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The FIE Fencing World Cup is an international fencing competition held by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. In each weapon (Men's and Women's Épée, Sabre and Foil), three Grand Prix, five World Cup events and several satellite events are contested each season. The five top results as well as the Olympic Games or World Fencing Championships and zonal championships results are taken into account for each fencer's rankings. For teams, up to five World Cup events are held each year. The four top results as well as the Olympic Games or World Fencing Championships and zonal championships are taken into account for each country's rankings.
The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime, commonly known by the acronym FIE, is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. Today, its head office is at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 153 national federations, each of which is recognized by its country's Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.
The modern épée derives from the 19th-century Épée de Combat, and is the largest and heaviest of the three weapons used in sport fencing.
A sabre or saber is a type of backsword with a curved blade associated with the light cavalry of the early modern and Napoleonic periods. Originally associated with Central-Eastern European cavalry such as the hussars, the sabre became widespread in Western Europe in the Thirty Years' War. Lighter sabres also became popular with infantry of the late 17th century.
World Cup competitions are governed by the FIE rules for competitions. World Cups and Grand Prix are organised according to a mixed system consisting of one round of pools and a preliminary direct elimination table, followed by a main direct elimination table of 64 fencers.
The 16 top-ranked fencers in FIE rankings are exempt from the qualification phase and access directly the table of 64. All other competitors fence in pools of 7 fencers, or a mix of pools of 6 and pools of 7 if the number of fencers is not divisible by 7. The composition of the pools takes into account FIE rankings and the nationality of the fencers. Pools bouts last 3 minutes, or until a fencer has scored 5 hits. Fencers are ranked according to, successively:
The 16 top-ranked fencers after the pools phase access directly the table of 64. The other fences compete in direct elimination tables until 32 fencers are selected to complete the table of 64. Direct elimination bouts last for three periods of three minutes, with a one-minute rest between each period, or until a fencer has scored 15 hits.
|Gold||Silver||Bronze||4th||Table of 8||Table of 16||Table of 32||Table of 64||Tableau of 96|
|Zonal Championships / Grand Prix||48||39||30||_||21||12||6||3||1.5|
|1972|| Witold Woyda || Viktor Sidyak || Csaba Fenyvesi || Antonella Ragno |
|1973|| Jenö Kamuti || Viktor Sidyak || Rolf Edling || Valentina Nikonova |
|1974|| Alexandr Romankov || Mario Aldo Montano || Rolf Edling || Ildikó Farkasinszky-Bóbis |
|1975|| Christian Noël || Vladimir Nazlymov || Boris Lukomsky || Olga Knyazeva |
|1976|| Alexandr Romankov || Viktor Krovopuskov || Alexander Pusch || Yelena Novikova-Belova |
|1977|| Carlo Montano || Vladimir Nazlymov || Johan Harmenberg || Valentina Sidorova |
|1978|| Matthias Behr || Imre Gedővári || Aleksandr Abushakhmetov || Yelena Novikova-Belova |
|1979|| Vladimir Smirnov || Viktor Krovopuskov || Stefano Bellone || Valentina Sidorova |
|1980|| Vladimir Smirnov || Imre Gedővári || Alexander Pusch || Valentina Sidorova |
|1981|| Andrea Borella || Gianfranco Dalla Barba || Alexander Pusch || Dorina Vaccaroni |
|1982|| Mauro Numa || Imre Gedővári || Angelo Mazzoni || Cornelia Hanisch |
|1983|| Mauro Numa || Vasil Etropolski || Elmar Borrmann || Dorina Vaccaroni |
|1984|| Andrea Borella || Imre Gedővári || Olivier Lenglet || Dorina Vaccaroni |
|1985|| Mauro Numa || Vasil Etropolski || Robert Felisiak || Laurence Modaine |
|1986|| Federico Cervi || Vasil Etropolski || Alexander Pusch || Christiane Weber |
|1987|| Andrea Borella || Janusz Olech || Arnd Schmitt || Zsuzsanna Jánosi |
|1988|| Stefano Cerioni || Imre Bujdosó || Sandro Cuomo || Zsuzsanna Jánosi |
|1989|| Andrea Borella || Vilmoș Szabo || Éric Srecki || Zita-Eva Funkenhauser || Eva-Maria Ittner |
|1990|| Dmitry Shevchenko || Grigory Kiriyenko || Olivier Lenglet || Anja Fichtel-Mauritz || Elisa Uga |
|1991|| Thorsten Weidner || Péter Abay || Arnd Schmitt || Giovanna Trillini || Mariann Horváth |
|1992|| Sergei Golubitsky || Vilmoș Szabo || Éric Srecki || Margherita Zalaffi || Mariann Horváth |
