The Finnish Railway Museum (Finnish : Suomen Rautatiemuseo) is located in Hyvinkää, Finland. It was founded in 1898 and located in Helsinki. The museum was moved to Hyvinkää in 1974.
The museum is on the original station and yard site of the Hanko–Hyvinkää railway. In addition to the station building, there is a roundhouse and several other preserved buildings, mainly from the 1870s.
Unique objects are on display, including the only surviving imperial train of the Russian Emperor. The locomotives include the British Neilson and Company locomotive (0-6-0 No 1427) dating 1869, a British Beyer Peacock locomotive dating from 1868, and a 2-10-0 steam locomotive Tr2 1319 ALCO No 75214 built 1947, which is one of 20 Russian "Decapod" locomotives sold to Finland.
The museum also has a live steam backyard railroad track, where train rides are offered to the public during special run days in the summer months.
|Image||Class||Number||Wheel arrangement||Type||Manufacturer||Serial number||Built||Notes (including nickname)|
|A5||58||4-4-0||Passenger steam locomotive||Helsingfors / VRHki Valtionrautatiet, Helsingin konepaja||2||1875||"Lankkihattu"|
|B1||9||0-4-2ST||Shunting steam locomotive||Beyer, Peacock & Co.||846||1868||The oldest preserved locomotive in Finland, "Ram"|
|C1||21||0-6-0||Freight steam locomotive||Neilson and Company||1427||1869||The second oldest preserved locomotive in Finland, "Bristollari"|
|C5||110||0-6-0||Freight steam locomotive||Hanomag||1477||1882||"Bliksti"|
|Sk1||124||2-6-0||Mixed-traffic steam locomotive||Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works||405||1885||"Little Brown"|
|F1||132||0-4-4RT||Passenger steam locomotive||Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works||434||1886||"Felix"|
|Vk3||489||2-6-4T||Local passenger steam locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||1909||"Iita"|
|VR Class Hv1||555||4-6-0||Passenger steam locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||264||1915||"Heikki", Hv1 555 only was nicknamed "Princess"|
|VR Class Pr1||776||2-8-2T||Local Passenger Steam Locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||1926||"Paikku"|
|Sk3||49||2-6-0||Mixed Traffic Locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy No 49||400||1903||"Grandmother"|
|VR Class Tr1||1033||2-8-2||Freight Steam Locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||503||1941||"Risto"|
|VR Class Tr1||1096||2-8-2||Freight Steam Locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||972||1957||"Risto", No 1096 stored|
|VR Class Tr2||1319||2-10-0||Heavy Freight Steam Locomotive||ALCO||75214||1947||Nicknamed "Truman". Similar to Russian locomotive class Ye|
|VR Class Vk4||68||0-4-0T||Light Replacement Steam Locomotive||Borsig Lokomotiv Werke (AEG)||1910||"Leena", Oldest working broad gauge locomotive in Finland|
|VR Class Vr1||669||0-6-0T||Shunting Steam Locomotive||Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG,||10264||1923||"Hen"|
|VR Class Vr3||755||0-10-0T||Steam Locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||1926||"Rooster" / 'Cockerel", stored|
|VR Class Rro||2||Narrow Gauge Steam locomotive||Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy||230||1914|
|VR Class Tve2 (OTSO2)||8||Small Shunting Engine||Saalasti Oy||1962–1964|
|VR Class Dr12||2241||C'C'||Diesel-electric locomotive||Valmet / Terex||The Dr12 was known as the Hr12 until 1976, "Huru"|
|VR Class Dr13||2349||C'C'||Diesel-electric locomotive||Alstom, Lokomo, Valmet||“Alsti”, “Alstikka”, “Alspommi”, “Myymäläauto” (“Mobile shop)|
|VR Class Hr11||1950||B'B'||Diesel Locomotive||Valmet||1955||stored|
|VR Class Vk11||101||B||Petrol-paraffin locomotive||Ab Slipmaterial, Västervik||1930|
|VR Class Dm7||4020||(1A)(A1)||Diesel Multiple Unit||Valmet Oy Lentokonetehdas, Tampere (by licens from Hilding Carlssons Mekaniska Verkstad, Umeå, Sweden)||68|
|VR Class Ds1||1||1A A1||Diesel Multiple Unit||VR Pasilan Konepaja||3||1928|
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VR Group, commonly known as VR, is a government-owned railway company in Finland. VR's most important function is the operation of Finland's passenger rail services with 250 long-distance and 800 commuter rail services every day. By 7,500 employees and net sales of €1,251 million in 2017 VR is one of the most significant operators in the Finnish public transport market area.
