|French Minister of Culture and Communications|
26 August 2014 –11 February 2016
|Prime Minister||Manuel Valls|
|Preceded by||Aurélie Filippetti|
|Succeeded by||Audrey Azoulay|
|Secretary of State for Foreign Trade,Tourism and French Nationals Abroad|
9 April 2014 –26 August 2014
|Prime Minister||Manuel Valls|
|Preceded by|| Nicole Bricq (Foreign Trade) |
Sylvia Pinel (Tourism)
Hélène Conway-Mouret (French overseas)
|Succeeded by||Thomas Thévenoud|
|Minister Delegate for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises,Innovation and the Digital Economy|
16 May 2012 –2 April 2014
|Prime Minister||Manuel Valls|
|Preceded by||Éric Besson|
|Succeeded by||Axelle Lemaire|
29 August 1973
|Political party||Socialist Party|
|Alma mater||ESSEC;Sciences Po,Paris;ENA,Strasbourg|
Fleur Pellerin (French pronunciation: [flœʁpɛl.ʁɛ̃] ;née Kim Jong-sook,born 29 August 1973) is a French businesswoman,former civil servant and Socialist Party politician who served as a French government minister from 2012 to 2016.
Pellerin was born in 1973 in Seoul,South Korea,where she was abandoned on the streets aged only three or four days old before being rescued by an orphanage;six months later she was adopted by a French family. 김종숙,金鍾淑),although it is unclear how she came by that name. Raised by middle-class parents —her father,who has a doctorate in nuclear physics,is a small-business owner —she grew up in two Paris suburbs,Montreuil and Versailles.According to her adoption records she was called Kim Jong-Suk (
Pellerin graduated from ESSEC business school (Master's degree in Management) while she was just 21. She then graduated from Sciences Po (MPA) before attending the École nationale d'administration (ENA). She joined the French Court of Auditors where she rose to become a high-ranking civil servant. From 2010 to 2012,Pellerin served as president of the 21st Century Club,a French group that promotes diversity in employment.
Pellerin took charge of society and digital economy issues for Socialist Party candidate François Hollande in his successful 2012 French presidential election campaign.
After Hollande's election,Pellerin was appointed as with responsibility for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises,Innovation and the Digital Economy. In July 2012,she publicly announced her opposition to the sale of massive surveillance technologies causing quite a stir in French political circles since France is one of the biggest sellers of such technology.In November 2013,she implemented the creation of the French Tech label.
In August 2014,Pellerin was appointed Minister of Culture as part of the first government of Prime Minister Manuel Valls.Shortly after Pellerin was appointed Minister of Culture,the French magazine L’Express reported that she vacationed at the Corsican villa owned by film producer Pascal Breton,raising ethics questions.
In March 2015,Pellerin nominated Serge Lasvignes to head the Centre Pompidou,in a surprise choice to replace Alain Seban.Under her leadership,the French Culture Ministry made a bid in September 2015 to purchase one of a highly coveted pair of Rembrandt portraits from Éric de Rothschild for the Louvre in Paris,offering €80 million,or about $90 million.
As part of a major government reshuffle in early 2016,Pellerin was sacked and replaced by Audrey Azoulay,who at the time served as Hollande’s cultural advisor.
In August 2016,Pellerin resigned from the French Civil Service to begin a new career in the private sector.She then became the head of Korelya Capital,an investment fund aimed at emerging technologies which benefited from a 100-million euros funding by the South Korean Naver Corporation. She also holds several other positions,including the following:
In August 2018,Pellerin was listed by UK-based company Richtopia at number 2 in the list of 100 Most Influential French Entrepreneurs.
Pellerin is married to Laurent Olléon,also an ENA graduate,who works for the Council of State providing legal advice to the French government.
Air France–KLM S.A.,also known as Air France–KLM Group,is a Franco-Dutch airline holding company incorporated under French law with its headquarters at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Tremblay-en-France,near Paris. The group has offices in Montreuil,Seine-Saint-Denis,Paris,and in Amstelveen,Netherlands. Air France–KLM is the result of the merger in 2004 between Air France and KLM. Both Air France and KLM are members of the SkyTeam airline alliance. The company's namesake airlines rely on two major hubs,Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol respectively. Air France–KLM Airlines transported 87.3 million passengers in 2014.
