Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron le Despencer

Last updated

The Lord le Despencer

Francis Baron le Despencer by Nathaniel Dance-Holland.jpg
2nd Postmaster-General
In office
Prime MinisterVarious
Preceded by The Earl of Bessborough
Succeeded by The Viscount Barrington
Master of the Great Wardrobe
In office
Monarch George III
Preceded by The Earl Gower
Succeeded by The Earl of Ashburnham
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
Prime Minister The Earl of Bute
Preceded by The Viscount Barrington
Succeeded by George Grenville
Treasurer of the Chamber
In office
Monarch George III
Preceded by Charles Townshend
Succeeded by Sir Gilbert Elliot
Member of Parliament
for New Romney
In office
Preceded by Sir Robert Austen
Succeeded by Thomas Knight
Personal details
BornDecember 1708
Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died11 December 1781(1781-12-11) (aged 72–73)
West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England
Political party Tory
Alma mater Eton College

Francis Dashwood, 11th Baron le Despencer, PC, FRS (December 1708 – 11 December 1781) was an English rake and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (1762–1763) and founder of the Hellfire Club.



Early life

Dashwood was born in Great Marlborough Street, London, in December 1708. [lower-alpha 1] He was only son of Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet (died 1724), and his second wife Mary, eldest daughter of Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland. [2] [lower-alpha 2]

Dashwood was educated at Eton College where he became associated with William Pitt the Elder. Upon the death of his father on 4 November 1724, Dashwood, who was only fifteen, inherited his father's estates and the Baronetcy of Dashwood of West Wycombe. [1] [lower-alpha 3]

Grand tours

Dashwood spent his youth and early adulthood abroad gaining a reputation for notoriety while travelling around Europe. He impersonated Charles XII while in Russia and attempted to seduce Tsarina Anne, and was later expelled from the Papal states. [4]

His sojourns abroad did also include classical aspects of the European Grand Tour. After travelling to France and then returning via Germany to England between January and September 1726, he did not venture abroad again until 1729, when he was away for two years returning in 1731. During this time he visited Italy (he was to return to Italy between 1739 and 1741 when stayed in Florence and Rome and visited Leghorn and the excavations at Herculaneum).

While in Italy he befriended the philosopher and theologian Antonio Niccolini (1701–1769). In 1733—between the visits to Italy—Dashwood accompanied George, Lord Forbes, envoy-extraordinary, to St Petersburg, stopping on the way at Copenhagen. In the opinion of Patrick Woodland, the author of his biography in the ODNB (2004), "His intelligent and discriminating diary of this expedition offers important first-hand descriptions of both capitals at this date". [1]

Dilettanti Society and the Divan Club

In 1732 Dashwood formed a dining club called the Society of Dilettanti with around 40 charter members (some of whom may have been members of Wharton's original club) who had returned from the Grand Tour with a greater appreciation of classical art. William Hogarth drew Sir Francis Dashwood at his Devotions for Dilettante Viscount Boyne. [5] "[I]f not the actual projector and founder of the Dilettanti Society, he was certainly its leading member in 1736". [6] He took a prominent part in the proceedings of the Dilettanti Society, and in 1742 George Knapton painted Dashwood's portrait for the Society. On 2 March 1746, when John, Earl of Sandwich was suspended from his office of archmaster for "his misbehaviour to and contempt of the Society", Dashwood was elected in his place. Dashwood presented to the King various petitions from the society when it was seeking to acquire a permanent home. [7]

In 1740, Dashwood was in Florence with Horace Walpole, Gray, and others, and shortly afterwards, got into trouble with Sir Horace Mann; there he had also made the acquaintance of Lady Mary Wortley-Montagu. By 1743 Horace Walpole was not impressed and described the Dilettanti Society as "a club for which the nominal qualification is having been to Italy, and the real one, being drunk; the two chiefs are Lord Middlesex and Sir Francis Dashwood, who were seldom sober the whole time they were in Italy". [8]

However, the society did increasingly have a serious side, and Dashwood's work in that field resulted in his election as a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in June 1746,[ citation needed ] and a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (FSA) in June 1769[ citation needed ]. He also became a member of the Lincoln Club in the mid-1740s and of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce in 1754. He had connections with the Spalding Society and became vice-president of both the Foundling Hospital and the General Medical Asylum. [1]

Dashwood in Divan Club attire. Sirfrancisdashwood.jpg
Dashwood in Divan Club attire.