|1993|| Sergei Golubitsky || Marco Marin || Angelo Mazzoni || Diana Bianchedi || Elisabeth Knechtl |
|1994|| Sergei Golubitsky || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Angelo Mazzoni || Giovanna Trillini || Katja Nass |
|1995|| Sergei Golubitsky || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Éric Srecki || Giovanna Trillini || Taymi Chappe |
|1996|| Rolando Tucker || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Jean-François Di Martino || Valentina Vezzali || Tímea Nagy |
|1997|| Wolfgang Wienand || Damien Touya || Éric Srecki || Valentina Vezzali || Valérie Barlois |
|1998|| Elvis Gregory || Luigi Tarantino || Sandro Cuomo || Giovanna Trillini || Claudia Bokel |
|1999|| Sergei Golubitsky || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Pavel Kolobkov || Valentina Vezzali || Yelena Jemayeva || Ildikó Mincza |
|2000|| Ralf Bißdorf || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Arnd Schmitt || Valentina Vezzali || Anne-Lise Touya || Ildikó Mincza |
|2001|| Ralf Bißdorf || Mihai Covaliu || Jörg Fiedler || Valentina Vezzali || Anne-Lise Touya || Imke Duplitzer |
|2002|| Ralf Bißdorf || Stanislav Pozdnyakov || Christoph Marik || Valentina Vezzali || Yelena Jemayeva || Laura Flessel |
|2003|| Andre Wessels || Domonkos Ferjancsik || Christoph Marik || Valentina Vezzali || Sada Jacobson || Laura Flessel |
|2004|| Salvatore Sanzo || Vladimir Lukashenko || Alfredo Rota || Valentina Vezzali || Sada Jacobson || Laura Flessel |
|2005|| Erwann Le Péchoux || Aleksey Yakimenko || Stefano Carozzo || Margherita Granbassi || Sada Jacobson || Imke Duplitzer |
|2006|| Andrea Cassarà || Zsolt Nemcsik || Gábor Boczkó || Sylwia Gruchała || Mariel Zagunis || Sherraine Schalm |
|2007|| Andrea Baldini || Aleksey Yakimenko || Érik Boisse || Valentina Vezzali || Tan Xue || Na Li |
|2008|| Andrea Cassarà || Luigi Tarantino || Matteo Tagliariol || Valentina Vezzali || Rebecca Ward || Ana Maria Brânză |
|2009|| Andrea Baldini || Nicolas Limbach || Gauthier Grumier || Arianna Errigo || Mariel Zagunis || Ana Maria Brânză |
|2010|| Lei Sheng || Nicolas Limbach || Gauthier Grumier || Valentina Vezzali || Mariel Zagunis || Emese Szász |
|2011|| Andrea Cassarà || Aleksey Yakimenko || Paolo Pizzo || Elisa Di Francisca || Mariel Zagunis || Sun Yujie |
|2012|| Andrea Cassarà || Nicolas Limbach || Nikolai Novosjolov || Arianna Errigo || Mariel Zagunis || Sun Yujie |
|2013|| Andrea Cassarà || Veniamin Reshetnikov || Rubén Limardo || Arianna Errigo || Olha Kharlan || Ana Maria Brânză |
|2014|| Ma Jianfei || Gu Bon-gil || Ulrich Robeiri || Arianna Errigo || Olha Kharlan || Emese Szász |
|2015|| Race Imboden || Gu Bon-gil || Gauthier Grumier || Elisa Di Francisca || Sofiya Velikaya || Rossella Fiamingo |
|2016|| Alexander Massialas || Kim Jung-hwan || Gauthier Grumier || Arianna Errigo || Sofiya Velikaya || Emese Szász |
|2017|| Alexander Massialas || Gu Bon-gil || Yannick Borel || Inna Deriglazova || Anna Márton || Violetta Kolobova |
|2018|| Alessio Foconi || Eli Dershwitz || Yannick Borel || Inna Deriglazova || Olha Kharlan || Mara Navarria |
|Year||Men's foil||Women's foil||Men's epee||Women's epee||Men's sabre||Women's sabre|
Fencing has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. Women's foil made its Olympic debut in Paris, during the 1924 Olympic Games. There are three forms of Olympic fencing:
The World Fencing Championships is an annual competition in fencing organized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime or FIE,. The world championships are, after the Olympic Games, the most prominent international competition in the sport of fencing. Contestants may participate in foil, épée, and sabre events.
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The European Fencing Championships is an annual top-level European fencing competition organized by the European Fencing Confederation.
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Richard Kruse is a British fencer who specialises in the foil discipline. He has represented Great Britain at the Summer Olympics four times. In 2015, he was part of the Great Britain team that shocked Olympic champions Italy to win the first European Games gold in team foil, the first British gold medal in a team fencing event at World or European level for fifty years. On the 24th of July, 2018, he won silver in the World Fencing Championships individual men's foil event in Wuxi, China, winning the first medal for a British individual event fencer since Bill Hoskyns took silver for the men's Epee event in the World Championships in Paris in 1965.
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