The international adoption of South Korean children was at first started as a result of a large number of orphaned mixed children from the Korean War after 1953,but later included orphaned Korean children. Religious organizations in the United States,Australia,and many Western European nations slowly developed into the apparatus that sustained international adoption as a socially integrated system. This system,however,is essentially gone as of 2020. The number of children given for adoption is lower than in comparable OECD countries of a similar size,the majority of adoptees are adopted by South Korean families,and the number of international adoptees is at a historical low.
Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin,generally known as Roselyne Bachelot is a French politician who served as Minister of Culture in the government of Prime Minister Jean Castex (2020–2022) and as Minister of Solidarity and Social Cohesion (2010–2012) in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon. She was a member of the Union for a Popular Movement,which was part of the European People's Party.
The Ministry of Culture is the ministry of the Government of France in charge of national museums and the monuments historiques. Its goal is to maintain the French identity through the promotion and protection of the arts on national soil and abroad. Its budget is mainly dedicated to the management of the Archives Nationales and the regional Maisons de la culture.
Élisabeth Guigou is a French politician of the Socialist Party who served as a member of the National Assembly from 2002 until 2017,representing Seine-Saint-Denis' 9th constituency.
AndréAzoulay is a Moroccan Jewish senior adviser to king Mohammed VI of Morocco. He previously advised Mohammed's father,king Hassan II. He currently presides over the Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue Between Cultures,based in Alexandria,Egypt. He is also President of the executive committee of the Foundation for the Three Cultures and the Three Religions,based in Seville,Spain,a founding member of the C-100 Davos Forum for the Dialogue of Civilisations and religions,and was formerly Executive Vice-president of the BNP Paribas,Paris. His daughter is UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay.
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Koreans in France numbered 29,367 individuals as of 2014,making them the 3rd-largest Korean diaspora community in Western Europe,according to South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Henri de La Croix de Castries is a French businessman. He was chairman and CEO of AXA until retiring from both roles on 1 September 2016.
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Henri Loyrette was the chairman of Admical,a French organisation dedicated to corporate philanthropy.,and the former director of the Louvre Museum (2001–2013). He became first curator and then director of the Musée d'Orsay in 1978 and 1994 respectively.
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Institut Montaigne is a think tank based in Paris,France,founded in 2000. Institut Montaigne's proposes public policy recommendations in a variety of policy fields to advance its agenda. It contracts experts from the French business community,academia,civil society and government.
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DFG / LFA Buc is a German-French international lycée/gymnasium located in Buc,Yvelines,France,in the Paris metropolitan area.
Frédéric Jousset is a French entrepreneur and sponsor. He is the founder and co-chairman of Webhelp,a business outsourcing company headquartered in France.
Audrey Azoulay is a French civil servant and politician who has been serving as the Director-General of the United Nations Educational,Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) since 2017,becoming the second female leader of the organization. She previously served as France's Minister of Culture in the government of Prime Minister Manuel Valls from 2016 to 2017.
Françoise Nyssen is a French-Belgian publisher and politician and a former director of the Actes Sud publishing house. From 2017 until 2018,she served as Minister of Culture of France in the government of Prime Minister Édouard Philippe.
Émilie Cariou is a French politician who served as a member of the French National Assembly for Meuse's 2nd constituency from 2017 to 2022. She was elected as a member of La République En Marche!,but left the party and in May 2020,she was one of the 17 initial members who formed the short-lived Ecology Democracy Solidarity group. Later in 2020,she joined some of these deputies in starting The New Democrats.
Alexis Kohler,full name Arnaud Alexis Michel Kohler,is a French special adviser,senior official,and politician. Énarque,former director of cabinet of Pierre Moscovici then of Emmanuel Macron at the Ministry of Finance,he was appointed general secretary of the Élysée Palace on 14 May 2017.
Pellerin overcame a sense of inferiority and defeat coming from being an abandoned child with the enlightened view that "something important happens by accident."
born in Seoul in 1973, Pellerin was found on the streets of the capital when she was three or four days old and was sent to an orphanage. She was adopted six months later.