François-Louis(-Ferdinand) Henry (12 May 1786 – 22 February 1855) was a French baritone, who sang for about 35 years with the Opéra-Comique in Paris, where he created numerous leading roles. His stage name was Henri (or Henry).He has also been referred to as François-Louis Deshayes.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types. Originally from the Greek βαρύτονος (barýtonos), meaning heavy sounding, music for this voice is typically written in the range from the second F below middle C to the F above middle C (i.e. F2–F4) in choral music, and from the second A below middle C to the A above middle C (A2 to A4) in operatic music, but can be extended at either end. The baritone voice type is generally divided into the baryton-Martin baritone (light baritone), lyric baritone, Kavalierbariton, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, baryton-noble baritone, and the bass-baritone.
The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs. In 1762 the company was merged with, and for a time took the name of its chief rival the Comédie-Italienne at the Hôtel de Bourgogne, and was also called the Théâtre-Italien up to about 1793, when it again became most commonly known as the Opéra-Comique. Today the company's official name is Théâtre national de l'Opéra-Comique, and its theatre, with a capacity of around 1,248 seats, sometimes referred to as the Salle Favart, is located in Place Boïeldieu, in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, not far from the Palais Garnier, one of the theatres of the Paris Opéra. The musicians and others associated with the Opéra-Comique have made important contributions to operatic history and tradition in France, and to French opera. Its current mission is to reconnect with its history, and discover its unique repertoire, to ensure production and dissemination of operas for the wider public. Mainstays of the repertory at the Opéra-Comique during its history have included the following works which have each been performed more than 1,000 times by the company: Cavalleria Rusticana, Le chalet, La dame blanche, Le domino noir, La fille du régiment, Lakmé, Manon, Mignon, Les noces de Jeannette, Le pré aux clercs, Tosca, La bohème, Werther and Carmen, the last having been performed more than 2,500 times.
He was born in Versailles with the family name of Deshayes. Relatively little is known about his life, and during his career at the Opéra-Comique he was only identified as Henry or Henri. However, it is as good as certain that he is identical with François-Louis Henry, who attended, and later taught at, the Conservatoire de Paris.
The Conservatoire de Paris is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University. It is situated in the avenue Jean Jaurès in the 19th arrondissement of Paris, France. The Conservatoire offers instruction in music, dance, and drama, drawing on the traditions of the "French School".
Henry first attended the conservatory as a supernumerary, beginning on 13 May 1803. He became a coach (répétiteur) without pay on 23 May 1808 and professor of singing preparation (préparation au chant) on 1 July, again without pay.He was a student of Charles Simon Catel, a professor of harmony, and won a second prize in harmony in 1810.
On 1 April 1816 Henry was appointed to a paid position as professor of vocalization (vocalisation). 1821) and Cornélie Falcon (c. 1827–1828), who both later became leading sopranos at the Paris Opera. He became a professor of singing (chant) for a two-year trial (prior to 9 June 1835) and received his permanent position as professor of singing on 1 January 1837. He retired on 15 November 1842.Among his students were Julie Dorus (c.
Cornélie Falcon was a French soprano who sang at the Opéra in Paris. Her greatest success was creating the role of Valentine in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots. She possessed "a full, resonant voice" with a distinctive dark timbre and was an exceptional actress. Based on the roles written for her voice her vocal range spanned from low A-flat to high D, 2.5 octaves. She and the tenor Adolphe Nourrit are credited with being primarily responsible for raising artistic standards at the Opéra, and the roles in which she excelled came to be known as "falcon soprano" parts. She had an exceptionally short career, essentially ending about five years after her debut, when at the age of 23 she lost her voice during a performance of Niedermeyer's Stradella.
The Paris Opera is the primary opera and ballet company of France. It was founded in 1669 by Louis XIV as the Académie d'Opéra, and shortly thereafter was placed under the leadership of Jean-Baptiste Lully and officially renamed the Académie Royale de Musique, but continued to be known more simply as the Opéra. Classical ballet as it is known today arose within the Paris Opera as the Paris Opera Ballet and has remained an integral and important part of the company. Currently called the Opéra National de Paris, it mainly produces operas at its modern 2700-seat theatre Opéra Bastille which opened in 1989, and ballets and some classical operas at the older 1970-seat Palais Garnier which opened in 1875. Small scale and contemporary works are also staged in the 500-seat Amphitheatre under the Opéra Bastille.
