Farringdon, Sunderland

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Farringdon
Farringdon2020.jpg
Farringdon in 2020 looking towards the sea
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
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Farringdon
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population5,100 
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
  • County Durham
Post town SUNDERLAND
Postcode district SR3
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°52′24″N1°25′26″W / 54.8732°N 1.4238°W / 54.8732; -1.4238 Coordinates: 54°52′24″N1°25′26″W / 54.8732°N 1.4238°W / 54.8732; -1.4238

Farringdon is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. Originally a Monastic grange and manor estate for hundreds of years, Farringdon was rebuilt as a post-war council housing estate in the 1950s. It is approximately 3 mi (4.8 km) south of the city centre along the A690, close to Thorney Close, Silksworth, East Herrington, Gilley Law and Doxford Park. Electorally, the area comes under the St. Chad's ward of the City.

Contents

History

Pre-history

Recorded human activity on Farringdon has been dated to the Neolithic era, due to a stone axe uncovered during construction work in the 1950s. [1]

The Middle Ages

The parish of Bishopwearmouth in the Middle Ages was divided into a number of copyholdings held by custom of the Bishop of Durham, of which was delegated to various tenants. [2] Farringdon emerged as a part of this system and operated as a block Demesne, whilst being also a hamlet and estate under the township of Silksworth. [3]

In the 14th century the area was associated with the Blakiston family. [4]

The name derives from: "Farm or hill of Faer or his sons"; [5] it had a variety of spellings throughout this period including Farnton Hall, Farrington Hall, Ffaernton and Ferenton Hall. By the 15th century, it served as a Monastic Grange of the priory of Hexham. [6] [7] [8]

In the 1420s, the land was represented by Robert Jackson who served as bailiff of Sunderland and collected taxes on behalf of the Bishop of Durham. [9] [10] [11] By 1479 the Black Book of Hexham detailed the area as possessing cottage lands, a windmill, an oven and brewery [12] [13] A new manor was built on the land in 1597; it disappeared by the mid 20th century. [14]

Renaissance and early modern period

Farringdon in 1577, named as "Farnton Hall" on a map by Christopher Saxon which originally belonged to Elizabeth I's secretary of state Farnton Hall, 1577.jpg
Farringdon in 1577, named as "Farnton Hall" on a map by Christopher Saxon which originally belonged to Elizabeth I's secretary of state

The estate passed through various landowners throughout the ages, including Sir John Forster, George Blakiston and the Pepper family of North Yorkshire. [15] [16]

The former route of the Hetton Colliery Railway Through Farringdon HettonCollieryLine.jpg
The former route of the Hetton Colliery Railway Through Farringdon

During the English Civil War the Scottish Army crossed the River Wear at South Hylton and set up their headquarters at Farringdon Hall. [17]

In the mid 19th century, the Hetton Colliery Railway, one of the first operational railways in history and the first of its kind to transport coal, passed through Farringdon and Gilley Law en route to the River Wear. A rail trail has been established along the former route.[ citation needed ]

The modern housing estate

The manor and farm existed on the land until the 20th century. In 1950, Sunderland authorities purchased 208.69 acres (84.45 ha) [18] and set out plans for the creation of a new estate consisting of over 1,400 houses, [19] creating today's Farringdon=. The last private owners of the estate were Robert Moorhead and George Lee, who were publicly critical of the pace at which the land was acquired and developed. [20] Herrington Parish Council also resisted the estate, lodging protests with Durham County Planners. [21]

By the end of the century, many of the homes on the estate had been privately purchased through the Right to Buy scheme.[ citation needed ]

Facilities and schools in Farringdon

The A690 road runs between Farringdon and Thorney Close FarringdonA690.jpg
The A690 road runs between Farringdon and Thorney Close

Farringdon contains a large secondary school (Farringdon Community Academy), and a primary school (Farringdon Primary School). The area was originally host to a police station which closed in 2015; the site remains empty. A fire station remains. There are also three shopping arcades and a single pub known as The Dolphin, which has been voted Sunderland's "pub of the year" for five years running. [22] The former Farringdon Social Club closed in 2017 and is now being redeveloped into a business park. [23]

