Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Last updated
Frederick VI
FriedrichVIHessenHomburg.jpg
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Reign20 January 1820 - 2 April 1829
Predecessor Frederick V
Successor Louis William
Born(1769-07-30)30 July 1769
Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Hesse [1]
Died2 April 1829(1829-04-02) (aged 59)
Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Hesse [1]
Burial10 April 1829
Mausoleum of the Landgraves, Homburg
Consort
House Hesse-Homburg
Father Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Mother Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt

Frederick VI (30 July 1769 2 April 1829) reigned as Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1820 until his death in 1829.

Contents

Biography

Born in Homburg, Hesse, on 30 July 1769, Friedrich Joseph Ludwig Carl August [2] was the eldest son of the incumbent Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick V, and his wife Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt, the eldest child of the then Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Louis IX.

Hesse State in Germany

Hesse or Hessia, officially the State of Hesse, is a federal state (Land) of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden; the largest city is Frankfurt am Main.

Landgrave

Landgrave was a noble title used in the Holy Roman Empire, and later on in its former territories. The German titles of Landgraf, Markgraf ("margrave"), and Pfalzgraf are in the same class of ranks as Herzog ("duke") and above the rank of a Graf ("count").

Hesse-Homburg countship

Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; it was to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668.

Frederick was appointed a captain of the Russian cavalry in 1783 and was made an Austrian general during the Great French War. [2] For his services in that conflict, he was created a Commander of the Austrian Military Order of Maria Theresa. [2]

Napoleonic Wars Series of early 19th century European wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).

Military Order of Maria Theresa order of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Military Order of Maria Theresa was the highest military honour of the Habsburg Monarchy, Austrian Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Despite the vocal objections of her mother, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Frederick married Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, the third daughter of King George III, in the Queen's House in the Mall (now integrated into Buckingham Palace) on 7 April 1818. [3] It was no love match: Elizabeth longed to be free from her domineering mother at any cost, while Frederick needed her sizeable dowry to improve the Landgraviate's strained finances. [4] As Elizabeth was over the age of 48 at the time of their marriage, this union produced no offspring.

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen consort of the United Kingdom as the wife of King George III

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was the wife of King George III. She served as Queen of Great Britain and Queen of Ireland from her wedding in 1761 until the union of the two kingdoms in 1801, after which she was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818. She was also the Electress of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire until the promotion of her husband to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, after which she was also queen consort of Hanover.

Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom member of the British Royal Family

Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom was the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick VI, she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine.

George III of the United Kingdom King of Great Britain and Ireland

George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

Landgrave Frederick V died on 20 January 1820; Frederick succeeded him as monarch of the 221 km2 (85 sq mi) principality. [5] The new Landgrave struggled to repay his father's exorbitant debts. [6] Nine years into his reign, the Landgrave died of complications from a pre-existing leg wound. [7] He was succeeded by his brother, Louis William.

Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1829 until his death.

Ancestry

Related Research Articles

Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden Heir apparent in the Margraviate of Baden

Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden was heir apparent of the Margraviate of Baden.

Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg.

Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1661 to 1678.

Princess Elisabeth of Prussia daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg

Princess Elisabeth of Prussia was the second daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg and a granddaughter of Frederick William II of Prussia. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is her great-great-grandson.

Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg German general, Landgraf of Hesse-Homburg

Frederick II of Hesse-Homburg, also known as the Prince of Homburg was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. He was also a successful and experienced general for the crowns of both Sweden and of Brandenburg, but is best remembered as the eponymous hero of Heinrich von Kleist's play Der Prinz von Homburg.

Princess Amalie of Hesse-Homburg Consort of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Princess and Landgravine Christiane Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, full German name: Christiane Amalie, Landgräfin von Hessen-Homburg was a member of the House of Hesse-Homburg and a Princess and Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth. Through her marriage to Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Amalie was also a member of the House of Ascania and Hereditary Princess of Anhalt-Dessau.

Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg German princess

Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, was a German princess and a member of the House of Wettin in the Ernestine branch of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. By marriage she was Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt and Landgravine-Regent from 1678 to 1688.

Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt Consort of Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt was Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg by marriage to Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Frederick V Louis William Christian, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg was from 1751 to his death landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Maria Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Maria Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, was by marriage landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Frederick III, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg General in the Dutch army and Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Frederick III James of Hesse-Homburg was a Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Frederick IV Charles Louis William of Hesse-Homburg, was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels was a German regent, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by marriage to Frederick IV of Hesse-Homburg, and regent of Hesse-Homburg, on behalf of her minor son Frederick V Louis William Christian from 1751 to 1766.

Louise Elisabeth of Courland was Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by marriage to Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Austrian general and Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Philip August Frederick Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg was a field marshal in the imperial Austrian army. He was the ruling Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1839 until his death.

Gustav, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg was landgrave of the German state of Hesse-Homburg from 1846 to 1848.

Landgravine Auguste of Hesse-Homburg German politician

Landgravine Auguste Fredericka of Hesse-Homburg, was a member of the House of Hesse and a Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth. Through her marriage she was also a member of the House of Mecklenburg and Hereditary Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Ludwig Gruno of Hesse-Homburg

Ludwig Johann Wilhelm Gruno von Hessen-Homburg was hereditary prince of Hesse-Homburg and an Imperial Russian field marshal.

References

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Citations

  1. 1 2 Darryl Lundy (31 July 2005). "Friedrich VI Joseph Landgraf von Hessen-Homburg". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 "Hesse-Homburg, Frederick Joseph Louis, Landgrave of Karl August.(Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950)" (PDF) (in German). Austrian Academy of Sciences. 1959. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  3. Fraser, p 306
  4. Fraser, pp. 304 - 305
  5. "Hesse-Homburg". webmap.geoinform.fh-mainz.de. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  6. Fraser, p 324
  7. Fraser, p 351


Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Born: 30 July 1769 Died: 2 April 1829
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick V
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
1820 — 1829
Succeeded by
Louis William