The first record of Henry having sung at the Opéra-Comique is on 29 June 1813 in the premiere of Boieldieu's opera Le nouveau seigneur de village. The singer's most noteworthy creations there included Gaveston in Boieldieu's La dame blanche (1825) and Sergeant Sulpice in Donizetti's La fille du régiment (1840). He also sang at the premiere of George Onslow's opera Le duc de Guise . He continued to appear regularly with the company until 1849.
François-Adrien Boieldieu was a French composer, mainly of operas, often called "the French Mozart".
La dame blanche is an opéra comique in three acts by the French composer François-Adrien Boieldieu. The libretto was written by Eugène Scribe and is based on episodes from no fewer than five works of the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, including his novels The Monastery, Guy Mannering, and The Abbot. The opera has typical elements of the Romantic in its Gothic mode, including an exotic Scottish locale, a lost heir, a mysterious castle, a hidden fortune, and a ghost, in this case benevolent. The work was one of the first attempts to introduce the fantastic into opera and is a model for works such as Giacomo Meyerbeer's Robert le diable and Charles Gounod's Faust. The opera's musical style also heavily influenced later operas like Lucia di Lammermoor, I puritani and La jolie fille de Perth.
La fille du régiment is an opéra comique in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti, set to a French libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Jean-François Bayard. It was first performed on 11 February 1840 by the Paris Opéra-Comique at the Salle de la Bourse.
On 6 December 1846 Henry sang Brander in the premiere of Berlioz's La damnation de Faust , a concert performance at the Opéra-Comique conducted by the composer. He also sang the role under Berlioz on 15 March 1847 at the Mikhaylovsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, 18 April 1847 at the Maly Theatre in Moscow, and 10 June 1847 at the Neues Königliches Schauspielhaus in Berlin.
La damnation de Faust, Op. 24 is a work for four solo voices, full seven-part chorus, large children's chorus and orchestra by the French composer Hector Berlioz. He called it a "légende dramatique". It was first performed at the Opéra-Comique in Paris on 6 December 1846.
Maly Theatre is a theatre in Moscow, Russia, principally associated with the production of plays. Established in 1806 and operating on its present site on the Theatre Square since 1824, the theatre traces its history to the Moscow University drama company, established in 1756. In the 19th century, Maly was "universally recognized in Russia as the leading dramatic theatre of the century", and was the home stage for Mikhail Shchepkin and Maria Yermolova. 40 of Alexander Ostrovsky's 54 plays premiered at Maly, and the theatre was known as The House of Ostrovsky. The Maly Theatre in Moscow and Alexandrinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg "to a great extent determined the development of Russian theatre during the 19th and 20th century".
The Konzerthaus Berlin is a concert hall situated on the Gendarmenmarkt square in the central Mitte district of Berlin housing the German orchestra Konzerthausorchester Berlin. Built as a theatre from 1818 to 1821 under the name of the Schauspielhaus Berlin, later also known as the Theater am Gendarmenmarkt and Komödie, its usage changed to a concert hall after the Second World War and its name changed to its present one in 1994.
After about 1845 Henry was also active as a stage director at the Opéra-Comique.His stagings included the premieres of Halévy's 3-act Les mosquetaires de la reine on 3 February 1846, Xavier Boisselot's 3-act Ne touchez pas à la reine! on 16 January 1847, Halévy's 3-act Le val d'Andorre on 11 November 1848, and Armand Limnander's 3-act Les Monténégrins on 31 March 1849.
Henry's farewell performance was in 1850 (after his official retirement), when he performed Fortunatus in Auber's L'ambassadrice .