Also in Farringdon is the Jubilee Centre, a community centre now known as Farringdon Youth and Community Centre (part of the Youth Almighty Group YAP) offering activities and learning opportunities for people in the area, currently there are 2 youth groups on Tuesday and Friday nights, and a number of Adult groups. A food bank is available Monday and Fridays with added benefit of a benefits adviser. A McDonald's, and two residential homes for the elderly.[ citation needed ]

In 1998, Sunderland City Council proposed the creation of Farringdon Country Park, a designated recreational and conservation space neighbouring the suburb. [24]

Politics

Farringdon is a component of the St. Chad's Ward in the city alongside parts of Herrington. Presently, the area is represented by two councillors from the Conservative Party (UK) and one from the Labour Party (UK). Labour MP Bridget Phillipson has represented Farringdon, part of the Houghton and Sunderland South constituency since it was created in 2010.[ citation needed ]

Street naming convention

All street names in Farringdon begin with the letter A. The main street running through the centre of the estate is Allendale Road. Other streets include Archer Road, Avonmouth Road, Aldwych Road, Aldwych Square, Abercorn Road, Arbroath Road, Antwerp Road, Arkle Road, Aboyne Square, Archer Square, Andrew Road.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Sunderland City in England

Sunderland is a port city and the main settlement of the metropolitan borough of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, North East England. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear, approximately 16 km south-east of Newcastle upon Tyne and roughly 19 km north-east of the City of Durham.

Ryhope Human settlement in England

Ryhope is a coastal village along the southern boundary of the City of Sunderland, in Tyne and Wear, North East England. With a population of approximately 14,000, measured at 10.484 in the 2011 census, Ryhope is 2.9 miles to the centre of Sunderland, 2.8 miles to the centre of Seaham, and 1.2 miles from the main A19.

Sunderland South (UK Parliament constituency)

Sunderland South was, from 1950 until 2010, a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Silksworth is a suburb of the City of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. The area can be distinguished into two parts, old Silksworth, the original village and township which has existed since the early middle ages, and New Silksworth, the industrial age colliery village which expanded north west of the original settlement. The former colliery being situated to the north west of the village near to the Gilley Law. The population of the ward was 10,931 at the 2011 census.

South Hylton Human settlement in England

South Hylton is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. Lying west of Sunderland city centre on the south bank of the River Wear, South Hylton has a population of 10,317. Once a small industrial village, South Hylton is now a dormitory village and is a single track terminus for the Tyne and Wear Metro.

Barnes is an inner suburb in the southwest of Sunderland in northeast England, situated about a mile from the city centre. The area is split into Barnes, which lies towards the east, and High Barnes, which lies around Barnes Park and the Bede Sixth Form Centre of City of Sunderland College. Barnes is bounded by Chester Road to the north, Durham Road on the south, Springwell Road to the west and the city centre to the east. However, these boundaries are not officially set; views vary as to where the area begins and ends. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 Census was 10,987.

Doxford Park Human settlement in England

Doxford Park is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, located to the south-west of the city centre. Once part of the historical township of Silksworth in the Middle Ages, Doxford Park consisted of agrarian land and a manor before being constructed into a modern housing estate in the 1960s. Surrounded by the A19, the suburb now houses one of the city's largest business districts, the Doxford International Business Park.

Farringdon Community Academy is a co-educational secondary school with academy status, located in the suburb of Farringdon in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England.

Sunderland City Council

Sunderland City Council is the local authority of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, England. It is a metropolitan district council, one of five in Tyne and Wear and one of 36 in the metropolitan counties of England, and provides the majority of local government services in Sunderland.

Thorney Close Human settlement in England

Thorney Close is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear in England.

Bishopwearmouth Human settlement in England

Bishopwearmouth is a former village and parish which now constitutes the west side of Sunderland City Centre, merging with the settlement as it expanded outwards in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is home to the Sunderland Minster church, which has stood at the heart of the settlement since the early Middle Ages.

Doxford House

Doxford House is an 18th-century mansion in the Silksworth area of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.

