Four-Coalition

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Four-Coalition

Čtyřkoalice
Leader Cyril Svoboda [1]
Founded1998
Dissolved2002
Ideology Liberalism
Christian democracy
Political position Centre-right
Coalition partners KDU–ČSL
US
DEU
ODA

The Four-Coalition (Czech : Čtyřkoalice), also translated as the Coalition of Four or Quad-Coalition, abbreviated to 4K, was a liberal centre-right political alliance in the Czech Republic between 1998 and 2002.

Contents

The four member parties were:

The 4K was formed after the creation of the Opposition Agreement by the Czech Social Democratic Party and Civic Democratic Party in the aftermath of the 1998 election to the Chamber of Deputies. The coalition aimed to provide 'real opposition' to the government. [2] The parties first participated together in the 1998 Senate election, achieving considerable success and winning 13 of the 27 seats up for election. [2]

The coalition formalised and centralised, with the merger of the US and DEU to form Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) reducing the number of parties to three. However, the overbearing size of the KDU–ČSL – significantly larger than the others – lent instability to the coalition, as KDU–ČSL members used the coalition to further their intra-party factions. [3] The KDU–ČSL put pressure on the ODA to further consolidate, either reforming its long-standing debts or merging with the US-DEU. [3] The ODA refused, and withdrew from the Four-Coalition as a result.

In the 2002 election to the Chamber, the KDU–ČSL and US-DEU ran on a looser joint ticket called 'Coalition' (Koalice), [3] and won 31 seats and 14% of the vote—down from the combined 39 seats and 19% of votes in the 1998 election.

Election results

Chamber of Deputies

YearVoteVote %SeatsPlaceNotesPosition
1998 1,136,54019.03
39 / 200
3rdCombined results of partiesOpposition
2002 680,67014.27
31 / 200
4thRan as Coalition.Government

Senate

ElectionFirst roundSecond roundSeats
Votes%Places*Votes%Places*
1998 255,78526.62nd166,48331.02nd
13 / 27
2000 234,87927.31st247,19743.91st
17 / 27
2002 107,73716.14th83,34310.13rd
2 / 27

* Places are by number of votes gained.

Regional Assemblies

YearVoteVote %SeatsPlaces
2000 537,01222.9
171 / 675
2nd

Footnotes

  1. Fiala, Petr. "Čtyřkoalice mezi integrací a rozpadem". RevuePolitika. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  2. 1 2 Hanley (2008), p. 144
  3. 1 2 3 Hanley (2008), p. 147

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