Franciszek Ksawery Lampi

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Franciszek Ksawery Lampi
Franciszek Ksawery Lampi - Portret mezczyzny.jpg
Study for a portrait
Born22 January 1782
Died22 July 1852(1852-07-22) (aged 70)
Education Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Known for Painting, art education
Movement Romanticism

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi, also known as Franz Xaver Lampi (22 January 1782 – 22 July 1852), [1] was a Polish Romantic painter born in Austria of ethnic Italian background. He was associated with the aristocratic circle of the late Stanisław II Augustus, the last Polish king before the foreign partitions of Poland. [2] Lampi settled in Warsaw around 1815 at the age of 33, and established himself as the leading landscape and portrait artist in Congress Poland soon after Napoleon's defeat in Russia.

Romanticism in Poland

Romanticism in Poland, a literary, artistic and intellectual period in the evolution of Polish culture, began around 1820, coinciding with the publication of Adam Mickiewicz's first poems in 1822. It ended with the suppression of the Polish-Lithuanian January 1863 Uprising against the Russian Empire in 1864. The latter event ushered in a new era in Polish culture known as Positivism.

Partitions of Poland Forced partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years. The partitions were conducted by Habsburg Austria, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Russian Empire, which divided up the Commonwealth lands among themselves progressively in the process of territorial seizures and annexations.

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Early life

Lampi was the son of renowned Italian historical painter Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder from Romeno (b.1751) known as Jan Chrzciciel Lampi in Poland, [3] who was invited to Warsaw by King Stanisław II August in 1786 when Franz (Franciszek) was 4 years old (or between 1788 and 1791, [3] according to different source).

Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder Austrian-Italian painter

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Romeno Comune in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy

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He was born in Klagenfurt, where his father worked on commissions for the Austrian court. He was the younger brother of Johann Baptist von Lampi (b.1775), also a portrait painter in the Lampi family; and was initially taught painting by his father, [1] before entering the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in the studios of Hubert Maurer and Heinrich Füger. [4] When he was 15 years old, the Lampi family relocated to St. Petersburg in 1797 during the third and final partition of Poland, enticed by an extremely generous offer from the Tsar. [5] Estranged from his father, and disinherited, Franciszek Lampi left St. Petersburg at the age of 32 after the Napoleonic Wars, and settled in Warsaw a year later in 1815. [6] [7] The already well-established reputation of his father in Poland as well as his own Polish childhood helped him blend into society. [4]

Klagenfurt Place in Carinthia, Austria

Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, usually known as just Klagenfurt, is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia in Austria. With a population of 100,817, it is the sixth-largest city in the country. The city is the bishop's seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gurk-Klagenfurt and home to the University of Klagenfurt.

Johann Baptist von Lampi the Younger Italian painter

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Academy of Fine Arts Vienna art school in Vienna, Austria

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Later career

He exhibited at Warsaw Salons in 1828, 1838, 1841 and 1845; and opened a small private art school in 1841. [3]

Art exhibition organized presentation and display of works of art

An art exhibition is traditionally the space in which art objects meet an audience. The exhibit is universally understood to be for some temporary period unless, as is rarely true, it is stated to be a "permanent exhibition". In American English, they may be called "exhibit", "exposition" or "show". In UK English, they are always called "exhibitions" or "shows", and an individual item in the show is an "exhibit".

Close-up of Viennese beauty by Lampi (see below) Franciszek Lampi - Dama (extreme close-up).jpg
Close-up of Viennese beauty by Lampi (see below)

Lampi painted mostly aristocratic portraits and specialized in the Romantic depictions of attractive women. [3] What's more, he produced fantastic landscapes and seascapes inspired by the new intellectual forces of the Age of Enlightenment and the philosophical evolution of Romanticism in Poland. His art style was similar to the work of Italian Salvator Rosa and Claude Joseph Vernet of France. [8] He gave art classes in his studio, but also traveled. In 1817–1819 he was teaching in Kraków. Among his most notable students were Wojciech Korneli Stattler and Piotr Michałowski. [6]

Age of Enlightenment European cultural movement of the 18th century

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Salvator Rosa Italian painter and poet

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Claude Joseph Vernet French painter and engraver from Avignon

Claude-Joseph Vernet was a French painter. His son, Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, was also a painter.

