Figen Yüksekdağ

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Figen Yüksekdağ
Figen Yuksekdag.jpg
Chairwoman of the Peoples' Democratic Party
In office
22 June 2014 9 March 2017
Preceded by Ertuğrul Kürkçü
& Sebahat Tuncel
Succeeded by Serpil Kemalbay
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
7 June 2015 21 February 2017
Constituency Van (June 2015, Nov 2015)
Leader of the Socialist Party of the Oppressed
In office
29 January 2010 7 September 2014
Preceded byparty established
Succeeded by Sultan Ulusoy
Personal details
Figen Yüksekdağ

(1971-12-19) 19 December 1971 (age 47)
Adana, Turkey
Political party Socialist Party of the Oppressed
Peoples' Democratic Party

Figen Yüksekdağ Şenoğlu [1] [2] (born 19 December 1971) is a Turkish politician and journalist, who was a former co-leader of the left-wing Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) of Turkey from 2014 to 2017, serving alongside Selahattin Demirtaş. She was a Member of Parliament for Van since the June 2015 general election until her parliamentary membership was revoked by the courts on 21 February 2017. [3] Her party membership and therefore her co-leadership position were revoked by the courts on 9 March 2017 following a six-year prison sentence for allegedly distributing terrorist propaganda. [4]

Peoples Democratic Party (Turkey) pro-minority political party in Turkey

The Peoples' Democratic Party, or Democratic Party of the Peoples, is a pro-minority political party in Turkey. Generally left-wing, the party places a strong emphasis on participatory democracy, radical democracy, feminism, minority rights, youth rights and egalitarianism. It is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and consultative member of the Socialist International.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Selahattin Demirtaş Turkish Kurdish politician

Selahattin Demirtaş is a Turkish politician of Zaza Kurdish descent, member of the parliament of Turkey since 2007. He was co-leader of the left-wing pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), serving alongside Figen Yüksekdağ from 2014 to 2018. Since November 2016 he has been detained by the Turkish state. Demirtaş was the presidential candidate of the HDP in the 2014 presidential election, coming in third place with 9.77% of the vote. The HDP executive board also fielded Demirtaş as their candidate for the 2018 presidential election. Running from prison, he came in third with 8.40% of the vote.


Life and work

Figen Yüksekdağ grew up as the ninth of ten children in a rural household in the village Gölovası, Yumurtalık, in the Adana electoral district. She describes her family as devout, conservative and nationalistic. Nevertheless, her father made a point that his daughters were studying and were successful. During her time in high school, she began to engage in political activities and joined the labor movement. When she was arrested on an International Workers' Day demonstration, this led to conflicts in the family. At the age of 18 she left home and went to Istanbul; later the relationship to her family normalized again. [5] [6]

Gölovası is a village in the District of Yumurtalık, Adana Province, Turkey.

Adana (electoral district)

Adana is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects fourteen members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

International Workers Day celebration of the international labour movement

International Workers' Day, also known as Workers' Day, Labour Day in some countries and often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement which occurs every year on May Day, an ancient European spring festival.

Political career

She was an independent parliamentary candidate for the Adana electoral district in the 2002 general election. She was involved in women's rights movements for several years before becoming the editor of the Socialist Woman magazine. While serving on the board of the Atılım newspaper, she was taken into custody in 2009 due to her political activity. She cofounded the Socialist Party of the Oppressed (ESP) [7] shortly after in 2010 and resigned as leader in 2014 to join the HDP, with which the ESP merged later the same year. [8] In June 2014 Yüksekdağ was elected the co-leader of the HDP together with Selahattin Demirtas. [9] She was elected as an MP on the 7 June 2015. She got stripped of the parliamentary immunity in May 2016 and arrested on the 3 November 2016 because she allegedly did not cooperate in terror related investigations. [10] On 21 February 2017 she got dismissed as an MP and on the 9 March 2017 the Supreme Court of Appeal ruled she was no longer a member of the HDP. [11] On 11 April 2017 she got sentenced to 1 year in prison for terror propaganda. [12]

2002 Turkish general election

The 15th Turkish general election was held on 3 November 2002 following the collapse of the DSP-MHP-ANAP coalition led by Bülent Ecevit. It was the 15th general election to be held in Turkey. All 550 members of the Grand National Assembly were up for election.

Socialist Party of the Oppressed

Socialist Party of the Oppressed is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the Republic of Turkey. It defines itself as "a militant revolutionary socialist party fighting for a workers'-labourers' federative republic in Turkey and Northern Kurdistan."

The Court of Cassation, also called Supreme Court of Appeals of Turkey which was founded in 1868 is the last instance for reviewing verdicts given by courts of criminal and civil justice.

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  1. ESP Genel Başkanı; Figen Yüksekdağ
  2. EZİLENLERİN SOSYALİST PARTİSİ (ESP) Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Laura Secorun Palet (6 April 2015). "Meet Figen Yüksekdağ, Turkey's Political Firestarter". Huffigton Post. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  6. Pinar Tremblay (11 February 2015). "Kurdish women's movement reshapes Turkish politics". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  7. Yvo Fitzherbert (21 July 2015). "Suruç massacre: today we mourn, tomorrow we rebuild". Roar Magazine. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  8. "ESP'nin Genel Başkanı Bir Kadın: Figen Yüksekdağ - kadın-lgbti". Bianet - Bagimsiz Iletisim Agi.
  9. Czajka, Agnes (2016-11-03). Democracy and Justice: Reading Derrida in Istanbul. Taylor & Francis. p. 114. ISBN   9781317436027.
  10. Welle (, Deutsche. "Arrest of Kurdish politicians in Turkey threatens further upheaval | DW | 06.11.2016". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  11. "Yüksekdağ Removed From HDP Membership". Bianet. 9 March 2017.
  12. Kurdistan24. "Turkey court sentences pro-Kurdish leader to one year in prison". Kurdistan24. Retrieved 2019-01-12.