In 1744 he and fellow Dilettante the Earl of Sandwich founded the short-lived Divan Club for those who had visited the Ottoman Empire to share their experiences, but this club was disbanded two years later. [9]


On his return to England he obtained a minor post in the household of Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and this connection, coupled with the dismissal of his uncle the Earl of Westmorland from his colonelcy of the first troop of horse guards, made Dashwood a violent opponent of Walpole's administration. [10] He sponsored alleged spy-master Lord Melcombe’s membership of the Dilettanti. [11]

During the general election of 1741 Dashwood fought vigorously against Walpole's supporters, and secured a seat for himself at New Romney on 5 May. In Parliament he followed Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys, and vehemently attacked Sir Robert Walpole, declaring that abroad he was looked upon with contempt. Walpole's fall made no difference to Dashwood's position, and as a courtier of Frederick Lewis he was in chronic opposition to all George II's governments. [12]

In 1747 he introduced a poor-relief bill that recommended commissioning public works, such as the Hellfire Caves he later had excavated at West Wycombe Park, to combat unemployment, but it failed to pass. [13]

Dashwood was re-elected for New Romney on 26 June 1747, and in January 1751 made a rather ostentatious disavowal of Jacobitism, of which Andrew Stone and others of George, Prince of Wales household were suspected. At Leicester House Dashwood abetted the influence of George Bubb Dodington (Lord Melcombe), and opposed the Regency Bill of 15 May 1751. [14] On 13 April 1749 he was created D.C.L. of Oxford University, and on 19 June 1746 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society [15]

The Hellfire Club

Portrait by William Hogarth from the late 1750s, parodying Renaissance images of Francis of Assisi. The bible has been replaced by a copy of the erotic novel Elegantiae Latini sermonis, and the profile of his friend Lord Sandwich peers from the halo. Hogarth Dashwood.jpg
Portrait by William Hogarth from the late 1750s, parodying Renaissance images of Francis of Assisi. The bible has been replaced by a copy of the erotic novel Elegantiae Latini sermonis, and the profile of his friend Lord Sandwich peers from the halo.

He was too young to have been a member of the very first Hellfire Club founded by Philip, Duke of Wharton in 1719 and disbanded in 1721, but he and John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich are alleged to have been members of a Hellfire Club that met at the George and Vulture Inn throughout the 1730s. [18]

According to the 1779 book Nocturnal Revels, on the Grand Tour he had visited various religious seminaries, "founded, as it were, in direct contradiction to Nature and Reason; on his return to England, [he] thought that a burlesque Institution in the name of St Francis, would mark the absurdity of such Societies; and in lieu of the austerities and abstemiousness there practised, substitute convivial gaiety, unrestrained hilarity, and social felicity".[ citation needed ]

The first meeting of the group known facetiously as Brotherhood of St. Francis of Wycombe, [19] Order of Knights of West Wycombe was held at Sir Francis' family home in West Wycombe on Walpurgis Night in 1752. The initial meeting was something of a failure and the club subsequently moved their meetings to Medmenham Abbey (about 6 miles from West Wycombe) where they called themselves the Monks of Medmenham. [20]

