Frederiksberg

Last updated

Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg Slot.jpg
Frederiksberg kommune.jpg
Seal
Map DK Frederiksberg.PNG
Coordinates: 55°40′N12°32′E / 55.667°N 12.533°E / 55.667; 12.533
Country Denmark, Copenhagen
Region Capital (Hovedstaden)
Municipality Frederiksberg
Government
  MayorSimon Aggesen Simon Aggesen (in Danish)
Area
(co-extensive with its municipality)
  Total8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
  Total103,192
  Density11,861/km2 (30,720/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (Central Europe Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2
Website www.frederiksberg.dk

Frederiksberg (Danish pronunciation:  [fʁeðʁeksˈpɛɐ̯ˀ] ) is a part of the Capital Region of Denmark. It is formally an independent municipality, Frederiksberg Municipality, [1] separate from Copenhagen Municipality, but both are a part of the City of Copenhagen. [2] [3] It occupies an area of less than 9 km2 and had a population of 103,192 in 2015. [4]

Contents

Frederiksberg is an enclave surrounded by Copenhagen Municipality. Some sources ambiguously refer to Frederiksberg as a quarter or neighbourhood of Copenhagen, [3] being one of the four municipalities that constitute the City of Copenhagen (the other three being Copenhagen, Tårnby and Dragør). [5] However, Frederiksberg has its own mayor and municipal council, and is fiercely independent.

Frederiksberg is an affluent area, [3] characterised by its many green spaces such as the Frederiksberg Gardens, Søndermarken, and Hostrups Have. [6] Some institutions and locations that are widely considered to be part of Copenhagen are actually located in Frederiksberg. For example, Copenhagen Zoo as well as several stations of the Copenhagen Metro (the stations Forum, Frederiksberg, Fasanvej, Lindevang, Flintholm, Axel Møllers Have, and Frederiksberg Allé) are located in Frederiksberg. The Copenhagen S-train system also has several stations in Frederiksberg, including Peter Bangs Vej station and Flintholm station.

History

The British Bombardment of 1807. Lower right: soldiers with cannons; Frederiksberg Palace. Background: Amager and the Oresund Valby Bakke - Bombardement of Copenhagen 1807.jpg
The British Bombardment of 1807. Lower right: soldiers with cannons; Frederiksberg Palace. Background: Amager and the Øresund
Julius Thomsens Square with St. Mark's Church at back Julius Thomsens Plads and Sankt Markus Kirke.jpg
Julius Thomsens Square with St. Mark's Church at back

Frederiksberg's original name was Tulehøj, a combination of the Danish words thul (thyle) and høj (hill), [7] indicating that a thyle lived there, the reciter of eldritch times.[ further explanation needed ] The term is known from the Snoldelev rune stone. [8] In Beowulf, Unferth holds the same title. In Håvamål, Odin himself is referred to as "the old thul". [9] Thula translates as "song", like in the Rigsthula poem from the Edda. By 1443 the name Tulehøj was spelled Tulleshøy. It was regarded as Copenhagen's border to the west. [10] People have lived in the area since the Bronze Age.

The history of Frederiksberg goes back to 2 June 1651 when King Frederik III gave 20 Danish-Dutch peasants the rights to settle at Allégade (from the words allé (tree-lined street) and gade (street)), and founded the town then named "Ny Amager" (New Amager) or "Ny Hollænderby" (New Dutchman-town). Farming was not very successful, and in 1697 most of the town burned down. This meant that the peasants were unable to pay taxes, and the land reverted to the crown by Frederik III's son Christian V.

In 1700–1703, King Frederik IV built a palace on top of the hill known as Valby Bakke (bakke = hill). He named the palace Frederichs Berg, and the rebuilt town at the foot of the hill consequently changed its name to Frederiksberg. A number of the local houses were bought by wealthy citizens of Copenhagen who did not farm the land, but rather used the properties as country houses.

The town changed slowly from a farming community to a merchant town, with craftsmen and merchants. During the summer rooms were offered for rent, and restaurants served food to the people of Copenhagen who had left the cramped city for the open land, and to be near the royals.

Initially the town grew slowly with population growing from 1,000 in 1770, to 1,200 in 1800, and to 3,000 in 1850.

