Frederick Hemke

Last updated

Fred Hemke
Born(1935-07-11)July 11, 1935
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
DiedApril 17, 2019(2019-04-17) (aged 83)
Genres Classical
Occupation(s)Saxophone artist
Music pedagogue
Instruments Saxophone
Years active1962–present
Associated acts Northwestern University

Fred Hemke, DMA (néFrederick Leroy Hemke, Jr.; July 11, 1935 – April 17, 2019) was an American virtuoso classical saxophonist and influential former professor of saxophone at Northwestern University. Hemke helped raise the popularity of classical saxophone, particularly among leading American composers and helped raise the recognition of classical saxophone in solo, chamber, and major orchestral repertoire. For a half century, from 1962 to 2012, Hemke was a full-time faculty music educator at Northwestern University's Bienen School of Music. In 2002, Hemke was named Associate Dean Emeritus of the School of Music. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] Hemke retired from Northwestern University in 2012. From the start of his career in the early 1960s, building on the achievements of earlier influential American teachers of classical saxophone — including those of Larry Teal, Joseph Allard, Cecil Leeson, Sigurd Raschèr, and Vincent Abato — Hemke, and a handful of peer American saxophonists — including Eugene Rousseau and Donald Sinta — helped build American saxophone repertoire through composers that included Muczynski, Creston, Stein, Heiden, and Karlins. [8] [9] Journalist and author Michael Segell, in his 2005 book, The Devil's Horn, called Hemke "The Dean of Saxophone Education in America." [10] [11] Hemke died on April 17, 2019. [12]

Doctor of Musical Arts doctoral academic degree in music

The Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.) is a doctoral academic degree in music. The D.M.A. combines advanced studies in an applied area of specialization with graduate-level academic study in subjects such as music history, music theory, or music pedagogy. The D.M.A. degree usually takes about three to four years of full-time study to complete, preparing students to be professional performers, conductors, and composers. As a terminal degree, the D.M.A. qualifies its recipient to work in university, college, and conservatory teaching/research positions. Students seeking doctoral training in musicology or music theory typically enter a Ph.D. program, rather than a D.M.A. program.

Americans citizens, or natives, of the United States of America

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.

Saxophone type of musical instrument of the woodwind family

The saxophone is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. Although most saxophones are made from brass, they are categorized as woodwind instruments, because sound is produced by an oscillating reed, traditionally made out of woody cane, rather than lips vibrating in a mouthpiece cup as with the brass instrument family. As with the other woodwinds, the pitch of the note being played is controlled by covering holes in the body tube to control the resonant frequency of the air column by changing the effective length of the tube.


Formal education

Paris Conservatory (2007) Conservatoire de Paris.JPG
Paris Conservatory (2007)

From 1955 to 1956, Hemke studied saxophone with Marcel Mule at the Paris Conservatoire National de Musique et de Declamation, earning in 1956 the Premier Prix diploma. [lower-alpha 1] Hemke holds the distinction of being the first American saxophonist to earn a Premier Prix diploma from the Paris Conservatory. In 1958, Hemke earned a Bachelor of Science degree in music education from University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. In 1962, he earned a Master of Music degree from the Eastman School of Music. In 1975, Hemke earned an A.Mus.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. [1]

Marcel Mule was a French classical saxophonist. He was known worldwide as one of the great classical saxophonists, and many pieces were written for him, premiered by him, and arranged by him. Many of these pieces have become staples in the classical saxophone repertoire. He is considered to be the founder of the French Saxophone School and the most representative saxophone soloist of his time, being a fundamental figure in the development of the instrument.

A First Prize diploma in music is a high honor Diploma of Musical Studies, typically in performance or composition. It is awarded by European music conservatories and European-styled conservatories elsewhere. A First Prize diploma does not denote first in class, but rather, a very high level of artist proficiency. The typical period of study to earn a First Prize is one to two years. A First Prize diploma is sometimes wrongly described as being similar to a master's degree in music performance or composition. As of the mid-1990s, the degree in many European countries has been discontinued.

University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

The University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee is a public urban research university located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States. It is the largest university in the Milwaukee metropolitan area and a member of the University of Wisconsin System. It is also one of the two doctoral degree-granting public universities and the second largest university in Wisconsin.

