Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun

Last updated

The Lady Saltoun
Arms of Fraser, Lady Saltoun.svg
Coat of arms of Lady Saltoun, Chief of the Name and Arms of Fraser: Azure three fraises (cinquefoils) argent
BornMarjorie Flora Fraser
(1930-10-18) 18 October 1930 (age 89) [1]
Edinburgh, Scotland
(m. 1956;died 2000)
Katharine Fraser, Mistress of Saltoun
Hon. Alice Ramsay
Hon. Elizabeth Ramsay
Heir Katharine Fraser
Parents Alexander Fraser, 20th Lord Saltoun
Dorothy Geraldine Welby

Marjorie Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun [fn 1] [2] (born 18 October 1930) is a Scottish peer. Until her retirement on 12 December 2014, she was the only holder of a lordship of Parliament who had a seat in the House of Lords as an elected hereditary peer. Lady Saltoun is the Chief of the Name and Arms of Clan Fraser since 1 May 1984, by decree of the Court of the Lord Lyon. She is also the head of the Scottish lowland family the Frasers of Philorth.



Flora Fraser was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the daughter of Alexander Fraser and Dorothy Geraldine Welby. Her maternal grandfather was Charles Glynne Earle Welby, 5th Baronet. She had an elder brother, Alexander Simon Fraser, Master of Saltoun. In 1933, her father became the 20th Lord Saltoun and she was styled the Hon. Flora Fraser. Her brother received the Military Cross and was killed in action in March 1944 while serving with the Grenadier Guards, making Flora heir presumptive to the Lordship. [3]

In 1979, when Lord Saltoun died, Flora became the 21st Lady Saltoun, and also gained a seat in the House of Lords. In 1999, because of the House of Lords Act 1999, 662 hereditary peers were removed from the House. However, Lady Saltoun was one of the ninety hereditary peers who were elected to remain in the House.

On 6 October 1956 at Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, Lady Saltoun married Alexander Ramsay of Mar (1919–2000), a grandson of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, keeping her maiden surname after marriage.

Saltoun's children are:



  1. It has recently been determined that Margaret Abernethy succeeded her brother, Alexander Abernethy, 9th Lord Saltoun, in 1668, but only survived him by about 10 weeks and had not previously been counted in the title's numbering. This new information has resulted in the ordinals in subsequent Saltoun Lords being revised. As a result, Flora Fraser is sometimes listed as the 20th Lady Saltoun.

Related Research Articles

The peerage in the United Kingdom is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles, composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system. The term peerage can be used both collectively to refer to the entire body of nobles, and individually to refer to a specific title. British peerage title holders are termed peers of the Realm. The peerage's fundamental roles are ones of government, peers being eligible to a seat in the House of Lords, and of meritocracy, the receiving of any peerage being the highest of British honours.

A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer, as well as certain officials such as some judges and members of the Scottish gentry. These styles are used 'by courtesy' in the sense that the relatives, officials and others do not themselves hold substantive titles. There are several different kinds of courtesy titles in the British peerage.

Alexander Ramsay of Mar

Captain Alexander Arthur Alfonso David Maule Ramsay of Mar DL was the only child of Princess Patricia of Connaught, who renounced her royal title and style when she married then-Captain the Hon. Alexander Ramsay in February 1919. His mother was the youngest child of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, the third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. His father was the third son of John Ramsay, 13th Earl of Dalhousie.

Lord of Parliament

A Lord of Parliament was the holder of the lowest form of peerage, entitled as of right to take part in sessions of the pre-Union Parliament of Scotland. Since that Union in 1707, it has been the lowest rank of the Peerage of Scotland, ranking below a viscount. A Lord of Parliament is said to hold a Lordship of Parliament.

Earl of Dalhousie

Earl of Dalhousie, in the County of Midlothian, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, held by the Chief of Clan Ramsay.