About 1755 Dashwood founded the famous "Hell-fire Club", or "monks of Medmenham Abbey". Medmenham Abbey, formerly belonging to the Cistercian order, was beautifully situated on the banks of the Thames near Marlow, Buckinghamshire. [12] It was rented, from Francis Duffield, [21] by Dashwood, his half-brother Sir John Dashwood-King, his cousin Sir Thomas Stapleton, Paul Whitehead, John Wilkes, and others to the number of twelve, who frequently resorted thither during the summer. [22] They had it rebuilt by the architect Nicholas Revett in the style of the 18th century Gothic revival. [21] It is thought that Hogarth may have executed murals for this building; none, however, survive. [21]

Over the grand entrance was placed, in stained glass, the famous inscription on Rabelais' abbey of Theleme, "Fay ce que voudras", the "monks" were called Franciscans, from Dashwood's Christian name, and they amused themselves with obscene parodies of Franciscan rites, and with orgies of drunkenness and debauchery which even John Almon, himself no prude, shrank from describing. [12]

Dashwood, the most profane of that blasphemous crew, acted as a sort of high priest, and used a communion cup to pour out libations to heathen deities. He had not even the excuse of comparative youth to palliate his conduct; he was approaching fifty, and thus ten years older than Thomas Potter whom Almon describes as the worst of the set and the corrupter of Wilkes; he was nearly twenty years older than Wilkes, and two years older than "the aged Paul" (Whitehead), who acted as secretary and steward of the order of ill-fame, and was branded by Charles Churchill as "a disgrace to manhood". [23] As a contrast to Medmenham Abbey, Dashwood erected a church on a neighbouring hill, which, as Churchill put it in "The Ghost", might "serve for show, if not for prayer", and Wilkes was equally caustic in his references to Dashwood's church "built on the top of a hill for the convenience and devotion of the town at the bottom of it". [24]

Later political career

On 15 April 1754 Dashwood was re-elected to parliament for New Romney, and when the Buckinghamshire militia was raised on the outbreak of the Seven Years' War in 1757, Dashwood became its first colonel with Wilkes as his lieutenant-colonel. In the same year he made a praiseworthy effort to save the life of Admiral John Byng. [25]

On 28 March 1761 he found a new seat in Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (UK Parliament constituency); he was re-elected on 9 June 1762 on his appointment as Chancellor of the Exchequer, which he owed to his dependence upon Bute. "Of financial knowledge he did not possess the rudiments, and his ignorance was all the more conspicuous from the great financial ability of his predecessor Legge. His budget speech was so confused and incapable that it was received with shouts of laughter. An excise of four shillings in the hogshead, to be paid by the grower, which he imposed on cider and perry, raised a resistance through the cider counties hardly less furious than that which had been directed against the excise scheme of Walpole". [26] Dashwood accordingly retired with Bute from the ministry on 8 April 1763, receiving the sinecure Keepership of the Wardrobe. [27]

On the 19 April he was summoned to Parliament as 11th Baron Le Despencer, the abeyance into which that barony had fallen on 26 August 1762, on the death of his uncle, John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland and 10th Baron Le Despencer, being thus terminated in Dashwood's favour. [lower-roman 1]

He was now premier baronet of England, and in the same year he was made Lord-Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire, being succeeded in the colonelcy of the militia by John Wilkes. [27] As Lord Le Despencer he now sank into comparative respectability and insignificance. He took a disgraceful part with John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, in raking up charges against their common friend Wilkes in connection with the Essay on Woman, and during Lord North's long administration from 1770 to 1781 he was joint Postmaster General. When, however, Chatham fell down in a swoon during his last speech in the House of Lords, Despencer was almost the only peer who came to his assistance. He died at West Wycombe after a long illness on 11 December 1781, [28] and was buried in the mausoleum he had built there. His wife had died on 19 January 1769, and was also buried at Wycombe. [27]


