara Kingsolver American author, poet and essayist

Barbara Kingsolver is an American novelist, essayist and poet. She was raised in rural Kentucky and lived briefly in the Congo in her early childhood. Kingsolver earned degrees in biology at DePauw University and the University of Arizona and worked as a freelance writer before she began writing novels. Her widely known works include The Poisonwood Bible, the tale of a missionary family in the Congo, and Animal, Vegetable, Miracle, a non-fiction account of her family's attempts to eat locally.

Sigrid Nunez American writer

Sigrid Nunez is an American writer, best known for her novels. Her seventh novel, The Friend, won the 2018 National Book Award for Fiction. She is on the faculty of the Creative Writing Program at Boston University.

Bernardine Evaristo British author and academic

Bernardine Anne Mobolaji Evaristo,, is a British author and academic. Her eighth book, the novel, Girl, Woman, Other, won the Booker Prize in 2019, making her the first black woman and the first black British person to win it. In 2020 she won the British Book Awards: Fiction Book of the Year and Author of the Year, as well as the Indie Book Award for Fiction as well as many other awards. The novel was one of Barack Obama's 19 Favourite Books of 2019 and Roxane Gay's Favourite Book of 2019. In June 2020 she became the first woman of colour and the first black British writer to get to number 1 in the UK paperback fiction charts, where she held the top spot for five weeks. The novel has now sold over a million copies in the English language and there are more than 50 foreign-language translations of Evaristo's books ongoing. Evaristo's writing also includes short fiction, drama, poetry, essays, literary criticism, and projects for stage and radio. Two of her books, The Emperor's Babe (2001) and Hello Mum (2010), have been adapted into BBC Radio 4 dramas. Her ninth book, Manifesto: On Never Giving Up is published by Penguin UK and Grove Atlantic USA (2022). Her tenth book, Feminism, is part of Tate Britain's "Look Again" series. She offers a personal survey of the art of British women of colour in the context of the gallery's forthcoming major rehang.

Yilin Zhong

Yilin Zhong, born in China, is a British Chinese journalist, screenwriter and author. She is the author of seventeen novels, two film screenplays, ten books and many other work sincluding poems and literary reviews. She now lives in London.

Daisy Florence Dunn is an author and classicist.

Xu Xiaodong, nicknamed "Mad Dog", is a Chinese mixed martial artist (MMA) who is known for challenging and fighting fraudulent martial artists. He gained prominence online after he was filmed defeating self-proclaimed Tai chi master Wei Lei in 2017.

Li Lanjuan Chinese epidemiologist

Li Lanjuan, also romanized as Lan-Juan Li, is a Chinese epidemiologist and hepatologist. She is a professor at Zhejiang University School of Medicine, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and serves as the director of the State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases. She developed Li-NBAL, an artificial liver support system that is used to sustain the lives of people suffering from acute liver failure, and won multiple national awards for her roles in combatting the SARS, H1N1, and H7N9 epidemics.

COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in mainland China

The COVID-19 pandemic in mainland China is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). China was the first country to experience an outbreak of the disease, the first to impose drastic measures in response, and one of the first countries to bring the outbreak under control.

Li Wenliang Chinese physician who raised awareness about COVID-19 outbreak

Li Wenliang was a Chinese ophthalmologist who allegedly warned people in China about early COVID-19 infections in Wuhan. On 30 December 2019, Wuhan CDC issued emergency warnings to local hospitals about a number of mysterious "pneumonia" cases discovered in the city in the previous week. On the same day, Li, who worked at Wuhan Central Hospital, received an internal diagnostic report of a suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) patient from other doctors which he in turn shared with his Wuhan University alumni through WeChat group. He was dubbed a whistleblower when that shared report later circulated publicly despite his requesting confidentiality from those with whom he shared the information. Rumors of a deadly SARS outbreak subsequently spread on Chinese social media platforms, and Wuhan police summoned and admonished him on 3 January for "making false comments on the Internet about unconfirmed SARS outbreak.". Li's act of "whistleblowing" was first publicly reported by Beijing Youth Daily on January 27, 2020.

