Francis Samuel Drake
|Born||February 22, 1828|
Northwood, New Hampshire
|Died||February 22, 1885 57) (aged|
Francis Samuel Drake (February 22, 1828 – February 22, 1885) was an American historian. His 1872 Dictionary of American Biography, containing 10,000 biographical sketches, was expanded after his death as Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography .
Drake was born in Northwood, New Hampshire, the son of antiquarian and historian Samuel Gardner Drake. He was educated in the public schools of Boston. After aiding his father in his Boston book store, he entered a counting house in Boston. In 1862, he went to Leavenworth, Kansas, and engaged in bookselling there until 1867, when he returned to Boston. Drake inherited his father's taste for historical work, and was an eager collector long before he wrote anything for publication.
Drake spent 20 years collecting material for his Dictionary of American Biography and wrote it by himself. The first edition contains 10,000 biographies and was published by Osgood in 1872. With his latest corrections and all the materials that he had gathered for a new edition—before his 1885 death in Washington D.C.—it was incorporated in Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography.
He edited Henry Schoolcraft's History of the Indians, and contributed articles on Brighton, Watertown, and Roxbury to the Justin Winsor's Memorial History of Boston (1880–82).
Full title of the Dictionary in its 1872 first edition:
Dictionary of American Biography, including Men of the Time; containing nearly ten thousand notices of persons of both sexes, of native and foreign birth, who have been remarkable, or prominently connected with the Arts, Sciences, Literature, Politics, or History, of the American Continent. Giving also the pronunciation of many of the foreign and peculiar American names, a key to the assumed names of writers, and a Supplement.
Charles Francis Adams Sr. was an American historical editor, writer, politician, and diplomat. He was a son of President John Quincy Adams, and grandson of President John Adams, about whom he wrote a major biography. He was the father of Henry Adams and Brooks Adams.
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Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography is a six-volume collection of biographies of notable people involved in the history of the New World. Published between 1887 and 1889, its unsigned articles were widely accepted as authoritative for several decades. Later the encyclopedia became notorious for including dozens of biographies of people who had never existed. In nearly all articles about the Cyclopædia various authors have erroneously spelled the title as 'Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography', placing the apostrophe in the wrong place.
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Samuel Gardner Drake was an American antiquarian.
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Vince Johnson was a United States author and editor. He edited several important encyclopedias, dictionaries, books, and was one of the first editors to publish "pocket" editions of the classics. His best known works was "Phaeton Rogers" a story of boy life in early Rochester.
Elias Nason was a Massachusetts Congregational clergyman, educator, editor and author.
Richard Green Parker was a United States educator and a history and textbook writer.
Edward Augustus Samuels was a Massachusetts naturalist.
Samuel Adams Drake was a United States journalist and writer.
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