Fejér County

Last updated

Fejér County

Fejér megye
Hollandi-haz (3601. szamu muemlek) 4.jpg
Az alcsuti arboretum kulonleges leggyokerei.jpg
HU-FE-Szekesfehervar034.JPG
Descending, from top: Holland House in the park of the Festetich Palace in Dég, Arboretum of Alcsútdoboz, and Downtown of Székesfehérvár
FLAG-Fejer-megye.svg
Flag
HUN Fejer megye COA.png
Coat of arms
HU county Fejer.svg
Fejér County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Central Transdanubia
County seat Székesfehérvár
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyDr. Krisztián Molnár (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total4,358.45 km2 (1,682.81 sq mi)
Area rank 11th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total417,651 [1]
  Rank 7th in Hungary
Postal code
206x, 209x, 24xx,
700x – 701x, 7041, 80xx, 811x – 815x
Area code(s) (+36) 22, 25
ISO 3166 code HU-FE
Website www.fejer.hu

Fejér (Hungarian : Fejér megye, pronounced  [ˈfɛjeːr] ) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Central Hungary. It lies on the west bank of the river Danube and nearly touches the eastern shore of Lake Balaton. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Veszprém, Komárom-Esztergom, Pest, Bács-Kiskun, Tolna and Somogy. The capital of Fejér county is Székesfehérvár.

Contents

Geography

Geographically, Fejér County is very diverse; its southern part is similar (and adjacent) to the Great Hungarian Plain, and other parts are hilly (Bakony, Vértes, Gerecse mountains). Lake Velence, a popular resort, is also located there.

History

Early history

The area was already inhabited 20,000 years ago. When this part of Hungary formed a Roman province called Pannonia , several settlements stood here: the capital was Gorsium, but there were other significant towns too, where present-day Baracs and Dunaújváros are (the towns were called Annamatia and Intercisa, respectively). In the early Medieval period Huns and Avars lived in the area. After 586 several nomadic people inhabited in the area, until Hungarians conquered it in the late 9th century.

From the Roman conquest until the Ottoman occupation

Hungarians arrived in the area between 895 and 900. The high prince and his tribe settled down in this area. The town of Fehérvár (modern-day Székesfehérvár) became significant as the seat of Prince Géza. Under the reign of his son, King Stephen, the town became the county seat of the newly formed county. Kings of Hungary were crowned and buried in the town until the 16th century.

Fejér under Ottoman rule

Fejér county was occupied by Ottomans between 1543 and 1688. Several of the villages were destroyed, the population dramatically decreased. After being freed from Ottoman rule, local administration was reorganized in 1692. Székesfehérvár got back its town status only in 1703.

Demographics

Religion in Fejér County (2011 census)

   Catholic Church (35.4%)
   Greek Catholicism (0.3%)
   Calvinism (10.8%)
   Lutheranism (1.7%)
   Orthodoxy (0.1%)
  Other religions (1.3%)
   Non-religious (19.5%)
   Atheists (1.5%)
  Undeclared (29.4%)

In 2015, it had a population of 417,651 and the population density was 96/km².

YearCounty population [2] Change
1949295,750n/a
1960Increase2.svg 357,89721.01%
1970Increase2.svg 391,2729.33%
1980Increase2.svg 420,3177.42%
1990Decrease2.svg 418,852-0.35%
2001Increase2.svg 434,317 (record)3.69%
2011Decrease2.svg 425,847-1.95%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 6,500), Germans (5,500).

Total population (2011 census): 425,847
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [3] Identified themselves: 372 538 persons:

  • Hungarians: 356 982 (95,82%)
  • Roma: 6 277 (1,68%)
  • Germans: 5 419 (1,45%)
  • Others and indefinable: 3 860 (1,04%)

Approx. 65,000 persons in Fejér County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [4]

Regional structure

District of Fejer County (until December 2014) Fejer districts.png
District of Fejér County(until December 2014)
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2013)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Bicske District
Bicskei járás
578.2535,66062 Bicske 15
2 Dunaújváros District
Dunaújvárosi járás
650.0591,854141 Dunaújváros 16
3 Enying District
Enyingi járás
433.1213,18747 Enying 9
4 Gárdony District
Gárdonyi járás
306.7929,77597 Gárdony 10
5 Martonvásár District
Martonvásári járás
277.1326,53196 Martonvásár 8
6 Mór District
Móri járás
417.5534,43183 Mór 13
- Polgárdi District
Polgárdi járás
defunct from 1 January 2015
7 Sárbogárd District
Sárbogárdi járás
653.5228,50944 Sárbogárd 12
8 Székesfehérvár District
Székesfehérvári járás
1,032.05156,935152 Székesfehérvár 25
Fejér County4,358.75425,84798 Székesfehérvár 108

Politics

Countyhall of Fejer. Megyehaza Szekesfehervar 2.JPG
Countyhall of Fejér.

