Japanese film poster
|Directed by||Mikio Naruse|
|Produced by||Sanezumi Fujimoto|
|Screenplay by||Yōko Mizuki|
|Based on||Floating Clouds (novel)|
by Fumiko Hayashi
|Starring|| Hideko Takamine |
|Music by||Ichirō Saitō|
|Edited by||Eiji Ōi|
Floating Clouds (浮雲, Ukigumo) is a 1955 Japanese drama film directed by Mikio Naruse. It is based on the novel of the same name by Japanese writer Fumiko Hayashi, published just before her death in 1951. The film received numerous national awards upon its release and remains one of director Naruse's most acclaimed works.
The film follows Yukiko, a woman who has just been expatriated from French Indochina, where she has been working as a secretary for a forestry project of the Japanese wartime government. Yukiko seeks out Kengo, one of the engineers of the project, with whom she had an affair and who had promised to divorce his wife for her. They renew their affair, but Kengo tells Yukiko he is unable to leave his wife. Yukiko can't cut ties with Kengo, although he even starts an affair with a married younger woman, while she becomes the mistress of an American soldier as a means to survive in times of economic restraint. Eventually, she follows Kengo to an island where he has taken a new job, where she dies of her bad health and the humid climate.
Yasujirō Ozu saw Floating Clouds in 1955, and called it "a real masterpiece" in his journals.The film is Naruse's most popular film in Japan. It was voted the second best Japanese film of all time in a poll of 140 Japanese critics and filmmakers conducted by the magazine Kinema Junpo in 1999. It also received 10 votes total in the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound critics' and directors' polls.
Adrian Martin, editor of on-line film journal Rouge , has remarked upon Naruse's cinema of walking. Bertrand Tavernier, speaking of Naruse's Sound of the Mountain , described how the director minutely describes each journey and that "such comings and goings represent uncertain yet reassuring transitions: they are a way of taking stock, of defining a feeling". So in Floating Clouds, the walks down streets "are journeys of the everyday, where time is measured out of footfalls, – and where even the most melodramatic blow or the most ecstatic moment of pleasure cannot truly take the characters out of the unromantic, unsentimental forward progression of their existences."[ citation needed ]
The Australian scholar Freda Freiberg has remarked on the terrain of the film: "The frustrations and moroseness of the lovers in Floating Clouds are directly linked to and embedded in the depressed and demoralised social and economic conditions of early post-war Japan; the bombed-out cities, the shortage of food and housing, the ignominy of national defeat and foreign occupation, the economic temptation of prostitution with American military personnel."
Kinuyo Tanaka was a Japanese actress and director. She had a career lasting over 50 years with more than 250 credited films, and was best known for her roles in collaboration with director Kenji Mizoguchi over 15 films between 1940 and 1954. She was also a second cousin to director Masaki Kobayashi.
Mikio Naruse was a Japanese filmmaker, screenwriter, and producer who directed 89 films spanning the period 1930 to 1967.
Hideko Takamine was a Japanese actress who began as a child actress and maintained her fame in a career that spanned 50 years. She is particularly known for her collaborations with directors Mikio Naruse and Keisuke Kinoshita, with Twenty-Four Eyes (1954) and Floating Clouds (1955) being among her most noted films.
Michiyo Aratama was a Japanese film and stage actress.
When a Woman Ascends the Stairs is a 1960 Japanese drama film directed by Mikio Naruse.
Masayuki Mori was a Japanese actor and son of novelist Takeo Arishima. Mori appeared in many of Akira Kurosawa's films such as Rashomon, The Idiot and The Bad Sleep Well. He also starred in pictures by Kenji Mizoguchi (Ugetsu), Mikio Naruse and other prominent directors.
Keisuke Kinoshita was a Japanese film director and screenwriter. While lesser-known internationally than contemporaries such as Akira Kurosawa, Kenji Mizoguchi and Yasujirō Ozu, he was a household figure in his home country, beloved by both critics and audiences from the 1940s to the 1960s. Among his best known films are Carmen Comes Home (1951), Japan's first colour feature, Tragedy of Japan (1953), Twenty-Four Eyes (1954), You Were Like a Wild Chrysanthemum (1955), Times of Joy and Sorrow (1957), The Ballad of Narayama (1958), and The River Fuefuki (1960).
Haruko Sugimura was a Japanese stage and film actress, best known for her appearances in the films of Yasujirō Ozu and Mikio Naruse from the late 1940s to the early 1960s.
A Wife's Heart is a 1956 Japanese drama film directed by Mikio Naruse.
Flowing is a 1956 Japanese drama film directed by Mikio Naruse. It is based on a novel by Aya Kōda.
Untameda.k.a.Untamed Woman is a 1957 Japanese drama film directed by Mikio Naruse. It is based on a novel by Shūsei Tokuda. Untamed was Japan's submission to the 30th Academy Awards for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but was not accepted as a nominee.
Mariko Okada is a Japanese actress. She is married to film director Yoshishige Yoshida.
Brother and Sister is a 1976 Japanese film directed by Tadashi Imai. It is the second remake of the award-winning 1935 novel of the same name by Saisei Murō. The original film version, directed by Sotoji Kimura, was released in 1936, and the first remake, directed by Mikio Naruse and starring Masayuki Mori and Machiko Kyo, was released in 1953.
Yūko Mochizuki was a Japanese film and theatre actress who already had long stage experience, first with light comedies, later with dramatic roles, before making her film debut. Mochizuki often appeared in the films of Keisuke Kinoshita, but also worked for prominent directors such as Yasujirō Ozu and Mikio Naruse. She won the Blue Ribbon Award for best supporting actress for Late Chrysanthemums and for best actress for The Rice People and Unagitori. She was also awarded best actress at the 1953 Mainichi Film Awards for her work on A Japanese Tragedy. In 1971, she ran for the House of Councilors election for the Japan Socialist Party. She died of breast cancer in 1977.
Hideko the Bus Conductora.k.a.Hideko the Bus Conductress is a 1941 Japanese comedy drama film written and directed by Mikio Naruse. It is based on the serialised novella Okoma-san by Masuji Ibuse and the first collaboration of Naruse and star Hideko Takamine.
Yearning is a 1964 black-and-white Japanese film drama directed by Mikio Naruse, starring Hideko Takamine and Yūzō Kayama. The film is based on a story by Naruse, with the screenplay authored by Zenzo Matsuyama.
A Wanderer's Notebook , also known as Her Lonely Lane, is a 1962 black-and-white Japanese film drama directed by Mikio Naruse, starring Hideko Takamine. The film is a biopic about the novelist and poet Fumiko Hayashi, whose favorite phrase was “The life of a flower is short. It is full of sufferings.”
Haruo Tanaka was a Japanese film actor noted for his supporting roles in a career that spanned seven decades.
Yoko Mizuki was a Japanese screenwriter. Born in Tokyo, she later graduated from Bunka Gakuin and began writing screenplays to support her family after her father died. Mizuki was active in the 1950s era of the Japanese studio system and is notable for her work with directors Tadashi Imai and Mikio Naruse. Her work had received several Best Screenplay Awards from Kinema Junpo and has been described in the book Women Screenwriters: An International Guide as "One of the most important and accomplished Japanese female screenwriters of all time".
Daughters, Wives and a Mother is a 1960 Japanese film directed by Mikio Naruse.