In primary and secondary school, until the start of college, Hemke studied saxophone with Eddie Schmidt, a jobbing teacher, band director in Milwaukee, and a close friend of Ralph Joseph Hermann (1914–1994) — musician, composer, songwriter, and music publisher. Hemke was highly influenced by Schmidt's recording of Marcel Mule — and also of his recordings of Al Gallodoro, and Freddy Gardner. At the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Hemke studied with Jay Morton, teacher of woodwinds. Hemke did not have a formal saxophone teacher at Eastman, but while there, studied reeds with clarinetist Stanley Hasty (1920–2011), flute repertoire with Joseph Mariano (1911–2007), and oboe repertoire with Robert Sprenkle (1914–1988). [13] [14]

Ralph Hermann was an American composer and conductor. He also used the pseudonym Richard Hale. Hermann worked as head of the music department of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) since 1952 until his retirement in 1971.

Alfred J. Gallodoro, was an American jazz clarinetist and saxophonist, who performed from the 1920s up until his death. He is notable for having played lead alto sax with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra and bass clarinet for 12 years with the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini. Bandleader Jimmy Dorsey praised him as "the best sax player who ever lived."

Frederick James Gardner was a British jazz and dance band saxophonist during the 1930s and 1940s.

Teaching career

Hemke taught saxophone at Northwestern's School of Music for fifty years. He began in 1962 as a teaching associate. In 1964 he became an assistant professor and was appointed chairman of the newly formed Winds and Percussion Instruments Department. In 1967 Hemke was elevated to associate professor; on September 1, 1975, Full Professor; and on September 1, 1991, chairman of the Department of Music Performance Studies at the School of Music. Hemke served as senior associate dean for administration in the School of Music from 1995 to 2001. In 2002, Hemke was named the Louis and Elsie Snydacker Eckstein Professor of Music and also named associate dean emeritus of the School of Music. He retired from full-time teaching in 2012. As a music educator in higher education, Hemke has taught hundreds of saxophonists, many of whom have flourished as performing artists and music educators of international rank. [1]

Northwestern University Private research university in Illinois, United States

Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida; Washington, D.C.; and San Francisco, California. Along with its undergraduate programs, Northwestern is known for its Kellogg School of Management, Pritzker School of Law, Feinberg School of Medicine, Bienen School of Music, Medill School of Journalism, and McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science.

The Henry and Leigh Bienen School of Music, or Bienen School of Music, is an undergraduate and graduate institution devoted to musical performance and academics. Located on Northwestern University's campus in Evanston, Illinois, 12 miles north of downtown Chicago, the school was known as the Northwestern University School of Music from 1895 to 2008. In September 2008, the school was named to honor retiring University president Henry Bienen and his wife, Leigh Buchanan Bienen.

Selected former students:

Georgia State University public research university in Atlanta, GA, USA

Georgia State University is a public research university in Atlanta, Georgia. Founded in 1913, it is one of the University System of Georgia's four research universities. It is also the largest institution of higher education based in Georgia and is in the top 10 in the nation with a diverse student population around 53,000 including approximately 33,000 undergraduate and graduate students at the main campus downtown as of 2018.

Elmhurst College

Elmhurst College is a comprehensive four-year private liberal arts college in Elmhurst, Illinois. The college has a tradition of service-oriented learning and an affiliation with the United Church of Christ.

Eastern Florida State College

Eastern Florida State College, formerly Brevard Community College, is a public state college on Florida's Space Coast, in Brevard County, Florida. A member institution of the Florida College System, it has four campuses in Cocoa, Melbourne, Palm Bay, and Titusville, as well as an Aerospace program at Kennedy Space Center and a Virtual Campus.

Other positions

Frederick L. Hemke Reeds Saxophone reeds-alto, tenor.jpeg
Frederick L. Hemke Reeds

Hemke was well known as the designer of a line of reeds which bear the trademark "Frederick L. Hemke Reeds." Rico Reeds began making the brand in 1982. Hemke was an artist-clinician for The Selmer Company, [lower-alpha 2] the North American distributor based in Elkhart, Indiana, of a premium crafted saxophones made in France by the Paris firm, Henri Selmer Paris. In 1979 Hemke was host for the Sixth World Saxophone Congress held at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

D'Addario is a manufacturer of musical instrument strings and accessories, primarily for guitars but also many other fretted and orchestral instruments. The company currently has its world headquarters in Farmingdale, Long Island, New York, and its European headquarters in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England. It is a family-owned and operated business that is one of the largest string manufacturers in the world, not only producing several lines of strings under their own brand names, but also making OEM strings for other musical instrument companies.