The Fejér County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 20 counselors, with the following party composition: [5]

   PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 13             
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik)4             
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)2             
  Democratic Coalition (DK)1             

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [6]
Dr. Krisztián Molnár (Fidesz-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Fejér County has 2 urban counties, 15 towns, 11 large villages and 78 villages.

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Related Research Articles

Pest County County of Hungary

Pest is a county (megye) in central Hungary. It covers an area of 6,393.14 square kilometres (2,468.41 sq mi), and has a population of 1,213,090 (2009). It surrounds the national capital Budapest and the majority of the county's population live in the suburbs of Budapest. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Bács-Kiskun, Fejér, and Komárom-Esztergom. The River Danube flows through the county. The capital of Pest County is Budapest, but it is planned to completely separate the capital from the county at least until 2020, as it loses catch-up aids from the European Union because of the high development of Budapest.

Nógrád County County of Hungary

Nógrád is a county of Hungary.

Tolna County County of Hungary

Tolna is an administrative county in present Hungary as it was of the former Kingdom of Hungary. It lies in central Hungary, on the west bank of the river Danube. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Fejér, Bács-Kiskun, and Baranya. The capital of Tolna county is Szekszárd. Its area is 3703 km².

Somogy County County of Hungary

Somogy is an administrative county in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary.

Vas County County of Hungary

Vas is an administrative county of Hungary. It was also one of the counties of the former Kingdom of Hungary. It is part of the Centrope Project.

Veszprém County County of Hungary

Veszprém is an administrative county (megye) in Hungary. Veszprém is also the name of the capital city of Veszprém county.

Zala County County of Hungary

Zala is an administrative county in south-western Hungary. It is named after the Zala River. It shares borders with Croatia and Slovenia and the Hungarian counties Vas, Veszprém and Somogy. The capital of Zala county is Zalaegerszeg. Its area is 3,784 square kilometres (1,461 sq mi). Lake Balaton lies partly in the county.

Csongrád-Csanád County County of Hungary

Csongrád-Csanád is the name of an administrative county in southern Hungary, straddling the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun County, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád-Csanád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.

Komárom-Esztergom County County of Hungary

Komárom-Esztergom is an administrative Hungarian county in Central Transdanubia Region; its shares its northern border the Danube with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Győr-Moson-Sopron, Veszprém, Fejér and Pest and the Slovakian Nitra Region. Its county seat is Tatabánya.

Hajdú-Bihar County County of Hungary

Hajdú-Bihar is an administrative county in eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Békés. The capital of Hajdú-Bihar county is Debrecen. Together with Bihor County in Romania it constitutes the Biharia Euroregion.

Bács-Kiskun County County of Hungary

Bács-Kiskun is a county located in southern Hungary. It was created as a result of World War II, merging the pre war Bács-Bodrog and the southern parts of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun counties. With an area of 8,445 km2, Bács-Kiskun is the largest county in the country. The terrain is mostly flat with slight emergences around Baja. The county seat and largest city of Bács-Kiskun is Kecskemét.

Békés County County of Hungary

Békés is an administrative division in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.

Heves County County of Hungary

Heves lies in northern Hungary. It lies between the right bank of the river Tisza and the Mátra and Bükk mountains. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Nógrád, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok. Eger is the county seat.

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County County of Hungary

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.

Kunszentmiklós District Districts of Hungary in Bács-Kiskun

Kunszentmiklós is a district in north-western part of Bács-Kiskun County. Kunszentmiklós is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Érd District Districts of Hungary in Pest

Érd is a district in south-western part of Pest County. Érd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Hungary Statistical Region.

Ráckeve District Districts of Hungary in Pest

Ráckeve is a district in southern part of Pest County. Ráckeve is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Hungary Statistical Region.

Dunaújváros District Districts of Hungary in Fejér

Dunaújváros is a district in south-eastern part of Fejér County. Dunaújváros is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Gárdony District Districts of Hungary in Fejér

Gárdony is a district in central-eastern part of Fejér County. Gárdony is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.

References

Coordinates: 47°10′N18°35′E / 47.167°N 18.583°E / 47.167; 18.583