He died in Paris.
|29 June 1813||Le nouveau seigneur de village||François-Adrien Boieldieu|
|5 March 1816||La fête du village voisin||François-Adrien Boieldieu|
|18 October 1817||La clochette||Ferdinand Hérold|
|25 January 1823||Lord Hudson||Leicester||Daniel Auber|
|3 May 1825||Rica||Le maçon||Daniel Auber|
|10 December 1825||Gaveston||La dame blanche||François-Adrien Boieldieu|
|12 August 1826||Marie||Ferdinand Hérold|
|28 January 1830||Mathéo||Fra Diavolo||Daniel Auber|
|14 February 1831||corsaire||La veillée||Alexandre Paris|
|24 May 1834||Golofkin||Lestocq ou L'intrigue et l'amour||Daniel Auber|
|13 October 1835||Faribolini||Cosimo ou le peintre badigeonneur||Eugène Prévost|
|9 April 1836||Gilbert||Les chaperons blanc||Daniel Auber|
|13 October 1836||Biju||Le postillon de Lonjumeau||Adolphe Adam|
|8 September 1837||Larchant||Guise ou les états de Blois||George Onslow|
|21 March 1838||négociant||Lequel? ou Le fils et orphelin||Aimé Leborne|
|30 March 1838||Pierre-le-Grand||Le perruquier de la Régence||Ambroise Thomas|
|18 June 1838||Maître Birminstel||Marguerite||Adrien-Louis Boieldieu|
|31 October 1838||Sergeant Toby||Le brasseur de Preston||Adolphe Adam|
|15 November 1838||John Porter||Lady Melvil, ou Le joaillier de Saint-James||Albert Grisar|
|15 April 1839||3rd Neapolitan||Les treize||Fromental Halévy|
|14 June 1839||Bambolino Bambolini||Polichinelle||Alexandre Montfort|
|2 September 1839||Sheriff Turner||Le shérif||Fromental Halévy|
|11 February 1840||Sergeant Sulpice||La fille du régiment||Gaetano Donizetti|
|6 March 1841||Rebolledo||Les diamants de la couronne||Daniel Auber|
|8 August 1841||Marcelin||Camille ou le souterrain (revival)||Nicolas Dalayrac|
|17 August 1841||L'aïeule||Adrien-Louis Boieldieu|
|1 December 1841||Doctor Magnus||La jeunesse de Charles-Quint||Alexandre Montfort|
|17 January 1842||Babylas||Le diable à l'école||Ernest Boulanger|
|4 February 1842||Mugnoz||Le duc d'Olonne||Daniel Auber|
|20 April 1843||Sheriff Bolbury||Le puits d'amour||Michael William Balfe|
|14 September 1843||John-Bred||Lambert Simnel||Hippolyte Monpou|
|10 February 1844||Tomassi||Cagliostro||Adolphe Adam|
|26 March 1844||Bolbaya||La sirène||Daniel Auber|
|10 February 1845||Shepherd||Les bergers trumeaux||Louis Clapisson|
|9 August 1845||Major Krifkraffen||Le ménétrier ou Les deux duchesses||Théodore Labarre|
|15 May 1846||Goulard||Le trompette de Monsieur le Prince||François Bazin|
|19 November 1846||Lord Catesby||Gibby la cornemuse||Louis Clapisson|
|11 November 1848||Grand Syndic||Le val d'Andorre||Fromental Halévy|
|3 January 1849||Aboul-y-far||Le caïd||Ambroise Thomas|
Louis Joseph Ferdinand Hérold, better known as Ferdinand Hérold, was a French operatic composer of Alsatian descent who also wrote many pieces for the piano, orchestra, and the ballet. He is best known today for the ballet La fille mal gardée and the overture to the opera Zampa.
Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny was a French composer and a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts (1813).
La rencontre imprévue, ou Les pèlerins de la Mecque Wq. 32 is a three-act opéra comique, composed in 1763 by Christoph Willibald Gluck to a libretto by Louis Dancourt after the 1726 comédie en vaudevilleLes pèlerins de la Mecque by Alain-René Lesage and d'Orneval. The death of Isabella of Parma, the archduke's wife, occasioned a revision of the spoken text downplaying the feigned death by which princess Rezia tests her beloved. The work was first performed in this form as La rencontre imprévue at the Burgtheater, Vienna on 7 January 1764. Dancourt's original text, titled Les pèlerins de la Mecque and designated as a comédie mêlée d'ariettes, was not premiered until 1990.
