Forez

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Coat of arms of Forez Armoiries Forez.svg
Coat of arms of Forez

Forez is a former province of France, corresponding approximately to the central part of the modern Loire département and a part of the Haute-Loire and Puy-de-Dôme départements.

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The final "z" in Forez (French pronunciation:  [fɔʁɛ] ) is not pronounced in the Loire département; however, it is pronounced in the western part of the former province, essentially when referring to the correspondent Forez Mountains (on the border between Puy-de-Dôme and Loire. The name is derived from the city of Feurs. Franco-Provençal is the language that was historically spoken in the region.

The city of Montbrison, Loire is considered the historical capital of the Forez.

Residents of the Forez are called Foréziens.

The rue du Forez in the third arrondissement of Paris was built in the late 16th century and appears on Turgot's map of Paris.

List of counts of Forez

The origins of the county of Forez are obscure. There are several early figures who are sometimes supposed to have been counts of Forez. Whether these are considered counts or not can affect the numbering offered for the later counts.

The counts of Forez were also counts of Lyon in the Empire until 1173, when the countship of Lyon passed to the Archbishop of Lyon.

House of Forez

The period between 1096 and 1115 is uncertain owing to a lack of sources.

House of Albon

House of Bourbon

House of Savoy

United to the French crown in 1531.

Appanage

United to the French crown permanently in 1574.

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Jeanne d'Ussel, also known as Jeanne de Clermont was countess of Forez, received in inheritance, belonging to the House of Ussel. She was married in June 1371 to Béraud II. Through marriage, Jeanne brought the fiefdom of d’Ussel in Languedoc, and the county of Forez, and eventually became known as "Jeanne de Forez" or "Jeanne de Clermont" in reference to her husband Béraud de Clermont, Dauphin d'Auvergne of the House of Clermont-Tonnerre of the Counts of Clermont-Tonnerre.

Anne of Auvergne

Anne of Auvergne also known as Anna d'Auvergne was Sovereign Dauphine of Auvergne 1400-1417 and Countess of Forez in 1372-1417 as well as Dame de Mercoeur from 1400 and 1417. She was also Duchess of Bourbon by marriage to Louis II, Duke of Bourbon.

Mathilde of Bourbon was a French noblewoman who was the ruling Lady of Bourbon from 1171 until her death.

Guigues IV of Forez

Guigues IV or Guy IV was the count of Forez, Auxerre and Tonnerre from 1203 and the count of Nevers from 1226. He was still a child when his father, Guigues III, died on the Fourth Crusade and he inherited Forez. His mother was Alix and his uncle, Renaud, archbishop of Lyon, acted as regent until he came of age in 1218.

Renaud de Forez

Renaud de Forez was a French churchman who was Archbishop of Lyon as Renaud II (1193–1226). A son of Count Guigues II of Forez, Renaud acted as regent of the county of Forez for his nephew, Guigues IV, between 1203 and 1218. He joined the Lyon chapter during the episcopate of Guichard of Pontigny. He became abbot of Saint-Just in 1182.

Matilda I, Countess of Nevers or Mathilde de Courtenay, or Mahaut de Courtenay, (1188–1257), was a ruling countess of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre. She was the only daughter of Peter II of Courtenay and of Agnes of Nevers, born from the Capetian House of Courtenay, she was married to Hervé IV of Donzy and then to Guigues IV of Forez.

Guigues III, also numbered Guigues IV, nicknamed Branda, was the count of Forez from 1199 until his death while on the Fourth Crusade.

Guigues II of Albon

Guigues II d'Albon, known as the Fat (Pinguis), born around 1025 and died around 1079, was count in Grésivaudan and Briançonnais from 1070 to 1079, count of Albon in 1079. He came from the House of Albon.

References

Coordinates: 45°44′30″N4°13′36″E / 45.741667°N 4.226667°E / 45.741667; 4.226667