Francisco Otaviano

Last updated

Francisco Otaviano
Francisco otaviano.gif
A photograph depicting Otaviano
BornFrancisco Otaviano de Almeida Rosa
(1825-06-26)26 June 1825
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Died28 June 1889(1889-06-28) (aged 63)
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
OccupationPoet, lawyer, politician, diplomat, journalist
NationalityBrazilian
Alma mater University of São Paulo
Literary movement Romanticism

Francisco Otaviano de Almeida Rosa (26 June 1825 – 28 June 1889) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer, diplomat, journalist and politician. He is famous for translating into Portuguese works by famous writers such as Horace, Catullus, Lord Byron, William Shakespeare, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Victor Hugo and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, mostly of them for the first time.

Contents

He is the patron of the 13th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Life

Francisco Otaviano de Almeida Rosa Francisco Otaviano de Almeida Roza.jpg
Francisco Otaviano de Almeida Rosa

Otaviano was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1825, to Otaviano Maria da Rosa, a doctor, and Joana Maria da Rosa. He entered the Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo in 1841, graduating in 1845. Returning to Rio, he started to collaborate for newspapers such as Sentinela da Monarquia, the Official Gazette of the Empire of Brazil , Jornal do Commercio and Correio Mercantil.

From 1867 to 1869 he was the deputy (later senator) of the Empire of Brazil, and served as the negotiator of the Treaty of the Triple Alliance among Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. [1]

He died in 1889.

Works

His most famous poem is "Ilusões da vida" ("Illusions of the life").

Portuguese language English

Quem passou pela vida em branca nuvem,
E em plácido repouso adormeceu;
Quem não sentiu o frio da desgraça;
Quem passou pela vida e não sofreu;
Foi espectro de homem, não foi homem —
Só passou pela vida, não viveu.

Who passed through the life in a white cloud,
And slept a peaceful sleep;
Who did not feel the cold disgrace;
Who passed through the life and did not suffer;
Was the specter of a man, but not a man —
He only passed through the life, but did not live it at all.

Related Research Articles

Machado de Assis Brazilian writer

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, often known by his surnames as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme Velho, was a pioneer Brazilian novelist, poet, playwright and short story writer, widely regarded as the greatest writer of Brazilian literature. Nevertheless, Assis did not achieve widespread popularity outside Brazil during his lifetime. In 1897 he founded and became the first President of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was multilingual, having taught himself French, English, German and Greek in later life.

José de Alencar Brazilian writer (1829-1877)

José Martiniano de Alencar was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is considered to be one of the most famous and influential Brazilian Romantic novelists of the 19th century, and a major exponent of the literary tradition known as "Indianism". Sometimes he signed his works with the pen name Erasmo.

José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco Brazilian politician and academic (1845-1912)

José Maria da Silva Paranhos Jr., Baron of Rio Branco was a Brazilian diplomat, geographer, historian, monarchist, politician and professor, considered to be the "father of Brazilian diplomacy". He was the son of statesman José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco. The Baron of Rio Branco was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, occupying its 34th chair from 1898 until his death in 1912. As a representative of Brazil, through his diplomacy, he managed to peacefully resolve all Brazil's border disputes with its South American neighbours

José Bonifácio de Andrada Brazilian politician (1763–1838)

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, mineralist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro I. He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals.

Academia Brasileira de Letras organization

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.

Alfredo dEscragnolle Taunay, Viscount of Taunay Brazilian writer, musician, professor, military engineer, historian, politician, sociologist and nobleman (1843-1899)

Alfredo Maria Adriano d'Escragnolle Taunay, Viscount of Taunay, was a French Brazilian writer, musician, professor, military engineer, historian, politician, sociologist and nobleman. He is famous for the Regionalist novel Inocência, considered a major forerunner of Naturalism in Brazil, and for A Retirada da Laguna, an account of an episode in the war against Paraguay. The Brazilianist Leslie Bethell has described it as "the one undoubted literary masterpiece produced by the Paraguayan War".

Artur Azevedo Brazilian writer

Artur Nabantino Gonçalves de Azevedo was a Brazilian playwright, short story writer, chronicler, journalist and Parnassian poet. He is famous for consolidating in Brazil the "comedy of manners" genre, initiated by Martins Pena.

Franklin Távora Brazilian writer and politician (1842-1888)

João Franklin da Silveira Távora was a Brazilian novelist, journalist, politician, lawyer and dramatist, famous for his Regionalist romance O Cabeleira, set in 18th-century Pernambuco. He wrote under the pen names Semprônio and Farisvest.

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo Brazilian writer (1820-1882)

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha.

Basílio da Gama Brazilian poet

José Basílio da Gama was a Portuguese poet and member of the Society of Jesus, born in the colony of Brazil, famous for the epic poem O Uraguai. He wrote under pen name Termindo Sipílio.

Osório Duque-Estrada brazilian poet, literary critic, teacher, librarian and essayist

Joaquim Osório Duque-Estrada was a Brazilian poet, essayist, journalist, literary critic and professor. He is famous for writing in 1909 a poem that would become the lyrics of the Brazilian National Anthem in 1922.

Sílvio Romero Brazilian "Condorist" poet, essayist, literary critic, professor and journalist

Sílvio Vasconcelos da Silveira Ramos Romero was a Brazilian "Condorist" poet, essayist, literary critic, professor, journalist, historian and politician.

Fagundes Varela Brazilian poet

Luís Nicolau Fagundes Varela was a Brazilian Romantic poet, adept of the "Ultra-Romanticism" movement. He is patron of the 11th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

José do Patrocínio Brazilian writer and journalist

José Carlos do Patrocínio was a Brazilian writer, journalist, activist, orator and pharmacist. He was among the most well-known proponents of the abolition of slavery in Brazil, and known as "O Tigre da Abolição". He founded and occupied the 21st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1905.

José Bonifácio the Younger Brazilian poet, teacher and politician

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a French-born Brazilian poet, teacher and senator. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his grand-uncle, José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, "the Elder" or "the Patriarch", a famous statesman who was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence.

Teófilo Dias Brazilian poet

Teófilo Odorico Dias de Mesquita was a Brazilian poet, journalist and lawyer, nephew of the famous Romantic author Gonçalves Dias.

Laurindo Rabelo Brazilian poet

Laurindo José da Silva Rabelo was a Brazilian Ultra-Romantic poet, teacher and medician. Famous for his lundu lyrics and satires, he won the epithet of "the Brazilian Bocage", and, because of his physical appearance, the nickname "Poeta-Lagartixa" ("Gecko-Poet").

Pardal Mallet Brazilian writer

João Carlos de Medeiros Pardal Mallet was a Brazilian journalist and novelist. He is the patron of the 30th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Medeiros e Albuquerque Brazilian journalist, writer and politician

José Joaquim de Campos da Costa de Medeiros e Albuquerque was a Brazilian poet, politician, teacher, journalist, short story writer, civil servant, essayist, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is famous for writing the lyrics of the Brazilian Republic Anthem in 1890.

1889 in Brazil Brazil-related events during the year of 1889

Events in the year 1889 in Brazil.

References

  1. "Biography of Francisco Otaviano". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
Preceded by
New creation
Olivenkranz.png
Brazilian Academy of LettersPatron of the 13th chair
Succeeded by
Alfredo d'Escragnolle Taunay (founder)