In 1823 he went to Lublin on commission, in 1830 to Vilna. After the November Uprising against the Russian Empire he spent a few years in Wrocław (Breslau) before returning to Warsaw in 1836. [3] In 1840 he visited Dresden, Berlin and Munich – known as Franz Xaver Ferdinand von Lampi in German. [7] [9]

Lublin City in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

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November Uprising Polish uprising against occupying Russian Empire in 1830-1831

The November Uprising (1830–31), also known as the Polish–Russian War 1830–31 or the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned Poland against the Russian Empire. The uprising began on 29 November 1830 in Warsaw when the young Polish officers from the local Army of the Congress Poland's military academy revolted, led by lieutenant Piotr Wysocki. Large segments of the peoples of Lithuania, Belarus, and the Right-bank Ukraine soon joined the uprising. Although the insurgents achieved local successes, a numerically superior Imperial Russian Army under Ivan Paskevich eventually crushed the uprising. The Russian Emperor Nicholas I decreed that henceforth Poland would become an integral part of Russia. With Warsaw little more than a military garrison, its university closed.

Wrocław City in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland

Wrocław is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia. It lies on the banks of the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands of Central Europe, roughly 350 kilometres (220 mi) from the Baltic Sea to the north and 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the Sudeten Mountains to the south. The population of Wrocław in 2019 was 641,607, making it the fourth-largest city in Poland and the main city of the Wrocław agglomeration.

In 1850 Lampi returned to Warsaw where he died in 1852 at the age of 70, [9] said to have been a possible victim of the cholera outbreak. [7] His work can be found at the National Museum of Poland and its branches including Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań [10] as well as in the Mykolas Žilinskas Art Gallery (Kaunas, Lithuania).[ citation needed ]

Selected paintings

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 "Franz Xaver Lampi (22 January 1782; 22 July 1852)". Oxford Grove Art. The Concise Grove Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press. 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2012. Part of the Lampi family.
  2. "The National Museum in Warsaw". Museums. Instytut Adama Mickiewicza. 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2012. See paragraph: King and eminent court personages by Baciarelli and Lampi.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Ewa Micke-Broniarek, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie (March 2005). "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi". Sztuki wizualne (in Polish). Instytut Adama Mickiewicza Retrieved October 29, 2012. Note: to circumvent any forced redirect, copy-paste url into address box.
  4. 1 2 "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi (Klagenfurt 1782 - Warszawa 1852)". Bio with Index and Bibliography (in Polish). Pinakoteka Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  5. Bryan, Michael (1889). Walter Armstrong and Robert Edmund Graves (ed.). Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Biographical and Critical. Original from Fogg Library, Digitized May 18, 2007. London: George Bell and Sons. p. 8 (Volume II L-Z). Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  6. 1 2 "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi (1782 - 1852)". Informacje o twórcy. Dom Aukcyjny Agra-Art. October 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012. Skłócony z ojcem, w 1814 wyjechał na Węgry, skąd ok. 1815 przybył do Polski i zamieszkał w Warszawie.
  7. 1 2 3 4 "Franz Xaver Ferdinand von Lampi (1782-1852)". Portrait of Viennese Beauty, oil on canvas, 1820s. Boris Wilnitsky Fine Arts. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  8. "Art Encyclopedia: Franz Xaver Lampi". Oxford Grove Art. Information from 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  9. 1 2 "Lampi family" (PDF). Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (Online-Edition) (in German). Austrian Academy of Sciences Press. 2011. p. 420. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  10. Magdalena Skrzyńska. "Franciszek Ksawery Lampi". Selected works. Retrieved November 4, 2012.

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