Fred Niblo, 1926
January 6, 1874
York, Nebraska, United States
|Died||November 11, 1948 74) (aged|
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
|Burial place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Glendale, California, United States|
|Occupation||Film director, actor|
(m. 1901;died 1916)
Enid Bennett (m. 1918)
Fred Niblo (born Frederick Liedtke; January 6, 1874 – November 11, 1948) was an American pioneer film actor, director and producer.
He was born Frederick Liedtke (several sources give "Frederico Nobile", apparently erroneously) in York, Nebraska to a French mother and a father who had served as a captain in the American Civil War and was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg. Using the stage name Fred Niblo, Liedtke began his show business career performing in vaudeville and in live theater. After more than 20 years doing live performing as a monologist, during which he traveled extensively around the globe, he worked in Australia from 1912 through 1915, where he turned to the burgeoning motion picture industry and made his first two films.
York is a city in, and the county seat of, York County, Nebraska, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,766. It is the home of York College and the Nebraska Correctional Center for Women.
The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.
The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Maj. Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, halting Lee's invasion of the North.
On June 2, 1901, Niblo married Broadway actress Josephine Cohan, the older sister of George M. Cohan. He managed the Four Cohans in their two big successes: The Governor's Son and Running for Office. From 1904 to 1905, Fred resumed his stage career, appearing as Walter Lee Leonard in The Rogers Brothers in Paris and then returned to vaudeville.
George Michael Cohan, known professionally as George M. Cohan, was an American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer and theatrical producer.
The Four Cohans was a late 19th-century vaudeville family act that introduced 20th-century Broadway legend George M. Cohan to show business. It consisted of father Jeremiah "Jere" Cohan (1848–1917), mother Helen "Nellie" Costigan Cohan (1854–1928), daughter Josephine "Josie" Cohan Niblo (1876–1916), and son George M. Cohan (1878-1942).
Josephine died in 1916, the year he began acting and directing motion pictures. While in Australia, he met actress Enid Bennett, whom he later married. As a Hollywood director, he is most remembered for several notable films, beginning with his 1920 work The Mark of Zorro which starred Douglas Fairbanks. The following year he teamed with Fairbanks in The Three Musketeersand then directed Rudolph Valentino in Blood and Sand .
Enid Eulalie Bennett was an Australian silent film actress, mostly active in American film.
The Mark of Zorro is a 1920 silent adventure romance film starring Douglas Fairbanks and Noah Beery Sr.. This genre-defining swashbuckler adventure was the first movie version of The Mark of Zorro. Based on the 1919 story The Curse of Capistrano by Johnston McCulley, which introduced the masked hero, Zorro, the screenplay was adapted by Fairbanks and Eugene Miller.
Douglas Fairbanks was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies.
In 1924, Niblo directed the film Thy Name Is Woman.
Thy Name Is Woman is a 1924 American silent drama film directed by Fred Niblo and starring Ramon Novarro and Barbara La Marr. A copy of the film survives in the Turner Archive.
In 1925, Niblo was the principal director of the epic Ben-Hur , one of the more expensive films of the day but became the third highest-grossing silent film in cinema history. Niblo followed this success with two major 1926 works: The Temptress starring Greta Garbo in her second film in America and Norma Talmadge in Camille . Niblo directed some of the great stars of the era, including Joan Crawford, Lillian Gish, and Ronald Colman. In 1930, he directed his first sound film with two of the bigger names in show business: John Gilbert and Renée Adorée in a film titled Redemption .
Epic films are a style of filmmaking with large scale, sweeping scope, and spectacle. The usage of the term has shifted over time, sometimes designating a film genre and at other times simply synonymous with big budget filmmaking. Like epics in the classical literary sense it is often focused on a heroic character. An epic's ambitious nature helps to set it apart from other types of film such as the period piece or adventure film.
The Temptress is a 1926 American silent romantic drama film directed by Fred Niblo and starring Greta Garbo, Antonio Moreno, Lionel Barrymore, and Roy D'Arcy. It premiered on October 10, 1926. The film melodrama was based on a novel by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez adapted for the screen by Dorothy Farnum.
Greta Garbo was a Swedish-American film actress during the 1920s and 1930s. Garbo was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress and received an Academy Honorary Award in 1954 for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances." In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Garbo fifth on their list of the greatest female stars of classic Hollywood cinema.
Actress Marion Shilling, who worked with Niblo on Young Donovan's Kid , said, "One of the reasons for his success as a director, certainly, was that he had been an actor himself. He could empathize, see and feel a scene from an actor's viewpoint. He never talked down to us. He was a lovely human being."
Marion Shilling was an American film actress of the 1930s.
