Frýdek-Místek

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Frýdek-Místek
Frydek-Mistek Czech Republic2.jpg
Místek town square
Flag of Frydek-Mistek.svg
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Frydek Mistek CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
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Frýdek-Místek
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°41′17″N18°21′13″E / 49.68806°N 18.35361°E / 49.68806; 18.35361 Coordinates: 49°41′17″N18°21′13″E / 49.68806°N 18.35361°E / 49.68806; 18.35361
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Frýdek-Místek
First mentioned1267
Towns merged1943
Government
  MayorPetr Korč (NMFM)
Area
  Total51.56 km2 (19.91 sq mi)
Elevation
291 m (955 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01) [1]
  Total55,006
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
738 01
Website www.frydekmistek.cz

Frýdek-Místek (Czech pronunciation: [ˈfriːdɛk ˈmiːstɛk] , Polish : Frydek-Mistek; German : Friede(c)k-Mistek, Silesian : Frydek-Mistek) is a city in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It is the administrative centre of Frýdek-Místek District. It has about 55,000 inhabitants, and over 80,000 within its larger urban area. Frýdek-Místek is located at the confluence of the rivers Ostravice and Morávka in the foothills of the Beskyds near the borders of Poland 25 km (16 mi) and Slovakia 35 km (22 mi).

Contents

Administrative parts

The city is made up of seven city parts and villages: Frýdek, Místek, Chlebovice, Lískovec, Lysůvky, Skalice and Zelinkovice.

History

The city's history reaches back to the 13th century when a Gothic castle was constructed. The first written mention of Frýdek (as Friedberg) is from 1267. On January 1, 1943 the Germans joined the previously separate towns of Frýdek and Místek into a single town called Frýdek. In 1945 the city was renamed to its current name. In 2006 Frýdek-Místek became a statutory city. [2]

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186913,617    
188014,989+10.1%
189017,413+16.2%
190020,902+20.0%
191022,914+9.6%
192122,473−1.9%
193026,379+17.4%
195027,002+2.4%
YearPop.±%
196131,364+16.2%
197042,608+35.9%
198055,191+29.5%
199163,808+15.6%
200161,400−3.8%
201156,356−8.2%
202155,006−2.4%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic [3]

Climate

Winters are usually cold and cloudy; the days are short and snow precipitation is common. January's average temperature is about −5 °C (23 °F). Summers are usually warm, with plenty of rain. July's average temperature is about 18 °C (64 °F).

The highest temperature is +35.9 °C (96.6 °F), the lowest temperature is −34.8 °C (−30.6 °F).

Economy

In recent years, Frýdek-Místek and its surroundings have experienced rapid development, in part due to investments by international firms.

In Frýdek-Místek several conglomerates have its factories, including Korean Hanwha Group, the Dutch company Huisman - producer of lifting equipment, the Belgian Vyncke, which designs and builds green and clean energy plants, and other.

The food processing industry has a long tradition in the city, led by brands such as Marlenka (manufacturer of cakes and desserts) or Chodura – Beskydské uzeniny (meat products).

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Frýdek-Místek is twinned with: [4]

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. "Historie" (in Czech). Statutární město Frýdek-Místek. Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  3. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Frýdek-Místek" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  4. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Statutární město Frýdek-Místek. Retrieved 2020-06-12.