Flå

Last updated
Flå kommune
Flaa Kommune Verwaltung.jpg
Fla komm.svg
Coat of arms
Norway Counties Viken Position.svg
Viken within
Norway
NO 3039 Fla.svg
Flå within Viken
Coordinates: 60°24′31″N9°29′3″E / 60.40861°N 9.48417°E / 60.40861; 9.48417 Coordinates: 60°24′31″N9°29′3″E / 60.40861°N 9.48417°E / 60.40861; 9.48417
Country Norway
County Viken
District Hallingdal
Administrative centreFlå
Government
  Mayor (2003)Tor Egil Buøen (LL)
Area
  Total704 km2 (272 sq mi)
  Land670 km2 (260 sq mi)
Area rank159 in Norway
Population
 (2008)
  Total974
  Rank405 in Norway
  Density1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
−12.9%
Demonym(s) Fløværing [1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3039
Official language form Bokmål [2]
Website www.flaa.kommune.no

Flå is a municipality in Viken county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Flå. The municipality of Flå was established when it was separated from the municipality of Nes on 1 January 1905. The municipality lies at the most southeasterly point in the valley and traditional region of Hallingdal.

Contents

General information

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was Flóða sokn (sokn means parish). This is the plural genitive case of flœð meaning "flood" (probably because flooding has been a problem for many farms in the river valley). Prior to 1921, the name was written "Flaa".

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 1 March 1985. The arms show a black bear on a gray/silver background. This was chosen because there used to be many bears in the Vassfaret area. Prior to 1985, the municipality used a logo with a bear walking through the area. [3] [4]

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Flå by country of origin in 2017 [5]
AncestryNumber
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 28
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 28
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 12

History

Ancient routes went to Vestlandet through Valdres and Hallingdal and down Røldal to Odda. Reflecting this route, Hallingdal and its neighboring valley of Valdres in Oppland to the north were originally populated by migrants from Vestlandet and spoke a western dialect. In recognition of this, Cardinal Nicholas Breakespear, who was in Scandinavia as papal legate in 1153, included Hallingdal in the diocese of Stavanger. [6]

Geography

Flå is the southernmost municipality within Hallingdal and forms the gateway to Hallingdal from the south. Flå is bordered in the north by Sør-Aurdal, in the east by Ringerike, in the south by Krødsherad and Sigdal, in the west by Nore og Uvdal, and in the northwest by Nes. Travelers from the south pass through the 65 m long tunnel Hallingporten on Norwegian National Road 7 (Riksvei 7) just located north of Gulsvik.

Vassfaret is a forested mountain valley bordering Flå. The Norefjell mountain range also includes parts of Flå as well as Nes, Ringerike and Sør-Aurdal municipalities. Lake Krøderen (Krøderfjord) stretches about 41 km north from the village of Krøderen and reaches to Gulsvik. The Hallingdalselva river flows into the lake from the north. The area includes the Vassfaret and Vidalen Conservation area which includes Festningen Nature Reserve and Bukollen Nature Reserve as well as the Inner Vassfaret Conservation area which includes Bringen Nature Reserve. [7] . [8]

Notable people

Attractions

Bjørneparken is located on Vikberget in Flå. The park is a sanctuary featuring various animals including bears, elk, deer, wolf, and lynx. [10]

Protected areas

See also

Related Research Articles

Buskerud Former county (fylke) of Norway

Buskerud is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold. The region extends from the Oslofjord and Drammensfjorden in the southeast to Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration was in modern times located in Drammen. Buskerud was merged with Akershus and Østfold into the newly created Viken County on 1 January 2020.

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Etnedal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

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Nord-Aurdal Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

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Eidfjord Municipality in Vestland, Norway

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Ringerike (municipality) Municipality in Viken, Norway

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Nesbyen (municipality) Municipality in Viken, Norway

Nesbyen is a municipality in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hallingdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Nesbyen.

Gol, Norway Municipality in Viken, Norway

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Valdres District in Innlandet, Norway

Valdres is a traditional district in central, southern Norway, situated between Gudbrandsdalen and Hallingdal. The region around Valdres consists of the six municipalities of Nord-Aurdal, Sør-Aurdal, Øystre Slidre, Vestre Slidre, Vang and Etnedal. Valdres has about 18,000 inhabitants and is known for its excellent trout fishing and beautiful dialect. Its main road is E16 and Fylkesveg 51.

Hallingdal District in Viken, Norway

Hallingdal is a valley as well as a traditional district located in the traditional and electoral district Buskerud in Viken county in Norway. It consists of six municipalities: Flå, Nes, Gol, Hemsedal, Ål and Hol.

Nesbyen (town)

Nesbyen is a town in Nes municipality in the county of Buskerud, Norway. Nes is the administrative center of Nes municipality. Nes is located in the traditional district of Hallingdal.

Vassfaret

Vassfaret is a forested mountain valley in southern Norway, bordering Flå, Nes, Ringerike and Sør-Aurdal municipalities and Innlandet and Viken counties. The valley is said to be between the Hallingdal and Hedalen in the traditional district of Valdres.

Krøderen (lake) Lake in Flå and Krødsherad, Buskerud, Norway

Krøderen is a lake in the municipality of Krødsherad in Buskerud, Norway.

Nes, Ådal

Nes i Ådal is a small village in the valley of Ådal in the municipality Ringerike in Buskerud, Norway.

Hallingmål-Valdris

Hallingmål-Valdris is a group of Norwegian dialects traditionally spoken in the traditional districts Hallingdal, Buskerud and Valdres, Oppland.

Mellandsvågen Nature Reserve

The Mellandsvågen Nature Reserve is located on the western part of Skardsøya island in the municipality of Aure in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. Since 1996, the nature reserve has had the status of a Ramsar site because of its importance for migratory birds.

Hedalen rural village in Oppland, Norway

Hedalen is both a valley and a rural village in the Sør-Aurdal municipality in Oppland. The valley is next to Bengadalen. The village, characterized by coniferous forests, agricultural properties and scattered private housing, extends west and northwards towards Vassfaret from Nes i Ådal, which lies along European route E16 at the north end of Sperillen in Ringerike municipality in Buskerud. The conservation area Vassfaret is partially in Hedalen, and partially in Flå in Buskerud. From Hedalen, a toll road goes in to Aurdalsdammen, and Nevlingen in Vassfaret.

References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden" . Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  4. "Kommunevåpen for Flå kommune" (in Norwegian). Flå kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  5. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  6. Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.
  7. "Vassfaret og Vidalen landskapsvernområde". naturbase.no. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  8. "Indre Vassfaret landskapsvernområde". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  9. IMDb Database retrieved 15 August 2020
  10. "Om Bjørneparken". Bjørneparken AS. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  11. "Bringen naturreservat". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  12. "Bukollen naturreservat". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  13. "Festningen naturreservat". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  14. "Flenten naturreservat". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  15. "Stavnselva naturreservat". naturbase.no. Retrieved October 1, 2017.