Fatimeh Pahlavi

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Princess Fatemeh
Princess Fatemeh Pahlavi.jpg
Born30 October 1928
Tehran, Iran
Died2 June 1987(1987-06-02) (aged 58)
London, United Kingdom
Spouse
Vincent Lee Hillyer
(m. 1948;div. 1959)

Mohammad Amir Khatami
(m. 1960;his death 1975)
IssuePrince Kayvan Hillyer
Princess Rana Hillyer
Prince Dariush Hillyer
Prince Kambiz Khatami
Prince Ramin Khatami
Princess Pari Khatami
House Pahlavi
Father Reza Shah
Mother Esmat Dowlatshahi

Fatemeh Pahlavi (Persian : فاطمه پهلوی; 30 October 1928 2 June 1987) was Reza Shah Pahlavi's tenth child and half-sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. She was a member of the Pahlavi dynasty.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 20th-century Shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.

Pahlavi dynasty Dynasty that ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Monarchy of Iran was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Contents

Early life and education

Fatimeh Pahlavi was born in Tehran on 30 October 1928. [1] [2] She was the tenth child of Reza Shah and his fourth and last wife, Esmat Dowlatshahi. [3] [4] Her mother was from the Qajar dynasty [5] and married Reza Shah in 1923. [6] Fatimeh was the full-sister of Abdul Reza Pahlavi, Mahmoud Reza Pahlavi and Hamid Reza Pahlavi. [7]

Tehran Capital city of Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Esmat Dowlatshahi

Esmat Dowlatshahi was an Iranian royal and the fourth and last wife of Reza Shah.

Qajar dynasty Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin

The Qajar Empire, also referred to as Qajar Iran, officially the Sublime State of Persia, was the state ruled by the Qajar dynasty, an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically from the Qajar tribe, from 1789 to 1925. The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his punitive campaign against Iran's Georgian subjects. In the Caucasus, the Qajar dynasty permanently lost many of Iran's integral areas to the Russians over the course of the 19th century, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

She and her brothers lived at Marble palace in Tehran with their parents. [4] She attended Anoushiravan Dadgar Girls' School in Tehran. [8]

Marble Palace (Tehran) Iranian national heritage site

The Marble Palace is one of the historic buildings and royal residences in Tehran, Iran. It is located in the city centre, but the location was a quiet quarter of Tehran when the palace was erected.

Activities

Young Princess Fatimeh Princess Fatimeh Pahlavi (before 1979).jpg
Young Princess Fatimeh

During the reign of her half-brother, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Fatimeh Pahlavi owned a bowling club and dealt with business, having shares in the firms involved in construction, vegetable oil production and engineering. [9] She also had a fortune of some $500 million during that time. [10] Her fortune was a result of "commissions" extracted from military contractors by her second husband, Khatami. [10] Pahlavi also involved in activities concerning higher education in Iran. [11]

Personal life

Fatimeh Pahlavi married twice. She married Vincent Lee Hillyer (1924 7 July 1999) in a civil ceremony in Civitavecchia, Italy, on 13 April 1950. [3] Hillyer converted to Islam. [3] [8] On 10 May they wed in a religious ceremony at Iran's embassy in Paris. [3] [12] Hillyer was a friend of her brother Abdul Reza Pahlavi. [13] Fatimeh and Hillyer met in Iran during the latter's visit to the country. [8] The marriage was not fully endorsed by Shah Mohammad Reza, [14] probably due to negative reactions in Iran. [15] They had three children, two sons, Kayvan and Dariush, and one daughter, Rana, who died in an accidental fall in infancy in 1954. [16] [8] They divorced in September 1959. [17] [18]

Civitavecchia Comune in Lazio, Italy

Civitavecchia is a city and comune of the Metropolitan City of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 60 kilometres west-north-west of the center of Rome. The harbour is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which stands a lighthouse. Civitavecchia had a population of around 53,000 as of 2015.

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country primarily a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Islam is an Abrahamic, monotheistic, universal religion teaching that there is only one God, and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world's population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative examples of Muhammad.

After divorcing Hillyer, she married Mohammad Amir Khatami, the commanding general of Iran's air force, on 22 November 1959. [19] [18] The shah and his then fiancée Farah Diba attended the wedding ceremony. [18]

Mohammad Amir Khatami

Arteshbod Mohammad Amir Khatami, CVO, was the commander of the Iranian air force, advisor to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the second husband of Fatimeh Pahlavi, half-sister of the Shah.

They had two sons, Kambiz (born 1961) and Ramin (born 1967), and a daughter, Pari (born 1962). [8] [20] Pahlavi left Iran before the 1979 revolution. [15] During her last years, she was living in London. [21]

During the reign of the Shah, she wore the Sunburst Tiara and was the first and only known person to have worn it. [5]

Death

Pahlavi died at the age of 58 in London on 2 June 1987. [2] [21] She was survived by her four sons. [21]

Honours

National

Foreign

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References

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