Frederik Gottschalk von Haxthausen

Last updated
Frederik Gottschalk von Haxthausen
Frederik Gottschalk von Haxthausen av Wilhelm Holter, Eidsvoll 1814, EM.00263 (cropped).jpg
Minister of Finance of Norway
In office
Personal details
Born14 July 1750
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died6 July 1825 (aged 74)
Spouse(s)Catharina von Oldenburg [1]
Military service
Commands Akershus fortress
Battles/wars Swedish campaign against Norway (1814)

Frederik Gottschalk von Haxthausen (14 July 1750 6 July 1825) was a Danish-Norwegian army officer, councillor of state, cabinet member and the country's first minister of finance.



Haxthausen coat of arms (1602) Haxthausen Siebmacher186 - Braunschweig.jpg
Haxthausen coat of arms (1602)

Haxthausen was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, came to Norway in 1773 as a first lieutenant of Søndenfjeldske regiment, and rose to the rank of captain and company commander in 1779 and major in 1788. In 1789 he was appointed generalkrigskommissær, the officer in charge of national conscription, and in 1802 became the director of the War Academy (Krigsskolen). In 1806 he became the commanding officer of Akershus fortress, a charge he held until 1814. He spent the years 18081810 in Denmark as head of the war commissariate, but retained nonetheless all of his Norwegian posts. Haxthausen had a major influence on Prince Christian Frederick as viceroy (stattholder) of Norway from 1813, joined the interim government of Christian Frederick in March 1814, and on 19 May 1814 he became Minister of Finance in the first cabinet of independent Norway.

During the Swedish campaign against Norway in 1814 he served as a lieutenant general, but was wrongly accused of being a traitor, and on 19 August, 5 days after the Convention of Moss, his house and garden was attacked by a mob. Haxthausen had to flee the town and withdrew from all his positions. In 1816 an impeachment process cleared him.

After 1814, the Akershus fortress went out of operative military use, so that Haxthausen was the last operative commander of the fortress. He died in Christiania.

In 1879, a street of Oslo in the Frogner area close to his home was named after Haxthausen.

Related Research Articles

Union between Sweden and Norway Personal union of the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway from 1814 to 1905

Sweden and Norway or Sweden–Norway, officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and known as the United Kingdoms, was a personal union of the separate kingdoms of Sweden and Norway under a common monarch and common foreign policy that lasted from 1814 until its peaceful dissolution in 1905.

Akershus Fortress Medieval castle in Oslo, Norway

Akershus Fortress or Akershus Castle is a medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. Since the Middle Ages the fortress has been the namesake and centre of the main fief and later main county of Akershus, which was originally one of Norway's four main regions and which included most of Eastern Norway. The fortress itself was located within the Akershus main county until 1919, and also within the smaller Akershus sub county until 1842.

Swedish–Norwegian War (1814)

The Swedish–Norwegian War, also known as the Campaign against Norway, War with Sweden 1814, or the Norwegian War of Independence, was a war fought between Sweden and Norway in the summer of 1814. The war resulted in a compromise, with Norway being forced into the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, a union with Sweden under the Swedish king Charles XIII, but with Norway having its own constitution and parliament.

Frederik Due

Frederik Gottschalck Haxthausen Due was a Norwegian military officer and statesman. Born in Trondheim, he entered the military at an early age, and took part in the Swedish-Norwegian War of 1814. After the two countries entered into union, Due was recruited to the Swedish court, where he was appointed Norwegian state secretary in Stockholm in 1823. In 1841 he became the Norwegian prime minister, and acted as interpreter for Charles XIV John. After resigning in 1858, he spent the years until 1871 as an ambassador to Vienna and Munich.

Valentin Christian Wilhelm Sibbern

Valentin Christian Wilhelm Sibbern was a Norwegian government minister and representative at the Norwegian Constitutional Assembly.

Anthony Coucheron was an engineering officer. Coucheron played an important role in the history of Norwegian and Danish fortifications. As Sweden grew to be a great power in the 17th century, there were frequent wars in the Baltic region, and conflict was common along the borders between Sweden & Denmark-Norway. Easy invasions routes from Sweden were fortified on the Danish-Norwegian border with new or upgraded fortresses during this period, effectively establishing the modern borders between Norway & Sweden. Anthony Coucheron played a major role in fortification of the border, both in Norway and Denmark in addition, he participated with honor in combat during the Gyldenløve War.

Battle of the Square

The Battle of the Square was a skirmish between Norwegian demonstrators and forces of the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway that took place in Christiania in the evening of 17 May 1829.

Prince Frederik of Hesse German-Danish prince and general

Prince Frederik of Hesse, Landgrave Friedrich of Hesse-Cassel was a Danish-German nobleman, general and Governor-general of Norway (1810–1813) and the same in the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein (1836–1842).

Caspar Herman Hausmann

Caspar Herman Hausmann was a Danish-Norwegian General, lumber merchant and squire. He was born 10 January 1653 at Segeberg in the Danish duchy of Holsten, which was then in union with Denmark-Norway. He died 9 September 1718 in Christiania and lies in a crypt in Oslo Cathedral. He was married to Karen Nielsdatter Toller (1662–1742). He was a half-brother by Margaret Pape with Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve (1638–1704) — Gyldenløve was King Frederick III of Denmark's acknowledged illegitimate son and Statholder (viceroy) to Norway from 1664 until 1699.

Hartvig Krummedige was a Danish nobleman who was born circa 1400 in southern Jutland, Denmark and died in 1476 at Akershus Fortress, Norway.

Frederik Schmidt

Frederik Schmidt was a Danish-Norwegian priest, politician, doctor of theology, poet and diarist.

Hans Henrik Rode

Hans Henrik Rode was a Norwegian military officer.

Carl von und zu Mansbach was a Hessian-Norwegian military officer and diplomat. He led the Norwegian Military Academy from 1822 to 1828, and later commanded Bergenhus Fortress and Fredriksten Fortress, reaching the rank of lieutenant general. His later career was spent as a Swedish-Norwegian diplomat.

Dano-Swedish War of 1808–1809

The Dano–Swedish War of 1808–1809 was a war between Denmark–Norway and Sweden due to Denmark–Norway's alliance with France and Sweden's alliance with the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars. Neither Sweden nor Denmark-Norway had wanted war to begin with but once pushed into it through their respective alliances, Sweden made a bid to acquire Norway by way of invasion while Denmark-Norway made ill-fated attempts to reconquer territories lost to Sweden in the 17th century. Peace was concluded on grounds of status quo ante bellum on 10 December 1809.

Bernhard Ditlef von Staffeldt was born on 23 October 1753 in Kenz, Swedish Pomerania as the son of Lieutenant Bernt von Staffeldt, of Pomeranian nobility, and Catherine Eleonore von Platen. Both his parents died in 1755 while he was still a child so he was raised at his married sisters estate in Denmark, and was taken into the court of Queen Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach in 1767.

Andreas Samuel Krebs

Andreas Samuel Krebs was a Danish-Norwegian army officer.

Christopher Frederik Peter Theodor Lowzow was a Danish-Norwegian army officer.

Johan Andreas Cornelius Ohme

Johan Andreas Cornelius Ohme was a Danish-Norwegian army officer.

Christian Frederik Michelet

Christian Frederik Michelet was a Norwegian military officer.

Christen Munk

Christen Munk was a Danish born, Norwegian seignor and county governor.


  1. "Frederik Haxthausen". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved 30 November 2021.