Francisco da Costa Gomes

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Francisco da Costa Gomes

ComTEGOA
Francisco da Costa Gomes.jpg
President of Portugal
In office
30 September 1974 13 July 1976
Prime Minister Vasco Gonçalves
José Pinheiro de Azevedo
Vasco Almeida e Costa
Preceded by António de Spínola
Succeeded by António Ramalho Eanes
President of the Revolutionary Council
In office
14 March 1975 13 July 1976
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded by António Ramalho Eanes
President of the National Salvation Junta
In office
30 September 1974 14 March 1975
Preceded by António de Spínola
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Chief of the Armed Forces General Staff
In office
29 April 1974 13 July 1976
Preceded by Joaquim da Luz Rocha
Succeeded by António Ramalho Eanes
In office
5 September 1972 13 May 1974
Preceded by Venâncio Augusto Deslandes
Succeeded by Joaquim da Luz Rocha
Personal details
Born(1914-06-30)30 June 1914
Chaves, Portugal
Died31 July 2001(2001-07-31) (aged 87)
Lisbon, Portugal
Nationality Flag of Portugal.svg Portuguese
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Maria Estela Antas Varajão (Died in 2013)
Alma mater University of Porto
OccupationMilitary officer, politician
ProfessionProfessor
PortfolioMilitary Region of Angola
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Branch/service Portuguese Army
Years of service1931–1976
Rank General (Effective)
Field Marshal (Honorific)
Battles/wars Portuguese Colonial War

Francisco da Costa Gomes, ComTE , GOA (Portuguese pronunciation:  [fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku dɐ ˈkɔʃtɐ ˈɡomɨʃ] ; 30 June 1914 – 31 July 2001) was a Portuguese military officer and politician, the 15th President of the Portuguese Republic (the second after the Carnation Revolution).

Contents

Life

He was one of the eleven children of António José Gomes, (Santo Estevão, Chaves, ? – Lisbon, 1 July 1922) and wife, Idalina Júlia Monteiro da Costa (Chaves, 27 May 1880 – Porto, 18 February 1967).

On 8 December 1952, Gomes married Maria Estela Veloso de Antas Varajão (born 23 March 1927 in Viana do Castelo), daughter of João de Campos Varajão and his wife Angélica Martins Veloso (b. Barcelos, Barcelos), at the See of Viana do Castelo. The couple had only one son, Francisco da Costa Gomes.

In 1961 Costa Gomes, acting as under-secretary of state for the Army, was involved in a constitutional "coup d'état" headed by the Minister of Defense, General Júlio Botelho Moniz, that tried to convince President Américo Tomás to remove an aged António de Oliveira Salazar from the premiership.

In 1970 he occupied the post of Commander of the Military Region of Angola, where he overhauled the chief-command and was the first to try to establish a military agreement with the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) against the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA).

On 12 September 1972 he was called back to Portugal to occupy the post of Chief of the Armed Forces—replacing General Venâncio Deslandes—but he was replaced in March 1974, a few days before the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, because he had refused to swear his loyalty to the President of the Council of Ministers Marcello Caetano in a public ceremony.

After the Revolution he was one of the seven military leaders who made up the National Salvation Junta. Between 25 April and 30 September he was the second-in-command of the Portuguese state, behind António de Spínola.

He assumed the Presidency of the Republic when named by the Junta after the resignation of Spínola on 30 September 1974, and occupied the post until 27 June 1976 when, in the first Presidential election, the Portuguese chose General Ramalho Eanes to succeed him. He received an honorary promotion to Field Marshal in 1982.

Personal

Gomes was one of eleven children of António José Gomes (Chaves, Santo Estêvão – Lisbon, Socorro, 1 July 1922) and wife (m. Chaves, 17 January 1901) and wife Idalina Júlia Monteiro da Costa (Chaves, 27 May 1880 – Porto, 18 February 1967).

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    See also

    Political offices
    Preceded by
    António de Spínola
    President of the National Salvation Junta
    1974–1976
    Succeeded by
    None, office abolished
    Preceded by
    António de Spínola
    President of Portugal
    1974–1976
    Succeeded by
    Ramalho Eanes