Frederick Lane

Last updated
Frederick Lane
Fred Lane 1900.jpg
Lane at 1900 Olympics
Personal information
Full name Frederick Claude Vivian Lane
Nickname(s) "Fred", "Freddie"
National teamFlag of Australia.svg  Australia
Born(1880-02-02)2 February 1880
Millers Point, New South Wales
Died 14 May 1969(1969-05-14) (aged 89)
Avalon, New South Wales
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle
Club Blackpool SC
East Sydney Amateur SC

Frederick Claude Vivian Lane (2 February 1880 14 May 1969) was an Australian swimmer who competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics. [1]

Swimming (sport) water-based sport

Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke. The order for a medley relay is: backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.

1900 Summer Olympics Games of the II Olympiad, celebrated in Paris (France) in 1900

The 1900 Summer Olympics, today officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that took place in Paris, France, in 1900. No opening or closing ceremonies were held; competitions began on 14 May and ended on 28 October.

Lane, from Manly, New South Wales, when aged 4 years old his brother saved him from drowning in Sydney Harbour and so decided to learn to swim, he later attended high school at Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview. [2]

Manly, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Manly is a beach-side suburb of northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-east of the Sydney central business district and is currently one of the three administrative centres of the local government area of Northern Beaches Council. Manly has a long-standing reputation as a tourist destination, owing to its attractive setting on the Pacific Ocean and easy accessibility by ferry.

Saint Ignatius College, Riverview Catholic boys school in Sydney, Australia

Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview is a Jesuit, day and boarding school for boys located in Riverview, a small suburb situated on the Lane Cove River on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

After breaking many Australasian swimming records he moved to England to compete in the English Championships in 1899. [2]

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

He was the first Australian to represent his country in swimming at the Olympic Games, when he competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, and won two gold medals. He first won the 200 metres freestyle, clearly beating Hungarian Zoltán Halmay. [3] His second final was just 45 minutes later, the discontinued 200 metre obstacle event, where he beat Austrian Otto Wahle. [4]

Olympic Games major international sport event

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart.

The men's 200 metre freestyle was a sprint swimming event in the Swimming at the 1900 Summer Olympics program in Paris. It was the shortest of the three freestyle events. It was held on 11 August and 12 August 1900. 26 swimmers from 10 nations competed.

Zoltán Halmay Hungarian Olympic swimmer

Zoltán Halmay was a Hungarian Olympic swimmer. He competed in four Olympics, winning the following medals:

After the Olympics, Lane stayed in England for another two years working for a legal firm in Blackpool while to continued to swim and break records, in July 1902 he won a 100 yard race and became the first person to record one minute dead for that distance, [2] in August he then swam 220 yards in 2 minutes 28.6 seconds, which in 1974 was ratified by FINA as the first World Record for 200 metres, [2] and then in October he broke the one minute barrier for 100 yards swimming it in 59.6 seconds. [2]

Blackpool Place in England

Blackpool is a seaside resort on the Lancashire coast in North West England. The town is on the Irish Sea, between the Ribble and Wyre estuaries, 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Preston, 27 miles (43 km) north of Liverpool, 28 miles (45 km) northwest of Bolton and 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Manchester. It had an estimated population of 139,720 at the 2011 Census, making it the most populous town in Lancashire.

FINA international sport governing body

FINA or Fédération internationale de natation is the international federation recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for administering international competition in water sports. It is one of several international federations which administer a given sport or discipline for the IOC and international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

On returning to Australia, Lane became a master printer and a partner in a printing and stationary firm on Bridge Street, Sydney, he married in 1908, and when he died at Avalon, New South Wales in 1969 he was survived by a son and a daughter. [2] Later in 1969 he was honoured by the International Swimming Hall of Fame in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. [2] [5]

Bridge Street, Sydney street in Sydney

Bridge Street is a street in the central business district of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia. Bridge Street runs for 500 metres (1,600 ft) in a west–east direction with traffic flowing in both directions. It is situated in the northern portion of the central business district. The western terminus of Bridge Street is at George Street, with the eastern terminus at Macquarie Street, adjacent to the Chief Secretary's Building.

Fort Lauderdale, Florida City in Florida, United States

Fort Lauderdale is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, 28 miles (45 km) north of Miami. It is the county seat of Broward County. As of the 2017 census, the city has an estimated population of 180,072. Fort Lauderdale is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017.

On 10 December 1985 he was inducted to the Sport Australia Hall of Fame. [6]


Lane, standing at right, with Manly Swimming Club teammates Manly sc.jpg
Lane, standing at right, with Manly Swimming Club teammates

See also

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References

  1. "Fred Lane". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Lane, Frederick Claude Vivian (1879–1969)". adb.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  3. "Swimming at the 1900 Paris Summer Games: Men's 200 metres Freestyle". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  4. "Swimming at the 1900 Paris Summer Games: Men's 200 metres Obstacle Course". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  5. "FREDERICK "FREDDIE" LANE (AUS) 1969 Honor Swimmer". ISHOF.org. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  6. "Fredrick 'Freddie' Lane - Swimming". sahof.org.au. Retrieved 19 March 2017.