In 1852, Parliament removed restrictions which prohibited permanent construction outside Copenhagen's city walls. Almost immediately numerous residential areas were constructed, starting in the eastern part near Copenhagen, and ending in the western part farthest away from Copenhagen in 1950. This led to rapid population growth; in 1900 the population reached 80,000, and in 1950 Frederiksberg peaked with a population of 120,000.

Today Frederiksberg consists almost entirely of 3- to 5-story residential houses, large single-family homes, and large parks; only a few small areas with light industry remain.

Geography

Fredericksberg's location inside Copenhagen's municipality area Kopenhagen-frederiksberg.PNG
Fredericksberg's location inside Copenhagen's municipality area
Frederiksberg Have People in Frederiksberg Have, Copenhagen, Denmark.JPG
Frederiksberg Have
Frederiksberg Alle Frederiksberg Alle - parking lanes.jpg
Frederiksberg Allé

Frederiksberg, which lies west of central Copenhagen, is completely surrounded by boroughs forming part of the city of Copenhagen – the result of an expansion of the Copenhagen Municipality's boundary in 1901, which nevertheless did not include Frederiksberg in the list of municipalities to be incorporated in the enlarged area. Frederiksberg is thus effectively a municipal island within the country's capital – a unique phenomenon in present-day Europe. Other than administratively, however, it is largely indistinguishable in character from the districts of Copenhagen city which surround it. [3]

Frederiksberg has several stations on the Copenhagen Metro system, and is home to the tallest residential structure in Denmark and the second tallest residential building in Scandinavia: the 102-metre high Domus Vista.

Culture

The Danmark Rundt cycling race traditionally finishes on Frederiksberg Alle, often in a sprint finish.

Education

Frederiksberg houses the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus, Copenhagen Business School, 9 public schools (run by the municipality), 3 private schools, 1 technical college, and more.

The Lycée Français Prins Henrik , a French international school, is in Frederiksberg. [11]

Shopping

The 3 streets Gammel Kongevej, Godthåbsvej, and Falkoner Alle are the busiest shopping streets. The town also houses the Frederiksberg Centret shopping mall.

Main sights

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17691,030    
17871,143+11.0%
18011,172+2.5%
18402,304+96.6%
18502,874+24.7%
18608,164+184.1%
187016,878+106.7%
188026,510+57.1%
YearPop.±%
189046,954+77.1%
190176,231+62.4%
191197,237+27.6%
1921104,815+7.8%
1930106,251+1.4%
1940113,208+6.5%
1950118,993+5.1%
1960114,285−4.0%
YearPop.±%
1970101,874−10.9%
198088,287−13.3%
198588,030−0.3%
199085,611−2.7%
199588,002+2.8%
200090,327+2.6%
200591,886+1.7%
2015103,192+12.3%

Transport

Metro in Frederiksberg Forum Station under jorden.JPG
Metro in Frederiksberg
Cycling route Den gronne sti frederiksberg cykeltaeller.jpg
Cycling route

The town is served by the Frederiksberg station and the Fasanvej station, opened in 2003 on the Copenhagen Metro. It serves the M1, M2 and M3 (the City Circle Line) lines and is connected with bus services.

The S-Train urban rail and suburban rail network can be reached through Peter Bangs Vej station, Fuglebakken station and Grøndal station. [12]

Notable people

Arts and writing

Gerda Wegener, 1904 Gerda Wegener.jpg
Gerda Wegener, 1904

Acting and entertainment

Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1965 Carl Theodor Dreyer (1965) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg
Carl Theodor Dreyer, 1965

Politics and public office

Viggo Kampmann, 1960 Viggo Kampmann.jpg
Viggo Kampmann, 1960

Science and design

Kaare Klint, ca.1945 Kaare Klint.jpg
Kaare Klint, ca.1945

Sport

Per Lyngemark, (left) 1968 Per Lyngemark, Reno Olsen 1968.jpg
Per Lyngemark, (left) 1968

Twin towns

Frederiksberg practices twinning on the municipal level. For the twin towns, see twin towns of Frederiksberg Municipality.

Related Research Articles

M1 (Copenhagen Metro)

M1 of the Copenhagen Metro, colored green on the map, runs from Vanløse to Vestamager. It connects the Ørestad neighborhood of Copenhagen, Denmark, to the city center. The line is elevated while traveling through Ørestad, while it runs in a tunnel below the city center. From Christianshavn to Vanløse, the line is shared with M2.

