Ffestiniog

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Ffestiniog
Blaena' and the Moelwynion hills from the quarrymen's path to Bowydd Quarry - geograph.org.uk - 581860.jpg
Blaenau Ffestiniog
Gwynedd UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ffestiniog
Location within Gwynedd
Area56.99 km2 (22.00 sq mi)
Population4,875 (2011)
  Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
OS grid reference SH705455
Community
  • Ffestiniog
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
Post town BLAENAU FFESTINIOG
Postcode district LL41
Dialling code 01766
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°59′N3°56′W / 52.99°N 3.93°W / 52.99; -3.93 Coordinates: 52°59′N3°56′W / 52.99°N 3.93°W / 52.99; -3.93

Ffestiniog ( Loudspeaker.svg Welsh pronunciation ) is a community in Gwynedd in Wales, containing several villages, in particular the settlements of Llan Ffestiniog and Blaenau Ffestiniog. It has a population of 4,875. [1] [2]

Contents

History

Ffestiniog was a parish in Cantref Ardudwy ; in 1284, Ardudwy became part of the county of Meirionnydd, which became an administrative county in 1888. [3] Mary Evans (1735–89) founded a sect in Ffestiniog around 1780, whose believers held that she had married Christ in a ceremony held in Ffestiniog church. The sect soon died out after her death. [4] The parish was created an urban district in 1894. [3] On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Ffestiniog Urban District was abolished, becoming merged with other districts to form Meirionnydd District , which was itself abolished in 1996. Ffestiniog became a community with an elected town council.

Ffestiniog Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1893. The club closed at the end of March 2014. [5]

Toponymy

Celtic place-name in *-ākon "place of", then, "place belonging to, territory of" > Old Welsh -auc, -awg > Welsh -og. The form -iog with an additional /i/ can be explained by the preceding element, which is a personal name ending with -i-us : Festinius. The whole name should be *Festiniākon. Probably same name as Festigny (France, e.g.: Festigny, Marne, Festiniacus in 853)

See also

Related Research Articles

Ffestiniog Railway

The Ffestiniog Railway is a 1 ft 11+12 in narrow-gauge heritage railway, located in Gwynedd, Wales. It is a major tourist attraction located mainly within the Snowdonia National Park.

Blaenau Ffestiniog Town in Gwynedd, North Wales

Blaenau Ffestiniog is a town in Gwynedd, Wales. Once a slate mining centre in the historic county of Merionethshire, it now relies heavily on tourists, drawn for instance by the Ffestiniog Railway and Llechwedd Slate Caverns. Blaenau Ffestiniog was once the second largest town in North Wales, behind only Wrexham. After reaching 12,000 at the peak development of the slate industry, it fell with the decline in demand for its slate. The population of the community of Ffestiniog, including the nearby village Llan Ffestiniog, was 4,875 according to the 2011 census: the fourth most populous community in Gwynedd after Bangor, Caernarfon and Llandeiniolen. Llan Ffestiniog's population of 864 puts the population of Blaenau itself at around 4,000.

Porthmadog Welsh town in Gwynedd

Porthmadog, known before 1974 in its anglicised Portmadoc form and locally as "Port", is a Welsh coastal town and community in the Eifionydd area of Gwynedd and the historic county of Caernarfonshire. It lies 5 miles (8 km) east of Criccieth, 11 miles (18 km) south-west of Blaenau Ffestiniog, 25 miles (40 km) north of Dolgellau and 20 miles (32 km) south of Caernarfon. The community population of 4,185 in the 2011 census was estimated at 4,134 in 2019. It developed in the 19th century as a port for slate for England and elsewhere, but as the trade declined, it continued as a shopping centre and tourist destination, being close to Snowdonia National Park and the Ffestiniog Railway. The 1987 National Eisteddfod was held there. It includes the nearby villages of Borth-y-Gest, Morfa Bychan and Tremadog.

Merionethshire

Merionethshire or Merioneth is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, a vice county and a former administrative county.

Meirionnydd

Meirionnydd is a coastal and mountainous region of Wales. It has been a kingdom, a cantref, a district and, as Merionethshire, a county.

Llan Ffestiniog Human settlement in Wales

Llan Ffestiniog, also known as Ffestiniog or simply Llan, is a village in Gwynedd, Wales, lying south of Blaenau Ffestiniog. Llan Ffestiniog is the older of the two communities, with its church and other buildings predating most of Blaenau Ffestiniog. The population was given as 864 in the 2011 census.

