Foxborough, Massachusetts

Last updated
Foxborough, Massachusetts

Foxboro
Foxborough12C.png
Gillette Stadium, Memorial Hall, Patriot Place, sign in Foxborough, Congregational Church and the Orpheum Theatre
FoxboroughSeal.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Gem of Norfolk County
Foxborough ma lg.png
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°03′55″N71°14′54″W / 42.06528°N 71.24833°W / 42.06528; -71.24833
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled1704
IncorporatedJune 10, 1778
Government
  Type Open town meeting
Area
  Total20.9 sq mi (54.1 km2)
  Land20.1 sq mi (52.0 km2)
  Water0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation
289 ft (88 m)
Population
(2010) [1]
  Total16,693
  Density800/sq mi (310/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02035
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-24820
GNIS feature ID0618320
Website www.foxboroughma.gov

Foxborough is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States, about 22 miles (35 km) southwest of Boston, 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Providence, Rhode Island and about 73 miles (117 km) northwest of Cape Cod. Foxborough is part of the Boston metropolitan statistical area. The population was 16,865 at the 2010 census.

Norfolk County, Massachusetts County in the United States

Norfolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2010 census, the population was 670,850. Its county seat is Dedham. The county was named after the English county of the same name. Two towns, Cohasset and Brookline, are exclaves.

Massachusetts State of the United States of America

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Boston Capital city of Massachusetts, United States

Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.

Contents

"Foxborough" is the official spelling of the town name, [2] although the alternative spelling "Foxboro" is also frequently used. This alternative spelling is used by the United States Postal Service as the correct form by which to address mail to recipients in the town[ citation needed ] although both can be processed by their system. The sign on the post office reads "Foxboro".

The town is best known as the site of Gillette Stadium, home of the New England Patriots of the National Football League and the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer.

Gillette Stadium stadium located in Foxborough, Massachusetts, home of the New England Patriots and the New England Revolution

Gillette Stadium is a stadium located in Foxborough, Massachusetts, 28 miles (45 km) southwest of downtown Boston and 20 miles (32 km) northeast of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. It serves as the home stadium and administrative offices for both the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL) and the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer (MLS). In 2012, it also became the home stadium for the football program of the University of Massachusetts (UMass), while on-campus Warren McGuirk Alumni Stadium was undergoing renovations. Gillette will continue to host higher attended home games.

New England Patriots National Football League franchise in Foxborough, Massachusetts

The New England Patriots are a professional American football team based in the Greater Boston region. The Patriots compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) East division. The team plays its home games at Gillette Stadium in the town of Foxborough, Massachusetts, which is located 21 miles (34 km) southwest of downtown Boston, Massachusetts and 20 miles (32 km) northeast of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. The Patriots are also headquartered at Gillette Stadium.

National Football League Professional American football league

The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC). The NFL is one of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, and the highest professional level of American football in the world. The NFL's 17-week regular season runs from early September to late December, with each team playing 16 games and having one bye week. Following the conclusion of the regular season, six teams from each conference advance to the playoffs, a single-elimination tournament culminating in the Super Bowl, which is usually held in the first Sunday in February, and is played between the champions of the NFC and AFC.

History

Main Street c. 1906 Main Street, Foxborough, MA.jpg
Main Street c. 1906

Settled in 1704 and incorporated in 1778, the town of Foxborough was named for Charles James Fox, a Whig member of Parliament and a staunch supporter of the Colonies in the years leading up to the American Revolution.

Charles James Fox 18th/19th-century British statesman

Charles James Fox, styled The Honourable from 1762, was a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and who was the arch-rival of William Pitt the Younger. His father Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, a leading Whig of his day, had similarly been the great rival of Pitt's famous father William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. He rose to prominence in the House of Commons as a forceful and eloquent speaker with a notorious and colourful private life, though his opinions were rather conservative and conventional. However, with the coming of the American War of Independence and the influence of the Whig Edmund Burke, Fox's opinions evolved into some of the most radical ever to be aired in the Parliament of his era.

Parliament of the United Kingdom supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament, or Westminster Parliament, and domestically simply as Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the UK and the overseas territories. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the Sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. The two houses meet in the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster, one of the inner boroughs of the capital city, London.

Thirteen Colonies The group of British colonies on the east coast of North America which formed the United States

The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies or Thirteen American Colonies, were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries. They declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America. The Thirteen Colonies had very similar political, constitutional, and legal systems and were dominated by Protestant English-speakers. They were part of Britain's possessions in the New World, which also included colonies in Canada, the Caribbean, and the Floridas.

The town was once home to the world's largest straw hat factory. Founded by local businessman E.P. Carpenter, the Union Straw Works burned to the ground in the early 20th century. The town post office now stands on the site.

Straw hat hat made of straw

A straw hat is a brimmed hat that is woven out of straw or straw-like materials from different plants or synthetics. The hat is designed to protect the head from the sun and against heatstroke, but straw hats are also used in fashion as a decorative element or a uniform.

