Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs

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Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 71, BB 79 is a collection of short folk melodies arranged for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1914 and 1918. In 1933, Bartók adapted and orchestrated parts of the piece as Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 100, BB 107, commonly known by its Hungarian name, Magyar parasztdalok ( [ˈmɒɟɒr ˈpɒrɒstˌdɒlok] ).

Contents

Structure

The collection consists of fifteen movements, some of which are grouped together. A typical performance lasts 13–15 minutes. The movement list is as follows:

Four Old Tunes
  1. Rubato
  2. AndantePoco sostenutoPiù andante (Tempo I)Poco sostenutoPiù andante
  3. Poco rubatoSostenuto
  4. Andante
  1. Scherzo. AndanteSostenuto, poco rubatoTempo I
  2. Ballad (Theme with variations). AndantePiù andantePoco adagioPiù andanteMaestoso
Old Dance Tunes
  1. Allegro
  2. Allegretto
  3. Allegretto
  4. L'istesso tempo
  5. Assai moderato
  6. Allegretto
  7. Poco più vivoAllegretto
  8. Allegro
  9. AllegroPiù vivoPoco più meno vivo

Some critics claim Bartók intended the work to be split into two parts: the first one would include the first six movements, and the second one would include the following nine movements. [1] However, such division is not present in the original score.

Orchestral version

In 1933, Bartók adapted and orchestrated movements 6-15 of the piano version of the piece as Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 100, BB 107. [2] [3] While this version cuts the first five movements of the original and parts of the thirteenth, it also adds material, such as additional variations in movement 12. [4] This version of the piece is commonly known by its Hungarian name, Magyar parasztdalok ( [ˈmɒɟɒr ˈpɒrɒstˌdɒlok] ).

Instrumentation

The work is scored for the following orchestra: [2]

Notable recordings

Notable recordings of Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs include:

PianistRecord CompanyYear of RecordingFormat
András Schiff Denon Records / Brilliant Classics1980CD [5]
Sviatoslav Richter Parnassus Records 1956CD [6]

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References

  1. Cummings, Robert. "Hungarian Peasant Songs (15) for piano, Sz. 71, BB 79: Description". Rovi Corporation Ltd. Retrieved August 16, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. 1 2 "Bartók: Hungarian Peasant Songs for orchestra". Universal Edition. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  3. "Bartók: Hungarian Peasant Songs for orchestra, BB 107, Sz. 100 (page 1 of 1)". Presto Classical. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  4. Cummings, Robert. "Hungarian Peasant Songs (Magyar parasztdalok), for orchestra, Sz. 100, BB 107: Description". AllMusic. Retrieved October 19, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Information about the CD 9714 from Denon Records". Santa Clara: Rovi Corporation. 1980. Retrieved July 27, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Sviatoslav Richter Live in the 1950s: Volume Four". Woodstock, CA: Parnassus Classical CDs and Records. Retrieved February 17, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 71, BB 79 : Scores at the International Music Score Library Project