Fereydoun Farrokhzad

Last updated

Fereydoun Farrokhzad
Fereydoun-Farrokhzad.jpg
Background information
Birth nameFereydoun Farrokhzad
فريدون فرخ زاد
Born(1936-10-07)October 7, 1936
Tehran, Iran
Died7 August 1992(1992-08-07) (aged 55)
Bonn, Germany
Occupation(s) Television show host, radio host, Singer, actor, poet, author, Humanitarian, Political Scientists
Years active1962–1992
Labels Avang Music, Caltex Records, Taraneh Enterprises Inc, Pars Video
Associated acts Mahasti, Googoosh, Sattar, Ebi, Shohreh Solati, Shahram Shabpareh

Fereydoun Farrokhzad (Persian : فریدون فرخ زاد) (7 October 1936 – 7 August 1992) was an Iranian singer, actor, poet, TV and radio host, writer, humanitarian and political opposition figure. [1] He is best known for his variety TV show "Mikhak-e Noghrei" (The Silver Carnation) which introduced many artists such as Ebi, Leila Forouhar, Shohreh, Sattar and many more. He was the brother of the acclaimed Persian poets Forough Farrokhzad and Pooran Farrokhzad.

Contents

Farrokhzad was forced into exile after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, and after relocating to Germany was the victim of an unsolved murder. The murder is widely believed to be the work of the Islamic Republic government of Iran, as part of the chain murders in 1988–98. [2]

Early life and career

Fereydoun Farrokhzad was born in Tehran, to career military officer Colonel Mohammad Bagher Farrokhzad (originally from Tafresh) and his wife Touran Vaziri-Tabar. [3] He was the fourth of seven children (Pooran, Amir (Masoud), Forough, Fereydoun, Gloria, Mehrdad, and Mehran). After graduating from high school he went to Germany and Austria for his post-secondary education. He received his doctorate in Political Science from Munich University.

At a young age Fereydoun had a passion for poetry and for singing. He turned that passion to reality in 1962 when he started writing poems in German which were published in two German newspapers. In 1964 he published his collection of poems called "Fasleh Deegar" (Another Season). His book was critically acclaimed and was honored by many German poets. Five months after the release of "Fasleh Deegar", Fereydoun Farrokhzad received the Poetry Award of Berlin. For a couple of years Farrokhzad was a member of the Munich Academy of Poetry.[ citation needed ] In 1966 he found his way to the Television and Radio of Munich. On Radio he had a comedy and music program which played middle eastern music including music from Iran. On TV he created and produced a show called خيابان های آلپ (Alpine Roads). In 1967 he returned to Iran and performed on successful radio and TV shows. His most successful TV show was "Mikhakeh Noghrei" (Silver Carnation), and his radio show which aired every other Friday mornings called "Jom'eh Bazzar" (Friday Bazaar). The TV show was watched by millions of Iranians. On the show Farrokhzad introduced and discovered a number of Iranian artists including Sattar, Shohreh, Shahram Solati, Ebi, Morteza, Rouhi Savoji, Hamid Shabkhiz, Leila Forouhar, Saeed Mohammadi, and various others. After the 1979 revolution, Farrokhzad was imprisoned, then released. He escaped the country and settled in the country of his youth college years, Germany. [4]

Political views

According to Voice of America , Farrokhzad was known by his fans as an "educated patriot" who frequently criticized the Islamic Republic and its leaders and who was present during many demonstrations against the clerical government.

Farrokhzad produced a weekly radio show for the "Voice of the Flag of Freedom Organization of Iran," the radio station of the Organization of Kaviyani Banner, an "organization of exiled supporters of the Iranian monarchy." [5] Farrokhzad also acted in a film, I Love Vienna , [6] which was considered by some Iranian authorities as anti-Islamic. [4] [ failed verification ]

Personal life

Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh has proposed that Farrokhzad was homosexual. [7] He said: "His main obstacle was the homosexuality that he was not ashamed of; he knew it and he wanted people to understand it." However, no record of such statement was found about Farrokhzad.

Farrokhzad married and divorced twice. His first marriage took place in 1962, to a German-Polish woman named Ania Buchkowski, whom he met in Oxford. Like Farrokhzad, she had a passion for poetry and theater; it was after meeting her that Farrokhzad started writing poems. The result of this marriage was a son named Rostam. Farrokhzad and Ania later separated and got divorced. In 1974 he married an Iranian woman named Taraneh.[ citation needed ] [8]

Death

Farrokhzad's grave in Nordfriedhof, Bonn, Germany. Fereydoun Farokhzads Grab.jpg
Farrokhzad's grave in Nordfriedhof, Bonn, Germany.

On August 8, 1992 Farrokhzad's body was found in the kitchen of his apartment in Bonn, Germany after neighbours reported barking by his two dogs. Farrokhzad had been killed violently, having been stabbed repeatedly in the face and upper torso. [9] Many urban legends surround Farrokhzad's death, including the widely repeated myth that he was beheaded.

Prior to his murder, Farrokzhad had been involved in producing an opposition radio program and reportedly received death threats. In his show the Royal Albert Hall in London he criticized Khomeini and made fun of Khomeini's obsession with sex in his Ressaleh book, which followed death threats and concerns for him. [5]

According to the U.S. state-funded Voice of America (VOA), the murder was "widely believed to be the work of Iran's Islamic government". [2]

Legacy

Farrokhzad remains a significant Iranian cultural icon whose popular music and television programs continue to be circulated through various media platforms. His murder—a political assassination of a celebrity activist entertainer—is a well known and oft-cited event amongst Iranians.

See also

Related Research Articles

Forough Farrokhzad Iranian poet (1935-1967)

Forough Farrokhzad was an influential Iranian poet and film director. She was a controversial modernist poet and an iconoclast, writing from a female point of view.

