Frances Fitzgerald Elmes

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Frances Fitzgerald Elmes (23 April 1867 – 1919) was a British-Australian feminist writer and columnist based in Melbourne and London. [1] [2] [3]



Frances Fitzgerald Elmes was born in Somerset, England, 23 April 1867. She emigrated to Australia with her family and was raised in Berwick, Victoria, where her father was a medical practitioner. She became a journalist and wrote for The Australasian , The Argus and, after returning to England in 1905, the British Australasian. Her columns, short stories, two books and a play appeared under a variety of pen names, including F. F. Elmes, Frances Fitzgerald, F. F., and Frances Fitzgerald Fawkner. [2]

In London, Elmes established a relationship with the British Australasian's editor, Charles Henry Chomley (who was married to her close friend Ethel Chomley), during which she is reported to have had two children, a son in 1906 and a daughter in 1908. The relationship was apparently accepted by Chomley's wife and mother. [4] [5]

Elmes died in London in 1919 during the Spanish flu epidemic. After her death, her children were brought up by their father and his wife. [4]

Selected works

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  1. 1 2 "Frances Fitzgerald", AustLit, University of Queensland.
  2. 1 2 Peter Morton, Lusting for London: Australian Expatriate Writers at the Hub of Empire, 1870–1950, Palgrave MacMillan, 2011, 84–85, 255, note 27.
  3. Laura Olcelli, Questions of Authority: Italian and Australian Travel Narratives of the Long Nineteenth Century, New York and Oxford: Routledge, 2017, 159–160.
  4. 1 2 Brenda Niall, The Boyds, Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing, 2007, 150.
  5. Brenda Niall, Martin Boyd: A Life, Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Press, 1990 [1988], 74–76.

Further reading