Forest Row

Last updated

Forest Row
Forest Row centre.jpg
The centre of Forest Row
Area32.5 km2 (12.5 sq mi)  [1]
Population4,954 (2011) [1]
  Density 152/km2 (390/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ427348
  London 29 miles (47 km) NNW
Civil parish
  • Forest Row [2]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FOREST ROW
Postcode district RH18
Dialling code 01342
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
Website http://forestrow.gov.uk/
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Coordinates: 51°5′53.5″N0°2′0.3″E / 51.098194°N 0.033417°E / 51.098194; 0.033417 Forest Row is a village and a large civil parish [3] in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The village is located three miles (5 km) south-east of East Grinstead.

Contents

History

The village draws its name from its proximity to the Ashdown Forest, a royal hunting park first enclosed in the 13th century. From its origins as a small hamlet, Forest Row has grown, first with the establishment of a turnpike road in the 18th century; and later with the opening of the railway between East Grinstead and Tunbridge Wells in 1866; the line, which included an intermediate station at Forest Row, closed in 1967 as a result of the programme of closures put forward by East Grinstead resident and British Railways Board Chairman Richard Beeching.

The village inn (now known as The Swan, owned by Mountain Range Restaurants which you can see on the right hand side of the picture, originally the Yew Tree), part medieval, was a centre of smuggling in the 18th century. [4]

Brambletye House (known locally as Brambletye Castle) was built by Sir Henry Compton in 1631. This building features in the 1826 Horace Smith novel Brambletye House.

A mail coach robbery occurred at the bottom of Wall Hill on 27 June 1801. John Beatson and his adopted son William Whalley Beatson hid in a meadow at the foot of Wall Hill, by the entrance to an old Roman road. The mail coach made its way up Wall Hill, where it was stopped by them just after midnight. The Beatsons took between £4,000 and £5,000. Judge Baron Hotham sentenced the two men to death by hanging at the trial on 29 March 1802. Gallows were erected on the spot where the robbery took place, on 17 April 1802. Beatson and his adopted son were hanged in the presence of 3,000 people.[ citation needed ]

John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, came to Forest Row in June 1963 during his visit to the UK, [5] attending a service at the Our Lady of the Forest church. At the time he was engaged in a series of discussions with the Prime Minister Harold Macmillan at his home in nearby Birch Grove. [5] There is a plaque commemorating the visit on Freshfield Hall.

Forest Row became a Transition village in 2007 with the official unleashing in March 2008 at the Village Hall.

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 Census was 5,278. [6]

Geography

The civil parish of Forest Row is in the north-west corner of East Sussex, and borders West Sussex, Kent and Surrey. Ashdown Forest surrounds the village on three sides, and the upper reaches of the River Medway flow through the parish. The centre of the village lies at the intersection of the A22 road, the erstwhile turnpike, and the B2110 to Hartfield and Tunbridge Wells and there is a wide range of shops and businesses to serve the surrounding area.

Weir Wood Reservoir is a Site of Special Scientific Interest within the parish. It is also one of the largest areas of open water in the county and hosts a wide variety of resident and migrating birds. [7]

The hotels in the village are The Brambletye Hotel, The Chequers and The Swan. In the 2006 radiation scare surrounding KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko the Ashdown Park Hotel and Country Club were closed for 6 hours and the nearby Roebuck hotel was used as an evacuation point for arriving guests. [8] Italian security expert Mario Scaramella may have stayed there but tests showed no evidence of "radiation toxicity".

The village architecture is a mixture of traditional and modern. As well as many older cottages in the classic Sussex style there is a variety of more modern development, which generally blends in well. Gage Ridge and Michael Fields, with their copper-roofed houses are examples of the latter.

In addition to the businesses in the village centre, there is also an industrial estate.

Religion

The Church of England eccesiastical parish combines two churches: Holy Trinity, Forest Row, and St Dunstan's Ashurst Wood. [9] There are also other denominational churches: The Christian Community Forest Row; [10] a Baptist chapel; Providence church; and the cemetery chapel.

The Roman Catholic Our Lady of the Forest Church opened in the 1950s and closed on Christmas Day in 2009. [11]

Education

State education is provided at Forest Row CE Primary School. [12] Greenfields School, which caters for children of all ages, is an independent school in the village which gives its students the opportunity to follow the teachings of L. Ron Hubbard, amongst other things. Institutions associated with the Anthroposophical movement of Rudolf Steiner are located in or near the village, notably Michael Hall, a Steiner Waldorf School offering education to children from kindergarten up to age 18 [13] and Emerson College. [14]

Leisure and culture

Literary connections

Notable people

There have been several notable residents of Forest Row in the recent past and present. These include Owen Barfield, the writer and philosopher, Ben Elton, the comedian and novelist, David Gilmour from the band Pink Floyd, Violet Needham, author, Richard Jones, bass player and background singer in the Feeling, Jonael Schickler, a Swiss Philosopher and Sean Yates, professional cyclist. The singer Engelbert Humperdinck had a holiday cottage in the village during the 1980s. Actor Ed Sanders is from Forest Row. [22] American-born DJ and producer Secondcity (real name Rowan Harrington) lived in Forest Row having moved there when he was 12. Noted amateur golfer and writer Horace Hutchinson called Forest Row his home in the late 1920s and early 1930s, before his death in 1932. John Milner Bailey, a diamond magnate and the Second Baronet Bailey of Cradock, South Africa, was born here in June 1900. His first wife was Diana Churchill (1909-1963) the first child of Winston and Clementine Churchill, they were divorced in 1935

Related Research Articles

References

  1. 1 2 "Population and Households profile for Forest Row (parish)". East Sussex in Figures. East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. http://forestrow.gov.uk/default.aspx
  3. Forest Row Parish Council website
  4. Village Centre Walk
  5. 1 2 Scott, Brad. "The JFK Memorial". Forest Row Village Hall. p. 1. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  6. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  7. "Natural England - SSSI". English Nature. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  8. BBC News Hotel in radiation alert reopens
  9. Forest Row and Ashurst Wood parish churches
  10. The Christian Community Forest Row
  11. Martin Beckford (21 December 2009). "Village church visited by JFK and Harold Macmillan to close on Christmas Day". Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  12. Forest Row CE Primary School
  13. Michael Hall School
  14. Emerson College
  15. "Forest Row Village Hall History". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
  16. "Forest Way Country Park". East Sussex County Council. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2008.
  17. Forest Players Archived 12 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  18. Ashdown Pantomimers Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  19. Jupiter Chamber Orchestra Archived 10 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  20. Forest Row Junior Football Club
  21. Forest Row One Planker Club
  22. Thompson, Jessica (24 January 2008). "Big Screen Start Back At School". East Grinstead Courier. Retrieved 31 January 2008.[ dead link ]