M2 (Copenhagen Metro)

M2 is a line of the Copenhagen Metro, colored yellow on the map. It runs from Vanløse to Lufthavnen through the center of Copenhagen, sharing track with the M1 from Vanløse to Christianshavn. The line was built along with M1 as part of the redevelopment of Ørestad. The principle of the line was passed in 1992, and construction commenced in 1998. The line opened in several stages between 2002 and 2007. It is owned by Metroselskabet and operated by Metro Service, and operates with a headway between four and twenty minutes.

Valby

Valby  is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is in the southwestern corner of Copenhagen Municipality, and has a mixture of different types of housing. This includes apartment blocks, terraced housing, areas with single-family houses and allotments, plus the remaining part of the old Valby village, around which the district has formed, intermingled with past and present industrial sites.

Frederiksberg Station Copenhagen metro station

Frederiksberg Station is an underground Copenhagen Metro station locatedat Falkonér Plads, off Falkonér Allé, in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The station is an interchange station between the M1/M2 and M3 lines and is in fare zone 2. Nearby landmarks include Frederiksberg Centret, Falkoner Center, Frederiksberg Gymnasium, Frederiksberg Central Library and Copenhagen Business School's Solbjerg Campus.

Ringbanen is an S-train line in Copenhagen. It runs roughly semicircularly around the central part of Copenhagen and connects the S-train radials about 5 km out.

Jens Christian Hostrup

Jens Christian Hostrup was a Danish poet, dramatist and priest. Comforting and encouraging the people, he created poems that filled the hearts of his compatriots. His precise personal and environmental descriptions, as well as succinct dialogue, were welcomed by the critics and contemporaries. His dramas were on current topics such as feminism, free love and home, maybe one of the reasons why he often used the pseudonym Jens Kristrup (Christrup).

Fasanvej

Søndre and Nordre Fasanvej are two streets which form a long south--to-north oriented artery through Frederiksberg, an independent municipality completely surrounded by larger Copenhagen Municipality in Copenhagen, Denmark. The southern part of the street is surrounded by large green spaces and attractive residential neighbourhoods while its northern part, which enters the Nørrebro and North-West districts of Copenhagen, is dominated by former industry. The street takes its name after Fasangården, a former royal pheasantry, in Frederiksberg Park.

Smallegade

Smallegade is a busy shopping street in the central part of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from the Town Hall Square in the east to Fasanvej in the west, along the north side of Frederiksberg Town Hall and Frederiksberg Park, linking Gammel Kongevej with Peter Bangs Vej. On the other side of the Town Hall is Bredegade, now smaller than Smallegade, which after a while joins Smallegade at Møstings Hus, an 18th-century country house-turned-exhibitions space, which overlooks a small pond.

Falkoner Allé

Falkoner Alle is one of the main streets of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Frederiksberg Town Hall Square in the south to Ågade on the border with Nørrebro in the north, linking Allégade with Jagtvej. The street takes its name from the Royal Falconry which was located in the area. Remains of the buildings are still found behind the buildings at No. 112–120. Notable buildings on the street include the Frederiksberg Centret shopping center and the Falkoner Center hotel and conference centre.

H. C. Ørsteds Vej

H. C. Ørsteds Vej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Gammel Kongevej in the south to Åboulevard on the border with Nørrebro in the north, linking Alhambravej in the south with Griffenfeldsgade in the north.

Rosenørns Allé

Rosenørns Allé is a street located on the border between Frederiksberg and Nørrebro, on the west side of The Lakes, in Copenhagen, Denmark. The street branches from the south side of the busy thoroughfare Kampmannsgade-Åboulevard at the west end of the embankment which separates St. Jørgen's Lake from Peblinge Lake, runs west to Julius Thomsens Plads and then continues in a more northwesterly direction to Bülowsvej where it turns into Rolighedsvej and later Godthåbsvej before reaching Bellahøj in Brønshøj.

Godthåbsvej

Godthåbsvej is a street in the northwestern part of Copenhagen, Denmark. It begins at Bülowsvej in Frederiksberg as the direct continuation of Rosenørns Allé/Rolighedsvej and passes through Vanløse before reaching Bellahøj in Brønshøj. A metro station on the Copenhagen Metro City Circle Line is located at Aksel Møllers Have.