Samad Behrangi Iranian writer and social critic

Samad Behrangi was an Iranian teacher, social critic, folklorist, translator, and short story writer. He is famous for his children's books, particularly The Little Black Fish. Influenced by predominantly leftist ideologies that were common among the intelligentsia of his era‌, which made him popular among the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, his books typically portrayed the lives of the children of the urban poor and encouraged the individual to change his/ her circumstances by her own initiatives.

Tafresh City in Markazi, Iran

Tafresh is a city and the capital of Tafresh County, in Markazi Province, Iran. As of the 2011 census, its population was 25,912. The inhabitants are Persian-speaking.

Mahasti Iranian musician

Eftekhar Dadehbala (Salarpour), better known as Mahasti, was an Iranian singer of Persian classical, Folk, and pop music. She was the younger sister of Iranian singer Hayedeh.

Iranian pop music music genre

Iranian pop music refers to pop music originated in Iran, with songs mainly in Persian and other regional languages of the country. It is also widely referred to as Persian pop music in the Western world.

Khosrow Shakibai Iranian actor (1944-2008)

Khosrow Shakibā'í or Khosro Shakibaei was an Iranian stage and cinema actor. He ranks amongst the most accomplished actors of his generation. Khosrow Shakibai was born to Colonel Ahmad Shakibāi and Ms Farideh Khātami. His father, who was an army Colonel, died from cancer when Khosrow was only fourteen. Khosrow studied acting at Faculty of Fine Arts of University of Tehran. He began his stage career in 1963 and branched out his activities into film dubbing in 1968. Shakibā'í initiated his film acting in 1982 with Khatt-e Ghermez, directed by Masoud Kimiai. He had played in seven feature films when the film director Dariush Mehrjui offered him the title role of Hamoun, a film that over time has achieved a cult status.

Jahangir Forouhar was an Iranian actor.

Darrous neighbourhood in Iran, Tehran

Darrous is a neighborhood in Shemiran, northern Tehran, Iran. It is considered one of the most affluent areas in the city, as many modern and fashionable families reside there. Darrous is bounded by Pasdaran, Gholhak, Doulat, and Ekhtiyarieh.

The Chain murders of Iran, or Serial murders of Iran, were a series of 1988–98 murders and disappearances of certain Iranian dissident intellectuals who had been critical of the Islamic Republic system. The murders and disappearances were carried out by Iranian government internal operatives, and they were referred to as "Chain murders" because they appeared to be linked to each other.

Iranian New Wave refers to a movement in Iranian cinema. It started in 1964 with Hajir Darioush's second film Serpent's Skin, which was based on D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover featuring Fakhri Khorvash and Jamshid Mashayekhi. Darioush's two important early social documentaries But Problems Arose in 1965, dealing with the cultural alienation of the Iranian youth, and Face 75, a critical look at the westernization of the rural culture, which was a prizewinner at the 1965 Berlin Film Festival, also contributed significantly to the establishment of the New Wave. In 1968, after the release of Shohare Ahoo Khanoom directed by Davoud Mollapour, The Cow (گاو) directed by Darius Mehrjui followed by Masoud Kimiai's Qeysar (قیصر) in 1969, Nasser Taqvai's Tranquility in the Presence of Others, and immediately followed by Bahram Beyzai's Downpour, the New Wave became well established as a prominent cultural, dynamic and intellectual trend. The Iranian viewer became discriminating, encouraging the new trend to prosper and develop.

Sattar (singer) Iranian singer

Hassan Sattar, also known simply as Sattar, is an Iranian singer with specialization in both Persian pop and classical music. He had gained fame before the Islamic Revolution and became Pahlavi Royal Family court singer up until the political upheavals of the late 1970s. He left Iran in 1978 and has taken residence in the United States since then.

Loghman Adhami Iranian violinist and composer

Loghman Adhami is an Iranian violinist and composer.

Farrokhzād may refer to the following:

Fereydoon is an Iranian mythical character.

The list is not comprehensive, but is continuously being expanded and includes Persian poets as well as poets who write in Persian from Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Georgia, Dagestan, Turkey, Syria, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Lebanon, China, Pakistan, India and elsewhere.

Fereidoon Tavallali or Fereydoun Tavallali 1917, Shiraz - March 1985, Shiraz). was an Iranian poet, political commentator, archeologist and considered intellectual. In poetry, Tavallali is of a second generation of Iranian modernists, the nowpardaz.

Morteza Barjesteh, best known by his stage name Morteza, is an Iranian pop singer-songwriter and composer who gained fame in Iran during the 1980s.

Iraj Gorgin Iranian journalist and voice actor

Iraj Gorgin was a prominent Iranian-American radio and television broadcaster and journalist.

References

  1. Payvand News – Dialogue of Murder
  2. 1 2 "48 Hours remembered the great showman Fereydoun Farrokhzad". VOA News. June 23, 2008.
  3. Michael C. Hillman, A lonely woman: Forugh Farrokhzad and her poetry, Washington, D.C.: Mage Publishers, 1987, p. 7.
  4. 1 2 "Final Report of the Special Representative". unhchr.ch.
  5. 1 2 "Refworld. Chronology of Events: June 1989 -July 1994, (see: 3 August)". unhcr.org. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012.
  6. Hezelayagh, Hassan (June 25, 2012). "I Love Vienna (1991)". IMDb.
  7. "شب بود - فریدون فرخزاد - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  8. "Pre-Revolutionary Iranian Pop: Googoosh to Farrokhzad". Public Radio International.
  9. "IRANIAN OPPOSITION FIGURE SLAIN IN GERMANY". Reuters News. August 8, 1992.