Young Donovan's Kid is a 1931 American Pre-Code melodrama film directed by Fred Niblo, from a screenplay by J. Walter Ruben, based upon the short story, Big Brother, by Rex Beach. It was a remake of a 1923 silent film of the same, produced by Famous Players-Lasky, and directed by Allan Dwan. This version starred Richard Dix, Jackie Cooper, and Marion Shilling. The film also featured Boris Karloff in a supporting role.
Fred Niblo retired in 1933 after more than 40 years in show business. The last 16 years were used to make more than 40 films, most of which were feature length projects. He was an important personality in the early years of Hollywood and was one of the original founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In recognition of his role in the development of the film industry, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7014 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8, 1960.His Ben-Hur film has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.
Fred Niblo died in New Orleans, Louisiana, and is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery near his wife Enid Bennett in Glendale, California. His son with Josephine Cohan, Fred Niblo, Jr. (1903–1973), was a successful Hollywood screenwriter.
Niblo had three children with Enid Bennett.
|1916||Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford||J. Rufus Wallingford|
|1916||Officer 666||Travers Gladwin|
|1918||The Marriage Ring|
|1918||When Do We Eat?|
|1918||Fuss and Feathers|
|1919||Happy Though Married|
|1919||The Law of Men|
|1919||The Haunted Bedroom|
|1919||The Virtuous Thief|
|1919||What Every Woman Learns|
|1920||The Woman in the Suitcase|
|1920||The False Road|
|1920||Her Husband's Friend|
|1920||The Mark of Zorro|
|1921||Mother o' Mine|
|1921||Greater Than Love|
|1921||The Three Musketeers|
|1922||The Woman He Married|
|1922||Rose o' the Sea|
|1922||Blood and Sand|
|1923||The Famous Mrs. Fair|
|1923||Strangers of the Night|
|1924||Thy Name Is Woman|
|1924||The Red Lily|
|1925||Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ|
|1927||The Devil Dancer|
|1928||The Mysterious Lady|
|1928||Dream of Love|
|1930||Way Out West|
|1931||Young Donovan's Kid|
|1931||The Big Gamble|
|1932||Two White Arms|
|1932||Diamond Cut Diamond|
Yankee Doodle Dandy is a 1942 American biographical musical film about George M. Cohan, known as "The Man Who Owned Broadway". It stars James Cagney, Joan Leslie, Walter Huston, and Richard Whorf, and features Irene Manning, George Tobias, Rosemary DeCamp, Jeanne Cagney, and Vera Lewis. Joan Leslie's singing voice was partially dubbed by Sally Sweetland.
The following is an overview of 1925 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths.
The year 1920 in film involved some significant events.
The year 1916 in film involved some significant events.
Alice Lake was an American film actress. She began her career during the silent film era and often appeared in comedy shorts opposite Roscoe Arbuckle.
Ken Murray was an American comedian, actor, radio and television personality and author.
Belle Bennett was a stage and screen actress who started her professional career in vaudeville. She was born in Milaca, Minnesota.
Carter DeHaven was an American movie and stage actor, movie director, and writer.
Thomas B. Ricketts was a London-born American stage and film actor and director who was a pioneer in the film industry. He portrayed Ebenezer Scrooge in the first American film adaptation of A Christmas Carol (1908), and directed one of the first motion pictures ever made in Hollywood. After directing scores of silent films, including the first film to be released by Universal Pictures, Ricketts became a prominent character actor.
Enid Markey was an American actress of theater, film, and television. She originated the role of Jane in films, playing the character twice in 1918. Her career extended into the 1960s.
Fred Niblo Jr. was a successful American screenwriter. He received an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay nomination for the film The Criminal Code (1931) with Seton I. Miller. Niblo retired from films in 1950 to become a businessman.
Frances Lee was an American film actress during Hollywood's silent film era, and well into the sound film era of the 1930s.
Officer 666 is a 1916 silent film made in Australia, based on a successful Broadway comedy of 1912. The film was directed by Fred Niblo who would go on to direct The Mark of Zorro, The Three Musketeers, Blood and Sand and over forty more films.
Nick Grindé was an American film director and screenwriter. He directed 57 films between 1928 and 1945.
Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford is a 1916 Australian silent comedy film directed by Fred Niblo. The film was the first made by the film unit of theatrical firm J.C. Williamson, although it was one of the last to be released. It was Niblo's debut film as a director and is considered a lost film.
The False Road is a 1920 American silent drama film directed by Fred Niblo. A copy of the film is preserved at the Library of Congress.
Hit-The-Trail Holliday is a lost 1918 silent comedy film directed by Marshall Neilan and starring George M. Cohan in filmization based on his 1915 Broadway play, Hit-the-Trail-Holiday. Cohan wrote the play for his brother-in-law Fred Niblo, who was soon to become a film director. Cohan produced the film in conjunction with Famous Players-Lasky. A film about Prohibition of Alcohol, directed by one of Hollywood's then biggest alcoholics.