Chen Qiushi Chinese lawyer and citizen journalist

Chen Qiushi, also known as Steven Chen, is a Chinese lawyer, activist, and citizen journalist who covered the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests and the COVID-19 pandemic which included criticism of the government response. He went missing on 6 February 2020 after reporting on the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan. The Chinese government reportedly informed Chen's family and friends that he has been detained for the purpose of COVID-19 quarantine. Critics, including media freedom groups, have expressed skepticism about government motives, and have unsuccessfully called on the government to allow outside contact with Chen.

COVID-19 misinformation False or misleading information about COVID-19

COVID-19 misinformation refers to any kind of subject about the COVID-19 pandemic that has resulted in misinformation and conspiracy theories about the scale of the pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media. False information has been propagated by celebrities, politicians, and other prominent public figures. Multiple countries have passed laws against "fake news", and thousands of people have been arrested for spreading COVID-19 misinformation. The spread of COVID-19 misinformation by governments has also been significant.

Ai Fen is a Chinese doctor and director of the emergency department of Central Hospital of Wuhan. In December 2019, she was one of the first doctors to encounter pneumonia patients infected with the then-unknown virus, SARS-CoV-2. On 30 December 2019, Ai Fen received a diagnostic report of suspected "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome cases". An image of the diagnostic report was shared on WeChat by an ophthalmologist at the hospital, Li Wenliang, and then circulated on the internet, leading Ai Fen to be questioned by hospital superiors. She was given the nickname "The Whistle-Giver" (发哨子的人) in an article in the Chinese Renwu magazine which was censored by the Chinese government but was reposted on the Chinese internet using emojis, Morse code and pinyin to circumvent censorship.

Bi Shumin 毕淑敏, is a Chinese novelist, self-help writer and psychiatrist.

Fangcang hospital Hospital in China

Fangcang hospital refers to a kind of makeshift/mobile field hospitals notably used during the COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Fang Bin Chinese businessman and citizen journalist

Fang Bin is a Chinese businessman, citizen journalist and whistleblower who used YouTube and WeChat to broadcast images of Wuhan during the COVID-19 pandemic. He was arrested several times between February 1 and 9, 2020. He has been missing since his arrest on February 9, 2020.

<i>Wuhan Diary</i> Diary documenting COVID-19 lockdown in Wuhan, China written by Fang Fang

Wuhan Diary is an online diary written by Chinese writer Fang Fang about the life of the people of Wuhan, China during the Wuhan lockdown during efforts to quarantine the center of an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and stop it spreading. An English translation of the diary, titled Wuhan Diary: Dispatches from a Quarantined City, was published in book format by Harper Collins in June 2020.

Guo Jing is a Chinese women's rights activist, feminist activist, social worker, and book author based in Wuhan, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China. She is known for writing Wuhan Lockdown Diary, a diary she wrote during the COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, China. Her work has appeared in or has been covered by The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Guardian, and BBC News among others. Her book, Wuhan Lockdown Diary, was published in March 2020 by Taiwan Linking Publishing Company (台湾联经出版社).

Jayasree Kalathil is an Indian writer, translator, mental health researcher and activist. She is known for her work in the area of mental health activism as well as for her translations of Malayalam works, The Diary of a Malayali Madman and Moustache, the former winning Crossword Book Award and the latter, the JCB Prize for Literature, both in 2020.


  1., Article on Fang Fang (in Chinese, Google English translation)
  2. Kiki Zhao (2020-02-14). "The Coronavirus Story Is Too Big for China to Spin". New York Times.
  3. or empty |title= (help)
  4. "Fang Fang: The 'Conscience of Wuhan' Amid Coronavirus Quarantine". The Diplomat. 2020-03-23.
  5. "Wuhan Diary by Fang Fang". Harper Collins.
  6. "Fang Fang: Author vilified for Wuhan Diary speaks out a year on". BBC News. 2021-01-19. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  7. "BBC 100 Women 2020: Who is on the list this year?". BBC News. 2020-11-23. Retrieved 2020-11-23.
Cultural offices
Wang Xianpei  [ zh ]
President of Hubei Writers Association
Li Xiuwen (李修文)