|Ferdinand I & V|
Ferdinand in Austrian Field Marshal uniform, portrait by Eduard Edlinger, 1843
| Emperor of Austria |
|Reign||2 March 1835 – 2 December 1848|
|Coronation||7 September 1836, Prague (as king of Bohemia)|
|Successor||Franz Joseph I|
|Prime Minister||See list|
| King of Hungary |
|Reign||28 September 1830 – 2 December 1848|
|Coronation||28 September 1830, Pressburg|
|Successor||Franz Joseph I|
|Born||19 April 1793|
Vienna, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||29 June 1875 82) (aged|
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
Imperial Crypt, Vienna
Maria Anna of Savoy
(m. 1831;his death 1875)
|Father||Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies|
Ferdinand I (German : Ferdinand I. 19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was the Emperor of Austria from 1835 until his abdication in 1848. As ruler of Austria, he was also President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (as Ferdinand V), King of Lombardy–Venetia and holder of many other lesser titles (see grand title of the Emperor of Austria). Due to his rocky, passive but good-intended character, he gained the sobriquet The Benign (German : Der Gütige) or The Good (Czech : Ferdinand Dobrotivý).
Ferdinand succeeded on the death of his father Francis II and I on 2 March 1835. He was incapable of ruling his empire because of his mental deficiency, so his father, before he died, made a will which promulgated that Ferdinand should consult Archduke Louis on all aspects of internal policy and urged him to be influenced by Prince Metternich, Austria's Foreign Minister.
Following the Revolutions of 1848, Ferdinand abdicated on 2 December 1848. He was succeeded by his nephew, Franz Joseph. Following his abdication, he lived in Hradčany Palace, Prague, until his death in 1875.
Ferdinand married Maria Anna of Savoy, the sixth child of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. They had no children.
Ferdinand was the eldest son of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily. Possibly as a result of his parents' genetic closeness (they were double first cousins), Ferdinand suffered from epilepsy, hydrocephalus, neurological problems, and a speech impediment. He was educated by Baron Josef Kalasanz von Erberg, and his wife Josephine, by birth a Countess von Attems.
Ferdinand has been depicted as feeble-minded and incapable of ruling. Yet, although he had epilepsy, he kept a coherent and legible diary and has even been said to have had a sharp wit. However, suffering as many as twenty seizures per day severely restricted his ability to rule with any effectiveness. Though he was not declared incapacitated, a Regent's Council (Archduke Louis, Count Kolowrat, and Prince Metternich) steered the government.
When Ferdinand married Princess Maria Anna of Savoy, the court physician considered it unlikely that he would be able to consummate the marriage. : Ich bin der Kaiser und ich will Knödel!).When he tried to consummate the marriage, he had five seizures. He is best remembered for his command to his cook: when told he could not have apricot dumplings ( Marillenknödel ) because apricots were out of season, he said "I am the Emperor, and I want dumplings!" (German
As the revolutionaries of 1848 were marching on the palace, he is supposed to have asked Metternich for an explanation. When Metternich answered that they were making a revolution, Ferdinand is supposed to have said "But are they allowed to do that?" (Viennese German: Ja, dürfen's denn des?) He was convinced by Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg to abdicate in favour of his nephew, Franz Joseph (the next in line was Ferdinand's younger brother Franz Karl, but he was persuaded to waive his succession rights in favour of his son) who would occupy the Austrian throne for the next sixty-eight years.
Ferdinand recorded the events in his diary: "The affair ended with the new Emperor kneeling before his old Emperor and Lord, that is to say, me, and asking for a blessing, which I gave him, laying both hands on his head and making the sign of the Holy Cross ... then I embraced him and kissed our new master, and then we went to our room. Afterwards I and my dear wife heard Holy Mass ... After that I and my dear wife packed our bags."
Ferdinand was the last King of Bohemia to be crowned as such. Due to his sympathy with Bohemia (where he spent the rest of his life in Prague Castle) he was given the Czech nickname "Ferdinand V, the Good" (Ferdinand Dobrotivý). In Austria, Ferdinand was similarly nicknamed "Ferdinand der Gütige" (Ferdinand the Benign), but also ridiculed as "Gütinand der Fertige" (Goodinand the Finished).
He is interred in tomb number 62 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.
He used the titles:
His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty Ferdinand the First, By the Grace of God
|Ancestors of Ferdinand I of Austria|
Ferdinand's parents were double first cousins as they shared all four grandparents (Francis' paternal grandparents were his wife's maternal grandparents and vice versa). Therefore, Ferdinand only had four great-grandparents, being descended from each of them twice. Further back in his ancestry there is more pedigree collapse due to the close intermarriage between the Houses of Austria and Spain and other Catholic monarchies.
Ferdinand IV was made and crowned King of Bohemia in 1646, King of Hungary and Croatia in 1647, and King of the Romans on 31 May 1653. He also served as Duke of Cieszyn.
Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was the father of two emperors: Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico. Through his third son Karl Ludwig, he was the grandfather of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria – whose assassination sparked the hostilities that led to the outbreak of World War I – and the great-grandfather of the last Habsburg emperor Karl I.
Ferdinand Charles was the Archduke of Further Austria, including Tyrol, from 1646 to 1662.
Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Further Austria was the ruler of Further Austria including Tyrol from 1662 to 1665.
Anne of Austria was Queen of Poland and Sweden as the first consort of King Sigismund III Vasa.
Constance of Austria was queen of Poland as the second wife of King Sigismund III Vasa and the mother of King John II Casimir.
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, was a German regent, Electress of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and co-regent of the Electorate of Bavaria during the minority of her son Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria from 1651 to 1654.
InfantaMaria Anna of Spain was a Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia by marriage to Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor. She acted as regent on several occasions during the absences of her spouse.
Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria, was the governor of the Austrian Netherlands between 1725 and 1741.
Maria Magdalena, Archduchess of Austria was a daughter of Emperor Leopold I and his third wife Eleonore Magdalene of the Palatinate. She died unmarried.
Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Tyrol, was by birth Archduchess of Austria and member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage the second spouse of her first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. As such, she was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, German Queen and Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. She died in childbirth.
Archduchess Maria Carolina Ferdinanda of Austria was Crown Princess of Saxony as the wife of Frederick Augustus, Crown Prince of Saxony.
João Carlos Pedro Leopoldo Borromeu, Prince of Beira; was a Portuguese infante (prince), son of heir-apparent to the throne Pedro, Prince Royal and Maria Leopoldina of Austria.
Charles Joseph was an Archduke of Austria and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1662–64). He was also the bishop of Olmütz, and Breslau, Passau.
Marie Anne of Austria was an Archduchess of Austria and the daughter of Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.
The Infante Carlos of Spain, also known as The Infante Charles of Spain, was an infante of Spain, the second son of King Felipe III of Spain and Margaret of Austria.
Maria Christina of Austria, was a Princess of Transylvania by marriage to Sigismund Báthory, and for a period in 1598 elected sovereign Princess regnant of Transylvania.
Archduchess Catherine Renata of Austria was a member of the House of Habsburg.
Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria was the second son and seventh child of Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria. He was their fourth child to die.
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, was by birth an Archduchess of Austria and member of the House of Habsburg.
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Ferdinand I of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of LorraineBorn: 19 April 1793 Died: 29 June 1875
| Emperor of Austria |
King of Hungary and Croatia
King of Bohemia
King of Lombardy–Venetia
Francis Joseph I
Francis I of Austria
| Head of the Präsidialmacht Austria |
Franz Joseph I of Austria