Far Eastern Federal District

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Coordinates: 48°42′N135°12′E / 48.700°N 135.200°E / 48.700; 135.200

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Far Eastern Federal District

Дальневосточный федеральный округ
Map of Russia - Far Eastern Federal District (2018 composition).svg
Location of the Far Eastern Federal District
Country Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative center Vladivostok
Government
  Presidential Envoy Yury Trutnev
Area
[1]
  Total6,952,600 km2 (2,684,400 sq mi)
Area rank1st of 8 (40,6% of the country)
Population
 (2010)
  Total8,371,257
  Rank8th of 8 (5,6 % of the country)
  Density1.2/km2 (3.1/sq mi)
   Urban
??% [2]
   Rural
??% [2]
Time zones
Buryatia UTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)
Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai and most of the Sakha Republic (excluding districts in UTC+10:00 and UTC+11:00 time zones) UTC+09:00 (Yakutsk Time)
Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of the Sakha Republic UTC+10:00 (Vladivostok Time)
Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, and the Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic UTC+11:00 (Magadan Time)
Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai UTC+12:00 (Kamchatka Time)
Federal subjects11 contained
Economic regions1 contained
HDI (2019)0.810 [3]
very high · 4th
Website DFO.gov.ru
Bikin National Park, Primorsky Krai Vid na dolinu r. Bikin s vidovoi ploshchadki (gora Klin).jpg
Bikin National Park, Primorsky Krai

The Far Eastern Federal District (Russian : Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг, Dalnevostochny federalny okrug) is the largest of the eight federal districts of Russia but the least populated, with a population of 8,371,257 (75.5% urban [4] ) according to the 2010 Census. [2] The federal district lies entirely within the easternmost part of Asia and is coextensive with the Russian Far East.

History

The Far Eastern Federal District was established on May 18, 2000, by President Vladimir Putin and is currently being governed by presidential envoy Yury Trutnev. In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were added to the federal district. [5] The seat of the Far Eastern Federal District was moved from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok in December 2018. [6]

Demographics

Federal subjects

Far Eastern Federal District (numbered, 2018 composition).svg
#FlagFederal subjectArea in
km2 [1]
Population
(2010 census)
Capital/Administrative center
1 Flag of Amur Oblast.svg Amur Oblast 361,900830,103 Blagoveshchensk
2 Flag of Buryatia.svg Republic of Buryatia 351,300971,021 Ulan-Ude
3 Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Jewish Autonomous Oblast 36,300176,558 Birobidzhan
4 Flag of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg Zabaykalsky Krai 431,9001,107,107 Chita
5 Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg Kamchatka Krai 464,300322,079 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
6 Flag of Magadan Oblast.svg Magadan Oblast 462,500156,996 Magadan
7 Flag of Primorsky Krai.svg Primorsky Krai 164,7001,956,497 Vladivostok
8 Flag of Sakha.svg Sakha Republic 3,083,500958,528 Yakutsk
9 Flag of Sakhalin Oblast.svg Sakhalin Oblast 87,100497,973 Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
10 Flag of Khabarovsk Krai.svg Khabarovsk Krai 787,6001,343,869 Khabarovsk
11 Flag of Chukotka.svg Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 721,50050,526 Anadyr
Pekulneyskoe Lake, Chukotka Pekulneyskoe Lake.JPG
Pekulneyskoe Lake, Chukotka

Largest cities (with population over 75,000)

There are 82 cities in the Far Eastern Federal District, and 14 cities have populations over 75,000.

Only four of these 14 cities (Komsomolsk-on-Amur (6th) in Khabarovsk Krai, Ussuriysk (10th), Nakhodka (11th), Artyom (12th) in Primorsky Krai) are not administrative centres of a federal subject. Anadyr, the centre of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, is one of the smallest centres of a federal subject (it has only 13,045 inhabitants). Only Magas, and Ingushetia is smaller than Anadyr.

Artyom is a large suburb of the Vladivostok metropolitan area. [7]

Populations are given as of the 2010 Census:

  1. Vladivostok : 592,034
  2. Khabarovsk: 577,441
  3. Ulan-Ude: 404,426
  4. Chita: 324,444
  5. Yakutsk: 269,601
  6. Komsomolsk-on-Amur: 263,906
  7. Blagoveshchensk: 214,309
  8. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: 181,728
  9. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: 179,780
  10. Ussuriysk:158,004
  11. Nakhodka: 148,826
  12. Artyom: 102,603
  13. Magadan: 95,982
  14. Birobidzhan: 75,413

Religion

Religion in the Far Eastern Federal District as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [8] [9]
Russian Orthodoxy
27.4%
Other Orthodox
1.4%
Other Christians
5.0%
Buddhism
3.3%
Islam
0.7%
Native faiths
2.2%
Spiritual but not religious
27.0%
Atheism and irreligion
23.5%
Other and undeclared
9.5%

According to a 2012 survey [8] 27.4% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District (including Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.0% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.4% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 3.3% is an adherant of Buddhism, 0.7% is an adherent of Islam, and 2.2% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, Yellow shamanism, or Black shamanism. In addition, 27.0% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 23.5% is atheist, and 9.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [8]

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys to the Far Eastern Federal District

  1. Konstantin Pulikovsky (18 May 2000 – 14 November 2005)
  2. Kamil Iskhakov (14 November 2005 – 2 October 2007)
  3. Oleg Safonov (30 November 2007 – 30 April 2009)
  4. Viktor Ishayev (30 April 2009 – 30 August 2013)
  5. Yury P. Trutnev (31 August 2013 – present)

See also

Related Research Articles

Khabarovsk City in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Khabarovsk is the largest city and the administrative center of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located 30 kilometers (19 mi) from the China-Russia Border, at the confluence of the Amur and Ussuri Rivers, about 800 kilometers (500 mi) north of Vladivostok. The city was the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia from 2002 until December 2018, when Vladivostok took over that role. It is the largest city in the Russian Far East, having overtaken Vladivostok in 2015. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 577,441. It was previously known as Khabarovka. As typical of the interior of the Russian Far East, Khabarovsk has an extreme climate with very strong seasonal swings resulting in strong winter cold and relatively hot and humid summers.

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Primorsky Krai First-level administrative division of Russia

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Russian Far East Geographic region

Not to be confused with Far East region of Asia

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Komsomolsk-on-Amur City in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

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References

  1. 1 2 "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  4. "Far Eastern Federal District, Russia Guide". russiatrek.org. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  5. "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  6. meduza.io https://meduza.io/news/2018/12/13/putin-perenes-stolitsu-dalnevostochnogo-federalnogo-okruga-vo-vladivostok . Retrieved December 13, 2018.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. Подписано соглашение о создании Владивостокской агломерации (in Russian)
  8. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  9. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.