Fiesole

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Fiesole
Città di Fiesole
Florence vue depuis Fiesole.JPG
The hills of Fiesole overlooking Florence
Fiesole-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Location of Fiesole
Fiesole
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Fiesole
Location of Fiesole in Italy
Italy Tuscany location map.svg
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Fiesole
Fiesole (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 43°48′26″N11°17′31″E / 43.80722°N 11.29194°E / 43.80722; 11.29194 Coordinates: 43°48′26″N11°17′31″E / 43.80722°N 11.29194°E / 43.80722; 11.29194
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Metropolitan city Florence (FI)
Frazioni Anchetta, Caldine, Compiobbi, Ellera, Girone, Pian del Mugnone, Pian di San Bartolo, San Domenico
Government
  MayorAnna Ravoni
Area
[1]
  Total42 km2 (16 sq mi)
Elevation
295 m (968 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2014) [2]
  Total14,075
  Density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Fiesolani
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
50014
Dialing code 055
ISTAT code 048015
Patron saint Romulus of Fiesole
Saint day6 July
Website Official website

Fiesole (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈfjɛːzole] ) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany, on a scenic height above Florence, 5 km (3 miles) northeast of that city. The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio is set in the slopes of Fiesole. The city was equally featured in the novels Peter Camenzind (1904) by Hermann Hesse and A Room with a View (1908) by E. M. Forster, and in the book of travel essays Italian Hours (1909) by Henry James. [3]

Contents

Since the 14th century the city has always been considered a getaway for the upper class of Florence and up to this day Fiesole remains noted for its very expensive residential properties, just as well as its centuries-old villas and their formal gardens. [4] The city is generally considered to be the wealthiest and most affluent suburb of Florence. In 2016 the city had the highest median family income in the whole of Tuscany. [5]

Fiesole is a centre of higher education. The campus of the European University Institute is situated in the suburb and utilises several historical buildings including the Badia Faesolina and the Villa Schifanoia. Additionally, American universities Harvard University, Georgetown University, and Saint Mary's University of Minnesota all have their centers of Italian Renaissance Studies domiciled in Fiesole. [6] [7]

History

Fiesole (Etruscan Viesul, Viśl, Vipsul) was probably founded in the 9th8th century BC, as it was an important member of the Etruscan confederacy, as may be seen from the remains of its ancient walls.

The first recorded mention of the town dates to 283 BC, when the town, then known as Faesulae, was conquered by the Romans. In antiquity it was the seat of a famous school of augurs, and every year twelve young men were sent thither from Rome to study the art of divination. Sulla colonized it with veterans, who afterwards, under the leadership of Gaius Mallius, supported the cause of Catilina. [8] [9]

Fiesole was the scene of Stilicho's great victory over the Germanic hordes of the Vandals and Suebi under Radagaisus in 406. [10] During the Gothic War (536–553) the town was several times besieged. In 539 Justin, the Byzantine general, captured it and razed its fortifications.

A 14th-century depiction from the Nuova Cronica showing the sacking of Fiesole in 1010 14th-century painters - Villani Chronicle - WGA15981.jpg
A 14th-century depiction from the Nuova Cronica showing the sacking of Fiesole in 1010

It was an independent town for several centuries in the early Middle Ages, no less powerful than Florence in the valley below, and many wars arose between them; in 1010 and 1025 Fiesole was sacked by the Florentines, before it was conquered by Florence in 1125, and its leading families obliged to take up their residence in Florence. Dante reflects this rivalry in his Divine Comedy by referring to "the beasts of Fiesole." (Inferno XV.73). [11]

By the 14th century, rich Florentines had countryside villas in Fiesole, and one of them is the setting of the frame narrative of the Decameron. Boccaccio's poem Il Ninfale fiesolano is a mythological account of the origins of the community. [12] Robert Browning mentions “sober pleasant Fiesole” several times in his poem, "Andrea Del Sarto".

Main sites

Episcopal Palace Vescovilefiesole.jpg
Episcopal Palace
Villa San Michele Villa san michele, fiesole, 02.1.JPG
Villa San Michele
Piazza Mino Fiesole piazza.jpg
Piazza Mino

In the neighbourhood are:

Notable residents

In art

See also

Notes

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/30/travel/30Florence.html
  4. https://www.britannica.com/place/Fiesole
  5. http://www.infodata.ilsole24ore.com/2016/08/04/dove-vivono-i-piu-ricchi-ditalia-la-classifica-dei-comuni-con-i-redditi-piu-alti-2/
  6. http://itatti.harvard.edu
  7. https://villalebalze.georgetown.edu
  8. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology , William Smith, Editor.
  9. Gaius Mallius was a colonist of Fiesole who, according to Sallust ( Bellum Catilinae 24.2), was the first to raise an army and take the field against Rome. His nomen is often confused with the more common Manlius.
  10. Radagaisus was executed 23 August 406 (Herwig Wolfram, Thomas J. Dunlap, tr., History of the Goths, 1988:169); Paulinus of Nola attributed the victory of Stilicho over Radagaisus's Ostrogoths near Fiesole, to the protection of Felix, Peter, Paul and other saints.
  11. Dante in Love, A.N. Wilson, p. 71 (Farrar, Straus and Giroux: 2011)
  12. Nocita, Teresa. "Giovanni Boccaccio: Tuscan mythologies". In Italo Pantani (ed.). Pathways through Literature. Internet Culturale. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  13. Gertrude Stein, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas , New York City: The Bodeley Head, Reprint: London: Penguin Classic, 2001, p. 96
  14. "Стара разгледница Чонграда Tома Црњански добија" (PDF). p. 43. Retrieved 16 May 2020.

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