First National Assembly at Epidaurus

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Memorial with the text of the Declaration of Independence, signed on 1 January 1822 at the First National Assembly at Epidaurus. Nea Epidavros2.jpg
Memorial with the text of the Declaration of Independence , signed on 1 January 1822 at the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.

The First National Assembly of Epidaurus (Greek : Αʹ Εθνοσυνέλευση της Επιδαύρου, 1821–1822) was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of the Greek revolutionaries. [1]

Contents

History

The monument Monument First Greek National Assembly 01.JPG
The monument

The assembly opened in December 1821 at Piada (today Nea (New) Epidaurus). It was attended by representatives from regions involved in the revolution against Ottoman rule. [1]

The majority of the representatives were local notables and clergymen from the Peloponnese, Central Greece and the islands. In addition, a number of Phanariotes and academics attended. However, a number of prominent revolutionaries, including Alexander Ypsilantis and the most prominent military leaders were absent. Of the 59 representatives at the assembly, 20 were landowners, 13 were ship-owners, 12 were intellectuals, 4 were military leaders, 3 were archpriests, 3 were merchants, with and 4 others.

The assembly passed a number of important documents, including:

The Assembly elected a five-member executive on 15 January 1822, which was presided over by Alexandros Mavrocordatos. The executive in turn appointed the first government which had 8 ministries.

The first legislature had 33 members.

Another characteristic of the First National Assembly is the absence of any reference in the Constitution to the Filiki Eteria, although Dimitrios Ypsilantis, brother of Alexandros Ypsilantis and official representative of the Filiki Eteria, was appointed president of the legislature, a body controlled by the local notables.

List of Delegates

Eastern Greece (included representatives from Thessaly/Macedonia)
Hydra, Spetses, Psara
Peloponnese
Western Greece
Others

See also

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References

Citations

  1. 1 2 Petropulos 2015, p. 83.
  2. Int'l Business Publications 2012, p. 130.
  3. "The Parliament : The Political System – Constitutional History". hellenicparliament.gr. Hellenic Parliament. Retrieved August 7, 2019.

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