Elkhart, Indiana City in Indiana, United States

Elkhart is a city in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. The city is located 15 miles (24 km) east of South Bend, Indiana, 110 miles (180 km) east of Chicago, Illinois, and 150 miles (240 km) north of Indianapolis, Indiana. Elkhart has the larger population of the two principal cities of the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is part of the South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka Combined Statistical Area, in a region commonly known as Michiana. The population was 50,949 at the 2010 census. Despite the shared name, it is not the county seat of Elkhart County; that position is held by the city of Goshen, located about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Elkhart.

Henri Selmer Paris company is a French-based international family-owned enterprise, manufacturer of musical instruments based at Mantes-la-Ville near Paris, France. Founded in 1885, it is known as a producer of professional-grade woodwind and brass instruments, especially saxophones, clarinets and trumpets.

Performing career

Hemke was an internationally acclaimed saxophone artist. Hemke has appeared extensively as a solo artist and has given master classes and lectures in the United States, Canada, Scandinavia, and the Far East. He performed with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and many other orchestras. He premiered several works for saxophone, including Allan Pettersson's Symphony No. 16 (February 24, 1983) [15] and James Di Pasquale's Sonata for tenor saxophone. Di Pasquale, a prolific composer, had studied saxophone with Hemke and Sigurd Rascher.

Selected performances
  1. "Illuminations" (sample at 1:14 on YouTube)
  2. "Sunrise Ballad"
  3. "Chasing Radiance"
  4. "Solar Rings"
Hemke, saxophone, with the New Haven Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton conducting
Recorded at Woolsey Hall, New Haven, Connecticut, February 27, 2014 [17]
Commissioned as a retirement gift to Fred Hemke by current and former students; the composer, Thomas, had been Hemke's colleague at Northwestern
From the album, A Portrait of Augusta Read Thomas, Nimbus Records (CD) (2014); OCLC   889352260

Advocacy for B tenor saxophone

In a traditional modern saxophone quartet — B soprano, E alto, B tenor, and E baritone saxophone — repertoire and popularity for solo classical was, and still is, dominated by B soprano and E alto saxophone. Bucking the trend, Hemke spent time focusing on the B tenor as a classical solo instrument, as evidenced by the release of his 1971 solo album, Music for Tenor Saxophone. In orchestral music, the tenor is known as one of the three saxophone voices in Ravel's Boléro — originally performed by two saxophonists, one on E sopranino and one on tenor doubling on B soprano. Recordings by tenor saxophone virtuoso James Houlik and others notwithstanding, classical tenor saxophone recordings make up a small portion of the classical saxophone repertoire and discography universe.

