Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda

Last updated
Pontes de Miranda
Pontes de Miranda 2.jpg
A photograph of Miranda, circa 1940
Born(1892-04-23)23 April 1892
Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil
Died22 December 1979(1979-12-22) (aged 87)
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Occupation Lawyer, jurist, professor, diplomat, essayist
Alma mater Faculdade de Direito do Recife

Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda (April 23, 1892 December 22, 1979) was a prominent Brazilian jurist, judge, diplomat and professor of Law at the Federal University of Pernambuco. He occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1979, until his death.

Contents

He is best known for the extent of his works, which covers several areas of knowledge, including Law, Sociology, Philosophy, Politics and Mathematics, and were published in Portuguese, German, French, Spanish and Italian.

Life

Pontes de Miranda was born in Maceió and studied in Recife, receiving his diploma in Law in 1911. He got married twice; in 1914, to Maria Beatriz Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda; and in 1952, to Cardilli Pontes de Miranda; five children would result from these two marriages.

After beginning his career as a lawyer, Pontes de Miranda become a judge in 1924. In 1939, he left the Court of Appeal in which he presided, to become the Brazilian ambassador in Colombia.

Pontes de Miranda was also a professor. He taught law at The Hague Academy of International Law in 1932 and received honorary degrees from several Brazilian major universities.

He died at the age of 87, in Rio de Janeiro, victim of a heart attack. More than thirty years after his death, Pontes de Miranda is still one of the most cited Brazilian jurists.

Works

Pontes de Miranda has written 29 works, which spread over 144 volumes, ranging from scientific to literary subjects. His literary efforts include both prose and poetry. However, he is best regarded for his scientific works, and, especially, his eight treatises, all of which are dedicated to the study of law.

Although Pontes de Miranda has written important treatises in several areas of law, including Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and Procedural Law, his best known work is the Treatise of Private Law (Tratado de Direito Privado), whose first volumes were published in 1955, but which was concluded only in 1970. This treatise is a vast piece of work, comprising 60 volumes and 30 thousand pages. It is considered one of the longest treatises ever written by a single person.

Preceded by
Hermes Lima
Olivenkranz.png
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 7th chair

1979
Succeeded by
Diná Silveira de Queirós

Related Research Articles

Jorge Amado Brazilian writer

Jorge Leal Amado de Faria was a Brazilian writer of the modernist school. He remains the best known of modern Brazilian writers, with his work having been translated into some 49 languages and popularized in film, notably Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands in 1976. His work reflects the image of a Mestiço Brazil and is marked by religious syncretism. He depicted a cheerful and optimistic country that was beset, at the same time, with deep social and economic differences.

Portuguese literature

Portuguese literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the Portuguese language, particularly by citizens of Portugal; it may also refer to literature written by people living in Portugal, Brazil, Angola and Mozambique, as well as other Portuguese-speaking countries. An early example of Portuguese literature is the tradition of a medieval Galician-Portuguese poetry, originally developed in Galicia and northern Portugal. The literature of Portugal is distinguished by a wealth and variety of lyric poetry, which has characterized it from the beginning of its language, after the Roman occupation; by its wealth of historical writing documenting Portugal's rulers, conquests, and expansion; by the then considered Golden Age of the Renaissance period of which it forms part the moral and allegorical Renaissance drama of Gil Vicente, Bernardim Ribeiro, Sá de Miranda and especially the great 16th-century national epic of Luís de Camões, author of national and epic poem Os Lusíadas.

Chico Xavier spiritualist and philanthropist from Brazil

Chico Xavier or Francisco Cândido Xavier, born Francisco de Paula Cândido, was a popular Brazilian philanthropist and spiritist medium. During a period of 60 years he wrote over 490 books and several thousand letters claiming to use a process known as "psychography". Books based on old letters and manuscripts were published posthumously, bringing the total number of books to 496.

José Bonifácio de Andrada (1763-1838) Brazilian politician

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, mineralist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro I. He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals.

Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including works written prior to the country's independence in 1822. Throughout its early years, literature from Brazil followed the literary trends of Portugal, whereas gradually shifting to a different and authentic writing style in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the search for truly Brazilian themes and use of the Portuguese language.

Gonçalves Dias Brazilian poet and dramatist

Antônio Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian Romantic poet, playwright, ethnographer, lawyer and linguist. A major exponent of Brazilian Romanticism and of the literary tradition known as "Indianism", he is famous for writing "Canção do exílio", the short narrative poem I-Juca-Pirama, the unfinished epic Os Timbiras, and many other nationalist and patriotic poems that would award him posthumously with the title of national poet of Brazil. He was also an avid researcher of Native Brazilian languages and folklore.

Academia Brasileira de Letras organization

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.

Lygia Fagundes Telles Brazilian novelist and short-story writer

Lygia Fagundes Telles is a Brazilian novelist and short-story writer. Educated as a lawyer, she began publishing soon after she completed high school and simultaneously worked as a solicitor and writer throughout most of her career. She is a recipient of the Camões Prize, the highest literary award of the Portuguese language and her works have received honors and awards from Brazil, Chile and France. She was elected as the third woman in the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1985 and holds Chair 16.

Emiliano Di Cavalcanti Brazilian artist

Emiliano Augusto Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Melo, known as Di Cavalcanti, was a Brazilian painter who sought to produce a form of Brazilian art free of any noticeable European influences. His wife was the painter Noêmia Mourão, who would be an inspiration in his works in the later 1930s.

Coelho Neto Brazilian writer and politician

Henrique Maximiano Coelho Neto was a Brazilian writer and politician. He founded and occupied the second chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, from 1897 until his death in 1934. He was also the president of the aforementioned Academy in 1926.

Carlos Chagas Filho Brazilian medical researcher (1910-2000)

Carlos Chagas Filho was a Brazilian physician, biologist and scientist active in the field of neuroscience. He was internationally renowned for his investigations on the neural mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of electrogenesis by the electroplaques of electric fishes. He was also an important scientific leader, being one of the founders of the Biophysics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and was also a president for 16 years of the Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (1965–1967).

The Prêmio Jabuti is a well-known literary award in Brazil. It was created in 1958 by Edgard Cavalheiro.

Miguel Reale Brazilian jurist

Miguel Reale was a Brazilian jurist, philosopher, academic, politician and poet. Known as one of the most important jurists of Brazil, he is considered the greatest Brazilian philosopher of law of all time.

Osvaldo Costa de Lacerda was a Brazilian composer and professor of music. Lacerda is known for a Brazilian nationalist musical style that combines elements of Brazilian folk and popular music as well as twentieth-century art music, as exemplified in the works of his teacher M. Camargo Guarnieri (1907–1997). His compositional output includes works for orchestra, choir, smaller vocal and instrumental ensembles, voice and piano, solo instrument and piano, solo piano, and other solo instruments. He received several musical awards during his lifetime, including the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, and contributed significantly to the training of younger musicians in Brazil as a professor of composition and theory, member of various musical organizations and societies, and author of textbooks for theory, ear training, and notation.

Antônio Ferreira Cesarino Júnior was a Brazilian jurist and professor at the University of São Paulo (USP).

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade Brazilian judge

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade is a Brazilian judge on the International Court of Justice, based in The Hague, Netherlands, a position he has held since 6 February 2009. Cançado Trindade is a professor at Utrecht University's Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM). He was reelected to the Court in December 2017, and took office for his second term on 6 February 2018.

1892 in Brazil Brazil-related events during the year of 1892

Events in the year 1892 in Brazil.

Clèmerson Merlin Clève is a Brazilian jurist, Law school professor, and lawyer.

1979 in Brazil Brazil-related events during the year of 1979

Events in the year 1979 in Brazil.

Evandro Lins e Silva Brazilian journalist

Evandro Cavalcanti Lins e Silva was a Brazilian lawyer, journalist, writer and politician. He was Prosecutor General of the Republic, Chief of Staff, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Justice of the Supreme Federal Court.