Fastech 360

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Fastech 360 is the name given to a pair of former experimental high-speed EMU trainsets developed by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) to test technology for the next-generation Shinkansen rolling stock. The name is a portmanteau of Fast, Technology, and 360 km/h (360 km/h or 224 mph), the target operational speed for production trains based on the new technologies. Speeds of up to 405 km/h (251.7 mph) were targeted during performance testing. [1] Results of testing using these trains was incorporated into the E5 series and E6 series trains, entering revenue service from 2011, eventually operating at 320 km/h (198.8 mph).

Contents

There were 2 trains:

Detail of signature air brakes in deployed state E954FASTECH360Aerodynamicsbrakes.JPG
Detail of signature air brakes in deployed state

Fastech 360 trains were equipped with emergency air braking plates like that of an aircraft, similar in appearance to the ears of a cat. This trait earned them a nickname of Nekomimi Shinkansen (猫耳新幹線), which literally means "cat-eared Shinkansen". This technology was not incorporated in the subsequent E5 series or E6 series trains.

Class E954 Fastech 360S

Class E954 "Fastech 360S"
Shinkansen E954(fastech360S) arrow-line.jpg
The Fastech 360S train (stream-line end) at Omiya Station in May 2008
In service20052009
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Constructed2005
Scrapped2009
Number built8 vehicles
Number in serviceNone
Number preservedNone
Number scrapped8 vehicles
Formation8 cars
Fleet numbersS9
Operator(s) JR East
Depot(s)Sendai
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen, Joetsu Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium alloy
Maximum speed360 km/h (225 mph) (nominal)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 60 Hz Overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

This 8-car set (S9) was delivered on 26 June 2005. Cars 1 to 3 were built by Hitachi, and cars 4 to 8 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries. [2]

Car E954-1 has a stream-line profile, reminiscent of the 500 series, and E954-8 has an arrow-line profile more reminiscent of the JR East E2 series and E4 series designs. [3]

The train was withdrawn in September 2009 and scrapped. [4]

Formation

  1. E954-1 (T1c)
  2. E954-2 (M1) (with pantograph)
  3. E954-3 (M2) (with toilet)
  4. E954-4 (M2)
  5. E954-5 (M1s)
  6. E954-6 (M2)
  7. E954-7 (M1) (with pantograph)
  8. E954-8 (T2c)

Class E955 Fastech 360Z

Class E955 "Fastech 360Z"
E955 Sendai General Shinkansen Depot 20080726.jpg
The Fastech 360Z set S10 at Sendai Shinkansen Depot in July 2008
In service20062008
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Constructed2006
Scrapped2008
Number built6 vehicles
Number in serviceNone
Number preservedNone
Number scrapped6 vehicles
Formation6 cars
Fleet numbersS10
Operator(s) JR East
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium alloy
Maximum speed360 km/h (225 mph) (nominal)
130 km/h (80 mph) (Akita Shinkansen)
Electric system(s) 25/20 kV AC, 50 Hz Overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

This 6-car set (S10) was delivered on 6 April 2006. Cars 1 and 4 to 6 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and cars 2 and 3 were built by Hitachi [5] The train was withdrawn in December 2008 and scrapped. [2]

Formation

  1. E955-1 (M2c)
  2. E955-2 (M1s)
  3. E955-3 (M1) (with pantograph and toilet)
  4. E955-4 (M1)
  5. E955-5 (M1) (with pantograph)
  6. E955-6 (M2c)

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References

  1. "FASTECH 360 High-Speed Shinkansen Test Train to Debut". 9 March 2005. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  2. 1 2 JR電車編成表 2009夏[JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009]. Japan: JRR. June 2009. p. 13. ISBN   978-4-330-06909-8.
  3. プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. OCLC   170056962.
  4. JR電車編成表 2010夏[JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. p. 13. ISBN   978-4-330-14310-1.
  5. JR電車編成表 '07冬号[JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. p. 12. ISBN   4-88283-046-9.