Fed Cup

Last updated
Fed Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Tennisball current event.svg 2020 Fed Cup
Fed Cup logo.svg
Sport Tennis
Founded1963;57 years ago (1963)
No. of teams8 (World Group)
99 (total 2016) [1]
Countries ITF member nations
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of France.svg  France (3rd title)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States (18 titles)
Official website fedcup.com

The Fed Cup is the premier international team competition in women's tennis, launched in 1963 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The competition was known as the Federation Cup until 1995. The Fed Cup is the world's largest annual women's international team sports competition in terms of the number of nations that compete. [2] [3] The current Fed Cup Chairperson is Katrina Adams. [4]

Contents

The relatively small nation of Czech Republic dominated the Fed Cup in the 2010s, as the Czechs won six of ten competitions in the decade. The men's equivalent of the Fed Cup is the Davis Cup, and the Czech Republic, Australia and the United States are the only countries to have held both Cups at the same time.

History

In 1919, Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman had an idea for a women's team tennis competition. This was not adopted but she persisted, presenting a trophy at the 1923 annual contest between the United States and Great Britain, named the Wightman Cup.

Nell Hopman, wife of the legendary Australian Davis Cup Captain Harry Hopman, later took up Mrs Wightman's original idea. In 1962, a British resident of the United States, Mary Hardwick Hare, presented a dossier proving that support for such an event was overwhelming, persuading the ITF that it was a 'good idea' to have a team championship played over one week in a different venue each year. 40 years after Wightman's idea of a women's Davis Cup, it became a reality. In 1963, the ITF launched the Federation Cup to celebrate its 50th anniversary. Open to all nations the competition became a resounding success.

The inaugural event attracted 16 countries. The competition was supported by the top players right from the start. Held at the Queen's Club, in London, the first contest was between Australia and the United States. Grand Slam champions Darlene Hard, Billie Jean King, Margaret Smith and Lesley Turner all proudly representing their country on court. The United States would emerge the champion nation in the opening year. However, it was to be Australia in the early years, winning seven of the next eleven championships. Around 1980 the United States was able to establish some significant mark on the competition setting in future years a very high standard for others to compete against.

Petra Kvitova with the trophy for the Fed Cup winners, 2011, Moscow Petra Kvitova Fed Cup 2011 Winner.jpg
Petra Kvitová with the trophy for the Fed Cup winners, 2011, Moscow

The first Federation Cup had attracted 16 entry teams, despite no prize money and teams having to meet their own expenses. When sponsorship became available, the number of teams expanded dramatically, first by the Colgate Group in 1976, and, from 1981 to 1994 by the Japanese communications and computer giant NEC. In 1994, there were 73 nations competing, with the host nation of a Federation Cup week was now being required to build a special tennis complex, giving rise to what became known as the Federation Cup "legacy." The additional costs of each event could be offset with the host nations viewing their involvement as providing an opportunity to boost their national game.

For the 1992, a regional group qualifying format was introduced. In 1995, the tournament's name was shortened to the Fed Cup, and a new home-and-away format was adopted as trialled by the Davis Cup, so that women could play for their country in their own country. There have been a number of smaller changes to the format since 1995. The format change implemented in 2005 incorporates an eight Nation World Group I and eight nation World Group II both playing home-and-away over three weekends throughout the year. Three regional groups compete and there are promotions and relegations based on results.

Format

Tournament

While many nations enter the Fed Cup each year, only 16 countries qualify for the elite World Group and World Group II each year (eight in World Group and eight in World Group II). [5]

They reach World Group and World Group II as follows:

(a) World Group - the four nations that win their World Group first round tie remain in the World Group for the following year. First round losers contest the World Group Play-offs against the four winning nations from World Group II to determine relegation/promotion for the following year's competition. (The four nations that win World Group Play-offs will be in the World Group the following year, while the four losers will start the following year in World Group II.)
(b) World Group II - the four nations that win their World Group II ties will compete in the World Group I Play-Offs to determine relegation/promotion for the following year, as described above. Similarly the four nations that lose their World Group II ties will face winning nations from Group I Zonal competitions, in the World Group II Play-offs, to determine relegation/promotion. (The four nations that win their World Group II Play-offs will be in World Group II the following year, while the four losers will begin the next year in Group I Zonal events.)

Once in the World Group or World Group II, four nations will be seeded in each. The decision as to which nations will be seeded is made by the Fed Cup Committee, according to the ITF Fed Cup Nations Ranking.

At the levels below the World Group and World Group II, the Fed Cup nations compete in Zonal Competition events, which are split into three zones: The Americas Zone, the Asia/Oceania Zone and the Europe/Africa Zone. In each zone there are two groups, Group I being the higher and Group II the lower, except for the Europe/Africa Zone, which also has a Group III.

Within the Group zonal regions, teams are split into pools and play against each other in a round robin format. The exact format of each Group event, and promotion and relegation between them, varies according to the number of participating teams. Two teams are always promoted from Europe/Africa Group I to that year's World Group II Play-Offs, while one team each go to the World Group II Play-Offs from Americas Group I and Asia/Oceania Zone Group I.