Bishopwearmouth Cemetery

Bishopwearmouth Cemetery is a cemetery in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. It lies between Hylton Road and Chester Road.

Sunderland Barracks

Sunderland Barracks was a military installation in the old east end of Sunderland, built as part of the British response to the threat of the French Revolution.

Hendon Burn

Hendon Burn is a stream flowing through Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. serving as a drainage basin for most of the city's southern half, its route proceeds from Doxford Park through the Farringdon Country Park area and into Gilley Law, Silksworth, Barnes, Ashbrooke and Backhouse Park before reaching the sea at Hendon.

Town Moor, Sunderland

The Town Moor is a large common land located in the East End of Sunderland, otherwise known as Hendon.

Bishopwearmouth Rectory was a medieval clerical manor which once dominated the village of Bishopwearmouth, of which is now Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. Overseen by the Bishop of Durham, the rectory hosted many royal officials and papal officers, often appointed in absentee. Throughout the centuries this included notable figures such as Adam Marsh, Simon Langham and Robert of Geneva.

References

  1. Morrison, Jennifer. "Tyne and Wear HER(222): Farringdon, polished axe - Details". Sitelines. Tyne and Wear Archaeology Office. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. "The medieval village of Bishopwearmouth" (PDF). Victoria County History. Victory County History. 18 February 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  3. Blair, Hunter (2014). The Open Fields of England. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 102. ISBN   9780198702955.
  4. Morrison, Jennifer (18 February 2020). "Rfhugh Deblaykeston". MyHeritage.com. MyHeritage. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  5. Mawer, Allen (1920). The Place-Names of Northumberland and Durham (PDF). Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–82. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  6. Surtees, Robert (1907). The History and Antiquities of the Palatine of the County Durham. Internet Archive . Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  7. "Sitelines". Tyne and Wear Archaeology Office. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  8. Blair, Hunter (1939). Archaeologia Aeliana, Or, Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to Antiquity. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. p. 190.
  9. Summers, Jeremiah William (1858). The History and Antiquities of Sunderland, Bishopwearmouth, Bishopwearmouth Panns, Burdon ...: From the Earliest Authentic Records Down to the Present Time.
  10. Surtees, Robert (1820). The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham, Vol. 2. British History Online . Retrieved 4 June 2021. In 1440 Robert Jakson, of Farnton Hall, (Bailiff of Sunderland) held the same property; as did his son-in-law William Billyngham, in 1481
  11. A History of the County of Durham Vol. 3. British History Online. 1928. Retrieved 4 June 2021. Robert Jakson of Sunderland and other friends became bail for his keeping the peace.
  12. Hinds, Allen B (1896). A History of Northumberland, Volume III, Part I: Hexamshire (PDF). London: Andrew Reid & Co. p. 153. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  13. Morrison, Jennifer. "Tyne and Wear HER(222): Farringdon monastic grange - Details". Sitelines. Tyne and Wear Archaeology Office. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  14. Echo, Sunderland (6 January 1950). "More Farm Land May Go". Sunderland Echo . Retrieved 14 December 2020 via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. Clarkson, Christopher (1821). "The History of Richmond, in the County of York".
  16. "The Lost History of Farringdon: Medieval Manor to Housing Estate". Sunderland Global Media. 25 January 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  17. Meikle, Maureen (2017). "The Scottish Covenanters and the Borough of Sunderland, 1639–1647" (PDF).
  18. ""Homes" Land: Council To Make Next Move". Sunderland Echo . 1950 via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. "Farringdon Hall Scheme". Sunderland Echo . 1950 via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. "Cattle, Farm Tools For Sale As Bulldozers Move In". Sunderland Echo . 1950 via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. "Reply to Land Protest". Sunderland Echo . 1950 via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. Gillan, Tony (3 December 2019). "See inside the Sunderland Echo Pub of the Year 2019 winner". Sunderland Echo . Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  23. Binding, Chris (3 December 2019). "Former Sunderland social club set to become business park with cafes, takeaways and shops after housing plans fall through". Sunderland Echo . Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  24. "City of Sunderland Unitary Development Plan" (PDF). City of Sunderland.