West Wycombe Park North Front of West Wycombe.jpg
West Wycombe Park

On 29 May 1744 Horace Walpole wrote: "Dashwood (Lady Carteret's quondam lover) has stolen a great fortune, a Miss Bateman; [29] but this match was not effected, and on 19 December 1745 Dashwood married at St. George's, Hanover Square, Sarah, daughter of George Gould of Iver, Buckinghamshire, and widow of Sir Richard Ellis, third baronet of Wyham, Lincolnshire, who died on 14 January 1742. [30] Horace Walpole described her as "a poor forlorn Presbyterian prude"; [31] His marriage had no effect upon Dashwood's profligacy; according to Wraxall he "far exceeded in licentiousness of conduct any model exhibited since Charles II". [32]

Dashwood left no legitimate issue, and the Barony of Le Despencer again fell into abeyance. One pretender to his title was his illegitimate daughter Rachel Fanny Antonina Dashwood, [33] another was his sister Rachel, widow of Sir Robert Austen, 4th Baronet of Bexley, Kent, illegally assumed the title Baroness Le Despencer, but on her death the abeyance was once more terminated in favour of her cousin, Thomas Stapleton, 12th Baron. His granddaughter, Mary Frances Elizabeth, succeeded in 1848 as 13th Baroness, and her son, Evelyn Edward Thomas Boscawen, 17th Viscount Falmouth, succeeded as 14th Baron Le Despencer on 25 November 1891 — see Baron le Despencer. Dashwood's baronetcy passed, on his death, to his half brother, Sir John Dashwood-King (1716-1793) [27]


Francis Dashwood has appeared in literary works by the following authors:


Film and TV

See also


  1. Dashwood was baptised in St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate on 23 December 1708. [1]
  2. Francis Dashwood's father, Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet, married four times; his second wife was Mary, the eldest daughter of Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland, Baron Le Despencer and Burghersh.
    Francis and Mary had two children: a son Francis and a daughter Rachael. Sir Francis also had two surviving daughters from his first marriage, and two daughters and two sons from his third. So Francis Dashwood had a sister Rachael, and six half siblings.
  3. When the 7th Earl of Westmorland died childless, the Earldom of Westmorland passed to Thomas Fane, a direct male descendant of the 1st Earl. The title of Baron le Despencer, passed through his mother Mary to Francis Dashwood. [lower-roman 1] [3]
  4. Dashwood's portrait, painted by George Knapton, belongs to the Dilettanti Society; he is represented as one of the monks of Medmenham, holding a goblet inscribed "Matri Sanctorum", and in an attitude of devotion before a figure of the Venus de' Medici ; the motive of the picture is "both indecorous and profane" [16] Another portrait of Dashwood, painted by Hogarth, has been engraved, and a third, anonymous, in 1900 belonged to Viscount Dillon at Ditchley, it is reproduced in Barker's edition of Walpole's Memoirs of George III. [17]
  1. 1 2 John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland, died without issue, in 1762, when the barony of Le Despencer, being a barony in fee, devolved upon his nephew Sir Francis Dashwood, bart. (the subject of this article); but the earldom of Westmorland went to the male heir, Thomas Fane, of Bristol, merchant, son of Henry Fane, (d. 1726,) attorney at law, grandson of Sir Francis Fane, K.B. and great grandson of Sir Francis Fane, of Fulbeck, co. Lincoln, K.B. the third son of Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland.(Debrett 1820 , 160)