Foxborough was composed of small neighborhood communities until the early 1900s. These included Foxvale/Paineburgh, which remained semi-independent until the early twentieth century; Quaker Hill in South Foxborough; and Lakeview/Donkeyville in West Foxborough.

Schaefer Stadium (later known as Sullivan Stadium, then Foxboro Stadium) opened in 1971 as the home of the New England Patriots, after the football team spent its first eleven seasons playing at various stadiums in Boston. The family of Billy Sullivan owned both the Patriots and the stadium until they sold the team in 1988. The stadium, however, lapsed into bankruptcy and was then bought by paper magnate Robert Kraft. With Kraft in control of Foxboro Stadium, he prevented the Patriots from relocating to St. Louis in 1994 by refusing to let the team break their lease, then bought the Patriots outright. Kraft then founded the New England Revolution, one of the charter clubs of Major League Soccer, in 1996.

Foxboro Stadium stadium

Foxboro Stadium, originally Schaefer Stadium and later Sullivan Stadium, was an outdoor stadium located in Foxborough, Massachusetts, United States. It opened in 1971 and served as the home of the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL) until 2001 and also as the home venue for the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer (MLS) from 1996 to 2001. The stadium was the site of several games in both the 1994 FIFA World Cup and the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup which the U.S. won. Foxboro Stadium was demolished in 2002 and replaced by Gillette Stadium and the Patriot Place shopping center.

Billy Sullivan (American football) American businessman

William Hallissey Sullivan Jr. was an American businessman who owned the Boston Patriots franchise from their inception in the American Football League until their sale, as the New England Patriots of the NFL, to Victor Kiam in 1988.

Robert Kraft American businessman and philanthropist

Robert Kenneth Kraft is an American businessman. He is the chairman and chief executive officer of the Kraft Group, a diversified holding company with assets in paper and packaging, sports and entertainment, real estate development and a private equity portfolio. He is the owner of the National Football League's New England Patriots, Major League Soccer's New England Revolution, and Gillette Stadium, where both teams play.

Gillette Stadium opened in 2002 as a replacement for Foxboro Stadium. The Patriot Place shopping plaza, built on land surrounding the stadium bought by Kraft, completed construction in 2009. The plaza includes a variety of restaurants, clothing stores, and other retailers.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.9 sq mi (54.1 km2), of which 20.1 sq mi (52.0 km2) is land and 0.81 sq mi (2.1 km2) (3.88%) is water.

Foxborough is located at 42°3′54″N71°14′52″W / 42.06500°N 71.24778°W / 42.06500; -71.24778 (42.065248, -71.247856). [3]

For the purposes of the United States Census Bureau, the built-up central area of Foxborough known as the Foxborough Census Designated Place (CDP) has a total area of 7.6 km² (3.0 mi²). 7.5 km² (2.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (1.69%) is water.

Climate

Foxborough, Massachusetts
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.8
 
 
36
18
 
 
3.7
 
 
40
21
 
 
4.8
 
 
48
28
 
 
4.4
 
 
59
37
 
 
3.7
 
 
70
47
 
 
4.1
 
 
78
57
 
 
3.9
 
 
83
62
 
 
3.9
 
 
81
61
 
 
3.7
 
 
73
53
 
 
4.4
 
 
62
42
 
 
4.5
 
 
52
33
 
 
4.5
 
 
41
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Foxborough's climate is humid continental (Köppen: Dfa) with four distinct seasons, which is the predominant climate for Massachusetts and New England. [4] Summers are typically warm to hot, rainy, and humid, while winters are cold, windy, and snowy. Spring and fall are usually mild, but conditions are widely varied, depending on wind direction and jet stream positioning. The warmest month is July, with an average high temperature of 83 °F and an average low temperature of 62 °F. The coldest month is January, with an average high temperature of 36 °F and an average low temperature of 18 °F. Periods exceeding 90 °F in summer and below 10 °F in winter are not uncommon but rarely extended, with about 14 days per year seeing the former extreme. Because of the town's relatively short distance from the Atlantic Ocean, temperatures tend to remain warmer than locations further inland. Like the rest of the northeastern seaboard, precipitation is distributed fairly evenly throughout the entire year, with the winter months receiving slightly more precipitation than the summer months. Powerful storm systems known as Nor'easters can produce heavy amounts of rain and snow at any time of the year, but these storms most often strike during the winter months, causing significant snowfall amounts and blizzard conditions. Thunderstorms occur somewhat frequently in the summer, occasionally bringing heavy downpours, damaging winds, and hail. Tornado activity is relatively low in the area, although there have been a fair share of tornado warnings issued over the years. Due to its location along the United States eastern seaboard, Foxborough is somewhat vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms that threaten the region from late summer into early autumn.