Current structure

This structure has been implemented since 2016. [5] [6]

LevelGroup(s)
1World Group I

8 countries

World Group I Playoff

4 countries from World Group I + 4 countries from World Group II

2World Group II

8 countries

World Group II Playoff

4 countries from World Group II + 2 countries from Group One Euro/African Zone
+ 1 country from Group One Americas Zone + 1 country from Group One Asia/Oceania Zone

3Group One American Zone

8 countries

Group One Euro/African Zone

15 countries

Group One Asia/Oceania Zone

7 countries

4Group Two American Zone

11 countries

Group Two Euro/African Zone

7 countries

Group Two Asia/Oceania Zone

15 countries

5Group Three Euro/African Zone

16 countries

Ties

In World Group and World Group II, and World Group and World Group II Play-Off ties, each tie is contested in a best of five matches format, and is played across two days. On the first day there are two singles matches, and then the reverse singles matches take place on the following day. The final match is a doubles.

In Zonal Groups I, II and III, ties are played over the best of three matches (two singles and a doubles).

The First Round Ties in the World Group and World Group II are played on a home and away knock-out basis, and take place over a weekend in the early part of the year.

World Group Semifinals and Final are played over on a home and away knock-out basis, and take place over a weekend in July (Semifinals) and September (Final).

Play-Off ties for World Group and World Group II will also be played on a home and away knock-out basis taking place in July.

The choice of ground for First Round, Semifinals and Play-Off ties is decided by lot or goes automatically to one of the competing nations.

As Groups I, II and III are played in a round robin format in all three zones, each event takes place at a single venue over one week. These are held in the first half of the year (to allow promotion of teams to the World Group II Play-Off ties in second half of the year), and dates and venues are decided by the Fed Cup Committee.

Records and statistics

Performance by team

CountryWinning Years [7] Runner-up Years [7]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States + 1963, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2017 (18) 1964, 1965, 1974, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1994, 1995, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2018 (12)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia/
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic +
1975, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018 (11) 1986 (1)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia + 1964, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974 (7) 1963, 1969, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1993, 2019 (11)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998 (5) 1989, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2008 (6)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union/
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia +
2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 (4) 1988, 1990, 1999, 2001, 2011, 2013, 2015 (7)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy + 2006, 2009, 2010, 2013 (4) 2007 (1)
Flag of France.svg  France + 1997, 2003, 2019 (3) 2004, 2005, 2016 (3)
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany/
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany +
1987, 1992 (2) 1966, 1970, 1982, 1983, 2014 (5)
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa + 1972 (1) 1973 (1)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium + 2001 (1) 2006 (1)
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 2002 (1)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1967, 1971, 1972, 1981 (4)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands + 1968, 1997 (2)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1998 (1)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2012 (1)
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus + 2017 (1)

+ — also won Junior Fed Cup title

Team records

Fed Cup Champions Fed cup winners.png
Fed Cup Champions

Individual records

1Players must now be aged 14 and over

Heart Award

The Heart Award is ITF's annual "MVP" award related to Fed Cup, which aims to recognise players who have represented their country with distinction, shown exceptional courage on court and demonstrated outstanding commitment to the team. [10] The award was inaugurated in 2009.

YearWinner
2009 Flag of the United States.svg Melanie Oudin
World Group SFWG / WG II play-offsWG / WG II R1Americas ZG IAsia/Oceania ZG IEurope/Africa ZG I
2010 Flag of Italy.svg Francesca Schiavone Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Yanina Wickmayer Flag of Serbia.svg Jelena Janković Flag of Brazil.svg Maria Fernanda Alves Flag of Japan.svg Kimiko Date-Krumm Flag of Slovenia.svg Katarina Srebotnik
2011 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petra Kvitová Flag of Germany.svg Andrea Petkovic Flag of Serbia.svg Bojana Jovanovski Flag of Peru.svg Bianca Botto Flag of Japan.svg Ayumi Morita Flag of Belarus.svg Victoria Azarenka
2012 Flag of Serbia.svg Jelena Janković Flag of Slovakia.svg Daniela Hantuchová Flag of Colombia.svg Catalina Castaño Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Li Na Flag of Sweden.svg Sofia Arvidsson
2013 Flag of Italy.svg Sara Errani Flag of Slovakia.svg Daniela Hantuchová Flag of Brazil.svg Paula Cristina Gonçalves Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Galina Voskoboeva Flag of Poland.svg Agnieszka Radwańska
2014 Flag of Germany.svg Andrea Petkovic Flag of Poland.svg Agnieszka Radwańska Flag of Brazil.svg Teliana Pereira Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Sabina Sharipova Flag of Romania.svg Simona Halep
2015 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Lucie Šafářová Flag of Italy.svg Flavia Pennetta Flag of Romania.svg Irina-Camelia Begu Flag of Paraguay.svg Verónica Cepede Royg Flag of Thailand.svg Tamarine Tanasugarn Flag of Turkey.svg Çağla Büyükakçay
2016 Flag of France.svg Caroline Garcia Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Hsu Ching-Wen Flag of Belarus.svg Aliaksandra Sasnovich Flag of Argentina.svg Nadia Podoroska Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Hsieh Su-wei Flag of Ukraine.svg Kateryna Bondarenko
2017 Flag of Belarus.svg Aliaksandra Sasnovich Flag of Germany.svg Julia Görges Flag of Belarus.svg Aryna Sabalenka Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Bianca Andreescu Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Galina Voskoboeva Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Heather Watson
2018 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petra Kvitová Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Eugenie Bouchard Flag of France.svg Kristina Mladenovic Flag of Paraguay.svg Montserrat González Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Yulia Putintseva Flag of Serbia.svg Olga Danilović
2019 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ashleigh Barty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Katie Boulter Flag of Romania.svg Simona Halep Flag of Brazil.svg Carolina Meligeni Alves Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Zarina Diyas Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johanna Konta