  1. 1 2 3 4 Woodland 2004.
  2. Pollard 1901, p. 112.
  3. Edmondson 1785, p. 117.
  4. Pollard 1901 , pp. 112–113 Horace Wapole, Memoirs of George III, ed. Barker, i. 237 ; Cust, Dilettanti Soc. pp. 9-10.
  5. Ashe 2000, p. 100.
  6. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Cust, p. 9.
  7. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Cust, pp. 30, 61 sqq.
  8. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Horace Walpole Letters, i. 240.
  9. Ashe 2000, p. 102.
  10. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Horace Walpole, Letters, ed. Cunningham, i. 136.
  11. Ashe 2000, p. 104.
  12. 1 2 3 Pollard 1901, p. 113.
  13. BBC staff 2003, p. 1.
  14. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cf. Bubb Dodington, Diary, ed. 1809, pp. 6, 7, 59, 72.
  15. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Thomson, Royal Soc. App. p. xliv.
  16. Pollard 1901, p. 114 cites Cust, Dilettanti Soc. p. 217; Almon, Mem. of Wilkes, iii. 59.
  17. Pollard 1901, p. 114 Walpole's Memoirs of George III, cites 1894, i. 204.
  18. Ashe 2000, p. 65.
  19. Ashe 2000, p. 111.
  20. Ashe 2000, p. 112.
  21. 1 2 3 Ashe 2000, p. 118.
  22. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites John Almon, Mem. and Corr. of John Wilkes, iii. 60-3.
  23. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 notes see Charles Johnston, Chrysal, 1768, iii. 231-280, for a full account of the proceedings of the "monks").
  24. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cite Wilkes Memoirs, ed. Almon, iii. 57-59.
  25. Pollard 1901 , p. 114 cites Walpole, Mem. of George II, ii. 318, 323 sqq., 336.
  26. Pollard 1901 , p. 114 cites Lecky, History, ed. 1892, iii. 224.
  27. 1 2 3 4 Pollard 1901, p. 114.
  28. Pollard 1901 , p. 114 cites Gent. Mag. 1781, p. 594.
  29. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Horace Walpole Letters, i. 303.
  30. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Reg. of Marr., St. George's, Hanover Square, Harl. Soc. i. 35.
  31. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Horace Walpole Letters, ii. 11.
  32. Pollard 1901 , p. 113 cites Wraxall Memoirs, ed. Wheatley, ii. 18-19.
  33. Richard Garnett, ‘Lee , Rachel Fanny Antonina (1773?–1829)’, rev. J. Gilliland, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 30 January 2015

Related Research Articles

Hellfire Club any of several exclusive clubs for society rakes in 18th-century Britain and Ireland

Hellfire Club was a name for several exclusive clubs for high society rakes established in Britain and Ireland in the 18th century. The name is most commonly used to refer to Sir Francis Dashwood's Order of the Friars of St. Francis of Wycombe. Such clubs were rumoured to be the meeting places of "persons of quality" who wished to take part in socially perceived immoral acts, and the members were often involved in politics. Neither the activities nor membership of the club are easy to ascertain. The clubs were rumoured to have distant ties to an elite society known only as The Order of the Second Circle.

West Wycombe village in the United Kingdom

West Wycombe is a small village situated along the A40 road, three miles west of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England.

Hellfire Caves

The Hellfire Caves are a network of man-made chalk and flint caverns which extend 0.25 miles (400 m) underground. They are situated above the village of West Wycombe, at the southern edge of the Chiltern Hills near High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, Southeast England.

Medmenham a village located in Wycombe, United Kingdom

Medmenham {pronounced /ˈmɛdənəm/} is a village and civil parish in the Wycombe district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is on the River Thames, about 3 12 miles (5.6 km) southwest of Marlow and 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Henley-on-Thames.

Earl of Westmorland Title in the peerage of England

Earl of Westmorland is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. The title was first created in 1397 for Ralph Neville. It was forfeited in 1571 by Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland for leading the Rising of the North. It was revived in 1624 in favour of Sir Francis Fane, whose mother, Mary Neville, was a descendant of a younger son of the first Earl. The first Earl of the first creation had already become Baron Neville de Raby, and that was a subsidiary title for his successors. The current Earl holds the subsidiary title Baron Burghersh (1624).

Baron le Despencer

Baron le Despencer is a title that has been created several times by writ in the Peerage of England.

West Wycombe Park Country house in West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

West Wycombe Park is a country house built between 1740 and 1800 near the village of West Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England. It was conceived as a pleasure palace for the 18th-century libertine and dilettante Sir Francis Dashwood, 2nd Baronet. The house is a long rectangle with four façades that are columned and pedimented, three theatrically so. The house encapsulates the entire progression of British 18th-century architecture from early idiosyncratic Palladian to the Neoclassical, although anomalies in its design make it architecturally unique. The mansion is set within an 18th-century landscaped park containing many small temples and follies, which act as satellites to the greater temple, the house.