Climate data for Foxborough, Massachusetts
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)68
(20)
70
(21)
90
(32)
96
(36)
96
(36)
97
(36)
102
(39)
102
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
78
(26)
76
(24)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C)36
(2)
40
(4)
48
(9)
59
(15)
70
(21)
78
(26)
83
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
62
(17)
52
(11)
41
(5)
60.25
(15.69)
Average low °F (°C)18
(−8)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
47
(8)
57
(14)
62
(17)
61
(16)
53
(12)
42
(6)
33
(1)
24
(−4)
40.25
(4.58)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−16
(−27)
−4
(−20)
14
(−10)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
42
(6)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
20
(−7)
4
(−16)
−14
(−26)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.78
(96)
3.68
(93)
4.81
(122)
4.39
(112)
3.65
(93)
4.08
(104)
3.91
(99)
3.91
(99)
3.66
(93)
4.35
(110)
4.46
(113)
4.52
(115)
49.2
(1,250)
Average snowfall inches (cm)15.0
(38)
11.9
(30)
9.6
(24)
2.6
(6.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2.1
(5.3)
11.5
(29)
52.8
(134)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)11.09.511.611.812.311.310.29.48.910.111.311.1128.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)7.35.94.81.1000000.21.25.225.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.3169.5213.9228.0266.6288.0300.7275.9237.0207.7144.0142.62,638.2
Source #1: Weather Channel [5]
Source #2: NOAA (extremes 1904–present), [6]

Demographics

Entire town

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1850 1,880    
1860 2,879+53.1%
1870 3,057+6.2%
1880 2,950−3.5%
1890 2,933−0.6%
1900 3,266+11.4%
1910 3,863+18.3%
1920 4,136+7.1%
1930 5,347+29.3%
1940 6,303+17.9%
1950 7,030+11.5%
1960 10,136+44.2%
1970 14,218+40.3%
1980 14,148−0.5%
1990 14,637+3.5%
2000 16,246+11.0%
2010 16,865+3.8%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16]

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 16,246 people, 6,141 households, and 4,396 families residing in the town. The population density was 809.1 people per square mile (312.4/km2). There were 6,299 housing units at an average density of 313.7 per square mile (121.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.09% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.

There were 6,141 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $64,323, and the median income for a family was $78,811. Based on data from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, these figures have risen to $92,370 as the median income for a household in the town and $108,209 as the median income for a family. [18] [19] [20] Males had a median income of $51,901 versus $35,748 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,294, but this figure has risen to $42,236. About 2.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Foxborough CDP

The built-up central business district is designated by the United States Census Bureau as the Foxborough Census Designated Place for record keeping purposes (this is common among many larger population New England towns.)

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 5,509 people, 2,486 households, and 1,372 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 730.9/km² (1,895.7/mi²). There were 2,576 housing units at an average density of 341.8/km² (886.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.57% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.

There were 2,486 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $50,431, and the median income for a family was $58,924. Males had a median income of $42,030 versus $35,370 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $31,245. About 4.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Foxborough is run by a five-member board of selectmen and elected town officials like the town moderator and town clerk. Day-to-day operations involving items under the Board of Selectmen's purview is handled by an appointed Town Manager.

Board of Selectmen (Term Ends)

Other town officials

The Town Hall is located at 40 South Street, Foxborough, MA 02035.

Education

Public schools

Foxborough has a public school system. The Foxborough Public Schools (FPS) district currently has an enrollment of over 3,000 children in grades from pre-school to grade 12.

Foxborough public schools:

Foxborough High School offers a wide variety of sports including: golf, track and field, football, soccer, cross country, volleyball, swim, basketball, wrestling, hockey, indoor track, cheerleading, lacrosse, baseball, tennis, and softball.

The mascot of the high school is the Warriors, whose colors are blue and gold.

The football team has won the Hockomock League title and also won the Division 2 Super Bowl various times, most recently in 2007 with a 21–10 victory over Burlington. Coincidentally, the Super Bowl win also gave coach Jack Martinelli his 200th win. During the 1987 and 1988 seasons, the Warriors won back to back Division 3 Super Bowls and went undefeated in 1988. This team featured 5 players that went on to play Division 1 college football (Chris Cady, Eric Matckie, Tom Nalen, Dan Sullivan, Rob Turenne). The cheerleading team has also earned recognition, making it to nationals for the first time in 2004 and then again in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008.

The golf team has produced many all-scholastic players and even state champions, as has the wrestling team. The boys' indoor track team were the Hockomock Champions in the 2006/2007 season. The field hockey team have been the Hockomock Champions several times in recent years.

Foxborough High School is also known for its music program, which includes a string orchestra, symphony orchestra, chorus, marching band, concert band, symphonic winds, winds ensemble and jazz band/choir. Many of these groups regularly place in competitions, but the Jazz Ensemble has been recognized in several Essentially Ellington competitions. The top 15 Jazz bands in the country send in recordings of themselves and judges judge the bands. Foxborough is known for being in the top 15 for several years.

Private schools

Points of interest

Memorial Hall Foxborough Hall.jpg
Memorial Hall

Notable people

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References

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  6. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved March 8, 2014.
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