Tanygrisiau Human settlement in Wales

Tanygrisiau is a village and area within Blaenau Ffestiniog in the upper end of the Vale of Ffestiniog in the county of Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It can be found along the southern side of the Moelwyn mountain range and dates to around 1750. It joins onto the semi-urban area of Blaenau Ffestiniog, and is in the community of Ffestiniog; located between 650 feet (200 m) and 750 feet (230 m) above sea level. it is in the electoral ward of Bowydd and Rhiw which had a 2011 census population of 1878.

Minffordd Human settlement in Wales

Minffordd is a village within the Welsh county of Gwynedd. It is situated on the A487 road between Porthmadog and Penrhyndeudraeth, and in the community of the latter.

Frongoch railway station Disused railway station in Gwynedd, Wales

Frongoch railway station served the village of Frongoch on the Great Western Railway's Bala Ffestiniog Line in Gwynedd, Wales.

Festiniog railway station served the village of Llan Ffestiniog, Gwynedd, Wales. This station was one of many 19th century institutions in Wales to be given an anglicised name. Over the years, and especially since the Second World War, most have been rendered into Welsh or given both Welsh and English names, but Festiniog station closed before this happened. The village of Llan Ffestiniog - known locally simply as "Llan" - lies over 3 km south of the larger and more recent Blaenau Ffestiniog, and over three miles south by rail.

Tan-y-Manod railway station

Tan-y-Manod railway station was a railway station approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Blaenau Ffestiniog, in Gwynedd, North Wales.

Samuel Holland (politician)

Samuel Holland was a Welsh Liberal Party politician.

Blaenau Ffestiniog Amateur F.C. Association football club in Wales

Blaenau Ffestiniog Amateur Football Club are a Welsh football club from Blaenau Ffestiniog, Gwynedd. They play in the Ardal Leagues North West, which is in the third tier of the Welsh football league system. Founded in 1883, they are given the nickname "The Quarrymen" due to the quarry history around the town.

Tyddyngwyn railway station was immediately north of the later Manod station in what was then Merionethshire, now Gwynedd, Wales.

Glynllifon Street railway station was a temporary northern terminus station of the Festiniog and Blaenau Railway (F&BR), sited between the street of the same name and Cwmbowydd Road in Blaenau Ffestiniog. It was never named.

Duffws railway station (Festiniog Railway)

Duffws was the Festiniog Railway's (FR) second passenger station in Blaenau Ffestiniog, then in Merionethshire, now in Gwynedd, Wales. This station is not to be confused with the Festiniog and Blaenau Railway's (F&BR) Duffws (F&BR) station which stood some distance away on the opposite side of Church Street. During that station's life from 1868 to 1883 passengers travelling from (say) Festiniog on the F&BR to Tan-y-Bwlch on the Festiniog would walk between the two stations, much as passengers walk between the standard gauge and narrow gauge in modern-day Blaenau Ffestiniog.

Blaenau Festiniog Junction railway station was the Festiniog Railway (FR)'s third of eventually five passenger stations in Blaenau Ffestiniog, then in Merionethshire, now in Gwynedd, Wales.

Blaenau Ffestiniog Central railway station

On 10 September 1883 the Bala and Festiniog Railway (B&FR) and the Festiniog Railway (FR) opened what would nowadays be called an interchange station in Blaenau Ffestiniog, Merionethshire, Wales. Merionethshire is now part of the county of Gwynedd.

Blaenau Ffestiniog passenger stations

North west Wales experienced a slate boom in the first half of the nineteenth century. Three sites stood out as experiencing the most explosive growth: Dinorwic near Llanberis, Penrhyn near Bethesda and Blaenau Ffestiniog.

Diphwys railway station was on the same site as the later Great Western Railway station in the heart of Blaenau Ffestiniog in what was then Merionethshire, now Gwynedd, Wales.

References

  1. "Office for National Statistics : Neighbourhood Statistics : Census 2011 : Gwynedd". Archived from the original on 22 September 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2009.
  2. https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/localarea?compare=W04000063 [ bare URL ]
  3. 1 2 A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ffestiniog urban District Archived 4 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 12 January 2010
  4. Jenkins, Robert Thomas (2009), "EVANS , MARY", Dictionary of Welsh Biagraphy, retrieved 23 March 2016
  5. "Ffestiniog Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".