Frederiksberg

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Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg Slot.jpg
Frederiksberg Kommune coa.svg
Map DK Frederiksberg.PNG
Coordinates: 55°40′N12°32′E / 55.667°N 12.533°E / 55.667; 12.533
CountryDenmark
Region Capital (Hovedstaden)
Municipality Frederiksberg
Government
  Mayor Michael Vindfeldt  [ da ]
Area
(co-extensive with its municipality)
  Total8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
  Total103,192
  Density11,861/km2 (30,720/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (Central Europe Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2
Website www.frederiksberg.dk

Frederiksberg (Danish pronunciation: [fʁeðʁeksˈpɛɐ̯ˀ] ) is a part of the Capital Region of Denmark. It is an independent municipality, Frederiksberg Municipality, [1] separate from Copenhagen Municipality, but both are a part of the neighborhood of Copenhagen. [2] [3] It occupies an area of less than 9 km2 and had a population of 103,192 in 2015. [4]

Contents

Frederiksberg is an enclave surrounded by Copenhagen Municipality. Some sources ambiguously refer to Frederiksberg as a quarter or of Copenhagen, [3] being one of the four municipalities in Copenhagen zone (the other three being Copenhagen, Tårnby and Dragør). [5] However, Frederiksberg has its own mayor and municipal council, and is fiercely independent.

Frederiksberg is an affluent area, [3] characterised by its many green spaces such as the Frederiksberg Gardens, Søndermarken, and Hostrups Have. [6] Some institutions and locations that are widely considered to be part of Copenhagen are actually located in Frederiksberg. For example, Copenhagen Zoo as well as several stations of the Copenhagen Metro (the stations Forum, Frederiksberg, Fasanvej, Lindevang, Flintholm, Axel Møllers Have, and Frederiksberg Allé) are located in Frederiksberg. The Copenhagen S-train system also has several stations in Frederiksberg, including Peter Bangs Vej station and Flintholm station.

History

The British Bombardment of 1807. Lower right: soldiers with cannons; Frederiksberg Palace. Background: Amager and the Oresund Valby Bakke - Bombardement of Copenhagen 1807.jpg
The British Bombardment of 1807. Lower right: soldiers with cannons; Frederiksberg Palace. Background: Amager and the Øresund
Julius Thomsens Square with St. Mark's Church at back Julius Thomsens Plads and Sankt Markus Kirke.jpg
Julius Thomsens Square with St. Mark's Church at back

Frederiksberg's original name was Tulehøj, a combination of the Danish words thul (thyle) and høj (high), [7] indicating that a thyle lived there, the reciter of eldritch times.[ further explanation needed ] The term is known from the Snoldelev rune stone. [8] In Beowulf, Unferth holds the same title. In Håvamål, Odin himself is referred to as "the old thul". [9] Thula translates as "song", like in the Rigsthula poem from the Edda. By 1443 the name Tulehøj was spelled Tulleshøy. It was regarded as Copenhagen's border to the west. [10] People have lived in the area since the Bronze Age.

The history of Frederiksberg goes back to 2 June 1651 when King Frederik III gave 20 Danish-Dutch peasants the rights to settle at Allégade (from the words allé (tree-lined street) and gade (street)), and founded the town then named "Ny Amager" (New Amager) or "Ny Hollænderby" (New Dutchman-town). Farming was not very successful, and in 1697 most of the town burned down. This meant that the peasants were unable to pay taxes, and the land reverted to the crown by Frederik III's son Christian V.

In 1700–1703, King Frederik IV built a palace on top of the hill known as Valby Bakke (bakke = hill). He named the palace Frederichs Berg, and the rebuilt town at the foot of the hill consequently changed its name to Frederiksberg. A number of the local houses were bought by wealthy citizens of Copenhagen who did not farm the land, but rather used the properties as country houses.