Selected discography

Solo recordings
OCLC   70304864 (stereo) (LP)
OCLC   34006752 (mono) (cassette)
OCLC   9439934 (mono) (LP)
OCLC   82478166 (mono) (LP)
OCLC   682038662 (LP)
OCLC   3249596 (LP)
James Jacobs Edmonds (1931–2002), piano
Hemke performed on a Selmer Mark VI
Side 1
Matrix N° XCTV-87627 [lower-alpha 4] (mono)
Matrix N° RG 576A (stereo)
  1. Chanson et Passepied, Op. 16, by Jeanine Rueff, Leduc (©1951); OCLC   3643353, 70350851
  2. Sicilienne, by Pierre Lantier, Leduc (©1944); OCLC   2513787, 220710420, 494480544
  3. Chant Corse, by Henri Tomasi, Leduc (©1932); OCLC   1693762, 65054912, 60574040, OCLC   2788030
  4. Elegie, by Hermann Reutter, Leduc (©1957); OCLC   4319498, 17711417
  5. Villageoise, by Marcel Bitsch, Leduc (©1953); OCLC   2520728, 659257906
  6. Suite, by Paul Bonneau, Leduc (©1944); OCLC   1042470
    1. "Plainte"
    2. "Espieglerie"
  7. Variations on a Theme by Claude Le Jeune, by Franz Tournier (1923–2010), Leduc (©1955); OCLC   4245478, 222890465
  8. Cantilena et Danse, by Denis Joly (fr), Leduc (©1949); OCLC   4257200, 77295149
Side 2
Matrix N° XCTV-87628 [lower-alpha 4] (mono)
Matrix N° RG 576A (stereo)
  1. An Abstract, by David Ward, [lower-alpha 5] Southern Music Co. (©1963); OCLC   271801728, 4026579, 878470044
  2. Cantilena, by Warren Benson, Boosey & Hawkes (©1954); OCLC   70345845, 5910326, 743342657
  3. Petite Suite, by Walter Hartley, Fema Music Publications (©1962); OCLC   461584790, 3958081
  4. Violin Sonata No. 2, Op.1, by Jean-Marie Leclair
    1. "Gigue," arr. Marcel Mule
      Leduc (©1951); OCLC   80882751, 4700064
      See: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  5. Prelude to Cantata No. 12, by Bach, arr. by Sigurd Raschèr, Chappell (©1938); OCLC   1881486, 33309682
    1. "Weinen"
    2. "Klagen"
    3. "Sorgen"
    4. "Zagen"
  6. Orchestral Suite No. 3, BWV 1068, by J.S. Bach
    1. "Gavottes I & II", arr. by Marcel Mule
      Leduc (©1939); OCLC   4451340
      See: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  7. Adagio, by Arcangelo Corelli, arr. by Marcel Mule, Leduc (©1939); OCLC   7301376
  8. Le Fete du Village, by François-Joseph Gossec, arr. by Marcel Mule, Leduc (©1937); OCLC   317456709
Milton Lewis Granger (born 1947), piano
Album cover art: Fred Hemke
Notes by Charles (Chuck) Brewster Hawes, PhD (born 1945)
  1. Sonata, for tenor saxophone and piano, by James Di Pasquale
  2. A Ballad in Time and Space, by William Duckworth
  3. Poem, for tenor saxophone and piano, by Walter Hartley
  4. Music for Tenor Saxophone and Piano, by Martin William Karlins
Milton Lewis Granger (born 1947), piano
Album cover art: Fred Hemke
Notes by Alan Burrage Stout (born 1932)
  1. Concerto, for alto saxophone, by Ingolf Dahl
  2. Farewell, by Warren Benson
  3. Concerto, for alto saxophone, Karel Husa
  4. Aeolian Song, by Warren Benson
Re-issued as a compilation under the title:
The American Saxophone, EnF Records [lower-alpha 7] 1203-2 (CD) (2006); OCLC   111103801
Douglas Cleveland, organ
Recorded at Alice Miller Chapel, Northwestern University on the Æolian-Skinner Organ and at Trinity United Methodist Church, Wilmette, Illinois, on the 2001 Reuter Organ
The Music of George Gershwin
Hemke, Alto Saxophone
Figard String Quintet: Tracy Figard, violin; Catherine Price, violin; Kristin Figard, viola; Sam Norlund, cello; Douglas Nestler, double bass
Notes by Jonah L. Blum (born 1976) (in English) and Hemke
Cover art by Hemke
  1. "Illuminations" (sample at 1:14 on YouTube)
  2. "Sunrise Ballad"
  3. "Chasing Radiance"
  4. "Solar Rings"
Hemke, saxophone, with the New Haven Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, conducting
Recorded at Woolsey Hall, New Haven, Connecticut, February 27, 2014 [17]
Commissioned as a retirement gift to Fred Hemke by current and former students; the composer, Thomas, had been Hemke's colleague at Northwestern
From the album, A Portrait of Augusta Read Thomas, Nimbus Records (CD) (2014); OCLC   889352260
Ensemble recordings
Hemke has recorded with the Eastman Wind Ensemble, and The University of Chicago Contemporary Chamber Players.
Recorded at the Stockholm Concert Hall, October 17 & 18, 1984 [lower-alpha 8]
Northwestern University Wind Ensemble, John Philip Paynter (1928–1996) (nl) conducting
Recorded November 1976
4th work: Concerto for Saxophone and Orchestra of Wind Instruments, by Ross Lee Finney, Hemke, alto saxophone
Hemke, E alto saxophone
With the Kronos Quartet: David Harrington, violin; John Sherba, violin; Hank Dutt, viola; Joan Jeanrenaud, cello
Recorded November 27, 1978, Kresge Recording Studios, Eastman School of Music
First work: The Dream Net, quintet for saxophone and string quartet, commissioned by Hemke
  1. "Slow" (audio)
  2. "Quick" (audio)
  3. "Flexing" (audio) [18]
Notes by Carter Harman
For soprano, violoncello, trumpet, E alto saxophone, French horn, piano, tympani, cymbals, tomtoms, irons, and gongs
Bethany Beardslee, soprano, Contemporary Chamber Players of the University of Chicago
Ralph Shapey conducting
Re-released CRI Records (CD) (1995); OCLC   33428323
Re-released CRI Records (CD) (2007); OCLC   793773808, 842067254
Interlochen Arts Academy Wind Ensemble, Dennis L. Johnson (born 1946) conducting
33rd Annual Midwestern Conference on School Vocal and Instrumental Music
Performed live, January 21, 1978, Hill Auditorium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  1. "Meditative"
  2. "Rhythmic" [19]
University of Wisconsin–Madison Wind Ensemble, (H. Robert Reynolds) conducting

