Francisco Franco National Foundation

Last updated
Francisco Franco National Foundation
Fundación Nacional Francisco Franco
Named after Francisco Franco
Formation1976;47 years ago (1976)
Leader Juan Chicharro Ortega
Honorary President
Prince Louis, Duke of Anjou

The Francisco Franco National Foundation [1] [2] [3] (Spanish: Fundación Nacional Francisco Franco; FNFF) [4] is a foundation and propaganda hub created in 1976 devoted to promoting the legacy of the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. [5] [6] The only child of Franco, Carmen Franco (1926–2017) led the organisation and later became its honorary president. [7] [8]


In 2017 200,000 people signed a petition, calling on the Spanish government to ban the organisation. [8]

In 2018, after new Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez promised that Franco's remains would be removed from the Valley of the Fallen, the Foundation collected a petition with 24,000 signatures to oppose the proposal. [9] While relatively marginal in Spanish political culture, the FNFF (and members of the Franco family) gained enormous public visibility in connection with the dictator's exhumation. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francisco Franco</span> Spanish dictator from 1939 to 1975

Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish military general who led the Nationalist forces in overthrowing the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War and thereafter ruled over Spain from 1939 to 1975 as a dictator, assuming the title Caudillo. This period in Spanish history, from the Nationalist victory to Franco's death, is commonly known as Francoist Spain or as the Francoist dictatorship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Valley of the Fallen</span> Catholic basilica and a monumental memorial

The Valley of the Fallen is the former name of site now known officially as the Valle de Cuelgamuros in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, Erected at Cuelgamuros Valley, it comprises a Catholic basilica and a monumental memorial in the municipality of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Dictator Francisco Franco claimed that the monument was meant to be a "national act of atonement" and reconciliation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francoist Spain</span> 1939–1975 period of Spain under the rule of Francisco Franco

Francoist Spain, or the Francoist dictatorship, was the period of Spanish history between 1939 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain after the Spanish Civil War with the title Caudillo. After his death in 1975, Spain transitioned into a democracy. During this time period, Spain was officially known as the Spanish State.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis Alphonse de Bourbon</span> Spanish-French noble

Louis Alphonse de Bourbon is the head of the House of Bourbon. Members of the family formerly ruled France and other countries. According to the Legitimists, Louis Alphonse is considered the pretender to the defunct throne of France as Louis XX. With the death of his father, he has been using the title of Duke of Anjou since 1989.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">José Antonio Primo de Rivera</span> Spanish politician and founder of Falange Española (1903–1936)

José Antonio Primo de Rivera y Sáenz de Heredia, 1st Duke of Primo de Rivera, 3rd Marquess of Estella, often referred to simply as José Antonio, was a Spanish politician who founded the falangist Falange Española, later Falange Española de las JONS.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco</span> Spnish noblewoman (1926–2017)

María del Carmen Franco y Polo, 1st Duchess of Franco, Grandee of Spain, Marchioness of Villaverde was the only child of Spain's caudillo, General Francisco Franco and his wife, Carmen Polo y Martínez-Valdés. In Asturian fashion, she was known by many nicknames, such as Nenuca, Carmelilla, Carmencita, Cotota and Morita.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1977 Atocha massacre</span> Far-right massacre of five people in Madrid in 1977

The 1977 Atocha massacre was an attack by right-wing extremists in the center of Madrid on January 24, 1977, which saw the assassination of five labor activists from the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) and the workers' federation Comisiones Obreras (CC.OO). The act occurred within the wider context of far-right reaction to Spain's transition to constitutional democracy following the death of dictator Francisco Franco. Intended to provoke a violent left-wing response that would provide legitimacy for a subsequent right-wing counter coup d'état, the massacre had an immediate opposite effect; generating mass popular revulsion of the far-right and accelerating the legalization of the long-banned Communist Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pedro Ferrándiz</span> Spanish basketball coach (1928–2022)

Pedro Ferrándiz González was a Spanish basketball coach. He is most famous for coaching Real Madrid basketball club in the 1960s and 1970s. The International Olympic Committee awarded him the Olympic Order in 1977.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Historical Memory Law</span> Spanish law passed in 2007

Law 52/2007 That recognises and broadens the rights and establishes measures in favour of those who suffered persecution or violence during the Civil War and the Dictatorship, commonly known as Historical Memory Law, is a Spanish law passed by the Congress of Deputies on 31 October 2007. It was based on a bill proposed by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party government of Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The Historical Memory Law principally recognizes the victims on both sides of the Spanish Civil War, gives rights to the victims and the descendants of victims of the Civil War and the subsequent dictatorship of General Francisco Franco, and formally condemns repressions of the Franco regime.

