Fleury-devant-Douaumont

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Fleury-devant-Douaumont
Fleury destroyed village.jpg
Sign indicating the site of the destroyed village
Blason ville fr Fleury-devant-Douaumont (Meuse).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Fleury-devant-Douaumont
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Fleury-devant-Douaumont
Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine region location map.svg
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Fleury-devant-Douaumont
Coordinates: 49°11′44″N5°26′07″E / 49.1956°N 5.4353°E / 49.1956; 5.4353 Coordinates: 49°11′44″N5°26′07″E / 49.1956°N 5.4353°E / 49.1956; 5.4353
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Meuse
Arrondissement Verdun
Canton Belleville-sur-Meuse
Intercommunality Charny-sur-Meuse
Government
  Mayor (2008) Jean-Pierre Laparra
Area
1
10.27 km2 (3.97 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01) [1]
0
  Density0.0/km2 (0.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55189 /55100
Elevation227–390 m (745–1,280 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Fleury-devant-Douaumont is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Meuse (department) Department of France

Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Marne, Haute-Marne, Vosges, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-five departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

During the Battle of Verdun in 1916 it was captured and recaptured by the Germans and French sixteen times. Since then, it has been unoccupied (official population: 0) as had the communes of Bezonvaux, Beaumont-en-Verdunois, Haumont-près-Samogneux, Louvemont-Côte-du-Poivre, and Cumières-le-Mort-Homme.

Battle of Verdun battle on the Western Front during the First World War

The Battle of Verdun, was fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916 on the Western Front. The battle was the longest of the First World War and took place on the hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France. The German 5th Army attacked the defences of the Fortified Region of Verdun and those of the French Second Army on the right (east) bank of the Meuse. Using the experience of the Second Battle of Champagne in 1915, the Germans planned to capture the Meuse Heights, an excellent defensive position with good observation for artillery-fire on Verdun. The Germans hoped that the French would commit their strategic reserve to recapture the position and suffer catastrophic losses, at little cost to the Germans.

Population All the organisms of a given species that live in the specified region

In biology a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding. The area of a sexual population is the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas.

Bezonvaux Commune in Grand Est, France

Bezonvaux is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France.

History

During the war, the town was completely destroyed and the land was made uninhabitable to such an extent that a decision was made not to rebuild it. The area around the municipality was contaminated by corpses, explosives and poisonous gas, so no farmers could take up their work. The site of the commune is maintained as a testimony to war and is officially designated as a "village that died for France." It is managed by a municipal council of three members appointed by the prefect of the Meuse department.

Mort pour la France official denomination for soldiers dead at war

Mort pour la France is a legal expression in France and an honor awarded to people who died during a conflict, usually in service of the country.

Before the war Fleury was a village of 422 that produced agriculture and woodworking. Today, it is a wooded area next to the Verdun Memorial. Arrows guide visitors to where the street and houses used to be.

Verdun Memorial A Museum and a Memorial to the Battle of Verdun

The Verdun Memorial is a war memorial to commemorate the Battle of Verdun, fought in 1916 as part of the First World War. It is situated on the battlefield, close to the destroyed village of Fleury-devant-Douaumont in the département of Meuse in north-eastern France.

See also

Communes of the Meuse department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 499 communes of the Meuse department of France.

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.