Facade of the Hotel Unión
Florida municipality (red) within
Camagüey Province (yellow) and Cuba
|• Total||1,800 km2 (700 sq mi)|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|• Density||1,761/km2 (4,560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
Florida (Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾiða] ) is a municipality and city in the Camagüey Province of Cuba. It is located 40 km (25 mi) north-west of Camagüey, along the Carretera Central highway. The city was established in 1907, and the municipality was established in 1924. Of all the municipalities of the Cuban province of Camagüey, Florida is third in area size. The name is Spanish for Land of flowers.
The town was founded in 1907 and, in 1949, the politician Francisco Díaz Marchand presented a project to turn it into an independent municipality. The project did not prosper, but in 1960 Manuel Frías Morales drafted a law to carry out the feasibility studies for the foundation of the municipality, but the opinion was adverse. Later, the Law #30 of June 14, 1971 created the municipality of Florida, one of the youngest of the island.
The municipality is located northwest of its province, next to the borders with Ciego de Ávila Province. Its elevation is represented by the Urabo Mountain with a height of 132.5 m. The bordering municipalities are Baraguá, Céspedes, Esmeralda, Camagüey and Vertientes.
The municipal territory includes the villages and the localities of Alberto Becerra, Algarrobo, Conquista, El Angel, El Trece, La Alína, La Caridad, La Esperanza, La Jagua, La Porfuerza, La Serafina, La Tomatera, La Vallita, Las Margaritas, Las Mercedes, Las Parras, Las Tusas, Los Güines, María Dos, María Seis, Manzanillo, Ortigal, Otero, Pérez Pérez, Playa Florida, San Antonio, San Diego, San Faustino, San Jerónimo, Santa Gertrudis, Urabo and Vista Alegre. Until the 1977 municipal reform, it included the village of Magarabomba too,currently part of Céspedes.
In 2004, the municipality of Florida had a population of 73,612, 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi), it has a population density of 1,761/km2 (4,560/sq mi).53,847 of them in the town proper. With a total area of
Florida has 283 doctors, 187 of them are family physicians. There are 125 health facilities, including hospitals (a general and a pediatric one), clinics, pharmacies and laboratories.
There are 64 educational centers with a total of 15,013 students attending primary, secondary, and pre-university.Florida also offers night schools with a range of educational careers for adults who can not attend during daylight hours.
Florida is served by the "Central Railway" (Ferrocarril Central) Havana-Santiago, with local and long-distance trains. It is crossed by the national highway "Carretera Central" (CC) and, the future extension of the A1 motorway, will involve the town.
Ciego de Ávila is one of the provinces of Cuba, and was previously part of Camagüey Province. Its capital is Ciego de Ávila, which lies on the Carretera Central, and the second city is Morón, further north.
Camagüey is the largest of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Camagüey. Other towns include Florida and Nuevitas.
Ciego de Ávila is a city in the central part of Cuba and the capital of Ciego de Ávila Province. The city has a population of about 119,000, in a municipality of 143,449.
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Henry Reeve was a Brigadier General in Cuba's 'Ejército Libertador' - more commonly known as the 'Ejército Mambí' - during the First Cuban War of Independence (1868-1878). In his youth, he was a drummer boy in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
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Eliseo Valdés Erustes is a Cuban artist specializing in sculpture, painting, and drawing.
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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Camagüey, Cuba.
Mir is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Calixto García, in Holguín Province. In 2011 it had a population of 6,647.
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