Spanish destroyer <i>Almirante Ferrándiz</i> (1928)

Almirante Ferrándiz was a Churruca-class destroyer in the Spanish Republican Navy. She took part in the Spanish Civil War on the government side.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Renzo Fratini</span>

Renzo Fratini is an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church and diplomat of the Holy See. He became an apostolic nuncio in 1998 and ended his career as nuncio to Spain. As he resigned in 2019, the Holy See distanced itself from his criticism of the Spanish government's plans to relocate the remains of Francisco Franco.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pazo de Meirás</span> Building in Galicia, Spain

Pazo de Meirás is a pazo in Sada, Province of A Coruña, Galicia, Spain. It was built in the 19th century in a revivalist style. It is best known as the former summer residence of General and dictator Francisco Franco.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pedro Sánchez</span> Prime Minister of Spain since 2018

Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón is a Spanish politician who has been Prime Minister of Spain since June 2018. He has also been Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) since June 2017, having previously held that office from 2014 to 2016.

<i>And in the Third Year, He Rose Again</i> 1980 Spanish film

And in the Third Year, He Rose Again is a 1980 Spanish comedy film directed by Rafael Gil. It is based on a best-selling novel by Fernando Vizcaíno Casas.

Events in the year 2018 in Spain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dolores Delgado</span> Spanish prosecutor

Dolores Delgado García is a Spanish prosecutor who served as Attorney General of Spain from 2020 to 2022. Previously, she served as Minister of Justice and First Notary of the Kingdom from 2018 to 2020, in the first Pedro Sánchez administration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pilar Careaga</span> First female engineer from Spain and also a politician

Maria del Pilar Careaga Basabe was a Spanish politician and industrial engineer. She was the first woman to be mayor of Bilbao.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Félix Bolaños</span> Spanish politician and lawyer

Félix Bolaños García is a Spanish lawyer and politician who serves as minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Cortes and Democratic Memory of Spain since 2021. Previously, he served as Secretary-General of the Office of the Prime Minister of Spain from 2018 to 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Premiership of Pedro Sánchez</span> Overview of the Spanish Prime Minister

The premiership of Pedro Sánchez began when Sánchez was sworn in as Prime Minister of Spain by King Felipe VI on 2 June 2018 and is currently ongoing. Sánchez said he planned to form a government that would eventually dissolve the Cortes Generales and call for a general election, but he did not specify when he would do it while also saying that before calling for an election he intended take a series of measures like increasing unemployment benefits and proposing a law of equal pay between the sexes. However, he also said he would uphold the 2018 budget approved by the Rajoy government, a condition the Basque Nationalist Party imposed to vote for the motion of no-confidence.

The Democratic Memory Law is a law in Spain which came into effect in 2022, concerning the legacy of Francoist Spain.


  1. "Madrid tries to tear down a dictator's memory", Deutsche Welle
  2. Basilio, Miriam M. (2013). Visual Propaganda, Exhibitions, and the Spanish Civil War. ISBN   9781351537421.
  3. Jiménez Gálvez, J.; Valdés Aragonés, Isabel (2015-11-20). "What is left of Franco's legacy?". El País .
  4. Howells, Richard; Ritivoi, Andreea Deciu; Schachter, Judith (10 October 2012). Outrage: Art, Controversy, and Society. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN   9780230353978 via Google Books.
  5. Aguilar, Paloma; Payne, Leigh A. (11 October 2016). Revealing New Truths about Spain's Violent Past: Perpetrators' Confessions and Victim Exhumations. Springer. ISBN   9781137562296 via Google Books.
  6. Ferrándiz 2021, pp. 12, 24.
  7. Hancox, Dan (2 July 2015). "Race, God and Family". London Review of Books. 37 (13): 15–18.
  8. 1 2 France-Presse, Agence (23 November 2017). "Hundreds of thousands of Spaniards call for ban on Franco foundation". the Guardian.
  9. Madrid, Graham Keeley (2018-06-20). "New Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez vows to move Franco's remains". The Times. ISSN   0140-0460 . Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  10. Ferrándiz 2021, p. 24.