Fred Crolius

Last updated
Fred Crolius
Biographical details
Born(1876-04-19)April 19, 1876
Jersey City, New Jersey
DiedAugust 25, 1960(1960-08-25) (aged 84)
Ormond Beach, Florida
Playing career
1895–1898 Dartmouth
1901 Homestead Library & Athletic Club
1902 Pittsburgh Stars
1896–1899 Dartmouth
1901 Boston Beaneaters
1902 Pittsburgh Pirates
Position(s) Halfback (football)
Outfielder (baseball)
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1899 Bowdoin
1902 Western U. of Pennsylvania
1904–1911 Villanova
1905–1911 Villanova
Head coaching record
Overall26–50–6 (college football)
116–45–5 (college baseball)
Fred Crolius
Born:(1876-04-19)April 19, 1876
Jersey City, New Jersey
Died: August 25, 1960(1960-08-25) (aged 84)
Ormond Beach, Florida
Batted: UnknownThrew: Unknown
MLB debut
April 19, 1901, for the Boston Beaneaters
Last MLB appearance
August 30, 1902, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
MLB statistics
At Bats238
RBIs 20


Frederick Joseph Crolius (April 19, 1876 – August 25, 1960) was an American football and baseball player and coach. He was the first player from Tufts University to play Major League Baseball. He was at Tufts in 1894, and at Dartmouth College, where he also played college football, from 1896 until 1899. He spent two years in majors with the Boston Beaneaters and the Pittsburgh Pirates. Crolius also played pro football with the independent Homestead Library & Athletic Club and the Pittsburgh Stars of the first National Football League. [1] He later served as a coach of both sports after his playing career ended.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the defense, the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are scored primarily by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Baseball team sport

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objective of the offensive team is to hit the ball into the field of play, allowing it to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.

Tufts University private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts

Tufts University is a private research university in Medford and Somerville, Massachusetts. A charter member of the New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC), Tufts College was founded in 1852 by Christian universalists who worked for years to open a nonsectarian institution of higher learning. It was a small New England liberal arts college until its transformation into a larger research university in the 1970s. The university emphasizes active citizenship and public service in all its disciplines, and is known for its internationalism and study abroad programs.


Playing career


At age 24, he broke into the big leagues on April 19, 1901, with the Boston Beaneaters. Crolius served as the team's fourth outfielder, playing mostly right field, where he backed up Jimmy Slagle. In 1901, his rookie year, he held a batting average of .240 with 1 home run and 13 RBIs. On July 22, 1901 Crolius had four hits which led to three runs scored in a 16–3 win over the Chicago Cubs.

Jimmy Slagle American baseball player

James Franklin Slagle, nicknamed both Rabbit and Shorty, was a professional baseball player who played as an outfielder in Major League Baseball from 1899 to 1908. In his 10 MLB seasons, he played for four teams, all in the National League. Officially, he was 5'7" in height and weighed 144 lbs. He batted left-handed and threw right-handed.

Batting average (baseball)

In baseball, the batting average (BA) is the number of hits divided by at bats. It is usually rounded to three decimal places and read without the decimal: A player with a batting average of .300 is "batting three-hundred." If necessary to break ties, batting averages could be taken beyond the .001 measurement. In this context, .001 is considered a "point," such that a .235 batter is 5 points higher than a .230 batter.

Home run in baseball, a four-base hit resulting in a run by the batter

In baseball, a home run is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process. In modern baseball, the feat is typically achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles without first touching the ground, resulting in an automatic home run. There is also the "inside-the-park" home run where the batter reaches home safely while the baseball is in play on the field. A home run with a high exit velocity and good launch angle is sometimes called a "no-doubter," because it leaves no doubt that it is going to leave the park when it leaves the bat.

In his second year in the majors, Crolius played for the Pittsburgh Pirates for nine games in 1902, before ending his baseball career. In 1906 he was made ineligible to play with any National club by the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues due to a contract dispute with a minor league club from Toronto. [2]

Pittsburgh Pirates Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. The team plays its home games at PNC Park; the team previously played at Forbes Field and Three Rivers Stadium, the latter of which was named after its location near the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers. Founded on October 15, 1881 as Allegheny, the franchise has won five World Series championships. The Pirates are also often referred to as the "Bucs" or the "Buccos".

Minor leagues are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. Minor league teams tend to play in smaller, less elaborate venues, often competing in smaller cities/markets. This term is used in North America with regard to several organizations competing in various sports. They generally have lesser fan bases and smaller budgets.

Toronto Provincial capital city in Ontario, Canada

Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. The city is the anchor of the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9,245,438 people surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario. Toronto is an international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.


In 1898 Fred Crolius was the captain of the Dartmouth football team. He was considered one of the best halfbacks in the game, but received little notice from the media, since Dartmouth was historically seen as having a weak football program. [3]

Halfback (American football) Offensive position in American football

A halfback (HB) is an offensive position in American football, whose duties involve lining up in the backfield and carrying the ball on most rushing plays, i.e. a running back. When the principal ball carrier lines up deep in the backfield, and especially when that player is placed behind another player, as in the I formation, that player is instead referred to as a tailback.

