Fettercairn

Last updated
Fettercairn
Fettercairnarch John Aldersley-Williams.jpg
Royal Arch by John Milne
Aberdeenshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Fettercairn
Location within Aberdeenshire
OS grid reference NO650734
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LAURENCEKIRK
Postcode district AB30
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°51′06″N2°34′32″W / 56.85161°N 2.57548°W / 56.85161; -2.57548 Coordinates: 56°51′06″N2°34′32″W / 56.85161°N 2.57548°W / 56.85161; -2.57548

Fettercairn ( /ˌfɛtərˈkɛərn/ , Scottish Gaelic : Fothair Chàrdain) is a small village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, [1] [2] northwest of Laurencekirk in Aberdeenshire on the B966 from Edzell. Fettercairn is also reached via the Cairn O' Mount road (B974) from Deeside.

Contents

The name comes from the Scottish Gaelic Fothair and the Pictish carden and means "slope by a thicket". The name appeared as Fotherkern in c. 970. [3]

In the 2011 national census, Fettercairn had a population of 353. [4]

Overview

The shaft of the old 16th century Kincardine Mercat cross stands in the square, [5] and is notched to show the measurements of a Scottish ell. Nearby the ruins of the long since abandoned county town and royal castle of Kincardine (Gaelic: Cinn Chàrdainn meaning "The head of the copse", including the Pictish word carden, "copse" ) similarly Fettercairn (Gaelic: Fothair Chàrdainn meaning "Shelving or terraced slope at the copse", containing Pictish carden) Kincardine stood about 2 miles (3 km) northeast of Fettercairn, and by the end of the 16th century had declined to a mere hamlet, being represented now only by xv. 26 the ruins of the royal castle and an ancient burial-ground.

A memorial archway erected in 1864 commemorates the 1861 visit by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, while staying at Balmoral. Leaves from the journal of our life in the highlands describes aspects of their visit. Queen Victoria writes "At a quarter-past seven o'clock we reached the small quiet town, or rather village, of Fettercairn, for it was very small-not a creature stirring, and we got out at the quiet little inn, "Ramsay Arms" quite unobserved". "Louis and General Grey had rooms in an hotel, called "The Temperance Hotel" opposite". "The evening being bright and moonlight and very still, we all went, and walked through the whole village, where not a creature moved:- through the principal little square, in the middle of which was a sort of pillar or Town Cross on steps, and Louis read, by the light of the moon, a proclamation for collections of charities which was stuck on it". "Suddenly we heard a drum and fifes!". "As we walked slowly back, we heard the noise from time to time- and when we reached the inn door, we stopped and saw six men march up with fifes and a drum (not a creature taking any notice of them), go down the street and back again". "Albert asked the little maid, and the answer was, "It's just a band" and that it walked about in this way twice a week. How odd! It went on playing some time after we got home".

Historically Fettercairn lies at the southern end of the Monboddo Estate, where the Scottish philosopher and precursor of evolutionary thought, James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, lived. Fettercairn houses the Fettercairn distillery (owned by Whyte and Mackay Ltd.) that produces the "Fettercairn 1824" single malt whisky.

History

In 1504 Fettercairn was granted the status of a free burgh of barony, with the right to hold a weekly market and an annual fair that was dedicated to St Mark. [6] [7] The market and fair brought a period of growth and prosperity to the village which lasted until the village was sacked and burned by the army of the Marquis of Montrose in 1645 during as part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. [7] Five years later, in 1650, Montrose would pass through Fettercairn, bound hand and foot on horseback, on his way to his execution in Edinburgh after being betrayed by Neil Macleod of Assynt. [8]

The Fettercairn distillery was opened in 1824. [6]

Education

Primary education and nurseries services are provided in the village by Fettercairn Primary School. The school's catchment area includes the village and the surrounding rural area, it has approximately 70 pupils. [9] The current school building was built in 1963 and originally had only two classrooms, it was extended in 1974, adding an additional two classrooms and a nursery room. [10]

The majority of students travel to Mearns Academy in Laurencekirk to attend secondary school.

See also

Related Research Articles

Angus, Scotland Council area of Scotland

Angus is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland, a registration county and a lieutenancy area. The council area borders Aberdeenshire, Dundee City and Perth and Kinross. Main industries include agriculture and fishing. Global pharmaceuticals company GSK has a significant presence in Montrose in the north of the county.

Kincardineshire Historic county in Scotland

Kincardineshire, also known as the Mearns, is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area on the coast of northeast Scotland. It is bounded by Aberdeenshire on the north and west, and by Angus on the south.

Banchory Human settlement in Scotland

Banchory is a burgh or town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It is about 18 miles (29 km) west of Aberdeen, near where the Feugh River meets the River Dee.

Mounth

The Mounth is the broad upland in northeast Scotland between the Highland Boundary and the River Dee.

