Fred Alexander

Last updated
Fred Alexander
Frederick Beasley Alexander.jpg
Alexander playing a low forehand volley
Full nameFrederick Beasley Alexander
Country (sports)Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Born(1880-08-14)August 14, 1880
Sea Bright NJ, U.S.
DiedMarch 3, 1969(1969-03-03) (aged 88)
Beverly Hills, CA, U.S.
Turned pro1899 (amateur tour)
Retired1920
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
College Princeton University
Int. Tennis HoF 1991 (member page)
Singles
Career record29–11
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1908)
US Open F (1908)
Doubles
Career record0–0
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1908)
US Open W (1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1917)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
US Open F (1918)
Team competitions
Davis Cup F (1908Ch)

Frederick Beasley Alexander (August 14, 1880 – March 3, 1969) was an American tennis player in the early 20th century. He won the singles title at the 1908 Australasian Championships and six double titles at Grand Slam events.

Tennis Ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

The 1908 Australasian Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on outdoor grass courts in Sydney, Australia. The preliminary rounds were played at the Sydney Cricket Ground while the final took place on the Double Bay Grounds. It was the fourth edition of the Australasian Championships, the first held in Sydney and the third Grand Slam tournament of the year. It consisted of a men's singles and doubles event. Fred Alexander won the singles event and became the first non-Australasian to win the title.

Contents

Career

The right-handed Alexander in 1908 became the first foreigner to win the singles title at the Australasian/Australian Championships, the amateur precursor to the Australian Open. He then teamed with the man he defeated in the final, Alfred Dunlop, to win the doubles.

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends, and exhibition events. Prior to 1988 it was played on grass courts, but since then two types of hardcourt surfaces have been used at Melbourne Park – green coloured Rebound Ace up to 2007 and, afterwards, blue Plexicushion.

Alfred Dunlop Australian tennis player

Alfred Wallace Dunlop was an Australian tennis player, born in Christchurch, New Zealand. He won the doubles title at the Australasian Championships, the future Australian Open, alongside Fred Alexander in 1908. He also reached the singles finals at the tournament that year, losing to Alexander.

Alexander attended Princeton University and won the Intercollegiate doubles championship in 1900 and the singles in 1901. Between 1904 and 1918, he was a U.S. top ten player at year's end six times. He was a finalist in doubles at the U.S. Championships, precursor to the US Open, seven straight times beginning in 1905. He and partner Harold Hackett won the U.S. doubles each year from 1907 to 1910. At age 37, Alexander won again in 1917, partnering with Harold Throckmorton. In the singles, Alexander reached the all comers final in 1908, beating William Clothier before losing to Beals Wright. [1]

Princeton University University in Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.

National Collegiate Athletic Association Non-profit organization that regulates many American college athletes and programs

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization which regulates student athletes from 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It also organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, and helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports. The organization is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament. The tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men's singles was first played in 1881.

He competed in the USA Davis Cup team in 1908 which lost the final against Australia at the Albert Ground, Melbourne. Alexander lost both his singles matches against Norman Brookes and Anthony Wilding as well as the doubles match against these two together with his partner Beals Wright. [2]

Albert Cricket Ground

Albert Cricket Ground, also known as the Albert Reserve and previously as the Warehouseman's Cricket Ground, is a cricket ground in St Kilda, Victoria. It is operated by the Melbourne Cricket Club (MCC), and used as its primary home ground in the Victorian Premier Cricket competition.

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 2,080.5 km2 (803.3 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of approximately 5 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Norman Brookes Australian tennis player

Sir Norman Everard Brookes was an Australian tennis player. During his career he won three Grand Slam singles titles, Wimbledon in 1907 and 1914 and the Australasian Championships in 1911. Brookes was part of the Australasian Davis Cup team that won the title on six occasions. The Australian Open men's singles trophy, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour. After his active playing career Brookes became president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia.

In 1915 he authored How to Play Lawn Tennis, part of the Spalding's athletic library series. [3]

Alexander was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1961. [4]

International Tennis Hall of Fame Professional sports hall of fame; museum in Newport, Rhode Island

The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It honors players and contributors to the sport of tennis and includes a museum, grass tennis courts, an indoor tennis facility, and a court tennis facility.

U.S. Indoor Championships

Grand Slam finals

Singles (1 title)

ResultYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponentScore
Win1908 Australasian Championships Grass Flag of New Zealand.svg Alfred Dunlop 3–6, 3–6, 6–0, 6–2, 6–3

Doubles (6 titles, 5 runner-ups)

ResultYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Loss1900 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Raymond Little Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Dwight Davis
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Holcombe Ward
4–6, 7–9, 10–12
Loss1905 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Holcombe Ward
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Beals Wright
4–6, 4–6, 1–6
Loss1906 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Holcombe Ward
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Beals Wright
3–6, 6–3, 3-, 3–6
Win1907 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Nat Thornton
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg Bryan M. Grant
6–2, 6–1, 6–1
Win1908 Australasian Championships Grass Flag of New Zealand.svg Alfred Dunlop Flag of New Zealand.svg G. G. Sharp
Flag of New Zealand.svg Anthony Wilding
6–3, 6–2, 6–1
Win1908 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Raymond Little
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Beals Wright
6–1, 7–5, 6–2
Win1909 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg George Janes
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Maurice McLoughlin
6–4, 6–4, 6–0
Win1910 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Tom Bundy
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Trowridge Hendrick
6–1, 8–6, 6–3
Loss1911 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Harold Hackett Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Raymond Little
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg Gustav Touchard
5–7, 15–13, 2–6, 4–6
Win1917 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harold Throckmorton Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Harry Johnson
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Irving Wright
11–9, 6–4, 6–4
Loss1918 US Championships Grass Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Beals Wright Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vincent Richards
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bill Tilden
3–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 2–6

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References

  1. "U. S. Open 1908". www.tennis.co.nf.
  2. "Davis Cup – Player Profile Fred Alexander". International Tennis Federation (ITF). Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  3. "How to play lawn tennis". Open Library.
  4. "Hall of Famers – Fred Alexander". International Tennis Hall of Fame . Retrieved 28 October 2016.