François Clary

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François Clary
Francois Clary (1725-1794).jpg
François Clary (1725–1794)
Full name
François Clary
Born(1725-02-24)24 February 1725
Saint-Ferréol, Marseille, Kingdom of France
Died20 January 1794(1794-01-20) (aged 68)
Marseille, French First Republic
Noble family Clary
Spouse(s)
Gabrielle Fléchon
(m. 1751;died 1758)

Françoise Rose Somis
(m. 1759)
Issue
FatherJoseph Clary
MotherFrançoise Agnès Ammoric

François Clary (24 February 1725 – 20 January 1794) was a wealthy French merchant and is an ancestor of many European monarchs by two of his daughters. He was the father of Julie Clary, married to Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples and Sicily and of Spain and the Indies, as well as brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was also the father of Désirée Clary, who at first was engaged to Napoleon and later married Jean Baptiste Bernadotte who became Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway.

Julie Clary Queen consort of Naples and Spain

Marie Julie Clary, was Queen consort of Spain and the Indies, Naples and Sicily she was depicted in portraiture as the spouse of Joseph Bonaparte, who was King of Naples and Sicily from January 1806 to June 1808, and later King of Spain and the Spanish West Indies from 25 June 1808 to June 1813.

Joseph Bonaparte elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte

Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte, born Giuseppe di Buonaparte was a French diplomat and nobleman, the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily, and later King of Spain. After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers.

Désirée Clary Queen of Sweden and Norway

Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary, in Swedish officially Eugenia Bernhardina Desideria, was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XIV John, a former French general and founder of the House of Bernadotte. She was the mother of Oscar I, and one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. She officially changed her name there to Desideria, which she did not use herself.

Contents

Biography

François Clary was born on 24 February 1725 in Saint-Ferréol, Marseille, Kingdom of France, to Joseph Clary (1693–1748) and his wife, Françoise Agnès Ammoric (1705–1776), who were married on 27 February 1724 in Marseille. His grandparents were Jacques Clary (1673–1696) and Catherine Barosse (1673–1757), who were married on 24 November 1690 in Marseille. His great grandparents were Antoine Clary and Marguerite Canolle. François Clary lived in Marseille and ran an import and export business. In trade with coffee and other colonial products he acquired great wealth. François Clary died on 20 January 1794 in Marseille, French Republic, aged 68.

Marseille Second-largest city of France and prefecture of Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur

Marseille is the second-largest city of France. The main city of the historical province of Provence, it is the prefecture of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It is located on the Mediterranean coast near the mouth of the Rhône. The city covers an area of 241 km2 (93 sq mi) and had a population of 852,516 in 2012. Its metropolitan area, which extends over 3,173 km2 (1,225 sq mi) is the third-largest in France after Paris and Lyon, with a population of 1,831,500 as of 2010.

Marriage and issue

On 13 April 1751 he married his first wife Gabrielle Fléchon (1732–1758) in Église Notre-Dame-des-Accoules, Marseille. They were parents of four children:

Gabrielle Fléchon died on 3 May 1758. On 26 June 1759 he married his second wife Françoise Rose Somis (Marseille, 30 August 1737 – Paris, 28 January 1815), daughter of Joseph Ignace Somis and Catherine Rose Soucheiron, in Église Saint-Ferréol les Augustins, Marseille. They had nine children.

Église Saint-Ferréol les Augustins Church in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The Église Saint-Ferréol les Augustins is a Roman Catholic church in Marseille.

Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway between 1818-1844. Prince of Ponte Corvo 1806-1810 and French field marshal

Charles XIV John or Carl John, from 1818 until his death was King of Sweden and King of Norway and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818. He was also the sovereign Prince of Pontecorvo, in south-central Italy, from 1806 until 1810.

Descendants

François Clary and Françoise Rose Somis had 19 grandchildren, they include:

Oscar I of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway between 1844-1859

Oscar I was King of Sweden and Norway from 8 March 1844 until his death. He was the second monarch of the House of Bernadotte.

Josephine of Leuchtenberg Swedish queen

Joséphine of Leuchtenberg or Joséphine de Beauharnais was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Oscar I, as well as Princess of Bologna from birth and Duchess of Galliera from 1813. She was known as Queen Josefina, and was regarded to be politically active during the reign of her spouse. She acted as his political adviser and actively participated in state affairs. She was particularly active within the laws of religion in Sweden and Norway, and is attributed to have introduced more liberal laws regarding religion.

Eugène de Beauharnais French general and adoptive son of Napoleon I

Eugène Rose de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg was the first child and only son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, first wife of Napoleon I.

The royal descendants of François Clary and Françoise Rose Somis include:

Julie Clary (1771–1845), Queen consort of Naples and Sicily and Queen consort of Spain and the Indies; Désirée Clary (1777–1860), Queen consort of Sweden and Norway; Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (1799–1859); Carl XV of Sweden and Norway (1826–1872); Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (1829–1907); Louise of Sweden (1851–1926), Queen consort of Denmark; Gustaf V of Sweden (1858–1950); Christian X of Denmark (1870–1847); Haakon VII of Norway (1872–1957); Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973); Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972); Märtha of Sweden, Crown Princess of Norway (1901-1954); Olav V of Norway (1903–1991); Astrid of Sweden (1905–1935), Queen consort of Belgium; Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000), Queen consort of Denmark; Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005), Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg; Baudouin of Belgium (1930–1993); Albert II of Belgium (born 1934); Harald V of Norway (born 1937); Margrethe II of Denmark (born 1940); Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (born 1946); Anne-Marie of Denmark (born 1946), Queen consort of Greece; Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (born 1955); Philippe of Belgium (born 1960).

Charles XV of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway between 1859-1872

Charles XV & IV also Carl ; Swedish: Karl XV and Norwegian: Karl IV was King of Sweden and Norway from 1859 until his death. Though known as King Charles XV in Sweden, he was actually the ninth Swedish king by that name, as his predecessor Charles IX had adopted a numeral according to a fictitious history of Sweden.

Oscar II of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway

Oscar II was King of Sweden from 1872 until his death, and the last Bernadotte King of Norway from 1872 until his dethronement in 1905.

Louise of Sweden Queen consort of Denmark

Louise of Sweden, was Queen of Denmark as the spouse of King Frederick VIII. She was the only surviving child of Charles XV of Sweden and his consort, Louise of the Netherlands.

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Clary is the surname of:

References

    Further reading