Earl of Haddington

Earl of Haddington is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1627 for the noted Scottish lawyer and judge Thomas Hamilton, 1st Earl of Melrose. He was Lord President of the Court of Session from 1616 to 1625. Hamilton had already been created Lord Binning in 1613 and Lord Binning and Byres, in the County of Haddington, and Earl of Melrose, in the County of Roxburgh, in 1619. These titles were also in the Peerage of Scotland. The title of the earldom derived from the fact that he was in possession of much of the lands of the former Melrose Abbey. However, Hamilton was unhappy with this title and wished to replace it with "Haddington". In 1627 he relinquished the earldom of Melrose and was instead created Earl of Haddington, with the precedence of 1619 and with limitation to his heirs male bearing the surname of Hamilton. This derived from the fact that he considered it a greater honour to take his title from a county rather than from an abbey. Hamilton was a member of the prominent Scottish family of that name and descended from John de Hamilton, younger son of Walter de Hamilton, who was granted the feudal barony of Cadzow and who is also the ancestor of the Dukes of Hamilton and Dukes of Abercorn.

Lord Elphinstone

Lord Elphinstone is a title in the Peerage of Scotland created by King James IV in 1510.

Lord Balfour of Burleigh

Lord Balfour of Burleigh, in the County of Kinross, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1607 for Sir Michael Balfour.

Lord Saltoun

Lord Saltoun, of Abernethy, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1445 for Sir Lawrence Abernethy. The title remained in the Abernethy family until the death in 1669 of his descendant the tenth Lady Saltoun. She was succeeded by her cousin Alexander Fraser, the eleventh Lord. He was the son of Alexander Fraser and Margaret Abernethy, daughter of the seventh Lord Saltoun. The title has remained in the Frasers of Philorth family ever since.

Margaret of Mar, 31st Countess of Mar is a Scottish hereditary peer and politician. She was a crossbench member of the House of Lords from 1975 to 2020 and was one of 92 hereditary peers elected to remain in the Lords in 1999. She is the holder of the original Earldom of Mar, the oldest peerage title in the United Kingdom. She is the only suo jure countess and was the only female hereditary peer in the House of Lords from 2014 to 2020. She is also a farmer and former specialist goats cheesemaker in Great Witley, Worcestershire.

The heir apparent or heir presumptive to a Scottish peerage is known as a Master, or a Mistress if the heir is female. The heir's style is "The Master of [Peerage]" or "The Mistress of [Peerage]".

Katharine Fraser, Mistress of Saltoun, DL is the daughter of Captain Alexander Ramsay of Mar and Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun.

Alexander Arthur Fraser, 20th Lord Saltoun, styled Master of Saltoun until 1933, was a Scottish peer who was one of the longest-serving representative peers, serving from 1935–63.

Alexander William Frederick Fraser, 19th Lord Saltoun, a Scottish representative peer, was the son of Alexander Fraser, 18th Lord Saltoun.

Hugh Mackay, 14th Lord Reay British politician

Hugh William Mackay, 14th Lord Reay, Baron Mackay was a British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords. He was the only male Lord of Parliament to sit in the House of Lords following the abolition of the automatic right of all British hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords in 1999, the only female being The Lady Saltoun.

Bridget Helen "Biddy" Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland, Dowager Viscountess of Monckton, CBE was a British peeress and Conservative member of the House of Lords best remembered as the wartime commander of women's services in India.

The Hereditary Peerage Association is a British representative body for hereditary peers in the United Kingdom formed in 2002 in the wake of the House of Lords Act 1999.

Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone Scottish noble

Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone was a Scottish peer. He was the son of Sir John Elphinstone of that ilk and of Pittendreich.

Alexander Fraser, 11th Lord Saltoun, was a Scottish peer and the 10th Laird of Philorth.

Alexander Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun British Army general (1785–1853)

Lieutenant-General Alexander George Fraser, 17th Lord SaltounKStG KMT, was a Scottish representative peer and a British Army general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars and the First Opium War.


  1. Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 3510. ISBN   0-9711966-2-1.
  2. "History". Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
  3. Mosley 2003, p. 3514
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Alexander Fraser
Lady of Saltoun
Mistress of Saltoun