In 1901 as a member of the Homestead Library & Athletic Club, located near Pittsburgh, Crolius served as the team's halfback. That year, he scored the tying touchdown against the Blondy Wallace's Philadelphia Athletic Club. Homestead won the game 6–5; touchdowns were worth five points in 1901. [4]

Touchdown means of scoring in both American and Canadian football

A touchdown is a scoring play in gridiron football. Whether running, passing, returning a kickoff or punt, or recovering a turnover, a team scores a touchdown by advancing the ball into the opponent's end zone.

Blondy Wallace American football player and coach

Charles Edgar "Blondy" Wallace was an early professional football player. He was a 240-pound, former Walter Camp second-team All-American tackle from the University of Pennsylvania. He also played two years at Peddie Institute, in New Jersey, winning state championships in 1896 and 1897. During his professional playing career he was involved in almost every major event in professional football between 1902 and 1907. Over that timespan he played for the independent Philadelphia Athletic Club, the Philadelphia Athletics of the first National Football League, the "New York" team and the Syracuse Athletic Club in the 1902 World Series of Football, the Franklin Athletic Club and the Canton Bulldogs of the Ohio League.

In 1902, Crolius served as a halfback on the Pittsburgh Stars, a member of first National Football League that was suspected of being financed by baseball's Pittsburgh Pirates. [5] During the 1902 season, the Stars won the league championship. [1]

The Pittsburgh Stars or Pittsburg Stars were a professional American football team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that were only in existence for one season in 1902. The team was member of what was referred to as the first National Football League, which has no connection with the National Football League of today. The whole league was a curious mixture of baseball and football. The Stars were managed and funded, on paper, by Dave Berry, the manager of the professional Latrobe Athletic Association. However, the team was suspected of being secretly financed by the Pittsburgh Pirates. During 1902, the league's only year in existence, the Stars won the league championship, beating out two teams that were financed by the owners of baseball's Philadelphia Athletics and the Philadelphia Phillies.

National Football League (1902)

The first National Football League (NFL) was the first attempt at forming a national professional American football league in 1902. This league has no ties with the modern National Football League. In fact the league was only composed of teams from Pennsylvania, which meant it was actually regional, despite having locations in the two largest cities in Pennsylvania. Two of the teams were based in Philadelphia, while the third was based in Pittsburgh. This NFL was a curious mixture of football players and baseball players who adapted to playing football. Future Baseball Hall of Famer Rube Waddell was with the Philadelphia Athletics, and pitcher Christy Mathewson a fullback for Pittsburgh. Two of the three teams were owned by the Philadelphia Phillies and Philadelphia Athletics, with the third team suspected of being owned by the Pittsburgh Pirates. The league folded after the 1902 season.

Coaching career


After his playing career, Crolius served as the coach the Villanova Wildcats baseball team from 1905 until 1911. While with Villanova, acquired a 116–45–5 record. [6] He also served as the manager of the Lancaster Red Roses, where he guided the team to a 70–58 record in 1906. [7]


In 1899, he also served as the head coach for the Bowdoin College football team. He guided Bowdoin to a 2–6 record. [8] In 1902, Crolius was the head coach of the Pittsburgh Panthers football team. That year the team racked up a 5–6–1 record. [9] Crolius then coached the Villanova Wildcats to an 18–38–5 record between 1904 and 1911.

Head coaching record

College football

Bowdoin Polar Bears (Independent)(1899)
1899 Bowdoin2–6
Western University of Pennsylvania (Independent)(1902)
1902 Western University of Pennsylvania 5–6–1
Western University of Pennsylvania:5–6–1
Villanova Wildcats (Independent)(1904–1911)
1904 Villanova 4–2–1
1905 Villanova 3–7
1906 Villanova 3–7
1907 Villanova 3–5–1
1908 Villanova 3–6
1909 Villanova 3–2
1910 Villanova 0–4–2
1911 Villanova 0–5–1

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  1. 1 2 Carroll, Bob (1980). "Dave Berry and the Philadelphia Story" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 2 (Annual): 1–9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-15.
  2. "Scan This List! Important Notice to Club Owners and Managers" (PDF). Sporting Life. September 8, 1906.
  3. Dougher, Louis A. (1908). "Dartmouth as a Football Factor" (PDF). Baseball Magazine. p. 41.
  4. "And Yet Again: Temple's Last Year 1901" (PDF). The Professional Football Researchers Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-29.
  5. Davids, L. Robert (1987). "23 Guys With Hobbies" (PDF). 9 (7). Pro Football Researchers Association: 2.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. "Villanova Coaching History" (PDF). Villanova Wildcats Baseball. 2003. p. 25. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
  7. "A Rose By Any Other Name". Lancaster County's Historical Society. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
  8. "Bowdoin College Football History" (PDF). Bowdoin College. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  9. "Pittsburgh Football History Database". National Retrieved January 17, 2013.
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Lancaster Red Roses Managers
Succeeded by
Pop Foster