Gustave III, ou Le bal masqué is an opéra historique or grand opera in five acts by Daniel Auber, with a libretto by Eugène Scribe.
Les mariages samnites is an opéra comique, described as a drame lyrique, in three acts by André Grétry, The French text was by Barnabé Farmain de Rosoi based on a work by Jean François Marmontel.
Guillaume Tell is an opéra comique, described as a drame mise en musique, in three acts by André Grétry, The French text was by Michel-Jean Sedaine based on a play of the same name by Antoine-Marin Lemierre.
Le cheval de bronze is an opéra comique by the French composer Daniel Auber, first performed on 23 March 1835 by the Opéra-Comique at the Salle de la Bourse in Paris. The libretto is by Auber's regular collaborator, Eugène Scribe and the piece was a great success in its day. In 1857, it was transformed into an opera-ballet, but this did not hold the stage. The overture is one of Auber's most popular. The first-act finale expands on the final phrases from the first-act finale of Mozart's Così fan tutte. The composer tried to reflect the Chinese setting of the story in the music.
Les diamants de la couronne is an opéra comique by the French composer Daniel Auber, first performed by the Opéra-Comique at the second Salle Favart in Paris on 6 March 1841. The libretto is by Auber's regular collaborator, Eugène Scribe with the help of Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges.
Albert Grisar was a Belgian composer.
L'amant statue is an opera in one act by composer Nicolas Dalayrac with a French libretto by Fouques Desfontaines. The opera was premiered by the Comédie-Italienne at the first Salle Favart in Paris on 4 August 1785. It was revived on 30 September 1802 at the Salle Feydeau.
Jean Elleviou was a French operatic tenor, one of the most celebrated French singers of his time.
L'école de la jeunesse ou Le Barnevelt françois is an opéra comique in three acts by the composer Egidio Duni. The libretto, by Louis Anseaume, is based on George Lillo's play The London Merchant or The History of George Barnwell (1731). The opera was first performed at the Opéra-Comique, Paris on 24 January 1765.
Caroline Girard was a French operatic soprano. She was the mother of Juliette Simon-Girard.
Jean-Pierre Solié was a French cellist and operatic singer. He began as a tenor, but switched and became well known as a baritone. He sang most often at the Paris Opéra-Comique. He also became a prolific composer, writing primarily one-act comic operas.
Les rendez-vous bourgeois is an opéra bouffon in one act by Nicolas Isouard to a French libretto by François Benoît Hoffmann, in the form of an opéra comique with spoken dialogue between the musical numbers. The work was first performed by the Opéra-Comique at the Salle Feydeau in Paris on 9 May 1807.
Marc Bonnehée was a French opera singer who sang leading baritone roles at the Paris Opera (1853–1864) and at the Opéra de Toulouse.
Henri Valentino was a French conductor and violinist. From 1824 to 1832, he was co-conductor of the Paris Opera, where he prepared and conducted the premieres of the first two grand operas, Auber's La muette de Portici and Rossini's Guillaume Tell. From 1832 to 1836, he was First Conductor of the Opéra-Comique, and from 1837 to 1841, conductor of classical music at the Concerts Valentino in a hall on the rue Saint-Honoré in Paris.
Joseph-Antoine-Charles Couderc was a French operatic tenor prominent on the stages of the Opéra Comique in Paris where he created numerous roles.
Toussaint-Eugène-Ernest Mocker was a French opera singer and stage director. In his 30-year career as a principal singer at the Théâtre Impérial de l'Opéra-Comique he created numerous roles in the company's world premieres and from 1860 served as a stage director there. In his later years he was a singing teacher at the Conservatoire de Paris.
Louis-Barthélémy Pradher was a French composer, pianist and music educator.