Chicago Symphony Orchestra

"The Old Castle" on YouTube
Jean Martinon conducting
Re-released RCA Camden Classics Victrola CCV 5011 (LP) (1971)
Re-released RCA VICS 1593 (LP) (1971); OCLC   6033704, 221592686
Re-released RCA (LP) (1977); OCLC   4310870
Re-released RCA LPS 9845 (LP)
Stokowski conducting
Recorded February 20–21, 1968, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Re-released RCA Red Seal LSC 3133 (LP) (1970); OCLC   79804294, 4663689
Re-released RCA Red Seal (LP) (1975); OCLC   11646599
Re-released RCA Red Seal (LP) (1979); OCLC   16697745
Re-released RCA Red Seal (CD) (1997); OCLC   39096777
Also re-released with several various compilations
Martinon conducting
Solti conducting
Recorded May 1976, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Original release Decca (1977)
Original release London Records (LP) (1977); OCLC   869375711
Re-released Decca (CD) (1996); OCLC   23366204
Boléro on YouTube
Re-released Universal Classics (2003); OCLC   52087462
Re-released Deutsche Grammophon (2003); OCLC   178786394
Boléro on YouTube and orchestral scores of Boléro at: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
Barbara Hendricks, soprano; Fred Hemke, Robert Black, soprano saxophones; Fred Spector, mandolin; Frederic Chrislip, tenor banjo; Herman Troppe, accordion; Solti conducting
Recorded January 1980, Medinah Temple, Chicago
Re-released on Decca Eloquence 442 995, Australia (CD) (2008); OCLC   226380109

Selected publications

Educational publications

The dissertation explores in depth the saxophone's history and gradual acceptance in the realm of symphonic music
The Selmer Series, Elkhart, Indiana

Commissions and dedications

2000; OCLC   63046841
Revised 2006; OCLC   76879383 , 76879383 , 658778115, OCLC   878432573 , 658778115 , 658778164, OCLC   76879388
Commissioned by Jean-François Guay
Homage to Marcel Mule, Jean-Marie Londeix, Eugene Rousseau, Fred Hemke, Daniel Deffayet
Funded in part by the Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec

Music editions

Awards and honors

1956Premiere Prix [lower-alpha 1] [20] du Saxophone, Paris Conservatory; Hemke was the first American to win a First Prize from the Conservatory; his achievement inspired other American saxophonist to work towards First Prize diplomas at the Paris Conservatory, and other well-known European conservatories known for classical saxophone, including the Royal Conservatory of Brussels
1976–1978Founding coordinator of the North American Saxophone Alliance; later awarded Honorary Life Membership
1999–2001 Distinguished Service to Music Medal, Kappa Kappa Psi, for Instrumental Music Education [21]
2004Appointed the Charles Deering McCormick Professor of Teaching Excellence at Northwestern University
2013Centerstage Lifetime Achievement Award, Conn-Selmer [22]
2013Honorary Alumni Award, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois [23]

Hemke's saxophone and accessories

Hemke had been a primary design consultant for the S-80 mouthpiece manufactured by Henri Selmer Paris. For alto saxophone, Hemke uses a custom version of the S-80. The mouthpiece is metal with a square chamber.

The Selmer Mark VII E alto and B tenor saxophones, introduced in 1974, were designed in consultation with Hemke.


