First Ladies and Gentlemen of Costa Rica

Last updated

First Lady of Costa Rica
Flag of Costa Rica (state).svg
Carlos Alvarado Quesada CAQ PAC 10.jpg
Incumbent
Claudia Dobles Camargo

since 8 May 2018
Inaugural holder Pacífica Fernández Oreamuno
Formation1847

The First Lady or First Gentleman (Spanish: Primera Dama de Costa Rica and Primer Caballero de Costa Rica) is the title of the wife or husband of the President of Costa Rica.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

President of Costa Rica head of state and head of government of Costa Rica

The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and head of government of Costa Rica. The President is currently elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two Vice presidents are elected in the same ticket with the president. The president appoints the Council of Ministers. Due to the abolition of the military of Costa Rica in 1948, the president is not a Commander-in-chief, unlike the norm in most other countries, although the Constitution does describe him as commander in chief of the civil defense public forces.

Contents

Operations

The Office of First Lady of First Gentleman is allocated no official funding from the government budget of Costa Rica. [1] Instead, the office and officeholder relies on private donations to cover the expenses. [1] These funds support the First Lady's causes and foundations, which traditionally focus on cultural, environmental, and social issues. [1] The office of Leila Rodríguez Stahl, the First Lady 2002 to 2006, had a staff of approximately 60 at its height. [1] However, many of those staffers worked pro bono or were employed temporarily from other government offices. [1]

Government budget government document presenting the governments proposed revenues and spending for a fiscal year

A government budget is an annual financial statement presenting the revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation. The budget is also known as the Annual Financial Statement of the country. This document estimates the anticipated government revenues and government expenditures for the ensuing (current) financial year. For example, only certain types of revenue may be imposed and collected. Property tax is frequently the basis for municipal and county revenues, while sales tax and/or income tax are the basis for state revenues, and income tax and corporate tax are the basis for national revenues.

Leila Rodríguez Stahl is a Costa Rican public figure, painter, sculptor and winner of the Miss Costa Rica beauty pageant in 1960. She served as the First Lady of Costa Rica from 2002 until 2006 during the presidency of her husband, Abel Pacheco.

Pro bono publico is a Latin phrase for professional work undertaken voluntarily and without payment. Unlike traditional volunteerism, it is service that uses the specific skills of professionals to provide services to those who are unable to afford them.

First Ladies and Gentlemen of Costa Rica (1847–Present)