Braemar Human settlement in Scotland

Braemar is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, around 58 miles (93 km) west of Aberdeen in the Highlands. It is the closest significantly-sized settlement to the upper course of the River Dee sitting at an elevation of 339 metres (1,112 ft).

Keith, Moray Human settlement in Scotland

Keith is a small town in the Moray council area in north east Scotland. It has a population of 4,734.

Crathie, Aberdeenshire Human settlement in Scotland

Crathie is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It stands on the north bank of the River Dee.

Laurencekirk Human settlement in Scotland

Laurencekirk, colloquially known as "The Lang Toun" or amongst locals as simply "The Kirk", is a small town in the historic county of Kincardineshire, Scotland, just off the A90 Dundee to Aberdeen main road, which bypassed it in 1985. It is administered as part of Aberdeenshire. It is the largest settlement in the Howe o' the Mearns area and houses the local secondary school; Mearns Academy, which was established in 1895 and awarded the Charter Mark in 2003.

Airlie, Angus Human settlement in Scotland

Airlie is a civil parish in the Scottish council area of Angus. It is the seat of the Earl of Airlie, and the location of Airlie Castle. It comprises Craigton of Airlie, Baitland of Airlie and Kirkton of Airlie. There is a standing stone in a field just east of the Baitland; various Pictish and Roman relics have been uncovered and the primary school is reputed to have been built on the site of an old graveyard. Airlie also contains one of the finest examples of a Pictish souterrain in Scotland, with the carving of a snake clearly visible in the ceiling.

Kincardine, Fife Town in Fife, Scotland

Kincardine or Kincardine-on-Forth is a small town on the north shore of the Firth of Forth, in Fife, Scotland. The town was given the status of a burgh of barony in 1663. It was at one time a reasonably prosperous minor port. The townscape retains many good examples of Scottish vernacular buildings from the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries, although it was greatly altered during the construction of Kincardine Bridge in 1932–1936.

St Cyrus Human settlement in Scotland

St Cyrus or Saint Cyrus, formerly Ecclesgreig is a village in the far south of Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

Fordoun Human settlement in Scotland

Fordoun is a parish and village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Fothirdun, as it was historically known, was an important area in the Howe of the Mearns. Fordoun and Auchenblae, together with their immediate districts form the Parish of Fordoun with the Parish Church in the vicinity of the original settlement, now absorbed by Auchenblae.

Lumphanan Human settlement in Scotland

Lumphanan is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland located 25 miles (40 km) from Aberdeen and 10 miles (16 km) from Banchory.

Blackburn, Aberdeenshire Human settlement in Scotland

Blackburn is a rapidly growing village northwest of Aberdeen, Scotland, and is situated in Aberdeenshire. Local amenities include an industrial estate, primary school, nursing home, post office, Starbucks Drive Thru, local Co-op and a community hall which was publicly opened by The Princess Royal on 2 March 2005.

Auchenblae Human settlement in Scotland

Auchenblae is a village in the Kincardine and Mearns area of Aberdeenshire, formerly in Kincardineshire, Scotland. It is featured in Lewis Grassic Gibbon's novel, Sunset Song, as well as being mentioned in the thrash metal song "Hotel Blast Terror" by Thrashist Regime, based on the tragic 2009 incident. The name is a derivation from the Gaelic for "Field of Flowers" possibly due to the growing of flax in bygone times. The village was known for its weavers, a whisky distillery and the annual Paldie's Fair horse market.

Cairnie Human settlement in Scotland

Cairnie, also written Cairney, is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

Tullich

Tullich is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It is known as the birthplace of St. Nathalan and also as the site of some noted Pictish stones.

Eassie Human settlement in Scotland

Eassie is a village located along the A94 road in Angus, Scotland. The church in Eassie is dedicated to Saint Fergus, a monk who worked at nearby Glamis. Eassie is noted for the presence of the Eassie Stone, a carved Pictish stone.

Marykirk Village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK

Marykirk is a village in the Kincardine and Mearns area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, next to the border with Angus at the River North Esk.

Kincardine, Sutherland Human settlement in Scotland

Kincardine is a small hamlet in Sutherland, situated on the west end of the south shore of the Dornoch Firth. The village of Ardgay is less than 1 mile north west of Kincardine along the A836 coast road.

References

  1. Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 45 Stonehaven & Banchory (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN   9780319231685.
  2. "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  3. Mills, A.D. (2011) [first published 1991]. A Dictionary of British Place Names (First edition revised 2011 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 187. ISBN   9780199609086.
  4. "Area Profiles | Census Data Explorer | Scotland's Census". www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  5. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Fettercairn"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 296.
  6. 1 2 "Fettercairn, Aberdeenshire, History and visitor information". Britain Express. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  7. 1 2 "Fettercairn Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland". www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  8. "The History of Fettercairn". electricscotland.com. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  9. "Fettercairn School catchment area and reviews | School Guide". schoolguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  10. "Fettercairn Primary School | Welcome" . Retrieved 2021-01-24.