Audio samples and videography

Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Ahronovitch conducting, Swedish Society Discofil (1994); OCLC   45586363
For 12 saxophones
North American premier
Northwestern University Saxophone Ensemble, Hemke conducting
For 9 saxophones
World premiere, 2008, Pick-Steiger Concert Hall, Evanston, Illinois
Northwestern University Saxophone Ensemble, Hemke conducting

Hemke Legacy Tribute: May 29 – June 3, 1912, Northwestern University

7:30 pm, May 31, 2012, Pick-Staiger Concert Hall, Northwestern University
Songs by Gershwin, arranged by Jonah L. Blum (born 1976)
Northwestern University Chamber Orchestra, Robert Hasty conducting
Scenes from Porgy and Bess
  1. "Summertime" (prologue on YouTube)
  2. "Bess, You Is My Woman Now" (at 2:30 on YouTube)
  3. "I Got Plenty o' Nuttin' " (at 4:42 on YouTube)
  4. "Gone, Gone, Gone" (at 6:40 on YouTube)
  5. "I Loves You, Porgy" (at 9:00 on YouTube)
  6. "Summertime" (epilogue at 11:49 on YouTube)
(Brahms's Variations on the St. Anthony Chorale by Haydn)
Arranged by Gary S. Bricault (born 1952) at the request of Fred Hemke
Northwestern University Alumni Saxo Orchestra, Stephen Alltop conducting
Performed June 3, 2012, at Northwestern University
105 saxophones: 3 E sopraninos, 23 B sopranos, 35 E altos, 25 B tenors, 12 E baritones, 6 B basses, and 1 E contra bass tubax [lower-alpha 11]
Academic offices
Preceded by
Cecil Leeson
Full-time faculty, saxophone
Bienen School of Music
Northwestern University

Succeeded by
Timothy McAllister


  1. 1 2 A First Prize from the Paris Conservatory, in any musical discipline, is an internationally recognized distinction. A First Prize in saxophone from the Paris Conservatory under Marcel Mule holds a unique distinction because of Mule's unprecedented level of virtuosity, his influence in building the saxophone family of instruments in orchestral repertoire, and his role in developing a new generation of highly influential performing artists.Mule's leverage from two of his American First Prize protégés , Hemke and Rousseau, greatly helped transform classical saxophone in America, a country that led the world in the use of saxophones. When Hemke began teaching saxophone in 1962 at Northwestern University, few American universities and conservatories had full-time saxophone-only faculty members. The role was typically filled by other orchestral woodwind experts who doubled on saxophone. By 1970, many reputable music institutions of higher learning had a dedicated saxophone professor. As of 2014, most major universities, and all comprehensive music institutions of higher learning, have a least one dedicated saxophone instructor.
  2. 1 2 3 H. & A. Selmer, Inc., and its successor, The Selmer Corporation, based in Elkhart, Indiana, has not been owned by Henri Selmer Paris since 1927. But in the North American market, H. & A. Selmer assembles and distributes Henri Selmer Paris instruments manufactured in France. H. & A. Selmer, Inc. — its successors and affiliates — are now part of Conn-Selmer.
  3. The imprint date is inferred from an announcement in the Music Educators Journal, April May 1963, pg. 137; ISSN   0027-4321
  4. 1 2 The alpha matrix prefix "XCTV" was an imprint of Columbia Custom Records of Columbia Records. The prefix was designated for LP mono. The matrix numbers XCTV-87627 (side A) and XCTV-87628 (side B) were handwritten on the stamper and appear in the runout areas of both sides of this particular pressing.
  5. David Ward, born 1936, earned a Bachelor of Music from Oklahoma City University, and Master of Music (1960) and Doctor of Musical Arts (1966) from the Eastman School of Music.
  6. 1 2 Brewster Records was a label with a mailing address of 1822 Monroe Street, Evanston, Illinois. It was founded in 1967 by Charles Brewster Hawes, PhD (born 1945), who was also its chief engineer. Other engineers included James S. Hill and Robert E. Diehl. All three were saxophone students at Northwestern University
  7. 1 2 3 The acronym EnF (for EnF Records) reflects the initials of the first names of Elizabeth and Fred. Elizabeth is Fred's daughter.
  8. From the liner notes for the CD cataloged under OCLC   45586363.
  9. The alpha matrix prefix "ZAL" indicates that the record is a London-based Decca 12-inch 33-13 rpm stereo record ("Decca/London Phase Four Recordings — Part V: Decoding the Inner Groove Information," The Absolute Sound , Vol. 11, No. 42, July–August 1986, pps. 181, 182; ISSN   0097-1138)
  10. Southern Music Company, the former San Antonio based sheet music retailer and wholesaler founded in 1937, sold its sheet music assets in 2012 to Lauren Keiser Music Publishing of Maryland Heights, Missouri, and became known as Southern Music LLC. The sheet music is published and distributed by the Hal Leonard Corporation.
  11. The E contrabass tubax, made by Benedikt Eppelsheim Instruments in Munich, is pitched one octave lower than a standard E baritone saxophone

Related Research Articles

Eduardo Mata Mexican musician

Eduardo Mata was a Mexican conductor and composer.

