Ferenc Nagy

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Ferenc Nagy
Nagy Ferenc-MTI 1946.jpg
40th Prime Minister of Hungary
1st Prime Minister of the Second Hungarian Republic
In office
4 February 1946 31 May 1947
Preceded by Zoltán Tildy
Succeeded by Lajos Dinnyés
Personal details
Born(1903-10-08)8 October 1903
Bisse, Austria-Hungary
Died 12 June 1979(1979-06-12) (aged 75)
Herndon, Virginia, US
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Smallholders Party
Children 5

Ferenc Nagy (Hungarian:  [ˈfɛrɛnt͡s ˈnɒɟ] ; 8 October 1903 12 June 1979) was a Hungarian politician of the Smallholders Party. He was a Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from 29 November 1945 to 5 February 1946 and a member of the High National Council from 7 December 1945 to 2 February 1946.

Hungarians Ethnic group

Hungarians, also known as Magyars, are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and language. Hungarians belong to the Uralic-speaking peoples. There are an estimated 14.2–14.5 million ethnic Hungarians and their descendants worldwide, of whom 9.6 million live in today's Hungary. About 2.2 million Hungarians live in areas that were part of the Kingdom of Hungary before the Treaty of Trianon and are now parts of Hungary's seven neighbouring countries, especially Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Significant groups of people with Hungarian ancestry live in various other parts of the world, most of them in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina. Hungarians can be classified into several subgroups according to local linguistic and cultural characteristics; subgroups with distinct identities include the Székelys, the Csángós, the Palóc, the Matyó and the Jász people, the last being considered an Iranic ethnic group being closely related to the Ossetians.

Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party political party in Hungary

The Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party, known mostly by its acronym FKgP or its shortened form Independent Smallholders' Party, is a political party in Hungary. Since the 2002 parliamentary elections, the party has won no seats.

The High National Council was the collective head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1945 until 1946.

Contents

Nagy was reported to be of peasant origins. [1]

Later he served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 4 February 1946 to 31 May 1947. He was elected in 1946, in Hungary's first democratic election. As prime minister, he resisted attempts by the Hungarian Communist Party to gain complete control of the government. He refused attempts by the Communists to become a puppet of a Soviet backed police state, but resigned under duress (they had kidnapped his son). He gave up the premiership in return for his son and 300,000 Swiss francs. Subsequently he was granted asylum in the United States.

Prime Minister of Hungary

The Prime Minister of Hungary is the head of government in Hungary. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The current holder of the office is Viktor Orbán, leader of the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, who has served since 29 May 2010.

Hungarian Communist Party political party

The Party of Communists in Hungary, renamed Hungarian Communist Party in October 1944, was founded on November 24, 1918, and was in power in Hungary briefly from March to August 1919 under Béla Kun and the Hungarian Soviet Republic. The communist government was overthrown by the Romanian Army and driven underground. The party regained power following World War II and held power from 1945 under the leadership of Mátyás Rákosi. In 1948 the party merged with the Social Democrats to become the Hungarian Working People's Party. The Communist Party of Hungary was a member of the Communist International.

Nagy documented his life and political career in The Struggle behind the Iron Curtain, published by MacMillan in 1948. In 1959, he was reported to have been the president of Permindex, a trade organization headquartered in Basel, Switzerland [2] [3]

Macmillan Publishers British publishing company

Macmillan Publishers Ltd is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. It has offices in 41 countries worldwide and operates in more than thirty others.

Permindex, also referred to as Permanent Industrial Exposition or Permanent Industrial Expositions, was a trade organization headquartered in Basel, Switzerland. Allegations that Permindex was a front organization for the Central Intelligence Agency have been advanced by advocates of some John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories.

Royalties from his memoirs helped him buy a house with a substantial garden plot in Herndon, Virginia (then an exurb of Washington, D.C.), there to live out his days. [4]

Herndon, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Herndon is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area of the United States. The population was 23,292 at the 2010 census, which makes it the largest of three incorporated towns in the county.

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References

  1. Heino Nyyssönen (2001). "Nagy, Ferenc (1903-79)". In Bernard A. Cook. Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Volume II, K - Z. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. pp. 335–336. ISBN   9780815313366 . Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  2. "A Market Place for All the World". The Age. Melbourne. Australian Associated Press / Reuters. 12 March 1959. p. 2. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  3. Ryan, Nigel (16 April 1959). "Phantom City of Mussolini To Become Shopping Centre". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, Ontario. Reuters. p. 51. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  4. "Nagy Purchases Farm In Fairfax County". The Washington Post. 4 September 1947.

Further reading

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Political offices
Preceded by
Béla Zsedényi
Provisional National Assembly
Speaker of the National Assembly
19451946
Succeeded by
Béla Varga
Preceded by
Zoltán Tildy
Prime Minister of Hungary
19461947
Succeeded by
Lajos Dinnyés
Preceded by
Jenő Tombor
Minister of Defence
Acting

1946
Succeeded by
Albert Bartha