The town changed slowly from a farming community to a merchant town, with craftsmen and merchants. During the summer rooms were offered for rent, and restaurants served food to the people of Copenhagen who had left the cramped city for the open land, and to be near the royals.

Initially the town grew slowly with population growing from 1,000 in 1770, to 1,200 in 1800, and to 3,000 in 1850.

In 1852, Parliament removed restrictions which prohibited permanent construction outside Copenhagen's city walls. Almost immediately numerous residential areas were constructed, starting in the eastern part near Copenhagen, and ending in the western part farthest away from Copenhagen in 1950. This led to rapid population growth; in 1900 the population reached 80,000, and in 1950 Frederiksberg peaked with a population of 120,000.

Today Frederiksberg consists almost entirely of 3- to 5-story residential houses, large single-family homes, and large parks; only a few small areas with light industry remain.

Geography

Fredericksberg's location inside Copenhagen's municipality area Kopenhagen-frederiksberg.PNG
Fredericksberg's location inside Copenhagen's municipality area
Frederiksberg Have People in Frederiksberg Have, Copenhagen, Denmark.JPG
Frederiksberg Have
Frederiksberg Alle Frederiksberg Alle - parking lanes.jpg
Frederiksberg Allé

Frederiksberg, which lies west of central Copenhagen, is completely surrounded by boroughs forming part of the city of Copenhagen – the result of an expansion of the Copenhagen Municipality's boundary in 1901, which nevertheless did not include Frederiksberg in the list of municipalities to be incorporated in the enlarged area. Frederiksberg is thus effectively a municipal island within the country's capital – a unique phenomenon in present-day Europe. Other than administratively, however, it is largely indistinguishable in character from the districts of Copenhagen city which surround it. [3]

Frederiksberg has several stations on the Copenhagen Metro system, and is home to the tallest residential structure in Denmark and the second tallest residential building in Scandinavia: the 102-metre high Domus Vista.

Culture

The Danmark Rundt cycling race traditionally finishes on Frederiksberg Alle, often in a sprint finish.

Education

Frederiksberg houses the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus, Copenhagen Business School, 9 public schools (run by the municipality), 3 private schools, 1 technical college, and more.

The Lycée Français Prins Henrik , a French international school, is in Frederiksberg. [11]

Shopping

The 3 streets Gammel Kongevej, Godthåbsvej, and Falkoner Alle are the busiest shopping streets. The town also houses the Frederiksberg Centret shopping mall.

Main sights

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17691,030    
17871,143+11.0%
18011,172+2.5%
18402,304+96.6%
18502,874+24.7%
18608,164+184.1%
187016,878+106.7%
188026,510+57.1%
YearPop.±%
189046,954+77.1%
190176,231+62.4%
191197,237+27.6%
1921104,815+7.8%
1930106,251+1.4%
1940113,208+6.5%
1950118,993+5.1%
1960114,285−4.0%
YearPop.±%
1970101,874−10.9%
198088,287−13.3%
198588,030−0.3%
199085,611−2.7%
199588,002+2.8%
200090,327+2.6%
200591,886+1.7%
2015103,192+12.3%

Transport

Metro in Frederiksberg Forum Station under jorden.JPG
Metro in Frederiksberg
Cycling route Den gronne sti frederiksberg cykeltaeller.jpg
Cycling route

The town is served by the Frederiksberg station and the Fasanvej station, opened in 2003 on the Copenhagen Metro. It serves the M1, M2 and M3 (the City Circle Line) lines and is connected with bus services.