Alto saxophone type of saxophone

The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846. It is pitched in E, and is smaller than the tenor, but larger than the soprano. The alto sax is the most common saxophone and is commonly used in concert bands, chamber music, solo repertoire, military bands, marching bands, and jazz. The fingerings of the different saxophones are all the same so a saxophone player can play any type of saxophone.

Harvey Pittel is an American saxophonist who performs principally in North America, and, before retiring, was the Professor of Saxophone at the University of Texas at Austin Sarah and Ernest Butler School of Music in the College of Fine Arts. Following studies as a music education major at the University of Southern California (USC), Pittel obtained his master's degree under the tutelage of Fred Hemke at Northwestern University and subsequently studied at the Juilliard School with Joseph Allard. He performed a solo recital at Carnegie Hall in 1973 as a winner of the Concert Artists Guild competition. He has edited the saxophone and piano reduction of the Ingolf Dahl Concerto for Saxophone and Band based on his work with Dahl during his studies at the University of Southern California. His version of the Concerto is the standard version of this piece played today, and has performed the piece under Dahl, as well as Michael Tilson Thomas and Zubin Mehta. Mr. Pittel has performed with many major orchestras including the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Louisville Orchestra, Boston Symphony, New York Philharmonic, San Antonio Symphony, and Austin Symphony.

C.G. Conn manufacturer of musical instruments

C.G. Conn Ltd., sometimes called Conn Instruments or commonly just Conn, was an American manufacturer of musical instrument incorporated in 1915. It bought the production facilities owned by Charles Gerard Conn, a major figure in early manufacture of brasswinds and saxophones in the USA. Its early business was based primarily on brass instruments, which were manufactured in Elkhart, Indiana. During the 1950s the bulk of its sales revenue shifted to electric organs. In 1969 the company was sold in bankruptcy to the Crowell-Collier-MacMillan publishing company. Conn was divested of its Elkhart production facilities in 1970, leaving remaining production in satellite facilities and contractor sources. The company was sold in 1980 then again in 1985, reorganized under the parent corporation United Musical Instruments (UMI) in 1986. The assets of UMI were bought by Steinway Musical Instruments in 2000 and in January 2003 were merged with other Steinway properties into a subsidiary called Conn-Selmer. C.G. Conn survives as a brand of musical instruments manufactured by Conn-Selmer but only retains two instruments for which it was known: Conn 8-D horn and the 88-H trombone.

James Di Pasquale is an American musician and composer of contemporary classical music and music for television and films.

The Buescher Band Instrument Company was a manufacturer of musical instruments in Elkhart, Indiana, from 1894 to 1963.

James Garland Riggs is an American saxophonist in classical and jazz idioms, big band director, collegiate music educator, and international music clinician. He is also a University of North Texas Regents Professor Emeritus.

Eugene Rousseau (saxophonist) American musician

Eugene Rousseau is an American classical saxophonist. He plays mainly the alto and soprano saxophones.

Augusta Read Thomas is an American composer.

Jean Rivier was a French composer of classical music.

(Guillaume) Guy Lacour was a French composer of classical music, and a tenor saxophonist.

James Houlik is an American classical tenor saxophonist and saxophone teacher.

Symphony in B-flat for Band was written by the German composer Paul Hindemith in 1951. It was premiered on April 5 of that year by the U.S. Army Band "Pershing's Own" with the composer conducting.

Debra Richtmeyer is an American classical saxophonist born June 19, 1957, in Lansing, Michigan.

Mark Engebretson, DM, Northwestern University is a saxophonist and composer. He has written music for orchestra, wind ensemble, chorus and chamber formations. His music often combines computer music and live performance.

Elie Apper is a Belgian classical saxophonist who is well known as a former member of the Saxophone Quartet of Belgium. The quartet was founded in 1953 and made its American debut December 9, 1970, in Fort Worth with the Youth Orchestra of Greater Fort Worth. The Quartet was founded by Francois Daneels, who was a professor of saxophone at the Brussels Conservatory.