Society of Dilettanti club to study ancient Greek and Roman art

The Society of Dilettanti is a British society of noblemen and scholars that sponsors the study of ancient Greek and Roman art, and the creation of new work in the style.

Benjamin Edward Bates II was a British physician, art connoisseur, and socialite. Born into wealth, he was a prominent member of society and was selected to become a member of the Sir Francis Dashwood's Hellfire Club, The Monks of Medmenham. He is the great-great grandfather of Benjamin Bates IV, founder of Bates College.

Dashwood baronets

There have been two baronetcies created for members of the Dashwood family, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of Great Britain. Both creations are extant as of 2008.

Sir John Dashwood-King, 4th Baronet was a British Tory politician and country gentleman.

Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet, of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, London, and West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, was a British merchant, landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 to 1713.

Thomas Fane, 8th Earl of Westmorland was a British MP for Lyme Regis and a lord commissioner of trade. He was an ancestor of the writer George Orwell.

John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland British politician

John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland, styled The Honourable John Fane from 1691 to 1733 and Lord Catherlough from 1733 to 1736, was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in three separate stretches between 1708 and 1734.

Colonel George Fane was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1663. He fought in the Royalist army in the English Civil War.

Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland English Earl

Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland, styled The Honourable Vere Fane from 1644 to 1661 and Sir Vere Fane from 1661 to 1691, was a British peer and Member of Parliament for Peterborough and twice for Kent.

Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland English earl

Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland, styled The Honourable Thomas Fane from 1691 to 1699, was a British peer and member of the House of Lords. He was the third son of Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland and his wife Rachel Bence; as well as the younger brother of Vere Fane, and the older brother of John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland. As his older brother Vere died without issue in 1699, Thomas Fane inherited the Earldom of Westmorland, as well as his brother's further titles Baron Burghersh and Lord le Despencer.

Sir Francis Fane, KB, of Fulbeck, in Lincolnshire, was a writer of stage plays and poems and a courtier in the Restoration court of Charles II of England.

St Lawrences Church, West Wycombe Church in West Wycombe, England

St Lawrence's Church is a Church of England church in the parish of West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. It sits on top of West Wycombe Hill in a prominent position overlooking the West Wycombe Road, and surrounding villages. West Wycombe Hill is managed by the National Trust, although the church and graveyard are owned by the Church of England. The church resides in the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. St Lawrence Church and the mausoleum both occupy similar positions on top of West Wycombe Hill, and the Church tower is visible for many miles around. The top of the tower is the highest point in the Southern Chilterns and on a clear day it is possible to see West London.

Paul Whitehead (1710–1774) was a British satirist and a secretary to the infamous Hellfire Club.





The Hellfire Club


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Stephen Bisse
Sir Robert Austen
Member of Parliament for New Romney
With: Henry Furnese 1741–1756
Rose Fuller 1756–1761
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Dering
Thomas Knight
Preceded by
Welbore Ellis
Lord John Cavendish
George Dodington
John Tucker
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
With: John Tucker
Richard Glover
John Olmius 1761–1762
Richard Jackson 1762–1763
Succeeded by
John Tucker
Richard Glover
Richard Jackson
Charles Walcott
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Barrington
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Succeeded by
George Grenville
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
2nd Postmaster-General
Succeeded by
The Viscount Barrington
Court offices
Preceded by
Charles Townshend
Treasurer of the Chamber
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Elliot
Preceded by
The Earl Gower
Master of the Great Wardrobe
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ashburnham
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Temple
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Peerage of England
In abeyance
Title last held by
John Fane
Baron le Despencer
In abeyance
Title next held by
Thomas Stapleton
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Francis Dashwood
(of West Wycombe)
Succeeded by
John Dashwood-King