The S-Train urban rail and suburban rail network can be reached through Peter Bangs Vej station, Fuglebakken station and Grøndal station. [12]

Notable people

Arts and writing

Gerda Wegener, 1904 Gerda Wegener.jpg
Gerda Wegener, 1904

Acting and entertainment

Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1965 Carl Theodor Dreyer (1965) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg
Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1965

Politics and public office

Viggo Kampmann, 1960 Viggo Kampmann.jpg
Viggo Kampmann, 1960

Science and design

Kaare Klint, c. 1945 Kaare Klint.jpg
Kaare Klint, c.1945

Sport

Per Lyngemark, (left) 1968 Per Lyngemark, Reno Olsen 1968.jpg
Per Lyngemark, (left) 1968

Twin towns

Frederiksberg practices twinning on the municipal level. For the twin towns, see twin towns of Frederiksberg Municipality.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederiksberg Municipality</span> Municipality in Hovedstaden, Denmark

Frederiksberg Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark. Part of the Capital Region of Denmark and the city of Copenhagen, it is surrounded by Copenhagen Municipality. The municipality, co-extensive with its seat, covers a total area of 8.71 km2 according to the Municipal Key Figures and has a population of 104,899 making it the smallest municipality in Denmark area-wise, the seventh most populous, and the most densely populated. Its mayor is Michael Vindfeldt from the Social Democrats serving from 1 January 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">M1 (Copenhagen Metro)</span>

M1 of the Copenhagen Metro, colored green on the map, runs from Vanløse to Vestamager. It connects the Ørestad neighborhood of Copenhagen, Denmark, to the city center. The line is elevated while traveling through Ørestad, while it runs through a tunnel below the city center. From Christianshavn to Vanløse, the line is shared with M2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederiksberg station</span> Copenhagen metro station

Frederiksberg station is an underground Copenhagen Metro station located at Falkonér Plads, off Falkonér Allé, in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The station is an interchange station between the M1/M2 and M3 lines and is in fare zone 2. Nearby landmarks include Frederiksberg Centret, Falkoner Center, Frederiksberg Gymnasium, Frederiksberg Central Library and Copenhagen Business School's Solbjerg Campus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ringbanen</span> Commuter railway line in Greater Copenhagen, Denmark

Ringbanen is an S-train line in Copenhagen. Its route is roughly semicircular, running around the central part of Copenhagen and connecting the S-train radials about 5 km out.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fasanvej</span>

Søndre and Nordre Fasanvej are two streets that form a lengthy south-to-north artery through Frederiksberg, an independent municipality surrounded by the larger Copenhagen Municipality in Copenhagen, Denmark. The southern part of the street is characterized by large green spaces and attractive residential neighborhoods. In contrast, its northern part, extending into the Nørrebro and North-West districts of Copenhagen, is marked by former industrial sites. The street is named after Fasangården, a former royal pheasantry located in Frederiksberg Park.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Smallegade</span>

Smallegade is a busy shopping street in the central part of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from the Town Hall Square in the east to Fasanvej in the west, along the north side of Frederiksberg Town Hall and Frederiksberg Park, linking Gammel Kongevej with Peter Bangs Vej. On the other side of the Town Hall is Bredegade, now smaller than Smallegade, which after a while joins Smallegade at Møstings Hus, an 18th-century country house-turned-exhibitions space, which overlooks a small pond.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Falkoner Allé</span> Street in Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark

Falkoner Alle is one of the main streets of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Frederiksberg Town Hall Square in the south to Ågade on the border with Nørrebro in the north, linking Allégade with Jagtvej. The street takes its name from the Royal Falconry which was located in the area. Remains of the buildings are still found behind the buildings at No. 112–120. Notable buildings on the street include the Frederiksberg Centret shopping center and the Falkoner Center hotel and conference centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederiksberg Gymnasium</span> Public gymnasium school in Copenhagen, Denmark

Frederiksberg Gymnasium is an upper secondary school in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Its current building, located just off Falkoner Allé, was inaugurated in 2004 to a design by Henning Larsen Architects. The school has 650 students.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">H. C. Ørsteds Vej</span> Street in Frederiksberg Municipality, Denmark

H. C. Ørsteds Vej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Gammel Kongevej in the south to Åboulevard on the border with Nørrebro in the north, linking Alhambravej in the south with Griffenfeldsgade in the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Bangs Vej</span> Street in Copenhagen, Denmark