Nyelandsvej

Nyelandsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the southeast to a roundabout at the north end of Dalgas Boulevard in the northwest. The more urban, eastern part of the street, between Falkoner Allé and Nordre Fasanvej, separates an area with Copenhagen Business School's Solbjerg Campus and Frederiksberg Centret to the south from the Svømmehal Quarter to the north. The western part of the street is passes the multi-purpose venue Keddelhallen and Frederiksberg Hospital before entering an area with Single-family detached homes.

Finsensvej

Finsensvej is a major street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The direct continuation of Howitzvej, it runs from Nordre Fasanvej in the east to the northern end of Sønderjyllands Allé in the west where it turns into Jernbane Allé on the municipal border with Vanløse. The street crosses Dalgas Boulevard and passes under the S-train network's Frederikssund radial. The modern Flintholm neighbourhood is located on the north side of the street and the Lindevang Park on its south side. The street is named after the Nobel Prize-winning physician Niels Ryberg Finsen.

Jagtvej

Jagtvej is a major artery in the Nørrebro and Østerbro districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Agade on the border with Frederiksberg in the southwest to Østerbrogade in the northeast, linking Falkoner Allé with Strandboulevarden. The street passes Assistens Cemetery, University of Copenhagen's North Campus and Fælled Park.

Howitzvej

Howitzvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the east to Nordre Fasanvej where it turns into Finsensvej before the name changes again to Jernbane Allé on the border with Vanløse.

Hostrups Have

Hostrups Have is a famous functionalist housing estate and associated green space located at the corner of Falkoner Allé and Rolighedsvej in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Designed by Danish architect Hans Dahlerup Berthelsen in 1935-36. Hostrups Have is named after the playwright Jens Christian Hostrup. It has its own post code.

Rolighedsvej Street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark

Rolighedsvej is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Falkoner Allé in the northwest to Bülowsvej in the southeast, linking Godthåbsvej with Rosenørns Allé. The street is dominated by the University of Copenhagen's Frederiksberg Campus. It takes its name after Rolighed, a Rococo-style country house from 1770 which is now owned by the university.

Forhåbningsholms Allé is a street in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Gammel Kongevej in the south to Niels Ebbesens Vej in the north. Notable buildings in the street include the Immanuel Church from 1893 and the former country house Forhåbningsholm for which the street is named.

Ole Ancher Secher Sørensen Boye was a Danish architect. He was mainly active in Frederiksberg.

References

  1. "Is Frederiksberg part of the City of Copenhagen?". kk.dk. The City of Copenhagen. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  2. "Areas of Copenhagen". visitcopenhagen.com. VisitCopenhagen / Wonderful Copenhagen. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Guide to Frederiksberg in Copenhagen". visitcopenhagen.com. Wonderful Copenhagen. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2016. Frederiksberg is a fashionable part of Copenhagen with excellent shopping opportunities and green spaces.
  4. "Statistikbanken Table FOLK1". Statistikbanken.dk. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  5. "Regioner, landsdele og kommuner. v 1.0: 2007-". Statistics Denmark . Retrieved 6 June 2018. See also: Provinces of Denmark.
  6. "Hostrups Have, Falkoner Allé" . Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  7. "Gravhøien paa Dyrehavegaard" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2010.
  8. "Runer og Runesten - Nationalmuseet". natmus.dk. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  9. "de beste bron van informatie over normanni i. Deze website is te koop!". normannii.org. Retrieved 14 November 2010.[ permanent dead link ]
  10. "Rostgaard: Dend Kongelige Residents= og Stabel=Stad Kiøbenhavn". Eremit.dk. 17 March 2002. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  11. "Plan d’accès" Archived 2015-04-27 at the Wayback Machine /Sådan finder du skolen Archived 2015-04-27 at the Wayback Machine . Lycée Français Prins Henrik . Retrieved on 21 April 2015. "Federiksberg Alle 22A, 1820 Frederiksberg, Denmark"
  12. "S-tog stationer i København, Danmark | Nelso" (in Danish). Nelso.dk. Retrieved 14 November 2010.

Coordinates: 55°40′N12°32′E / 55.667°N 12.533°E / 55.667; 12.533