Current rankings

For more information, see ITF Rankings

ITF Fed Cup Nations Ranking, as of 11 November 2019 [11]
#NationPointsMove
1Flag of France.svg  France 25,280.00Increase2.svg2
2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 22,700.00Decrease2.svg1
3Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20,115.00Decrease2.svg1
4Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 14,160.00Steady2.svg
5Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 11,880.00Steady2.svg
6Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 7,562.50Steady2.svg
7Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 6,822.50Steady2.svg
8Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 5,532.50Steady2.svg
9Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 4,735.00Steady2.svg
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 4,050.00Steady2.svg
11Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 4,035.00Steady2.svg
12Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 3,782.50Steady2.svg
13Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 3,630.00Steady2.svg
14Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 3,455.00Steady2.svg
15Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 3,417.50Steady2.svg
16Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 3,080.00Steady2.svg
17Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 2,482.50Steady2.svg
18Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2,280.00Steady2.svg
19Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2,095.00Steady2.svg
20Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 2,047.50Steady2.svg

Change since previous ranking update

Broadcasters

Country/regionBroadcaster
FreePaySummaryRef
International ITF Qualifiers matches live on Fed Cup TV [12]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Nine beIN Sports
  • Nine: Australia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • TBA: France team matches at the finals round only, will be announced soon
  • beIN Sports: Selected matches, including the finals round
[13]
Flag of France.svg  France TBA
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina TyC Sports Selected matches live
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Belteleradio Belarus matches only
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium VRT (Dutch)Belgium matches only
RTBF (French)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil DAZN Selected matches, including all Brazil team and at the finals round [14]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Sportsnet [15]
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Win Sports [16]
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany DOSB Live on Sportdeutschland.TV
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy SuperTennis Selected matches live
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Wowow Selected matches live, including Japan team
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan QAZTRK
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia LTV7 Lattelecom
  • LTV: Latvia matches only
  • Lattelecom: live on Best4Sport channel
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Ziggo Selected matches, including all Netherlands team and at the finals round on Ziggo Sport
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania RCS & RDS Selected matches live, including Romania team
Telekom Romania
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Match TV Selected matches live, including Russia team
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia RTVS Slovakia matches only, live on :2
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain RTVE Spain matches only
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland SRG SSR Switzerland matches only
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom BBC GB matches only
LTA
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tennis Channel Selected matches live

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  2. Glenday, Craig, ed. (2008). Guinness World Records 2008 . Bantam Books. pp.  497. ISBN   9780553589955.
  3. "About Fed Cup by BNP Paribas". itftennis.com. ITF . Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  4. "FED CUP COMMITTEE". Fed Cup. Retrieved 26 Jan 2018.
  5. 1 2 "Fed Cup Format". www.fedcup.com. ITF . Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  6. "Fed Cup Rules & Regulations". www.fedcup.com. ITF. 13 January 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  7. 1 2 "Fed Cup Champions". www.fedcup.com. ITF . Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  8. Erik Gudris (6 February 2016). "Hogenkamp Wins Longest Ever Fed Cup Match Over Kuznetsova". Tennisnow.com. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  9. Strength in Depth the Key for Five-Star Czech Republic, WTA official website, 14 November 2016
  10. "Fed Cup Heart Award". www.fedcup.com. ITF . Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  11. "Nations Ranking". fedcup.com. International Tennis Federation.
  12. "WHERE TO WATCH THE FED CUP QUALIFIERS". Fed Cup . 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  13. "Tennis Australia and Nine Network sign landmark rights deal". Tennis Australia . Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  14. "DAZN ANUNCIA TRANSMISSÃO EXCLUSIVA DA 1ª FASE DA FED CUP DISPUTADA NO BRASIL". DAZN (in Portuguese). 2020-01-20. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  15. "Tennis on TV". Tennis Canada. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  16. "Win Sports | El canal oficial de la Liga y todo el Fútbol Profesional Colombiano". www.winsports.co. Retrieved 2020-02-05.