Timothy McAllister is an American classical saxophonist and educator. Born in 1972, he gave his solo debut at age 16 with the Houston Civic Symphony. As a teenager he attended the Interlochen Center for the Arts, where he was a pupil of Dr. John Sampen. He studied saxophone with Donald Sinta and conducting with H. Robert Reynolds at the University of Michigan. He holds a Bachelor of Music (1995), the Albert A. Stanley Medal (1995), Masters of Music (1997), and a Doctor of Musical Arts (2002). As of 2014 he has been appointed to the position of Associate Professor of Saxophone at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre and Dance a title held previously by Donald Sinta and Larry Teal. Each summer he teaches saxophone at Interlochen with his PRISM Quartet. Prior to his post at Michigan, he succeeded Dr. Frederick Hemke at Northwestern University following his retirement after 50 years of teaching.


  1. 1 2 3 Frederick L. Hemke Papers, Northwestern University Library
  2. The New Grove Dictionary of American Music (Hemke is in vol. 2 of 4), H. Wiley Hitchcock & Stanley Sadie (eds.) Macmillan Press (1986); OCLC   13184437
  3. International Who's Who in Music and Musicians' Directory, 1990–1991 (12th ed.), International Who's Who in Music (1990); OCLC   632053332
  4. Who's Who in American Music: Classical, R.R. Bowker (1983); OCLC   10206087
  5. Who's Who in Entertainment 1998–1999 (3rd ed.) Marquis Who's Who (1997); OCLC   38740408
  6. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (Hemke is in Vol. 2 of 6), Macmillan; Schirmer
    6th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1978); OCLC   4426869
    7th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1984); OCLC   10574930
    8th ed., Slonimsky (ed.) (1992); OCLC   24246972
    9th ed., Laura Kuhn (ed.) (born 1953) (2001); OCLC   44972043
  7. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Classical Musicians, Nicolas Slonimsky (ed.), Schirmer Books (1997); OCLC   36111932
  8. The Cambridge Companion to the Saxophone, Richard Ingham (ed.), Cambridge University Press (1998), pps. 46, 166; OCLC   38748296
  9. The Saxophone , by Stephen Cottrell, Yale University Press (2012), pg. 256; OCLC   785865144
    Cottrell is a saxophonist and professor of music at City University London
  10. The Devil's Horn: The Story of the Saxophone, from Noisy Novelty to King of Cool (first Picador edition), by Michael Segell (born 1951), Farrar, Straus and Giroux (2006), pg. 261; (2005 Farrar, Straus and Giroux edition OCLC   63047414)
  11. Classical Saxophone Transcriptions: Role and Reception [ permanent dead link ] (masters thesis) by Kathryn Diane Etheridge, Florida State University (2008); OCLC   668117435
  12. "Frederick Hemke (1935-2019)". Northwestern Bienen School of Music: News. April 24, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  13. Fostering Artistry and Pedagogy: Conversations With Artist-Teachers Frederick Hemke, Eugene Rousseau, and Donald Sinta, (PhD dissertation), by Julia Nolan, University of British Columbia (2012)
  14. "An Interview with Frederick Hemke," by Jonathan Helton, The Saxophone Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, pps. 26–31 (2006)
  15. Allan Pettersson: destin, douleur et musique: la vie et l'œuvre, by Jean-Luc Caron, Éditions L'Âge d'Homme (fr) (2007), pg. 106; OCLC   716568162
  16. "Fred Hemke at Town Hall," New York Times April 17, 1962
  17. 1 2 "A Light Breeze: Premiere Of A New Sax Symphony At NHSO," by Christopher Arnott, Hartford Courant , February 27, 2014
  18. List of Chamber works with audio mp3 samples Archived October 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , Warren Benson
  19. Programs: "33rd Annual Midwestern Conference," School of Music, Theatre & Dance Publications, by the University of Michigan, January 19–21, 1978
  20. "The Paris Conservatory: Its Oboe Professors, Laureates (1795–1984)" (explaining First Prize), by George Arnold Conrey, DFA (1919–1994), IDRS Journal, Vol. 14, No. 8, July 1986; ISSN   0092-0827
  21. Guide to Membership for the 2011–2013 Biennium – Archived January 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Chapter: "Distinguished Service to Music Medal," Nick Smith (ed.), Kappa Kappa Psi/Tau Beta Sigma, pps. 57–59
  22. "Dr. Fred Hemke Wins the Conn-Selmer Centerstage Lifetime Achievement Award," Archived October 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (press release), Conn-Selmer, June 12, 2013
  23. "Alumni recognition awards for 2013," Augustana College, June 5, 2013
  24. "Original Sax Lost in Blaze," Schenectady Gazette (AP), September 20, 1960, pg. 1, col. 6