First Lady or GentlemanPresidentYears in OfficeNotes
Pacífica Fernández Oreamuno José María Castro Madriz 1847-1849José María Castro Madriz was the first President of Costa Rica, making Pacífica Fernández the inaugural First Lady.
Felipa Montes de Oca Gamero Miguel Mora Porras 1849
Inés Aguilar Cueto Juan Rafael Mora Porras 1849-1859
Sofía Matilde Joy Redman José María Montealegre Fernández 1859-1863Born in the United Kingdom
Esmeralda Oreamuno Gutiérrez Jesús Jiménez Zamora 1863-1866
Pacífica Fernández Oreamuno José María Castro Madriz 1866-1868
Esmeralda Oreamuno Gutiérrez Jesús Jiménez Zamora 1868-1870
Gerónima Montealegre Fernández Bruno Carranza Ramírez 1870
Emilia Solórzano Alfaro Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez 1870-1876
Isaura Carazo Peralta Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz 1876
Guadalupe Gutiérrez García Vicente Herrera Zeledón 1876-1877
Emilia Solórzano Alfaro Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez 1877-1882
Angélica Guardia Solórzano Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez 1882
Cristina Guardia Gutiérrez Próspero Fernández Oreamuno 1882-1885
Pacífica Fernández Guardia Bernardo Soto Alfaro 1885-1890
Luisa Alvarado Carrillo José Rodríguez Zeledón 1890-1894
Manuela Rodríguez Alvarado Rafael Yglesias Castro 1894-1902
Adela Salazar Guardia Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra 1902-1906
Adela Herrán Bonilla Cleto González Víquez 1906-1910
Vacant since President Oreamuno was unmarried Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1910-1914
Vacant, since President González was unmarried Alfredo González Flores 1914-1917
María Fernández Le Cappellain Federico Tinoco Granados 1917-1919
Clementina Quirós Quirós Juan Bautista Quirós Segura 1919
Natalia Morúa Ortíz Francisco Aguilar Barquero 1919-1920
Elena Gallegos Rosales Julio Acosta García 1920-1924Born in El Salvador
Vacant since President Oreamuno was unmarried Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1924-1928
Adela Herrán Bonilla Cleto González Víquez 1928-1932Died in 1932 while President González was still in office
Beatriz Zamora López Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1932-1933Beatriz Zamora López died in office in 1933. There was no First Lady until 1936
María Eugenia Calvo Badia Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1936Second wife of President Oreamuno
Julia Fernández Rodríguez León Cortés Castro 1936-1940
Yvonne Clays Spoelders Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia 1940-1944Born in Belgium. First woman to serve as a Costa Rican diplomat.
Etelvina Ramírez Montiel Teodoro Picado Michalski 1944-1948
Henrietta Boggs José Figueres Ferrer 1948-1949Born in the United States. Boggs and Figueres divorced on January 1, 1954 [2]
Vacant since President Ulate was unmarried Otilio Ulate Blanco 1949-1953President Ulate never married, though he was in a long-term relationship with Haydée Rojas Smith for many years.
Karen Olsen Beck José Figueres Ferrer 1954-1958Born in Denmark. Olsen married President Figueres in office on February 7, 1954, becoming First Lady. [2]
Olga De Benedictis Antonelli Mario Echandi Jiménez 1958-1962Daughter of Italian parents
Marita Camacho Quirós Francisco José Orlich Bolmarcich 1962-1966
Clara Fonseca Guardia José Joaquín Trejos Fernández 1966-1970
Karen Olsen Beck José Figueres Ferrer 1970-1974Born in Denmark
Marjorie Elliott Sypher Daniel Oduber Quirós 1974-1978Born in Canada
Estrella Zeledón Lizano Rodrigo Carazo Odio 1978-1982
Doris Yankelewitz Berger Luis Alberto Monge Álvarez 1982-1986Costa Rica's first Jewish First Lady [3]
Margarita Penón Góngora Óscar Arias Sánchez 1986-1990
Gloria Bejarano Almada Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier 1990-1994Born in Mexico
Josette Altmann Borbón José María Figueres Olsen 1994-1998
Lorena Clare Facio Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Echeverría 1998-2002
Leila Rodríguez Stahl Abel Pacheco de la Espriella 2002-2006Rodriguez won the Miss Costa Rica pageant in 1960 [1]
Vacant, since President Arias was divorced at the time. Óscar Arias 2006-2010
José María Rico Laura Chinchilla Miranda 2010-2014Born in Spain. 1st First Gentleman of Costa Rica
Mercedes Peñas Domingo Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera 2014-2018Born in Spain. Peñas and Solis are not married. [4]
Claudia Dobles Camargo Carlos Alvarado Quesada 2018-2022

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lopez G., Mauricio (2003-12-01). "Primera Dama de la República: Leila Rodríguez, servidora a tiempo completo". La Nación (San José) . Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  2. 1 2 "American Girl and Costa Rican President Wed". Sarasota Herald-Tribune . 1954-02-08. Retrieved 2016-07-23.
  3. "Costa Rica Will Have a Jewish First Lady with the Inauguration of Luis Alberto Monge to the President". Jewish Telegraph Agency . 1982-04-20. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  4. "Meet Costa Rica's future First Lady, Mercedes Peñas Domingo". Inside Costa Rica. 2014-04-15. Retrieved 2016-06-14.