Peter Bangs Vej is a 2.2 km long street in Frederiksberg, a city in the Copenhagen area on the island of Zealand, Denmark. The direct continuation of Smallegade, it initially runs west, from Nordre Fasanvej, but then turns south along the east side of Damhus Lake to meet Roskildevej. There is a large sports complex on the south end of the street with the football club F.C. Copenhagen's training facilities as well as the multi-purpose venue K.B. Hallen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nyelandsvej</span> Street in Copenhagen, Denmark

Nyelandsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the southeast to a roundabout at the north end of Dalgas Boulevard in the northwest. The more urban, eastern part of the street, between Falkoner Allé and Nordre Fasanvej, separates an area with Copenhagen Business School's Solbjerg Campus and Frederiksberg Centret to the south from the Svømmehal Quarter to the north. The western part of the street is passes the multi-purpose venue Keddelhallen and Frederiksberg Hospital before entering an area with Single-family detached homes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finsensvej</span>

Finsensvej is a major street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The direct continuation of Howitzvej, it runs from Nordre Fasanvej in the east to the northern end of Sønderjyllands Allé in the west where it turns into Jernbane Allé on the municipal border with Vanløse. The street crosses Dalgas Boulevard and passes under the S-train network's Frederikssund radial. The modern Flintholm neighbourhood is located on the north side of the street and the Lindevang Park on its south side. The street is named after the Nobel Prize-winning physician Niels Ryberg Finsen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Falkonergården</span>

Falkonergården was a royal Danish facility for stabling of peregrine falcons for falconry located in Frederiksberg outside Copenhagen from 1670. It closed in 1810 and the buildings have been demolished except for one wing which is still seen in an alley off Falkoner Allé. Falkonergården is commemorated in Frederiksberg Municipality's shield as well as in the names of several buildings and public spaces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Howitzvej</span> Street in Frederiksberg Municipality, Denmark

Howitzvej is a street in Frederiksberg, a municipality surrounded by Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the east to Nordre Fasanvej where it turns into Finsensvej before the name changes again to Jernbane Allé on the border with Vanløse.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mariendalsvej</span> Street in Frederiksberg Municipality, Denmark

Mariendalsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the southeast to the Ring Line in the northwest. The area to the southeast of Nordre Fasanvej runs through the Mariendal Quarter and the rest runs through the Fuglebakken neighbourhood.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hostrups Have</span>

Hostrups Have is a famous functionalist housing estate and associated green space located at the corner of Falkoner Allé and Rolighedsvej in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Designed by Danish architect Hans Dahlerup Berthelsen in 1935–36. Hostrups Have is named after the playwright Jens Christian Hostrup. It has its own post code.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rolighedsvej</span> Street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark

Rolighedsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the northwest to Bülowsvej in the southeast, linking Godthåbsvej with Rosenørns Allé. The street is dominated by the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus. It takes its name after Rolighed, a Rococo-style country house from 1770 which is now owned by the university.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eugen Jørgensen</span> Danish architect and politician

Eugen Jørgensen was a Danish architect and local politician. His apartment building at Strandboulevarden 35 in Copenhagen has been listed on the Danish registry of protected buildings and places. Other works include Østerfælled Barracks and the belongs Christian IX's Gade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dronning Olgas Vej</span> Street in Denmark

Dronning Olgas Vej is a street in the Mariendal neighborhood of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the east to a modernist housing estate adjacent to Nordre Fasanvej in the west from where it turns south to join Kong Georgs Vej. The Modernist housing estate was built in the 1970s in the former grounds of the Stjernen cooperative brewery. Most of the other buildings in the street are single family detached homes from the late 19th and early 20th century.

Ole Ancher Secher Sørensen Boye was a Danish architect. He was mainly active in Frederiksberg.

References

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