Hyvinkää is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region, approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the capital Helsinki. The town was chartered in 1960. Hyvinkää belongs to the region of Uusimaa. The population of Hyvinkää is 46,537.
Beyer, Peacock and Company was an English railway locomotive manufacturer with a factory in Gorton, Manchester. Founded by Charles Beyer, Richard Peacock and Henry Robertson, it traded from 1854 until 1966. It received limited liability in 1902, becoming Beyer, Peacock and Company Limited.
Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works was a railway equipment manufacturer based in Winterthur in Switzerland. Much of the world's mountain railway equipment was constructed by the company.
The Hanko–Hyvinkää Railroad, 1872–1875, was Finland's first privately funded railway.
Oy Tampella Ab was a Finnish heavy industry manufacturer, a maker of paper machines, locomotives, military weaponry, as well as wood-based products such as packaging. The company was based mainly in the city of Tampere.
Oy Lokomo Ab was a Finnish manufacturer of railroad equipment and steam locomotives, situated in Tampere, Finland. The Lokomo factories in Tampere produced the MIR submersibles for the Soviet Academy of Sciences. They later merged into the Metso Corporation.
Neilson and Company was a locomotive manufacturer in Glasgow, Scotland.
The Jokioinen Museum Railway is located in Jokioinen, Finland. It is located on the last operating commercial narrow gauge railway in Finland, the 750 mm gauge Jokioinen Railway.
Hr1 class was the largest passenger express steam locomotive built in Finland. Twenty-two were built between the years 1937–1957. They were numbered 1000–1021.
The Finnish Steam Locomotive Class B1 is an 0-4-2 saddle tank locomotive, built by Beyer, Peacock and Company, at their Gorton Foundry, Manchester, England. Nine were constructed between 1868 and 1890; they were designed for use as shunting locomotives.
Before 1942 VR Class Vr1s originally had the class name was L1. The Vr1 was a powerful and effective locomotive. Part of them were built by Tampella and part by Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG of Germany. They were numbered 530–544, 656–670, 787–799 and were nicknamed “Kana” ("Hen"). They were operation from 1913-1974.
The locomotive that came to form VR Class Vk4 was originally one of a pair of 0-4-0T locomotives ordered from Rheinmetall Borsig Lokomotiv Werke (AEG), Germany to work at Ino fortress at Terijoki on the Karelian Isthmus. The locomotives had 2 axles, they were the wet-steam type, and used a slip-Walschaert valve gear. Production numbers and years were 7268/1909 and 7858/1910. The fortress was in Finnish hands when Finland became independent.
The Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1s were typical of the Victorian principles of locomotive design and the British 0-6-0 of the period with inside cylinders and Stephenson link motion. There is a similarity with the NER Class C1, Caledonian Railway 294 and 711 Classes, Caledonian Railway 812 and 652 Classes, LB&SCR C class, and SER O class. The wood-burning smoke stacks and wooden cab sides were installed for Finnish conditions. It should be remembered that the Grand Duchy of Finland was an autonomous part of the Russian Empire until 1917. Neilson also supplied a number of similar 5 foot gauge 0-6-0s to other railways in the Russian Empire, but few photographs and drawings remain. No 1427 at the Finnish Railway Museum is the only preserved example, and is therefore the only surviving example of the varied 0-6-0 types that were once common across the Russian Empire in the 19th Century. It therefore is one of the few clues as to the design of these Russian 0-6-0 locomotives that we now have. In fact, No.30 ended up remaining in Finland Station, St. Petersburg, Russia in 1918 during the civil wars in Finland and Russia.
VR Class Dr12 was a heavy diesel locomotive of Valtionrautatiet. The first 6 locomotives were ordered in 1956. They entered service between 1959 and 1963. The locomotives were built by 2 manufacturers, Valmet and Lokomo, both based in Tampere. All Hr12 class locomotives with even numbers were produced by Valmet, while all odd numbers were produced by Lokomo. The locomotives were withdrawn in the early 1990s.
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class F1 was a class of tank locomotives, which did not have to be turned at terminal stations. The water tank was located below the space behind the cab, in contrast to more modern tank locomotives where the water tanks usually placed either side of or on top of the boiler.
The VR Class Sk1, originally known as the Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G1, G2 & G4, were a series of 60 2-6-0 locomotives built for the Finnish State Railways by Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works in 1885. Two are preserved, one at, at the Finnish Railway Museum, and the other at Hyvinkää. .
The VR Class Sk3, originally known as the Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G3, G5, G10 & G11, was a class of 88 2-6-0 steam locomotives, built for the Finnish State Railways from 1892 to 1903 at Tampella. One is preserved, at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Rro comes from a word RautatieRakennusOsasto which is the RailwayConstruction Department.